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Global Open Data     A threat or a saviour for democracy?                        Chris Taggart, OKCON 2011, Berlin
Me: Chris Taggart                    @countculture
Me: Chris Taggart                                       @countcultureDeveloper of OpenlyLocal, opening up local government...
Me: Chris Taggart                                       @countcultureDeveloper of OpenlyLocal, opening up local government...
Me: Chris Taggart                                       @countcultureDeveloper of OpenlyLocal, opening up local government...
Me: Chris Taggart                                       @countcultureDeveloper of OpenlyLocal, opening up local government...
Democracyin theascendant?
Perhaps.                                                                   But is it also                                 ...
3 big changes:       (thanks to the internet & technology)
1  Massive  in friction  reductionhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/barelypodcasting/4899486065
Friction underpins society aswe know it
Friction underpins society aswe know it Many (most?) industries and business models are based on it, leading to intermedia...
Friction underpins society aswe know it Many (most?) industries and business models are based                             ...
Friction underpins society aswe know it Many (most?) industries and business models are based                             ...
Friction underpins society aswe know it Many (most?) industries and business models are based                             ...
Friction underpins society aswe know it Many (most?) industries and business models are based                             ...
Friction underpins society aswe know it Many (most?) industries and business models are based                             ...
And our democraciesdepend on friction                 http://www.flickr.com/photos/68259253@N00/2393999700
And our democraciesdepend on frictionRepresentative democracy is based on it– politicians are elected for a given term    ...
And our democraciesdepend on frictionRepresentative democracy is based on it– politicians are elected for a given termThe ...
And our democraciesdepend on frictionRepresentative democracy is based on it– politicians are elected for a given termThe ...
The corporate world dealswith friction every day
The corporate world dealswith friction every dayFriction protects incumbents. Making it easier to switchmobile phone provi...
The corporate world dealswith friction every dayFriction protects incumbents. Making it easier to switchmobile phone provi...
The corporate world dealswith friction every dayFriction protects incumbents. Making it easier to switchmobile phone provi...
But we know how theinternet deals with friction
But we know how theinternet deals with friction Friction == blockage (and the internet routes around blockages).
But we know how theinternet deals with friction Friction == blockage (and the internet routes around blockages). The corpo...
But we know how theinternet deals with friction Friction == blockage (and the internet routes around blockages). The corpo...
2     are failing                                                                                       Jurisdictionshttp:...
Jurisdiction failure              Note: failure, not elimination
Jurisdiction failure                      Note: failure, not elimination Publish everywhere and nowhere?
Jurisdiction failure                       Note: failure, not elimination Publish everywhere and nowhere? Is BP really a B...
Jurisdiction failure                        Note: failure, not elimination Publish everywhere and nowhere? Is BP really a ...
Jurisdiction failure                        Note: failure, not elimination Publish everywhere and nowhere? Is BP really a ...
Jurisdiction failure                         Note: failure, not elimination Publish everywhere and nowhere? Is BP really a...
Jurisdiction failure              Note: failure, not elimination
Jurisdiction failure                         Note: failure, not elimination Corporate world long realised that jurisdictio...
Jurisdiction failure                         Note: failure, not elimination Corporate world long realised that jurisdictio...
3(Low-friction)data is power
Ability to use data is critical  3 main barriers: access, rights, understanding.
Ability to use data is critical  3 main barriers: access, rights, understanding. Access: Can you get hold of the data... a...
Ability to use data is critical  3 main barriers: access, rights, understanding. Access: Can you get hold of the data... a...
Ability to use data is critical  3 main barriers: access, rights, understanding. Access: Can you get hold of the data... a...
Big problem for government(& us)... despite the hugeamount of data they hold
Big problem for government(& us)... despite the hugeamount of data they holdThey see data like this
Big problem for government(& us)... despite the hugeamount of data they holdThey see data like this   ...or maybe this
They work like this                      http://www.flickr.com/photos/tonyjcase/4092410854
And been persuaded torestrict access to the peoplefor a few dollars
Information is the currencyof democracy                    Thomas Jefferson
A TA is the currencyInformation    Dof democracy                   Thomas Jefferson
So, can open data help?
