“Web 2.0 tools exist that might allow academics to reﬂectand reimagine what they do as scholars. Such tools might positively affect -- even transform - research, teaching, and service responsibilities - only if scholars choose tobuild serious academic lives online, presenting semi-public selves and becoming invested in and connected to the work of their peers and students.” (Greenhow, Robelia, & Hughes, 2009)
signiﬁcant shifts in media atoms <---> bits scarcity <---> abundance consuming <---> creatingstandardization <---> personalization individuals <---> networks
“in 2007 YouTube consumed as much bandwidth as the entire Internet in 2000”“72 hours of video are uploaded every minute, or one hour of video is uploaded to Youtube every second.”“More video is uploaded to YouTube in one monththat the 3 major US networks created in 60 years.”
shifts in edtech Group growth Individual growthObjectivism Cognitivism Constructivism(Leinonen) (Schwier) Social Learning
Informal Learning • “Informal learning is a signiﬁcant aspect of our learning experience. Formal education no longer comprises the majority of our learning.” •George Siemens http://www.elearnspace.org/Articles/connectivism.htm
17-Year-Old Heather Traska 86 days, 30+ characters, 13 songs recorded, edited, produced arranged by ear
“Today knowledge is free. It’s like air, it’s like water... There’s no competitive advantage in knowing more than the person next to you. The world doesn’t care what you know. What the world cares about is what you can do with what you know.” (2012)@drtonywagner
Six Degrees of Separation“the idea that everyone is on average sixsteps away, by way of introduction, from another person in the world.”
Strength of Weak Ties “There is strength in weak ties. Our acquaintances, not our friends, are potentially our greatest source of new ideas andinformation.” (paraphrased from Gladwell, 2010)
Where Good Ideas Come From “The trick to having good ideas is not to sitaround in glorious isolation and try to think bigthoughts. The trick is to get more parts on the table.” (Steven Johnson, 2010) “Chance favors the connected mind” ~ Stephen Johnson
networks provide ...1. affordances: enable communication, collaboration & cooperation in ways that were once impossible with people who were once unreachable.2. inspiration: connect us to new ideas & expand our thinking & potential for innovation. * ‘us’ meaning those who have access.
affordances & inspirationsvalue of free, crowdsourcing, visible learning
“To answer your question, I did use Youtube to learn how to dance. I consider it my ‘main’ teacher.” “10 years ago, street dance was very exclusive, especially rare dances like popping (the one I teach and do). You either had to learn it from a friend that knew it or get VHS tapes which were hard to get. Now with Youtube, anyone, anywhere in the world can learn previously ‘exclusive’ dance styles.”
What We Learned• Open access be low-cost, high impact.• ‘Courses’ as shared, global, learning events.• Openness as a way of connecting students to a greater, authentic learning community.• Amazing serendipity in open spaces vs. walled gardens.• Importance of student-controlled learning spaces.• Connectivist pedagogy ﬁrst focus on connecting & interactions; content important, but secondary.• Development of sustainable, long-term, learning connections.
“The developed world is in the midst of a paradigm shift both in the ways in which people and institutions are connected. It is a shift from being bound up in homogenous “little boxes” to surﬁng life through diffuse, variegated@barrywellman social networks.” (2002)
“Don’t limit a child to yourown learning, for he was born in another time.” ~Tagore http://couros.ca firstname.lastname@example.org @courosa