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Trace ethnography, adults skills and e-assessment

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Trace ethnography, adults skills and e-assessment

  1. 1. Doctoral symposium online ethnography adult skills e-assessment mardi 8 avril 14
  2. 2. assessment technologies • “a method of using information technology for any assessment-related activities” (Brink & Lautenbach, 2011, p. 503) • “e-assessment, which includes the entire assessment process, from designing assignments to storing the results with the help of ICT” (Stödberg, 2011, p. 1) mardi 8 avril 14
  3. 3. trace ethnography What are traces? They can be: Log files, e-mails, cronjobs, scores, reports, documents, images, videos, updates “combines the richness of participant-observation with the wealth of data in logs so as to reconstruct patterns and practices of users in distributed sociotechnical systems.” (Giger and Ribes, 2011) Online ethnography is one way of dealing with the wide variety of technologically-mediated communication “which makes interactions of diverse kinds persistent, traceable and amenable to sociological gaze” (Hine, 2011) ‘methods are never innocent and that in some measure they enact whatever it is they describe into reality’ (Law and Urry, 2004: 403) mardi 8 avril 14
  4. 4. trace ethnography mardi 8 avril 14
  5. 5. local networks The simple view testing body test test taker results A less simple view test taker test database/UI software routines testers (human) support communication mardi 8 avril 14
  6. 6. local networks even less simple mardi 8 avril 14
  7. 7. not so local networks tester 1 LO DB admin test taker tester 2 tester 3 tester3 DB2 mardi 8 avril 14
  8. 8. policy networks “researchers can often access traces of social practices in large document repositories, opening a window to patterns of coordination and knowledge work that goes well beyond immediate observations” (Østerlund 2014 et al.) mardi 8 avril 14
  9. 9. conceptual narrowing Socio-technical practices in Inferences about socio- technical practices out test conceptual narrowing human capitalsocio-technical practices observations, tests, surveys calculations discourse, texts, policy mardi 8 avril 14
  10. 10. calculable objects mardi 8 avril 14
  11. 11. Dematerialization to rematerialization “Raw materials have to be put in place – and then held in place.” Law & Singleton 2003 mardi 8 avril 14
  12. 12. References Østerlund, Carsten, Sawyer, Steve, Ribes, David, Shankar, Kalpana, & Geiger, Stuart. (2014, 4-7 March). What to Do with all those Traces People Leave behind: Computing, Culture, and (Bits of) Context? Paper presented at the iConference 2014, Berlin. Law, John, & Urry, John. (2004). Enacting the social. Economy and Society, 33(3), 390-410. doi: 10.1080/0308514042000225716 Geiger, Stuart, & Ribes, David. (2011). Trace ethnography: Following coordination through documentary practices. Paper presented at the 44th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS), Hawaii. Hine, C. (2011). Towards ethnography of television on the internet: A mobile strategy for exploring mundane interpretive activities. Media, Culture & Society, 33(4), 567-582. doi: 10.1177/0163443711401940 mardi 8 avril 14

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