So, can open data help?Gives the community a foothold, skin in the game
So, can open data help?Gives the community a foothold, skin in the gameAllows government to make those walls that separate...
So, can open data help?Gives the community a foothold, skin in the gameAllows government to make those walls that separate...
So, can open data help?Gives the community a foothold, skin in the gameAllows government to make those walls that separate...
Yes, but it’s no silver bullet                     http://www.flickr.com/photos/eschipul/4160817135/
Yes, but it’s no silver bullet With the wrong licence the community will be hobbled                                   http...
Yes, but it’s no silver bullet With the wrong licence the community will be hobbled They will be outgunned & outspent, so ...
Yes, but it’s no silver bullet With the wrong licence the community will be hobbled They will be outgunned & outspent, so ...
Yes, but it’s no silver bullet With the wrong licence the community will be hobbled They will be outgunned & outspent, so ...
Yes, but it’s no silver bullet With the wrong licence the community will be hobbled They will be outgunned & outspent, so ...
A concrete example:                  company data
Potted history of     the companyhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/oldeyankee/2720102926; http://www.flickr.com/photos/toddwick...
Potted history of     the company           Always tensions between the           corporate world and the statehttp://www....
Potted history of     the company           Always tensions between the           corporate world and the statehttp://www....
Potted history of     the company           Always tensions between the           corporate world and the state           ...
Potted history of     the company           Always tensions between the           corporate world and the state           ...
Potted history of     the company           Always tensions between the           corporate world and the state           ...
Potted history of     the company           Always tensions between the           corporate world and the state           ...
Potted history of     the company           Always tensions between the           corporate world and the state           ...
[digression]   Hackers?
[digression]   Hackers?  Without doubt the world’s most successful, best  rewarded, and skilled hackers in the world are  ...
[digression]   Hackers?  Without doubt the world’s most successful, best  rewarded, and skilled hackers in the world are  ...
[digression]   Hackers?  Without doubt the world’s most successful, best  rewarded, and skilled hackers in the world are  ...
[digression]   Hackers?  Without doubt the world’s most successful, best  rewarded, and skilled hackers in the world are  ...
[digression]   Hackers?  Without doubt the world’s most successful, best  rewarded, and skilled hackers in the world are  ...
Always a slightly unequalbattle, but at least arguablycomparable when...
...companieslooked likethis
...and sharecertificateslike this               http://www.flickr.com/photos/kt/418938142
...andcompanyreportslookedlike this(i.e. on paper)  Actually they still do to ordinary users and the government,          ...
Massive asymmetry ofinformation.Even bigger asymmetry offriction (for governments,community, SMEs,innovators...)
Is this important?What does governmentcollect about companies,anyway?
Is this important?What does governmentcollect about companies,anyway?
The ‘companies’ are justwords
Notconnectedto the mostimportantdata of all...Company Registries:The data that defines the corporate entity
[Anotherdigression]   The DUNS number
[Anotherdigression]   The DUNS number  Genius idea. Developed by Dun &  Bradstreet in 1962
[Anotherdigression]   The DUNS number  Genius idea. Developed by Dun &  Bradstreet in 1962  Create a monopoly ID system
[Anotherdigression]   The DUNS number  Genius idea. Developed by Dun &  Bradstreet in 1962  Create a monopoly ID system
[Anotherdigression]   The DUNS number  Genius idea. Developed by Dun &  Bradstreet in 1962  Create a monopoly ID system  G...
[Anotherdigression]   The DUNS number  Genius idea. Developed by Dun &  Bradstreet in 1962  Create a monopoly ID system  G...
[Anotherdigression]   The DUNS number  Genius idea. Developed by Dun &  Bradstreet in 1962  Create a monopoly ID system  G...
[Anotherdigression]   The DUNS number  Genius idea. Developed by Dun &  Bradstreet in 1962  Create a monopoly ID system  G...
If you don’tthink thisaffects yourlife, you’veslept throughthe past fewyears                http://www.flickr.com/photos/a...
