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Childhood Obesity In America

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This is a powerpoint presentation concerning childhood obesity in America-the facts, causes, effects, and ways to prevent/fight it.

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Childhood Obesity In America

  1. 1. Childhood Obesity in America:<br />The Statistics, Causes, Effects, and What We Can Do To Fight It<br />
  2. 2. BMI<br />• Body Mass Index (BMI) is a measure of weight in relation to height that is used to determine weight status.<br />• A child’s weight status is determined based on an age- and sex-specific percentile for BMI because children's body composition varies as they age and varies between boys and girls.<br />• BMI values from the CDC growth charts are used to screen children and adolescents for obesity.<br />• Children and adolescents are defined as overweight when they rank at or above the 85th percentile and lower than the 95th percentile.<br />• Children and adolescents are defined as obese when the rank at or above the 95th percentile<br />.<br />
  3. 3. The Facts<br />In 2007-2008…<br />9.5% of infants and toddlers were at or above the 97th percentile<br />Children/Adolescents 2-19…<br />11.9% were at or above the 97th percentile<br />16.9% were at or above the 95th percentile<br />31.7% were at or above the 85th percentile<br />
  4. 4. Obesity Rankings by State<br />States with the Highest Rates of Obese 10- to 17-year-olds<br />1 Mississippi 21.9% (+/- 3.5)<br />2 Georgia 21.3% (+/- 5.1)<br />3 Kentucky 21.0% (+/- 3.5)<br />4 (tie) Illinois 20.7% (+/- 3.6)<br />4 (tie) Louisiana 20.7% (+/- 4.0)<br />6 Tennessee 20.6% (+/- 3.7)<br />7 (tie) Arkansas 20.4% (+/- 3.6)<br />7 (tie) Texas 20.4% (+/- 5.0)<br />9 D.C. 20.1% (+/- 3.9)<br />10 West Virginia 18.9% (+/- 3.2)<br />States with the Lowest Rates of Obese 10- to 17-year-olds<br />51 Oregon 9.6% (+/- 2.7)<br />50 Wyoming 10.2% (+/- 2.7)<br />48 (tie) Washington 11.1% (+/- 3.4)<br />48 (tie) Minnesota 11.1% (+/- 3.0)<br />46 (tie) Iowa 11.2% (+/- 2.7)<br />46 (tie) Hawaii 11.2% (+/- 2.8)<br />44 (tie) Utah 11.4% (+/- 3.5)<br />44 (tie) North Dakota 11.4% (+/- 2.5)<br />42 (tie) Montana 11.8% (+/- 2.8)<br />42 (tie) Idaho 11.8% (+/- 2.7)<br />
  5. 5. Causes (cont.)<br />Genetics<br />Environment<br />Certain Sociodemographics<br />Behavior<br />Nutrition<br />Physical Activity<br />Screen Time<br />
  6. 6. Effects of Obesity<br />Obesity may cause a number of health issues:<br />• Diabetes<br />• Hypertension<br />• Cardiovascular Disease<br />• Stroke<br />• Certain Forms of Cancer<br />The health consequences range from increased risk of premature death of serious chronic conditions that reduce the overall quality of life.<br />
  7. 7. Effects (cont.)<br /> Obesity may also have some emotional effects in children:<br />• Low self-esteem<br />• Poor body image<br />• Increased risk of teasing and bullying<br />
  8. 8. Fighting Obesity at Home<br />Promote Physical Activity<br />Children should participate in 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity each day<br />Increase opportunities for children to engage in physical activity<br />Participate in physical activities as a family<br />Limit screen and television time to less than two hours per day<br />Encourage Healthy Eating Habits<br />Serve a wide variety of healthy foods<br />Know and control portion sizes<br />Be a positive role model<br />
  9. 9. What Can You Do?<br />Promote physical activity at home and in your community<br />Be a positive role model by eating healthy and being physically active<br />Educate others of the causes, effects, and ways to prevent/fight obesity in America<br />
  10. 10. Resources<br />The Journal of the American Medical Association <br />http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/2009.2012<br />• Trust for America’s Health<br />http://healthyamericans.org/reports/obesity2009/<br />http://www.rwjf.org/files/research/20100629fasinfatmainreport.pdf<br />• You Tube<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=24oVaeHeBAk<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sTRJXM2a6OA<br />•About.com<br />http://pediatrics.about.com/cs/growthcharts2/l/bl_growthcharts.htm<br />• World Health Organization<br />http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/publications/facts/obesity/en/<br />Colorado State University <br />• http://www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/foodnut/09317.html<br />

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