Third Culture Kids (TCK’s) and   Cross Cultural Kids (CCK’s)                Social Emotional Practicum                    ...
TCK’s Defined   Spend developmental years outside the parents’    culture.   Builds relationships to all of the cultures...
CCK Model (Cross Cultural Kid)   Someone who is living and meaningfully interacts    with two or more cultural environmen...
The TCK or CCK Model                  Third Culture or                   Cross Culture                    with Shared     ...
CCK Categories   Traditional TCK’s            Domestic TCK’s   Bi/Multicultural             International Adoptees    ...
Cultural Identity Modelin Relationship to Surrounding Culture             Foreigner         Hidden Immigrant             L...
Who Am I? Finding a sense of personalbalance and identity   Adults experience cross cultural transitions and high    mobi...
Achieving Cultural Balance and PersonalIdentity   Who we are and where we belong is a    developmental task for students...
What about Cultural Balance for TCK’sand CCK’s?   Often feel out of balance   Why? Because rapid cultural change has bee...
What are the main challenges of a TCKupbringing for you?   Finding a sense of personal identity   Finding a sense of cul...
TCK’s and CCK’s undergo Chronic Cyclesof Mobility    Much more often than the population at large       Go through the tr...
Reasons for Unresolved Grief   Fear of denying the good       Learning to live with the mystery of paradox   Hidden Los...
Part twoLet’s get personal
Benefits and Challenges of TCK’s/CCK’s         Benefits                        Challenges   Expanded Worldview           ...
TCK Personal CharacteristicsBenefits and Challenges            Benefits                        Challenges   Cultural Adap...
TCK Practical Skills   Cross-Cultural Skills   Observational Skills   Social Skills   Linguistic Skills
Rootlessness vs. Restlessness   Dreaded questions of TCK’s       Where are you from?       Where is home?   The Migrat...
Relational Patterns   Large numbers of relationships   Deep and valued relationships as TCK’s       Home culture relati...
Why do TCK’s have deeper relationships?   Practice       Have started new relationships often   Content       Have a l...
Possible Effects of a Cycle of MultipleLosses on Relationships   Refusing to care       Limits your vulnerability to imp...
Normal Developmental Tasks   Establishing a personal sense of identity   Establishing and maintaining strong relationshi...
Early Maturity of TCK’s In…   Broad base of knowledge and awareness   Relationship to adults   Communication skills   ...
Delayed Adolescence in TCK’s   Cross cultural mobility in developmental years       Can lead to restrictions of movement...
Delayed Adolescent Rebellion   Extension of delayed adolescence   End of the need for compliance   Loneliness       Ne...
Expressions of Unresolved Grief   Denial   Anger   Bargaining   Sadness/Depression   Withdrawal   Rebellion   Vicar...
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Soc emo class tck slides

  1. 1. Third Culture Kids (TCK’s) and Cross Cultural Kids (CCK’s) Social Emotional Practicum 2012
  2. 2. TCK’s Defined Spend developmental years outside the parents’ culture. Builds relationships to all of the cultures, full ownership of none. The sense of belonging is in relationship to others of similar background.
  3. 3. CCK Model (Cross Cultural Kid) Someone who is living and meaningfully interacts with two or more cultural environments for a significant period of time The CCK definition is not dependent on the question of where CCK’s grow up, such as outside the passport culture or overseas. CCK’s do not merely live side by side with those from other cultures, but are interacting with more than one culture in ways that have meaningful or relational involvement.
  4. 4. The TCK or CCK Model Third Culture or Cross Culture with Shared Host or Home or First Commonalities Second Culture Culture
  5. 5. CCK Categories Traditional TCK’s  Domestic TCK’s Bi/Multicultural  International Adoptees Children  Children of Minorities Bi/Multiracial Children  Children of Immigrants Children of  Children of Refugees Borderlanders Educational CCK’s
  6. 6. Cultural Identity Modelin Relationship to Surrounding Culture Foreigner Hidden Immigrant Look different Look alike Think different Think different Adopted Mirror Look different Look alike Think alike Think alike
  7. 7. Who Am I? Finding a sense of personalbalance and identity Adults experience cross cultural transitions and high mobility with an international move But YOU experience growing up cross culturally It is the interplay of these factors for you during your youth that leads to the benefits, challenges and personal characteristics of TCK’s
  8. 8. Achieving Cultural Balance and PersonalIdentity Who we are and where we belong is a developmental task for students We learn the basic rules and values by which our particular culture operates As you grow, you challenge these rules Eventually you internalize the principles and practices you have learned, by challenging and finally accepting (?)—or adjusting within yourself This is achieving cultural balance and personal identity
  9. 9. What about Cultural Balance for TCK’sand CCK’s? Often feel out of balance Why? Because rapid cultural change has been normal. You are one plane ride away from exchanging complete sets of worldviews, expectations of behavior, and even languages Before you know how to behave, you must figure out where you are You are trying to find cultural balance in a world filled with many cultures, many worldviews and you ‘catch it’ from all of your environments
  10. 10. What are the main challenges of a TCKupbringing for you? Finding a sense of personal identity Finding a sense of cultural identity Dealing with unresolved grief Turn to your neighbor and discuss the above concepts. Be ready to share your thoughts with the group.
