Taking care of oral health


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Why taking care of oral health is important.

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  • The pulp chamber is connected to tip of root by a narrow canal hence the name Root canal. When the cavity is deep enough to infect the pulp chamber, root canal treatment is indicated.
  • 1. Plaque and tartar result in inflammation of gums known as Gingivitis . Gums become red, swollen &can bleed easily. No loss of bone. 2. Gingivitis if not treated leads to Periodontitis or inflammation around the tooth. Gums pull away from teeth to form pockets that are infected with loss of bone. If not treated ,teeth may become loose and have to be removed.
  • 1. Baby teeth remain in children's mouth long after the children are no longer babies , they continue to function up to early teen years 2. Running a damp cloth over baby’s gums will clean bacteria after milk feeding and massage gums regularly with a finger. 3. During teething give the child a non sweetened pacifier or a frozen teeth ring to bite on to relieve the pain. 4. Parents can brush kids teeth as they come with a soft-bristled toothbrush using water without toothpaste.
  • 1. Taking good care of your own teeth sends a message that oral health is to be valued. 2. pea sized amount toothpaste may be used with supervision around age 2 years , when kids are able to spit out. 3. Parents should start flossing the childs tooth by age 4.Most kids start flossing themselves by age 8. 4. Dental sealants and fluoridation topically of teeth is recommended. 5. Diet should include plenty of calcium, phosphorous and proper level of fluorides.
  • Bacteria in infected gums pass via bloodstream to arteries, irritate it and cause arterial plaque to accumulate thereby affecting blood flow. Compromise in blood flow results in heart attack [myocardial infarction]
  • Post 6 months , a consent from a cardiologist along with adjustment of dosage of blood thinners is advisable prior to any dental procedure.
  • 1. People with diabetes are two to three times more likely to have destructive periodontal [gum] disease than persons without diabetes. 2. Symptoms include burning sensation and dry mouth leading to soreness, ulcers and tooth decay. Increase in blood glucose levels lead to increase in bacterial count in mouth thereby leading to fungal infections known as thrush. 3. Hence always keep your dentist informed about changes in your sugar levels or medication. Postpone any non emergency dental procedure if your blood sugar is not in good control.
  • 1. It is actually the time to take extra special care of your teeth and gums. Increased hormone levels make your teeth & gums more sensitive to bacteria. 2. If untreated it leads to periodontal disease which leads to risk for preterm labour & having low birth weight babies. 4. Exposure to dental X rays and major dental treatment to be avoided during pregnancy
  • Taking care of oral health

