Common orthodontic problems and solutions

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Common orthodontic problems and solutions

  1. 1. Common Orthodontic Problems andSolutions
  2. 2. If you are one of the lucky few who were born with perfectteeth, you’ve likely never been to see an orthodontist.However, if you have had one of any number of orthodonticissues, you may have spent quite a lot of time in theorthodontist’s chair.Orthodontics refers to a specific branch of dentistry thatdeals with improper teeth positioning while the mouth isclosed. This is also known as malocclusion. Cosmeticdentistry is also included in the orthodontics field.Following are some common orthodontic problems andsolutions.
  3. 3. Improper BiteAn improper bite is certainly the main concern oforthodontics. Some of the different bite conditions include:• Underbite - where the bottom teeth are too forward.• Overbite - where the top teeth are too forward.• Reverse bite - when the top teeth close inside the bottomswhen the teeth are clenched.• Misplaced Midline - the middle of the upper teeth don’tline up with the middle of the lowers.• Crossbite - at least one upper tooth isn’t slightly in frontof the lowers when the teeth are clenched.
  4. 4. Protruding TeethSometimes, the front teeth protrude from the mouth,causing a situation that doesn’t look particularly attractiveand increases the chance of injury.This is often referred to as ‘buck teeth’ and whenorthodontics is used it can help the appearance and selfesteem of the patient.
  5. 5. CrowdingCrowding may refer to having to many teeth in the mouthfor the dental ridge to accommodate, or a situation wherethe patient’s jaw is too narrow to hold the regular amountof teeth.Either case is a job for an orthodontist, and in mostinstances one or more teeth will be removed to create morespace.
  6. 6. Excess SpaceThe opposite problem of the crowding issue is when there istoo much space in the mouth. It may be a situation wherethere one or more teeth have been lost, or where all theteeth are present but just don’t fill up the mouth.In both of these scenarios, the spaces are causing a problemand need to be filled in.
  7. 7. Purpose of TreatmentThe main purpose of orthodontics is to correct the thespecific issue that is taking place in the mouth. This mayincluding moving teeth around, changing the growthpattern of the jaws or retraining muscles in the mouth.Once treatment is completed, the patient usually looksquite different and feels different, and it can be a lifechanging event. There are several different solutionscommonly used.
  8. 8. Fixed AppliancesPerhaps the orthodontics solution that most people arefamiliar with are braces that consist of brackets, bands andwires. Before different colours came along, these wereoften called “train track” braces.With these fixed braces, the brackets are cemented onto theteeth and the wires run through. Tension is applied to thewires and over time the teeth are moved into the properposition.
  9. 9. Removable AppliancesRemovable appliances are used for correcting teeth that arejust a little crooked or to help prevent thumb sucking.Sometimes, a removable appliance is used after havingworn a fixed appliance for a couple of years. Someexamples include:• Aligners• Removable retainers• Removable space maintainers• Palatal expanders• Lip and cheek bumpers• Headgear
  10. 10. Referenceshttp://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/249482.phpMedical News Todayhttp://www.colgate.com/app/CP/US/EN/OC/Information/Articles/Cosmetic-Dentistry/Orthodontics/Orthodontic-Basics/article/What-is-Orthodontics.cvspColgate.com

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