[quick plug]   OpenCorporates
A url for every company inthe worldBased on the company number and jurisdiction(no monopoly id)
A url for every company inthe worldBased on the company number and jurisdiction(no monopoly id)
A url for every company inthe worldBased on the company number and jurisdiction(no monopoly id)
Google Refine reconciliationservice
We’ve got data too
We’ve got data too
All openly licensed
All openly licensed
So what does this all mean? Hint: everything I needed to know about Open               Data I learned from Open Source
It’s all about the licence               Otherwise a two-stage world:     the data-haves, and the data-have-nots
Even then, it’s going to betough for democracy         And it possibly won’t look like the                        one we h...
Open Global Data: A Threat Or Saviour For Democracy
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Open Global Data: A Threat Or Saviour For Democracy

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Presentation given at OKCON (Open Knowledge Conference) 2011 by Chris Taggart, June 30, 2011.
Explores whether and how open data can be used as a tool for strengthening democracy, using corporate

Published in: News & Politics, Technology
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Open Global Data: A Threat Or Saviour For Democracy

  1. 1. Global Open Data A threat or a saviour for democracy? Chris Taggart, OKCON 2011, Berlin
  2. 2. Me: Chris Taggart @countculture
  3. 3. Me: Chris Taggart @countcultureDeveloper of OpenlyLocal, opening up local governmentinformation since 2009. 150 councils, 10,000 councillors,2 million payments, £12 billion – all open data
  4. 4. Me: Chris Taggart @countcultureDeveloper of OpenlyLocal, opening up local governmentinformation since 2009. 150 councils, 10,000 councillors,2 million payments, £12 billion – all open dataDeveloper of OpenCharities
  5. 5. Me: Chris Taggart @countcultureDeveloper of OpenlyLocal, opening up local governmentinformation since 2009. 150 councils, 10,000 councillors,2 million payments, £12 billion – all open dataDeveloper of OpenCharitiesMember of UK Local Public Data Panel
  6. 6. Me: Chris Taggart @countcultureDeveloper of OpenlyLocal, opening up local governmentinformation since 2009. 150 councils, 10,000 councillors,2 million payments, £12 billion – all open dataDeveloper of OpenCharitiesMember of UK Local Public Data PanelCo-founder & CEO of OpenCorporates
  7. 7. Democracyin theascendant?
  8. 8. Perhaps. But is it also under threat?http://publicdomainclip-art.blogspot.com/2007/11/guy-fawkes.html
  9. 9. 3 big changes: (thanks to the internet & technology)
  10. 10. 1 Massive in friction reductionhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/barelypodcasting/4899486065
  11. 11. Friction underpins society aswe know it
  12. 12. Friction underpins society aswe know it Many (most?) industries and business models are based on it, leading to intermediaries, such as from real-estate to electronics stores to the recorded music industry
  13. 13. Friction underpins society aswe know it Many (most?) industries and business models are based ED EDIATsuch as from real-estate on it, leading SINTERM DI to intermediaries, to electronics stores to the recorded music industry
  14. 14. Friction underpins society aswe know it Many (most?) industries and business models are based ED EDIATsuch as from real-estate on it, leading SINTERM DI to intermediaries, to electronics stores to the recorded music industry Privacy existed largely by dint of the difficulty of combining information, allowing us to live multiple separate lives, and the ability for our past to be forgotten
  15. 15. Friction underpins society aswe know it Many (most?) industries and business models are based ED EDIATsuch as from real-estate on it, leading SINTERM DI to intermediaries, to electronics stores to the recorded music industry Privacy existed largely by dint of the difficulty of combining information,GLY SC us allowing ARtoE multiple C live NCR EASIN ability for our past to be separate Ilives, and the forgotten
  16. 16. Friction underpins society aswe know it Many (most?) industries and business models are based ED EDIATsuch as from real-estate on it, leading SINTERM DI to intermediaries, to electronics stores to the recorded music industry Privacy existed largely by dint of the difficulty of combining information,GLY SC us allowing ARtoE multiple C live NCR EASIN ability for our past to be separate Ilives, and the forgotten Gives power to incumbents, but allows multiple competitors to exist, both in time and space (different countries have their own industries)
