THE FILIPINO PEOPLEA. Origin of the Filipinos1. The Religious Sources(Friar- Historians Ideas)• The ancestors of the Filipinos sprung out of the soil like wild plants.• Filipinos were created by the sun.• Filipinos were produced from base metals by the magic act of the ancient alchemist ortermed as herbolarios.• Filipinos descended from the Adam of Asia; the other Adam being European Adam, forwhom the Spaniards and the Jews came from.• Filipinos were descendants of Tarshish, one of Noah’s great grandsons, who settled inthe Philippines after the great flood.2. Legends• The first Filipino couple sprang out from bamboo nodules. They were named Lalakeand Babae or Malakas and Maganda.• The second legend claims a racial superiority in the brown complexion of the Filipinosthat is Filipinos were baked by God named Bathala.3. Theories• Migration Theory- It was proposed by Professor H. Otley Beyer. Beyer believed thatFilipinos came from to the Philippines in different waves of migration.Such is explained in the table:Dawn Man Negritos Indonesians AIndonesians BMalaysDate ofMigration250,000years ago25,000-30,000 yearsago3,000-4,000 BC1,500- 500BC20 BCCharacteristics ThicklyHaired Brawny Black skin 5 ft tall dark kinkyhair round blackeyes flat noses tall slender lightcomplexion thin lips highaquilinenose shorter bulky body darkcomplexion thick lips large nose mediumheight slim butwell built brown skin black hair dark browneyesWays of Life He livedby meansofgatheringwildplants, byfishing,andhunting Nomadic They livedthroughhunting,fishing, andforaging forwild plants. They worelittleclothing. They havecrudestreligion. They wereamong theworld’s bestarchers andherbalists They had permanentdwellings. They wore clothing andpersonal ornaments. They knew agriculture,mining, and copper tools. Theyintroducediron metal,smiting,potterymaking,clothweaving,and jewelrymaking.• Critiquesa. Prof. Beyer used the 19thcentury scientific methods of progressiveevolution and migratory diffusion as the basis for his hypotheses, whichhave now been proven to be too simple and unreliable to explain suchtheory.b. The empirical archaeological data for this theory was based on surfacefinds and mere conjecture, which lot of imagination and unproven dataincluded.c. There are no evidences of the existence of the Dawn Man. So far, theoldest human fossil in the Philippines is the skull cap of a stone aged
Filipino about 22,000 years ago which was excavated by Dr. Robert B. Foxinside Tabon Cave in Palawan on May 28, 1962.d. Undue credit is given to the Malays as the original settlers of the lowlandregions and the dominant cultural transmitters.e. The migration theory does not agree with the real character of Filipinos,who are adaptive and highly creative people because it suggests that theFilipinos were only passive receptors of outside culture.• Core Population Theory- The early inhabitants of the Philippines are treated as aunit, consisting of a core population to which were added accretions ofpeople who moved in from the region, but the movements were erraticrather than sequential wave. The people of Southeast Asia belonged withthe same unit. This theory asserted that Filipinos were not merely passivereceptors of outside culture but adaptors and in some way initiators ofcreative changes. It puts emphasis on the cultural integrity andadaptability of the Filipinos which made this theory favored by modernscholars.• Critiquesa. The core population theory is still evolutionist and assumes too many factsas given where they are yet many gaps in the theory.b. It is vague as opposed to the easily understood migration theory.B. Filipino Traits1. Strengths of the Filipino Character• Family Orientation- It refers to a genuine and deep love for the family. For theFilipinos, the family, as the basic social institution, includes not only thefather, the mother, their brothers and sisters, but also the grandparents,the aunts, the uncles, the cousins, and even the ceremonial relatives.Concern for the family is eloquently manifested in the honor and respectgiven to parents and the elders, in the care given to children, thegenerosity extended to a kin in need, and in the great sacrifices oneendures for the welfare of the family.• Hard Work and Industry- It refers to one’s willingness to risk taking jobs in a foreignland with a different culture, not to mention the social cost.