Posting 3: Themes Multiple Sources Presentation by: Corey Taylor
Colonial Latin America- Chapter 8 Diego de Ocaña• Theme: Diego de Ocaña understood himself as a messenger, a representative of divine authority.• Referred to himself as “God’s instrument” to heaven; stated that the “virgin guided his brush strokes”• Saña established abundance and wealth. As a demandadore, Ocaña provided the paintings of “Our Lady of Guadalupe” and was offered by a wealthy priest a large bar of silver. Ocaña refused personal property which showed his devotion to his divine power, God. Although Ocaña could have taken personal riches, he did not even though he was in dire need of help(Lack of food for example).
Colonial Latin America- Chapter 11 Pedro de Ayarza• Theme: Pedro de Avarza is an example of one man spending money for professionals by way of the legal system to overcome official racial barriers at the end of the colonial era.• People of mixed racial backgrounds might purchase “whiteness” and even may have enough money to purchase the title of “don”• The problem Pedro de Avarza had was by law, his sons(parados) could not graduate from a university. He had to petition to the Ministry of Justice to alter “calidad”, or social rank.• By social institutions questioning and defining social class and race, the mobilization of independence and revolution would soon come after. Not only would this affect Spain, it would also pave the tone of racial alterations in the Americas.
Colonial Latin America- Chapter 13José Antonio da Silva• Theme: José Antonio da Silva, a very wealthy resident in Portugal was a married man with many mistresses.• These intimate relationships with women show tensions between colonial/religious idea v. reality of life in the 18th century• In marriage, José Antonio da Silva conforms with the precepts of the Church; his relationships with other women conformed with the hierarchical racial class order of 18th century Portugal• The social system allowed women to enter a extramarital relationships to improved social standings
Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest- Chapter 4The Myth of Completion• Theme: There are many myths concerning the completion of Spanish conquest in the Americas.• “Spanish Conquest” was governed by contract by royal authority and carried out by conquistadors• Conquistadors were expected to take over the land for Spanish victory; this however was not an easy task• There was complete misunderstanding on both the Spanish and the Indians• Indians saw the earth as something to use and not personal property as the Europeans saw it• The Spanish saw the natives as subject to the King while the Indians had no understanding of such order• Conflict grew because of this lack of understanding from both cultures in the spiritual sense and the material sense• The Spanish never completed their task
Colonial Latin America- Chapter 2Don Melchior Caruarayco• Theme: Don Melchior Caruarayco, an Andean native leader noticed the transition from traditional Andean society to a Spanish one• An Andean would believe, before the Spanish invasion that the moon and sun and all things on earth were sacred and did not depend on material objects such as gold and silver• When the Spanish came, many natives died because of foreign diseases from Europe, causing a problem with leadership succession• When local power was being lost, the Spanish demanded more gold and silver• This resulted in the natives losing their traditional values and even converting to Catholicism, bringing new values and norms, weakening native policies
Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest- Chapter 7 The Myth of Superiority• Theme: Depending on whose perspective you look at both the Indians and the Spanish would look at superiority differently• An Indian would view a Spaniard to not have culture and confidence and are handicapped by gold and silver• The Spanish viewed the Indians as savages who needed to submit to the King and Christianity• Objectively, the Spanish were more superior for two reasons: natives lack of immunity and disunity of tribes• The Spanish also had gun powdered weapons which made “loud banging noises”; believed to be magical and mystical by the Indians• Indians noted that when the White man came that many of them died; drawing conclusions that they may not be pleasing the Gods