Early civilizations


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Presentation on Grade 5 Ancient China and Ancient Greece

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Early civilizations

  1. 1. By Cassie Partridge
  2. 2. Exploring Ancient Civilizations In this unit, you will be: – Researching ancient Greece and China – Creating artifacts from each of the civilizations – Participating in a variety of learning activities – Presenting your civilization to other members of the class in a civilization fair
  3. 3. Ancient China vs. Ancient Greece Click on one of the civilizations to begin your journey back in time…
  4. 4. Work and Trade • Farming, mining, fishing, business and crafting were the major economic activities in Ancient China • Trading was a huge part of Chinese empires • Goods such as grain, vegetables, fruit, meat, fabric, silk, weapons, and pottery were frequently traded • Sampans, small wooden boats, were used for fishing and trading goods to many countries in Southeast Asia Click on the flag to travel to Greece
  5. 5. Social Structure • People in Ancient China lived within a hierarchy • Merchants were the lowest class since they didn’t produce anything essential • Artisans were the next class creating tools, weapons and household items • Peasants were second highest providing food and paying taxes • Nobles, landowners and scholars were the highest class due to their power, wealth, land and knowledge Click on the flag to travel to Greece
  6. 6. Emperors of Ancient China
  7. 7. Religion • Confucianism (550-479 BCE) – Proper behaviour is necessary to have an orderly society – Respect, honour and obey ancestors and authority • Buddhism (550 BCE) – People suffer from wanting – They need to follow a way of life free of wanting • Daoism (550 BCE) – Everything in nature must be in balance – We must try to maintain harmony in our lives Click on the flag to travel to Greece
  8. 8. Arts • Chinese symbols called characters represent whole words or ideas • For the most basic literacy, one has to know a minimum of 40 000 characters • Characters are written vertically from top to bottom and in columns right to left • The Chinese drew their characters very precisely as a form of art Click on the flag to travel to Greece
  9. 9. Sports and Recreation • The Ancient Chinese played games such as catch, tug of war and a form of football using a ball of silk • Martial arts were popular for self-defense and exercise composed of Tai Chi and Kung Fu • Tai chi involves a series of slow graceful movements for defense • Kung Fu is a form of boxing with kicks, turns and strikes Click on the flag to travel to Greece
  10. 10. Work and Trade Click on the flag to travel to China • Trade was important to the economy of Greece • The Greek colonies were connected to the Greek homeland through trade • The Greeks exported olive oil, wine, fine woolen and linen fabrics, silver and pottery • They imported grain, papyrus (paper), spices, silk, ships’ rigging and sails and ivory
  11. 11. Social Structure • Greek households usually included a father, a mother, and children (often grandparents as well) • Mothers took care of the home and cared for children • Children helped in the home or at the father’s business • Men learned a skilled occupation, traded at the agora (marketplace), or were part of the army or navy Click on the flag to travel to China
  12. 12. Alexander the Great
  13. 13. Religion • Religion was a part of everyday life for the Ancient Greeks • They worshipped many gods and goddesses and celebrated festivals in their honour • There was often small shrines in the courtyard of their homes • Greeks built temples for religious festivals and worship • They sang songs and brought offerings to the gods Click on the flag to travel to China
  14. 14. Arts • Greek writers created works of poetry, philosophy, history and plays • Skilled artists and artisans created beautiful artworks, pottery, statues, and carvings • Scenes from Greek life and stories of gods, goddesses and heroes were common subjects • Humans were portrayed as the ideal, rather than realistic, with perfect features and proportion similar to most gods Click on the flag to travel to China
  15. 15. Sports and Recreation • The Olympic games originated in southern Greece in a place called Olympia • The Greeks loved competition and participated in athletic games to honour the gods and goddesses • We still celebrate the Olympics today (Summer and Winter) every 2 years. • The next Olympic games will in London, 2012 Click on the flag to travel to China
  16. 16. Time Travel back to today… • Hope you enjoyed your journey back into the Ancient Civilizations! • Come back soon!
  17. 17. Questions
  18. 18. Citations • Sound Ideas. (2010). Weather: Rain : Heavy Rain On Hard Surface [Sound Effect]. Available from http://www.discoveryeducation.com/ • Ancient Lights. (2004). The Emperors of China [Video Segment]. Available from http://www.discoveryeducation.com/ • Discovery Education. (1997). The First True Conqueror: Introducing Alexander the Great [Video Segment]. Available from http://www.discoveryeducation.com/ • Waters, Pat (2001). Early Civilizations. Duval House Publishing. Edmonton, Alberta **pictures taken from Microsoft PowerPoint Clip Art**