(Higher) Education Beyond the University


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Keynote presentation for #OCUFA, January 20, 2012.

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(Higher) Education Beyond the University

  1. 1. (Higher) Education Beyond the University:The Promise of Open/Connected LearningOCUFA 2012January 20, 2012Dr. Alec Couros
  2. 2. me
  3. 3. #ocufa
  4. 4. The Blur
  5. 5. http://www.flickr.com/photos/will-lion/3974469907/
  6. 6. eci831.ca
  7. 7. “Web 2.0 tools exist that might allow academics to reflectand reimagine what they do as scholars. Such tools might positively affect -- even transform - research, teaching, and service responsibilities - only if scholars choose to build serious academic lives online, presenting semi-public selves and becoming invested in and connected to the work of their peers and students.” (Greenhow, Robelia, & Hughes, 2009)
  8. 8. Open Doctrine
  9. 9. journey(quick version)
  10. 10. Knowledge
  11. 11. knowledge• what is k?• how is k acquired?• how do we know what we know?• why do we know what we know?• what do humans know?• who controls k?• how is k controlled?
  12. 12. human thought/ideas human language source codehigh-level language (e.g. C++, Java, PERL) low-level language (assembly language) code irretrievable machine code (binary)
  13. 13. @jonmott
  14. 14. From  NAGPS  (2011)  via  h4p://bit.ly/oIwVut
  15. 15. From  NAGPS  (2011)  via  h4p://bit.ly/oIwVut
  16. 16. From  NAGPS  (2011)  via  h4p://bit.ly/oIwVut
  17. 17. “The shift from Access Copyright marks the culmination of years of technology changewithin Canadian education that has resulted in new ways for professors to disseminateresearch and educational materials as well as greater reliance by students on the Internet,electronic materials, and portable computers.”
  18. 18. Collaboration
  19. 19. “A key to transformation is for the teaching profession to establish innovation networks that capture the spirit and culture of hackers -the passion, the can-do, collective sharing.” ~ Hargreaves, 2003
  20. 20. STOP: Twitter Demo
  21. 21. Openness
  22. 22. “Open Education is the simple and powerful idea that the world’s knowledge is a public good and that technology in general andthe Worldwide Web in particular provide an extraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse knowledge.” (William & Flora Hewlett Foundation)
  23. 23. open(ness) (short version) open education free software open source software open educational resourcesopen content open access publicationopen access courses open teaching open scholarship open accreditation
  24. 24. Free/Open Content “describes any kind of creative work in a format that explicitly allows copying and modifying of its information by anyone, notexclusively by a closed organization, firm, or individual.” (Wikipedia)
  25. 25. 35
  26. 26. 36
  27. 27. core changes
  28. 28. David Wiley Then vs Now Analog Digital Tethered Mobile Isolated Connected Generic Personal Consumption Creating@opencontent Closed Open
  29. 29. David Wiley Education vs Everyday Analog Digital Tethered Mobile Isolated Connected Generic Personal Consumption Creating@opencontent Closed Open
  30. 30. Why Do Students Go to University? Content Degrees Social Life Support Services (Wiley, 2010)
  31. 31. Why Do Students Go to University? PLoS GCTWikipedia MCSE Google Scholar ACT OCW Content DegreesFlatworld K arXiv.org CNE CCNA Open Courses Facebook Twitter Skype Social Life Support Services MySpace Yahoo! Answers MMOGs Quora ChaCha (Wiley, 2010)
  32. 32. Informal Learning • “Informal learning is a significant aspect of our learning experience. Formal education no longer comprises the majority of our learning.” •George Siemens http://www.elearnspace.org/Articles/connectivism.htm
  33. 33. social media
  34. 34. Personal Computer to MobileEarly Day of PC in Schools Today’s Social/Mobile Reality
  35. 35. media stats (2010)• 107 trillion emails (89% spam), from 1.04 billion users.• 255 million websites• 1.97 billion Internet users• 152 millions blogs• 600 million Facebook users (sharing 30 billion pieces of content per month)• 2 billion videos watched on Youtube daily• 5 billion photos hosted on Flickr Stats as of January 2011 via Royal Pingdom
  36. 36. affordances
  37. 37. Blogs & Wikis
  38. 38. Simple Blogging
  39. 39. Microblogging
  40. 40. Social Bookmarking
  41. 41. Info/File Management
  42. 42. Social Networking
  43. 43. Social Curation
  44. 44. Network Literacies • “Understanding how networks work is one of the most important literacies of the 21st century.” (2010)Howard Rheingold
  45. 45. PoliticsHoward Rheingold http://www.anduro.com/calgary-mayor-race.html
  46. 46. Services
  47. 47. Reputation
  48. 48. Leveraging Networks
  49. 49. “To answer your question, I did use Youtube to learn how to dance. I consider it my ‘main’ teacher.” “10 years ago, street dance was very exclusive, especially rare dances like popping (the one I teach and do). You either had to learn it from a friend that knew it or get VHS tapes which were hard to get. Now with Youtube, anyone, anywhere in the world can learn previously ‘exclusive’ dance styles.”
  50. 50. social networks• redefine communities, friends, citizenship, identity, presence, privacy, publics, geography.• enable learning, communication, sharing, collaboration, community.• networks form around shared interests & objects.
  51. 51. open courses
  52. 52. #eci831
  53. 53. open teaching
  54. 54. network mentors
  55. 55. non-credit students
  56. 56. course trailers
  57. 57. student-controlled spaces
  58. 58. aggregation
  59. 59. microblogging
  60. 60. shared resources
  61. 61. daily social digest
  62. 62. What We Learned• Open access, low-cost, high impact.• Courses become shared, global, learning events.• Students immersed in a greater learning community.• Rethinking of space/interaction (walled gardens, open spaces)• Learning spaces controlled and/or owned by students.• Digital artefacts may allow for deep, critical reflection.• Development of emerging literacies, relevant for other courses.• Pedagogy focused more on connecting & interactions; content important, but secondary.• Development of sustainable, long-term, learning connections.
  63. 63. “I was able to go out and learn throughout the entire week, the entire year, and I’m still learning with everyone.” “The best part of the course is that it’s not ending. With the connections we’ve built, it never has to end.”
  64. 64. “The course ... has been the most profound pdexperience I’ve ever had. It forced me to critique & reviewmy practice. I never knew how important social networks were. Now, I couldn’t be a teacher without beingconnected. It’s drastically changed my view of education.”
  65. 65. big ideas to consider
  66. 66. Sharing http://www.flickr.com/photos/dolmansaxlil/4802611949/
  67. 67. On Sharing ... “it’s about overcoming the inner 2 year old in you that screams mine, mine, it’s mine.” (Wiley, TEDxNYED, 2010)
  68. 68. Opennesshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/bombeador/4396467701/sizes/l/in/photostream/
  69. 69. Private PublicClosed Open
  70. 70. Relationships
  71. 71. @shareski
  72. 72. conclusion
  73. 73. 21st Century Learning• “What happens to traditional concepts of classrooms and teaching when we can now learn anything, anywhere, anytime?” Will Richardson
  74. 74. Don’t limit a child to yourown learning, for he was born in another time. ~Tagore http://couros.ca couros@gmail.com @courosa