www.pb.com.au / www.pbworld.com Our company PB is one of the world’s leading planning, environment and infrastructure firms. We employ over 10,000 people worldwide to work with our clients to reach their desired project and program outcomes. We are focused on delivering practical solutions, and our experience has allowed us to build lasting relationships with our clients. We are proud that the majority of our work comes from repeat purchase, and that our clients consistently rate us ‘best practice’ for both our technical delivery and our client service. We combine our core capabilities in design, planning and management with new approaches to project delivery. Our ability and experience in working with various financing arrangements — such as PPPs, alliances, design–bid–build, build–own–operate, and design–build–finance — mean that we can respond effectively to your project’s challenges. Our services Our services are comprehensive, and we can provide total project delivery on projects of any scale. We employ drafters, engineers from many disciplines (including civil, mechanical, structural, electrical, chemical, geotechnical and acoustic), economists, consultation experts, environmental scientists, planners, geospatial information system specialists, project and program managers, construction managers and management consultants. Principal services Planning studies, feasibility analysis and investigation Environmental studies and management Design Project and program management Construction management Strategic consulting Transport Aviation Ports and marine Rail Roads Transit Resources and Industry Mining Industry Oil and gas Water Wastewater and water supply Surface water and groundwater Integrated water cycle Community Development Land development Building Social infrastructure Defence Defence estate Defence infrastructure Defence industry Power Power generation Transmission and distribution networks Renewable energy Our markets We organise around market areas and local geographies to share methodologies, knowledge and technologies based on global best practice, and to apply these locally. Safety, community and the environment Our vision is to be a positive and highly influential force in the development and operation of infrastructure throughout the world. Our role in the delivery of infrastructure brings with it responsibility. We are committed to providing our consulting services to the highest safety, environmental, ethical and professional standards. We recognise the vital importance of sustainability, and provide the motivation and tools for our staff to incorporate this concept through excellence in planning, design and construction.
Run you through an exercise. Welcome the d6 dancers facilitators. Sarah Crealy Lance Whitworth Darren Morgan Matt Moore Michelle Lambert Facilitators will distribute your safety packs whilst I brief you on the model and prepare you for the exercise.
Another aspect we need to consider is a question of complexity In d6 we use the Cynefin complexity model to talk about levels of complexity. The lowest level we deal with is called the Simple space. In simple space we talk about cause and effect is obvious. A + B will always equal C. The approach is to sense the situation, categorise the condition and deliver the required response by using best practice. In complicated space the relationship between cause and effect requires analysis or some other form of investigation through the use of expert knowledge. A + B will equal C but we need to take some time to work out what C is. This is the space of the consultant. The approach is to sense the situation, analyse the condition and arrive at an appropriate good practice. In complex space the relationship between cause and effect can only be perceived in retrospect, not in advance. A + B will equal C today, but may equal Z tomorrow. The approach is to run probes to discover the situation, sense what emerges from those probes and respond with more probes to step further towards discovering an emergent practice. In the chaotic space there is no relationship between cause and effect. We don’t even know what A or B is. The approach is to act first, then sense if it worked and discover how to move forward. Once you have identified where your problem sits, you can begin selecting the right approach to solving your problem.
DO PLAN STUDY experience personal community history advice ADVICE share improvement process standards change Content management / Collaboration Lessons learned Knowledge networks Continuous improvement Decision making / problem solving library
what <ul><li>Vision </li></ul><ul><ul><li>give our people the tools and confidence to assist them in finding innovative solutions to our clients' problems. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve the chances of finding the real problem early, not the symptoms and not our first perception of the problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduce different ways of thinking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve the possibilities of solutions </li></ul></ul>
why <ul><li>Value </li></ul><ul><li>Improve clients perception of PB as a problem solver and an innovator </li></ul><ul><li>Deliver client outcomes more efficiently and effectively </li></ul><ul><li>Improve our confidence is solving wicked problems </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the marketability of our problem solving capability </li></ul>
initiative <ul><li>Creative Problem Solving Pilot </li></ul><ul><li>Jun-Oct 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Problem Solving Model </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 2008-Jan 2009 </li></ul>
current practice Brain Power-ometer Autopilot Serious Thinking Simple Complicated Complex TIME Α Ω
better practice Creative Problem Solving Model Sense Making Mind Mapping Decision Making Innovation Parallel Thinking Lateral Thinking Creativity
cognition Pattern Matching Gift Answers Failure imprints better Seek Symmetry Make Assumptions Best Fit Fight or Flight Serendipitous Recall Not Analytical
complexity Complicated Knowable Cause and effect separated over time and space Analytical/Systems Thinking Requires depth of knowledge Sense-Analyse-Respond Simple Known Cause and effect repeatable, perceivable and predictable Standard Operating Procedures Process Reengineering Standard responses Sense-Categorise-Respond Complex Unknown Cause and effect only coherent in retrospect and do not repeat Pattern Management Complex Adaptive Systems Requires diversity of knowledge Probe-Sense-Respond Chaos Unknowable No cause and effect relationships perceivable Crisis Management Act-Sense-Respond
principles <ul><li>Thinking Foundations </li></ul><ul><li>Clients: Do it with them, not to them </li></ul><ul><li>Reuse, recycle, renew </li></ul><ul><li>Think about your thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Identify problem 1 st </li></ul><ul><li>Get past first pattern match </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity of thought (Collaboration) </li></ul><ul><li>Realise where you are (Complexity) </li></ul><ul><li>Assumptions can kill (Weak Signals) </li></ul><ul><li>Reflect and share experience </li></ul>
tools 5 Ws & H What Data Gathering Why Collect information on the context of a situation to assist thinking and decisions. How <ul><li>Who? What? Where? When? Why? How? </li></ul>Tips <ul><li>Divergent and Convergent use </li></ul>
tools Brainstorm What Idea Generation Why Collaboratively generate a large volume of ideas in a short time, free of criticism and judgement. Tips <ul><li>Nominate a recorder </li></ul><ul><li>Quantity is key </li></ul><ul><li>Half hour at most </li></ul><ul><li>Sprints (2 minutes) </li></ul><ul><li>No criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage all </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate dominance </li></ul>
tools 5 Whys What Root Cause Why Investigate the root cause of a problem through iterations of questioning. Tips <ul><li>“ I don’t know.” and “Because” are not valid responses </li></ul><ul><li>You may need to go more than 5 times </li></ul>
tools Assumption Busting What Breaking Patterns Why Understanding the assumptions you are making and misconceptions you may have and testing them. Tips <ul><li>You will discover more assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>Get an external perspective </li></ul>
tools Should I move to the City? Plus Minus Interesting More going on (+5) Have to sell house (-6) Easier to find new job? (+1) Easier to see friends (+5) More pollution (-3) Meet more people? (+2) Easier to get places (+3) Less space (-3) More difficult to get own work done? (-4) No countryside (-2) More difficult to get to work? (-4) +13 -18 -1 -6 Total Plus/Minus/Interesting (PMI) What Weighing pros and cons Why Looking at the positive and negative aspects of factors and allowing for other interests to be considered. Tips <ul><li>Set weightings before totalling </li></ul>
tools Dotmocracy What Selection Why An open voting method to select one of more results. Tips <ul><li>Write down your votes first </li></ul><ul><li>Do not be influenced by others </li></ul><ul><li>3 votes each </li></ul>
tools Nominal Group Technique What Idea Generation Why Anonymous generation of ideas in writing. Tips <ul><li>Individually or with small groups </li></ul>
tools Decision Tree What Decision Making Why Choosing between options by projecting likely outcomes. Tips <ul><li>Provide a view where all options can be seen </li></ul>