The Industrial Revolution

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The Industrial Revolution

  1. 1. The Industrial Revolution in America
  2. 2. America before the Industrial Revolution… • Most goods and products were made at home. • Workers (artisans) produced goods by hand one at a time and often took long to make • Most Americans lived in RURAL areas (in the country)
  3. 3. What is the Industrial Revolution? • During the late 1800’s there was an increase in factories mostly in the Northern states • Work shifted from hand made to machine made • New technology let workers make more in less time • New inventions in agriculture, communication, transportation, and factory machines
  4. 4. Effects of the Industrial Revolution • More Americans moved from RURAL (country) areas to URBAN areas (cities) for jobs in factories – Population in cities BOOMED! • Longer work days = 12 hr days; 6 days a week; year round • Boys and girls as young as 7 worked in factories → small to fit in small places and paid less • Increase in immigrants to the U.S.
  5. 5. Important Inventors and Inventions: Robert Fulton and the Steam Boat – Steam power was more reliable than water power – Now people and goods can travel faster and cheaper and for pleasure as well – Factories also began using the steam engine to power factories = increase in production
  6. 6. Important Inventors and Inventions: Eli Whitney • Interchangeable parts: machines that would produce exact matching parts…sped up production • Cotton Gin: made cotton cleaning process faster (good). This led to an increase in slavery (bad)
  7. 7. Important Inventors and Inventions: Samuel Morse and the Telegraph and Morse Code – Machine that sent long and short pulses of electricity along a wire – Morse code was used to identify letters
  8. 8. Summary Response Explain both the positive and negative effects the Industrial Revolution had on Americans and American society.

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