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Greek City-States: Athens and Sparta
Spartan society  <ul><li>3 social groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equals: descended from the invaders, controlled Sparta </li...
Spartan Government <ul><li>Two kings led Sparta </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 king handled military </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1...
Sparta’s Military Society <ul><li>Goal was to make every male citizen a part of the military machine </li></ul><ul><li>Mil...
Sparta’s Military Society (cont’d) <ul><li>Spartan women </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Received strict physical training </li></ul...
Athenian Society <ul><li>3 class groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens: extended to all those born in Athens, only the men...
Early Athenian Government <ul><li>After the monarchy ended, an aristocracy took its place </li></ul><ul><li>All adult male...
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Athens and sparta

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Athens and sparta

  1. 1. Greek City-States: Athens and Sparta
  2. 2. Spartan society <ul><li>3 social groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equals: descended from the invaders, controlled Sparta </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Half-citizens: free, paid taxes and served in the army but had no political power, some farmed but others worked in the city as traders or artisans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helots: slaves, greatly outnumbered the other groups so Spartans used force to control them, in large part this is why Sparta became a military city-state </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Spartan Government <ul><li>Two kings led Sparta </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 king handled military </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 king took care of domestic matters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A council of Elders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made up of 28 male citizens over the age of 60 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposed laws and served as a criminal court </li></ul></ul><ul><li>An assembly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Included all male citizens over 30 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected 5 ephors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Made sure the kings stayed within the law </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elected for a 1 year term </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled the education of Spartans </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Sparta’s Military Society <ul><li>Goal was to make every male citizen a part of the military machine </li></ul><ul><li>Military worked to expand Sparta and control the helots </li></ul><ul><li>A group of officials examined new born babies and those deemed unhealthy were left to die </li></ul><ul><li>At 7 boys left home to join the barracks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainly military training but they also learned how to read and write </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From age 18-20 they learned specifically about warfare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At 20 they could marry but could not live at home until age 30 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Were available for military service until the age of 60 </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Sparta’s Military Society (cont’d) <ul><li>Spartan women </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Received strict physical training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taught to be devoted to the city-state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Their best value was seen as producing Spartan soldiers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Results of military society: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost unbeatable army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No individual freedom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created almost no art or literature and made almost no advances in science </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Athenian Society <ul><li>3 class groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens: extended to all those born in Athens, only the men had political rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metics: born outside Athens, free and had to pay taxes but had no political rights and could not own land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slaves: captured in war, together with metics made up more than half of Athenian society </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Early Athenian Government <ul><li>After the monarchy ended, an aristocracy took its place </li></ul><ul><li>All adult male citizens met in an assembly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected generals in time of war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected nine archons (rulers with a 1 year term) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First written code created around 621 </li></ul><ul><li>Solon (archon in 594 B.C.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outlawed selling people into slavery to pay their debt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divided citizens into 4 groups based on wealth: wealthiest 2 could hold office </li></ul></ul>

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