  17. 17. Friction underpins society aswe know it Many (most?) industries and business models are based ED EDIATsuch as from real-estate on it, leading SINTERM DI to intermediaries, to electronics stores to the recorded music industry Privacy existed largely by dint of the difficulty of combining information,GLY SC us allowing ARtoE multiple C live NCR EASIN ability for our past to be separate Ilives, and the forgotten Gives power to incumbents, but allows multiple competitors to exist, both OPOLY PER CTOR? SE(different ON LOBAL ) MON in time and space E (Ghave their own industries) countries
  18. 18. And our democraciesdepend on friction http://www.flickr.com/photos/68259253@N00/2393999700
  19. 19. And our democraciesdepend on frictionRepresentative democracy is based on it– politicians are elected for a given term http://www.flickr.com/photos/68259253@N00/2393999700
  20. 20. And our democraciesdepend on frictionRepresentative democracy is based on it– politicians are elected for a given termThe balance of power between the armsof government is a balance betweenvarying degrees of friction (e.g. differentterms for House, Senate, Supreme Court) http://www.flickr.com/photos/68259253@N00/2393999700
  21. 21. And our democraciesdepend on frictionRepresentative democracy is based on it– politicians are elected for a given termThe balance of power between the armsof government is a balance betweenvarying degrees of friction (e.g. differentterms for House, Senate, Supreme Court)It takes time to pass laws (not necessarilya bad thing), and constitutional changes aredeliberately full of friction. But... almost impossible tolegislate intelligently in fast changing area (IP, data, http://www.flickr.com/photos/68259253@N00/2393999700
  22. 22. The corporate world dealswith friction every day
  23. 23. The corporate world dealswith friction every dayFriction protects incumbents. Making it easier to switchmobile phone providers == reducing friction for theuser
  24. 24. The corporate world dealswith friction every dayFriction protects incumbents. Making it easier to switchmobile phone providers == reducing friction for theuserReducing friction allows you to deliver more for less,reducing times, cost, increasing efficiency, with dataunderlying all this
  25. 25. The corporate world dealswith friction every dayFriction protects incumbents. Making it easier to switchmobile phone providers == reducing friction for theuserReducing friction allows you to deliver more for less,reducing times, cost, increasing efficiency, with dataunderlying all thisGovernment regulations, tax, social benefits are allincreases in friction that many companies will do theirbest to overcome
  26. 26. But we know how theinternet deals with friction
  27. 27. But we know how theinternet deals with friction Friction == blockage (and the internet routes around blockages).
  28. 28. But we know how theinternet deals with friction Friction == blockage (and the internet routes around blockages). The corporate world in many ways prefigured the internet’s architecture – routing around blockages.
  29. 29. But we know how theinternet deals with friction Friction == blockage (and the internet routes around blockages). The corporate world in many ways prefigured the internet’s architecture – routing around blockages. And that’s true for the modern world too, as ideas, memes, money, all cross the world before the public realm has even noticed, still less had time to act.
  30. 30. 2 are failing Jurisdictionshttp://www.davidhammerstein.com/article-acta-images-via-bansky-adapted-48287542.html
  31. 31. Jurisdiction failure Note: failure, not elimination
  32. 32. Jurisdiction failure Note: failure, not elimination Publish everywhere and nowhere?
  33. 33. Jurisdiction failure Note: failure, not elimination Publish everywhere and nowhere? Is BP really a British company (more US than UK shareholders)?
  34. 34. Jurisdiction failure Note: failure, not elimination Publish everywhere and nowhere? Is BP really a British company (more US than UK shareholders)? Who has jurisdiction over Twitter, Facebook, Baidu?
  35. 35. Jurisdiction failure Note: failure, not elimination Publish everywhere and nowhere? Is BP really a British company (more US than UK shareholders)? Who has jurisdiction over Twitter, Facebook, Baidu? How can a company be audited (for tax) when key parts are hidden in tax havens, opaque corporate structures?
