The City of Brotherly Love
“Ph” indicates that it comes from what language?
History of Philadelphia
• It was founded in 1682 by William Penn.
• The state name of “Pennsylvania” literally means
“Penn’s woods.” (sylan=wooded)
• During the American Revolutionary War, the
Continental Congress met in Philadelphia.
• Continental Congress=body of delegates from
each of the 13 colonies that governed the U.S.
during the American Revolution
• Philadelphia served as the temporary capital of
the United States from 1790-1800. (New York was
the capital from 1785-1790.)
Philadelphia: Why is it important to
• Many important events of the American
Revolution took place here.
• The Declaration of Independence was signed
here on July 4, 1776.
• Hence the reason why Philadelphia’s basketball
team is known as the “76ers.”
• The Declaration of Independence was written by
Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson later went on to be
our third president. Interesting fact: Both he and
John Adams (second president of the United
States) died on July 4, 1826.
• It’s also where George Washington was
appointed Commander in Chief of the
Continental Army in 1775.
• This was the meeting place of the Second
• Independence Hall is where the Declaration of
Independence was signed.
• The design of the American flag was agreed upon
here in 1777.
• The Constitution was drafted here in 1787.
The Liberty Bell
• When William Penn created Pennsylvania's government he
allowed citizens to take part in making laws and gave them
the right to choose the religion they wanted.
• The colonists were proud of the freedom that Penn gave
• In 1751, the Speaker of the Pennsylvania Assembly ordered a
new bell for the State House. He asked that a Bible verse to
be placed on the bell - quot;Proclaim LIBERTY throughout all the
Land unto all the inhabitants thereofquot; (Leviticus 25:10).
• As the official bell of the Pennsylvania State House (today
called Independence Hall) it rang many times for public
The Liberty Bell
The old State House bell was first
called the quot;Liberty Bellquot; by a
group trying to outlaw slavery.
These abolitionists remembered
the words on the bell and, in the
1830s, adopted it as a symbol of
Benjamin Franklin National Memorial
• The Benjamin Franklin National Memorial, a 20’
statue of Ben Franklin, resides within the Franklin
United States Mint
• Making money at the U.S. Mint
Cobblestone Street in Elfreth’s Alley
• Elfreth's Alley, the oldest, continuously occupied residential street in
the United States, is one of the cobblestone streets in Philadelphia's
historic district. The quaint streets and historical residential buildings
have been preserved close to what they looked like in Colonial
times when radical thinkers like Benjamin Franklin strolled the