    1. 1. - Dr. Priti Lamba
    2. 2. Topics • History of Dentistry • Myths & Facts about dentistry • Oral healthcare – How & Why • Systemic diseases due to bad oral care
    3. 3. Myths & Facts about dentistry 1. An apple a day keeps the doctor away. Myth OR Fact
    4. 4. Myths & Facts about dentistry 2. Removal of upper teeth affect vision/harm the2. Removal of upper teeth affect vision/harm the brain. Extraction of lower teeth can damagebrain. Extraction of lower teeth can damage hearing.hearing. Myth OR Fact
    5. 5. Myths & Facts about dentistry 3. A complete denture that’s made once is3. A complete denture that’s made once is forever.forever. ORMyth Fact
    6. 6. Myths & Facts about dentistry 4. Once a decayed tooth is treated, dental4. Once a decayed tooth is treated, dental problems are over.problems are over. ORMyth Fact
    7. 7. Myths & Facts about dentistry 5. Professional cleaning/scaling loosens the5. Professional cleaning/scaling loosens the toothtooth ORMyth Fact
    8. 8. Myths & Facts about dentistry 6. Thumb sucking by children leads to forward6. Thumb sucking by children leads to forward placement of teethplacement of teeth ORMyth Fact
    9. 9. Myths & Facts about dentistry 7. A child never needs cleaning of milk teeth.7. A child never needs cleaning of milk teeth. ORMyth Fact
    10. 10. Myths & Facts about dentistry 8. When gums bleed, it is better not to brush.8. When gums bleed, it is better not to brush. ORMyth Fact
    11. 11. Myths & Facts about dentistry 9. Benefits of Root Canal therapy don’t last very9. Benefits of Root Canal therapy don’t last very long.long. ORMyth Fact
    12. 12. Myths & Facts about dentistry 10. Teeth need to hurt before RCT becomes10. Teeth need to hurt before RCT becomes necessary.necessary. ORMyth Fact
    13. 13. Myths & Facts about dentistry 11. Dentures are the only way to replace11. Dentures are the only way to replace missing teeth.missing teeth. ORMyth Fact
    14. 14. Myths & Facts about dentistry 12. My child doesn't need sealants as I make12. My child doesn't need sealants as I make sure his/her teeth are clean.sure his/her teeth are clean. ORMyth Fact
    15. 15. Myths & Facts about dentistry 13. RCT is painful.13. RCT is painful. ORMyth Fact
    16. 16. Myths & Facts about dentistry 14. Tooth fairy is real.14. Tooth fairy is real. ORMyth Fact
    17. 17. Oral Care – Why???
    18. 18. • Plaque • Cavity • Tartar Oral Care – Why???
    19. 19. A root canal is the space within the root of a tooth which contains nerve or the pulp. What is a Root Canal?
    20. 20. Procedure for Root Canal Treatment
    21. 21. What is Periodontal [Gum] Disease? • Gingivitis • Periodontitis
    22. 22. How do I know if I have Gum disease? • Bad breadth • Red, swollen ,tender ,bleeding gums • Painful chewing • Loose teeth • Sensitive teeth
    23. 23. Risk Factors for gum disease: • Age group:After 30 years , men>women • Diabetes • Smoking • Hormonal changes • Medications: Antidepressants and heart medicines • Genetic susceptibility • Cancer ,AIDS treatment • Stress
    24. 24. Oral Care – How???
    25. 25. Oral Care – How? Babies & Infants • Baby teeth • Start oral care before a childs first tooth comes. • Non sweetened pacifiers • Brush with soft tooth brush • Avoid putting your baby to sleep with milk bottle in his/her mouth.
    26. 26. Oral Care – How? Children • Start by setting an example. • Brush twice a day with fluoride toothpaste. • Floss daily. • Go for regular dental checkups. • Eat a well balanced diet.
    27. 27. Oral Care – How? Teens • Junk food and frequent snacking in between meals is the biggest enemy • Use antimicrobial rinse (mouth wash).
    28. 28. Oral Care – How? Adults • Brush and floss your teeth twice a day. Use a mouth wash. • Visit your dental professional regularly to have your mouth examined every 6 months. • Eat well balanced diet. • Do not smoke or use tobacco products. • If pregnant, eat healthy foods and maintain good oral health.
    29. 29. A smile is the most inexpensive way to change your looks. • Charles Gordy
    30. 30. Mouth & Body Connection
    31. 31. Connection between Heart Disease & Oral Health • Connection between gum disease and heart attacks is higher than the connection between high cholesterol and heart attacks. • Bacteria in infected gums
    32. 32. Dental treatment after Heart Attack • Percentage of reinfarction is very high for the first 6 months after myocardial infarction. • Post 6 months • If urgently required, dental procedure in a • Hospital setup is advisable.
    33. 33. Effect of diabetes on Oral Health: • Diabetes - destructive periodontal [gum] disease • Symptoms • People with diabetes who smoke are at a very high risk for gum disease. • Keep your dentist informed about changes in your sugar levels or medication.
    34. 34. Do medications have an effect on my Oral Health? Yes. Dry mouth is the most common side effect. Medications which cause these are: • Antihistamines • Antidepressants • Pain killers • Diuretics • High B.P medications • Antidepressants • Other medicines may cause abnormal bleeding when brushing, inflamed or ulcerated tissues, taste alteration and staining of teeth.
    35. 35. Effect of B.P (hypertension) on Oral Health • People with hypertension are more sensitive to adrenaline in dental anesthetics. • Medications lead to dry mouth. • Increased bleeding after routine dental surgery
    36. 36. Oral Care & Pregnancy • Time to take extra care of your teeth and gums. • About 50% of pregnant women suffer from pregnancy gingivitis. • Pregnancy tumors [Pyogenic granulomas] • Dental treatment like scaling to be done in second trimester of pregnancy.
    37. 37. Thank You!!! F-01, C-Wing, Vani Apartments, Dr Choitram Gidwani Rd, Chembur, Mumbai 400074, MH, India O22 25200913 | dr.priti@cosmecaredentistry.in | www.cosmecaredentistry.in