  36. 36. Jurisdiction failure Note: failure, not elimination Publish everywhere and nowhere? Is BP really a British company (more US than UK shareholders)? Who has jurisdiction over Twitter, Facebook, Baidu? How can a company be audited (for tax) when key parts are hidden in tax havens, opaque corporate structures? Do we have selective jurisdiction applied in certain places & certain people (ACTA, rendition, tax)?
  37. 37. Jurisdiction failure Note: failure, not elimination
  38. 38. Jurisdiction failure Note: failure, not elimination Corporate world long realised that jurisdictions are just a form of friction... and can be lubricated. Race to the bottom for regulation and taxes (been going on since at least the 19th century)
  39. 39. Jurisdiction failure Note: failure, not elimination Corporate world long realised that jurisdictions are just a form of friction... and can be lubricated. Race to the bottom for regulation and taxes (been going on since at least the 19th century) What does a jurisdiction mean when we’re talking about open data – what is the the applicable law/jurisdiction for a piece of open data published by the US government about a UK company & referring to a German individual?
  40. 40. 3(Low-friction)data is power
  41. 41. Ability to use data is critical 3 main barriers: access, rights, understanding.
  42. 42. Ability to use data is critical 3 main barriers: access, rights, understanding. Access: Can you get hold of the data... and if you’re an incumbent can you prevent others doing the same to gain a competitive advantage (commonly by having the data you are buying priced out of their reach)
  43. 43. Ability to use data is critical 3 main barriers: access, rights, understanding. Access: Can you get hold of the data... and if you’re an incumbent can you prevent others doing the same to gain a competitive advantage (commonly by having the data you are buying priced out of their reach) Rights: Do you have the rights to use this data, combine it with other data, pass it on to others, work in a collaborative, distributed way?
  44. 44. Ability to use data is critical 3 main barriers: access, rights, understanding. Access: Can you get hold of the data... and if you’re an incumbent can you prevent others doing the same to gain a competitive advantage (commonly by having the data you are buying priced out of their reach) Rights: Do you have the rights to use this data, combine it with other data, pass it on to others, work in a collaborative, distributed way? Understanding: Do you have the ability and processes to actually do something with the data
  45. 45. Big problem for government(& us)... despite the hugeamount of data they hold
  46. 46. Big problem for government(& us)... despite the hugeamount of data they holdThey see data like this
  47. 47. Big problem for government(& us)... despite the hugeamount of data they holdThey see data like this ...or maybe this
  48. 48. They work like this http://www.flickr.com/photos/tonyjcase/4092410854
  49. 49. And been persuaded torestrict access to the peoplefor a few dollars
  50. 50. Information is the currencyof democracy Thomas Jefferson
  51. 51. A TA is the currencyInformation Dof democracy Thomas Jefferson
  52. 52. So, can open data help?
  53. 53. So, can open data help?Gives the community a foothold, skin in the game
  54. 54. So, can open data help?Gives the community a foothold, skin in the gameAllows government to make those walls that separate itfrom the people permeable, the ‘open’ in ‘open data’
  55. 55. So, can open data help?Gives the community a foothold, skin in the gameAllows government to make those walls that separate itfrom the people permeable, the ‘open’ in ‘open data’Allows retooling of government to take advantage ofdata, removing silos, ending the culture of monolithicprojects, loosening hierarchies
  56. 56. So, can open data help?Gives the community a foothold, skin in the gameAllows government to make those walls that separate itfrom the people permeable, the ‘open’ in ‘open data’Allows retooling of government to take advantage ofdata, removing silos, ending the culture of monolithicprojects, loosening hierarchiesAllows the data to straddle to cross nationalboundaries – essential with environmental, lobbying,economic, development, corporate data
  57. 57. Yes, but it’s no silver bullet http://www.flickr.com/photos/eschipul/4160817135/
  58. 58. Yes, but it’s no silver bullet With the wrong licence the community will be hobbled http://www.flickr.com/photos/eschipul/4160817135/
  59. 59. Yes, but it’s no silver bullet With the wrong licence the community will be hobbled They will be outgunned & outspent, so will need powerful network effects http://www.flickr.com/photos/eschipul/4160817135/