  11. 11. TCK’s and CCK’s undergo Chronic Cyclesof Mobility Much more often than the population at large  Go through the transition cycle with greater frequency so there are multiple and repetitive cycles of loss and grief Grief during a transition is not a negation of the past—it is an affirmation Also TCK’s move often meaning changing cultures as well as places Experience grief because of the very richness of their lives
  12. 12. Reasons for Unresolved Grief Fear of denying the good  Learning to live with the mystery of paradox Hidden Losses  Loss of relationships, loss of role models, loss of status, loss of their world, loss of lifestyle, loss of possessions Lack of permission to grieve Lack of time to process Lack of comfort
  13. 13. Part twoLet’s get personal
  14. 14. Benefits and Challenges of TCK’s/CCK’s Benefits Challenges Expanded Worldview  Confused Loyalties  Awareness of more than  Value dissonance one way to look at the same thing  Painful Awareness of Three Dimensional View Reality of the World  Ignorance of the home Cross Cultural Richness culture or perhaps questioning of home culture
  15. 15. TCK Personal CharacteristicsBenefits and Challenges Benefits Challenges Cultural Adaptability  Lack of True Cultural Balance Blending In  Defining the Differences Prejudice: Less  Prejudice: More The Importance of Now  The Delusion of Choice  Planning at the last minute to not risk disappointment Appreciative of Authority  Mistrustful of Authority  Real vs. Perceived Arrogance—I’m different from you
  16. 16. TCK Practical Skills Cross-Cultural Skills Observational Skills Social Skills Linguistic Skills
  17. 17. Rootlessness vs. Restlessness Dreaded questions of TCK’s  Where are you from?  Where is home? The Migratory Instinct  Where I am, today, is temporary. But as soon as I get a job or purchase a home, I’ll settle down.
  18. 18. Relational Patterns Large numbers of relationships Deep and valued relationships as TCK’s  Home culture relationships ‘shallow’? Relationships levels we pass through  Superficial level—small talk  ‘Still safe’ level—we exchange facts with no personal risks  Judgmental level—we risk comments about our opinions  Emotional level—share how we feel about life, ourselves—here we risk a piece of inner worlds, selves  Disclosure level—reveal our private thoughts and feelings, allow ourselves to be vulnerable, are truly honest
  19. 19. Why do TCK’s have deeper relationships? Practice  Have started new relationships often Content  Have a large store of knowledge, feeding many topics for discussion Sense of urgency  They perceive little time to develop a particular relationship
  20. 20. Possible Effects of a Cycle of MultipleLosses on Relationships Refusing to care  Limits your vulnerability to impending grief Quick release  Friends stop calling each other and don’t visit any longer  Anger could be part of this Emotional Flattening  Refusing to feel the pain; they say they don’t like messy goodbyes
  21. 21. Normal Developmental Tasks Establishing a personal sense of identity Establishing and maintaining strong relationships Developing Competence in decision making Achieving independence Adulthood
  22. 22. Early Maturity of TCK’s In… Broad base of knowledge and awareness Relationship to adults Communication skills Early autonomy
  23. 23. Delayed Adolescence in TCK’s Cross cultural mobility in developmental years  Can lead to restrictions of movement due to safety Extended compliance to cultural rules Lack of opportunities for meaningful choices Life is often unpredictable making it hard to make decisions Family separations Operating between different systems-social and educational
  24. 24. Delayed Adolescent Rebellion Extension of delayed adolescence End of the need for compliance Loneliness  Need for a home base, vacation time is lonely Anger  Manifestation of unresolved grief
  25. 25. Expressions of Unresolved Grief Denial Anger Bargaining Sadness/Depression Withdrawal Rebellion Vicarious grief Delayed grief

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