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Empires of the sea


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Empires of the sea

  1. 1. Empires of the Sea<br />By: Roger Crowley<br />Presentation by: Corey Taylor<br />
  2. 2. Suleiman the Magnificent <br />Motive: Expand Ottoman empire to the West of the Mediterranean<br />Problem: Charles V (King of Spain) occupied the Eastern side of the Mediterranean<br />Suleiman felt that Spain and its Christendom allies were in the way of his conquests<br />Suleiman had two goals:<br /> 1. Storm fortress of Belgrade, the gateway to Hungary<br /> 2. Advance his claim to be “Padishah of the White Sea.”—Capture Rhodes<br />Envisioned himself as claiming the title of Caesar by controlling the Mediterranean<br />Suleiman’s enemies were the Christian nations in Europe and were seen as impeding Suleiman’s divine destiny to become leader of the World<br />Strategy: Very offensive militarily and very prideful <br />Ruled by way of state sponsored Islam<br />
  3. 3. Charles V<br />Motive: Protect lands from the Ottoman empire and keep presence in the Mediterranean <br />Problem: Suleiman the Magnificent allied with Barbarossa<br />Barbarossa, a pirate, terrorized Europe and forced Charles V to intervene with military force<br />Viewed Islam as “root of evil” <br />Battle of religion and dominance over Europe<br />Strategy: Strong risk-taker, very confident<br />Many of his planned attacks were unsuccessful and put the Spanish empire in huge deficits <br />Had many challenges with allies:<br />Different sects of Christianity<br />Different motives:<br />ie: France allying with Suilman against Charles<br />Struggle for unity among the other European nations<br />Protestant reformation<br />
  4. 4. Siege of Rhodes<br />Rhodes was a significant hurdle for the Ottomans expansion because the Knights occupied, securing Mediterranean trade<br />Charles V saw the island’s loss as one that would open up central seas; Ottoman’s would then proceed to Italy and “ruin and destroy” Christendom<br />On both sides, Rhodes had a great cost of lives and demoralization of troops and civilians<br />The resolution consisted of a treaty which was signed by the Turks and L’Isle Adam<br />The treaty stated: “knights could depart with honor, taking with them their possessions and arms, with the exception of artillery. Religion would be respected, no forced conversion and no taxes for five years.<br />In exchange, they would forfeit all their islands and fortresses to the Turks<br />
  5. 5. Siege of Malta<br />The Ottoman’s had invaded this strategic area upon surprise <br />The most vital section was the center piece of Malta which was Fort St. Elmo<br />Fort St. Elmo was so important to occupy because of the location and high elevation <br />The Ottoman’s 48,000est.troops highly outnumbered the Knights 6,000est. troops<br />Warfare used in this battle was very brutal:<br />Incendiary weapons: fire hoops<br />Fight to the death on both sides<br />Slaves put on the front lines for repairs<br />Hot tar poured over walls to burn enemy<br />After the Ottoman’s captured Fort St. Elmo, they had difficulty capturing Ft. Saint Michael and Mdina<br />After the depletion of nearly half of the Ottoman army, they retreated and surrendered to the Knights<br />
  6. 6. Battle of Lepanto<br />Significant navel battle which prevented Muslim forces from occupying the Mediterranean sea <br />Consequences for outcome would make Italy and Rome very vulnerable<br />Huge victory for the Holy League<br />Battle is used to demonize the Ottoman empire<br />Although the Ottoman’s were strong in numbers the Holy League had more than twice the quantity of weapons and ammunition <br />Last major battle between the Turks and the Holy League<br />Battle of Lepanto is the finale to the Holy Leagues combined efforts toward crushing Islamic dominion in the Mediterranean<br />Marks end of Ottoman imperialism<br />
  7. 7. Consequences and Conclusions<br />Between 1520 and 1580, the arms race between Islam and Christianity proved to be very devastating<br />Charles V and Suleiman both believed they were fighting for control of the Earth<br />Thousands died brutally and on both sides experienced lack of moral, disease, and were basically terrified <br />Both sides made personal attacks and escaladed the battles as time went on<br />Nations throughout the region suffered huge economical deficits because of escalated warfare and investments in military<br />The West’s sour relationship with Islam relates to the conflict during this time period when Islam and Christianity were at war<br />Our personal viewpoint is not a matter of whether or not Islam or Christianity is evil but rather how the winners(Christians) wrote history ; especially concerning the symbolism behind the Battle of Lepanto<br />