  60. 60. Yes, but it’s no silver bullet With the wrong licence the community will be hobbled They will be outgunned & outspent, so will need powerful network effects Having a government that understands data is not without its risk, unless there are democratic safeguards http://www.flickr.com/photos/eschipul/4160817135/
  61. 61. Yes, but it’s no silver bullet With the wrong licence the community will be hobbled They will be outgunned & outspent, so will need powerful network effects Having a government that understands data is not without its risk, unless there are democratic safeguards Where is the democratic oversight over the ‘community’, the digerati, non-profits, OKF? http://www.flickr.com/photos/eschipul/4160817135/
  62. 62. Yes, but it’s no silver bullet With the wrong licence the community will be hobbled They will be outgunned & outspent, so will need powerful network effects Having a government that understands data is not without its risk, unless there are democratic safeguards Where is the democratic oversight over the ‘community’, the digerati, non-profits, OKF? What about national cultural norms, especially privacy? Do they just strengthen proprietary databases? http://www.flickr.com/photos/eschipul/4160817135/
  63. 63. A concrete example: company data
  64. 64. Potted history of the companyhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/oldeyankee/2720102926; http://www.flickr.com/photos/toddwickersty/2230065901
  65. 65. Potted history of the company Always tensions between the corporate world and the statehttp://www.flickr.com/photos/oldeyankee/2720102926; http://www.flickr.com/photos/toddwickersty/2230065901
  66. 66. Potted history of the company Always tensions between the corporate world and the statehttp://www.flickr.com/photos/oldeyankee/2720102926; http://www.flickr.com/photos/toddwickersty/2230065901
  67. 67. Potted history of the company Always tensions between the corporate world and the state In 19th century states decided to allow people to set up companies (previously it took an act of law)http://www.flickr.com/photos/oldeyankee/2720102926; http://www.flickr.com/photos/toddwickersty/2230065901
  68. 68. Potted history of the company Always tensions between the corporate world and the state In 19th century states decided to allow people to set up companies (previously it took an act of law)http://www.flickr.com/photos/oldeyankee/2720102926; http://www.flickr.com/photos/toddwickersty/2230065901
  69. 69. Potted history of the company Always tensions between the corporate world and the state In 19th century states decided to allow people to set up companies (previously it took an act of law) These would have to be registered, and publish information about their finances and structurehttp://www.flickr.com/photos/oldeyankee/2720102926; http://www.flickr.com/photos/toddwickersty/2230065901
  70. 70. Potted history of the company Always tensions between the corporate world and the state In 19th century states decided to allow people to set up companies (previously it took an act of law) These would have to be registered, and publish information about their finances and structure That’s when the fun started... and the hackers got involvedhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/oldeyankee/2720102926; http://www.flickr.com/photos/toddwickersty/2230065901
  71. 71. Potted history of the company Always tensions between the corporate world and the state In 19th century states decided to allow people to set up companies (previously it took an act of law) These would have to be registered, and publish information about their finances and structure That’s when the fun started... and the hackers got involvedhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/oldeyankee/2720102926; http://www.flickr.com/photos/toddwickersty/2230065901
  72. 72. [digression] Hackers?
  73. 73. [digression] Hackers? Without doubt the world’s most successful, best rewarded, and skilled hackers in the world are corporate tax lawyers.
  74. 74. [digression] Hackers? Without doubt the world’s most successful, best rewarded, and skilled hackers in the world are corporate tax lawyers. Make the rules work for them – within days of a new rules (tax code) being issued, they’ve figured out a way to game them to their (clients’) advantage.
  75. 75. [digression] Hackers? Without doubt the world’s most successful, best rewarded, and skilled hackers in the world are corporate tax lawyers. Make the rules work for them – within days of a new rules (tax code) being issued, they’ve figured out a way to game them to their (clients’) advantage. Unlimited access to simple but powerful tools – cost not a problem.