• Flexibility, Adaptability, and Creativity- Filipinos have the capacity to adjust and toadapt to conditions and circumstances in a given environment, bothphysical and social. They have the ability to improvise and make use ofwhatever is on hand in order to create and produce new things out ofdiscarded scraps, for survival.• Pakikipagkapwa- tao- It refers to a deep sense of concern for one’s dignity andrespect. This is manifested in a basic regard for justice and fairness toothers. “Pakikiramay”, the sensitivity to people’s feelings- “pakikiramdam”and “pagtitiwala” are bonds that promote feelings of closeness to oneanother and become the foundation of unity.• Joy and Humor- It refers to propensity to cheer and laugh and have a fun lovingapproach to the ups and downs of life. Laughing at themselves and themess they are in is an important coping mechanism.• Faith and Religiosity- Filipinos have a deep faith in God. Their innate religiosityenables them to comprehend and genuinely accept reality in the contextof God’s will and plan. Filipinos live very intimately with religion andprayers have been important part of their lives•2. Weaknesses of Filipino Character• Extreme Personalism- It refers to the extent to which one is able to relate personallyto things and people determines the recognition of their existence and thevalue attached to them. This extreme personalism often leads to graft andcorruption and other malpractices in our government institutions.• Extreme Family Centeredness- The extreme excessiveness of family centerednessbecomes detrimental to the welfare of a larger community. The use ofone’s office and power to promote the interest of one’s family results inthe utter lack of concern for the common good.• Lack of Discipline- This results in the use of shortcuts or the “palusot” syndrome,“nakaisa”, “nakalamang”, and “nakadaya”, in the Filipino vocabulary,words loaded with implied values. In several instances, Filipinos are guiltyof the “ningas- cogon” tendency. They start their projects with full
enthusiasm and interest, which abruptly die down, leaving thingsunfinished. What a waste!• Lack of National Consciousness- A proper understanding of one’s history is a veryimportant factor in the development of national consciousness because itwill serve to demonstrate how the present is influence by the past.• Colonial Mentality- These conditions are attributed to two dimensions- lack ofpatriotism and national integration and the strong preference for importedgoods, foreign ideas and ways.• Passivity and Lack of Initiative- While it is true that Filipinos can adjust tocircumstances in a given environment and posses some creative talents;they are generally passive and lacking in initiative. One has to be toldwhat has to be done. They can tolerate inefficiency, poor service, andeven violation of human rights. In many ways, it can be said that Filipinosare too patient for long suffering (“matiisin”), easily resigned to one’s fate,even if they are oppressed or exploited.• Kanya- kanya Syndrome- It refers to a selfish and self- serving attitude thatgenerates a feeling of envy towards others, particularly when one’s peerhas gained honor or prestige because of hard work. They demonstratesome hostile attitudes and feelings by recoursing to unfounded andmalicious criticism “tsismis” and “intriga” to bring others down. This crabmentality that characterizes many Filipinos is counter productive. Oneevident manifestation of kanya- kanya syndrome is one’s personalambition and the drive for power and status that is completely insensitiveto the common good. It often results in the non cooperation of membersof the community.• Lack of Exhaustive Study and Self-analysis- The Filipinos have a tendency to besuperficial and sometimes even somewhat flighty. Confronted withserious problems, both personal and social, there seems to be nodeliberate and intelligent alternative plan to solve the problem. In mostcases, they joke and laugh about serious problem affecting them.Anyway, these problems are not mine alone. If there are strategies tosolve these problems, they are only panacea. They easily accept and areeven satisfied with the superficial explanations and hasty solutions to theproblems. Another factor related to this issue is that Filipinos give toomuch emphasis on form, “maporma” rather than on the substance. Inmost cases, they have a tendency to be satisfied with rhetoric andsubstitute this for reality.