Immigration and the labour market,  a Labour Economics approach       Covadonga Ordóñez García    Professor, Department of...
Legalregulations                     Labour Markets                    Migration                                 TheorySki...
The Theory says…                   But….
The reality is more complex than this …• Existence of work permits• Citizenship legislation (ius solis/ius sanguinis)• Dif...
Which sources can we use?• Administrative sources, register of contracts,  work permits, …• Surveys such as EU Labour Forc...
Steps to studying migration and the             labour market.• Define the variables.• Identify the available data sources...
Characteristics of the Spanish Labour   Market regarding non-nationals.• Two regimes: EU citizens and non EU citizens.• EU...
Ways to gain a work permit in Spain:• Quota based on demand, by sector and province.• Direct applications for a work and r...
Migration flow control mechanisms in                   Spain:• Quota based on demand :   – Annual   – Forecast   – Negotia...
Did it work?
Lets look at some data for the case of                 Spain
Foreign population registered in Spain (1981-2012).         Source: Census. Spanish National Insitute of Statistic.
Work permit approved in Spain 2011. 120.000 100.000  80.000  60.000  40.000  20.000      0              Source: Ministerio...
Source: Seguridad Social (National Insurance) 2011
Activity Rate, population from 16 to 64                years old.
Unemployment rate by nationality and sex.Extranjeros=Foreigners, Españoles=Spaniards, Hombres=Men, Mujeres=Women, Doblenac...
Useful links• http://www.oecd.org/migration/• http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu• http://www.iom.int/cms/home
Thank you very much for your       participation.    Covadonga@csidiomas.ua.eshttp://es.slideshare.net/covadongaog
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Immigration and the labour market

303 views

Published on

Immigration and the labour market, a Labour Economics approach, presentación realizada en la Universidad de Alicante a la visita de esudio en el marco del programa TEMPUS, UNIMIG.

Published in: Education
1 Comment
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
303
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
1
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Immigration and the labour market

  1. 1. Immigration and the labour market, a Labour Economics approach Covadonga Ordóñez García Professor, Department of Applied Economic Analysis
  2. 2. Legalregulations Labour Markets Migration TheorySkilled or non frameworkskilled workforce
  3. 3. The Theory says… But….
  4. 4. The reality is more complex than this …• Existence of work permits• Citizenship legislation (ius solis/ius sanguinis)• Different legal systems• Irregular immigration
  5. 5. Which sources can we use?• Administrative sources, register of contracts, work permits, …• Surveys such as EU Labour Force Survey• Indirect sources, particularly those related to irregular immigration and other health records.
  6. 6. Steps to studying migration and the labour market.• Define the variables.• Identify the available data sources (national and international) with their pros and cons. “There is no perfect information, only the data available ”• Have at least a basic grasp of the legal system on immigration, visas, permits, issues... etc.
  7. 7. Characteristics of the Spanish Labour Market regarding non-nationals.• Two regimes: EU citizens and non EU citizens.• EU citizens do not need a work permit.• Duality in the market: undocumented workers. 7
  8. 8. Ways to gain a work permit in Spain:• Quota based on demand, by sector and province.• Direct applications for a work and residence visa.• Special agreements (Chile and Peru).• Administrative authorisations to work (students, residents, ...).• Admissibility of the application for asylum. 8
  9. 9. Migration flow control mechanisms in Spain:• Quota based on demand : – Annual – Forecast – Negotiated by Ministry of Employment with employers and unions• Catalogue of difficult to fill positions: – Quarterly – A posteriori – Public Employment Service 9
  10. 10. Did it work?
  11. 11. Lets look at some data for the case of Spain
  12. 12. Foreign population registered in Spain (1981-2012). Source: Census. Spanish National Insitute of Statistic.
  13. 13. Work permit approved in Spain 2011. 120.000 100.000 80.000 60.000 40.000 20.000 0 Source: Ministerio de Empleo y Seguridad Social
  14. 14. Source: Seguridad Social (National Insurance) 2011
  15. 15. Activity Rate, population from 16 to 64 years old.
  16. 16. Unemployment rate by nationality and sex.Extranjeros=Foreigners, Españoles=Spaniards, Hombres=Men, Mujeres=Women, Doblenacionalidad= double nationality
  17. 17. Useful links• http://www.oecd.org/migration/• http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu• http://www.iom.int/cms/home
  18. 18. Thank you very much for your participation. Covadonga@csidiomas.ua.eshttp://es.slideshare.net/covadongaog

×