  76. 76. [digression] Hackers? Without doubt the world’s most successful, best rewarded, and skilled hackers in the world are corporate tax lawyers. Make the rules work for them – within days of a new rules (tax code) being issued, they’ve figured out a way to game them to their (clients’) advantage. Unlimited access to simple but powerful tools – cost not a problem. Agile, highly focused, amoral, able to understand and work multiple systems (jurisdictions) simultaneously
  77. 77. [digression] Hackers? Without doubt the world’s most successful, best rewarded, and skilled hackers in the world are corporate tax lawyers. Make the rules work for them – within days of a new rules (tax code) being issued, they’ve figured out a way to game them to their (clients’) advantage. Unlimited access to simple but powerful tools – cost not a problem. Agile, highly focused, amoral, able to understand and work multiple systems (jurisdictions) simultaneously More or less untouchable by the law.
  78. 78. Always a slightly unequalbattle, but at least arguablycomparable when...
  79. 79. ...companieslooked likethis
  80. 80. ...and sharecertificateslike this http://www.flickr.com/photos/kt/418938142
  81. 81. ...andcompanyreportslookedlike this(i.e. on paper) Actually they still do to ordinary users and the government, and that’s (one of) the problems
  82. 82. Massive asymmetry ofinformation.Even bigger asymmetry offriction (for governments,community, SMEs,innovators...)
  83. 83. Is this important?What does governmentcollect about companies,anyway?
  84. 84. Is this important?What does governmentcollect about companies,anyway?
  85. 85. The ‘companies’ are justwords
  86. 86. Notconnectedto the mostimportantdata of all...Company Registries:The data that defines the corporate entity
  87. 87. [Anotherdigression] The DUNS number
  88. 88. [Anotherdigression] The DUNS number Genius idea. Developed by Dun & Bradstreet in 1962
  89. 89. [Anotherdigression] The DUNS number Genius idea. Developed by Dun & Bradstreet in 1962 Create a monopoly ID system
  90. 90. [Anotherdigression] The DUNS number Genius idea. Developed by Dun & Bradstreet in 1962 Create a monopoly ID system
  91. 91. [Anotherdigression] The DUNS number Genius idea. Developed by Dun & Bradstreet in 1962 Create a monopoly ID system Get governments around the world to use it instead of the company IDs they created themselves...
  92. 92. [Anotherdigression] The DUNS number Genius idea. Developed by Dun & Bradstreet in 1962 Create a monopoly ID system Get governments around the world to use it instead of the company IDs they created themselves... Persuade them to integrate deeply into their systems, & thus do the selling for you
  93. 93. [Anotherdigression] The DUNS number Genius idea. Developed by Dun & Bradstreet in 1962 Create a monopoly ID system Get governments around the world to use it instead of the company IDs they created themselves... Persuade them to integrate deeply into their systems, & thus do the selling for you
  94. 94. [Anotherdigression] The DUNS number Genius idea. Developed by Dun & Bradstreet in 1962 Create a monopoly ID system Get governments around the world to use it instead of the company IDs they created themselves... Persuade them to integrate deeply into their systems, & thus do the selling for you Assert your IP so that they can’t use it freely (as in free speech)
  95. 95. If you don’tthink thisaffects yourlife, you’veslept throughthe past fewyears http://www.flickr.com/photos/aaronjacobs/64368770
  96. 96. [quick plug] OpenCorporates
  97. 97. A url for every company inthe worldBased on the company number and jurisdiction(no monopoly id)
  98. 98. A url for every company inthe worldBased on the company number and jurisdiction(no monopoly id)
  99. 99. A url for every company inthe worldBased on the company number and jurisdiction(no monopoly id)
  100. 100. Google Refine reconciliationservice
  101. 101. We’ve got data too
  102. 102. We’ve got data too
  103. 103. All openly licensed
  104. 104. All openly licensed
  105. 105. So what does this all mean? Hint: everything I needed to know about Open Data I learned from Open Source
  106. 106. It’s all about the licence Otherwise a two-stage world: the data-haves, and the data-have-nots
  107. 107. Even then, it’s going to betough for democracy And it possibly won’t look like the one we have today

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