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Milestone Smart Choices


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Milestone Contractors offers environmentally friendly asphalt pavements and construction.

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Milestone Smart Choices

  1. 1. Asphalt Pavements are ABSOLUTELY The Smart Choice for Indiana
  2. 2. Your Choice for Roads
  3. 3. Heritage Group HRG Construction Mining Environmental Research & Development Refining & Distribution Crystal Flash Laketon Refining Calumet Lubricants Asphalt Materials Emulsicoat Bituminous Materials Shandong Heritage Milestone Contractors Heritage Industrial Services U.S. Aggregates White Rock Quarry Meshberger Stone Delphi Limestone U.S. Steel - Gary Heritage Environmental Services Heritage Technologies Heritage Crystal Clean Heritage Transport Heritage Inter@ctive Information
  4. 4. Shandong Heritage LLC Milestone Contractors LP Heritage Environmental Calumet Lubricants U.S. Aggregates Asphalt Materials Inc. Heritage Group
  5. 5. Uses for Asphalt Highways Airports Recreational Industrial Intersections
  6. 6. 94% There’s a reason that 94% of all paved surfaces are ASPHALT! Paved Miles by Surface Type 6% PCC Asphalt
  7. 7. Asphalt Pavements Are <ul><li>Smooth </li></ul><ul><li>Quiet </li></ul><ul><li>Economical </li></ul><ul><li>Safe </li></ul><ul><li>100% recyclable </li></ul><ul><li>Environmentally friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Versatile </li></ul><ul><li>State-of-the-art </li></ul><ul><li>High-visibility markings </li></ul><ul><li>Less user delay </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to maintain at a high level of serviceability </li></ul><ul><li>Resistant to de-icing chemicals </li></ul>
  8. 8. Asphalt Pavements Are SMOOTH and SAFE !
  9. 9. Payment IRI Excellent < 35 Very Good (Bonus) 35.1 - 45 Good 45.1 - 55 Acceptable 55.1 - 70 Unacceptable (Penalty) 70.1 - 95 Must Correct >95 Ride Quality Many improvements have occurred in recent years to allow asphalt to be even smoother. Milestone has invested in the latest Pavers and Material Transfer Devices to achieve the smoothest pavements
  10. 10. Asphalt Pavements are Smooth The ability to pave uninterrupted and the absence of joints every 20 feet result in SMOOTH pavements
  11. 11. YEARS Pavement Condition Index + 15% NCHRP 1-31 estimated 15% increase in pavement life for 50% increase in smoothness Pavement Condition Index
  12. 12. Sheldon G. Hayes Award Winner Smooth pavements, such as the recent Sheldon G. Hayes award winner last longer, are safe, save gasoline, decrease wear and tear on vehicles and are enjoyable to drive. Milestone is a two time winner of this most coveted national award ! Need I-65 Picture Downtown !!!!
  13. 13. The average IRI number decreased by 10%, resulting in a 4.5% increase in miles/gallon At WesTrack
  14. 14. SAFE Asphalt Pavements Are Safe
  15. 15. Inherently, some aggregates offer better skid resistance over a longer period of time. Asphalt pavements allow the specifying agency to choose a skid resistant aggregate based on traffic volume. Milestone has conducted extensive studies on friction. Asphalt Pavements are Skid Resistant
  16. 16. Measuring Texture
  17. 17. Friction Number = 24
  18. 18. Friction Number = 57
  19. 20. Milestone Pavement Friction Research <ul><li>Wet Friction on Pavements are related to both Macro and Micro Texture of the Pavement </li></ul><ul><li>Friction can be maintained at a higher level long term if these parameters are controlled </li></ul><ul><li>Pavements which utilize Steel Slag are higher in both parameters than conventional pavements </li></ul>
  20. 21. Safe <ul><li>Milestones research found that asphalt pavements can be designed at any level of friction desirable to the application. This research also found that friction can also be maintained over long periods of time and under varying traffic conditions. </li></ul>
  21. 22. Steel Slag Aggregate <ul><li>Pavements which contain Steel Slag Aggregates can save lives due to increased wet friction </li></ul><ul><li>Steel Slag also improves rutting resistance and increases the durability of the pavement </li></ul><ul><li>Steel Slag is being used on our highest performance pavements in Indiana </li></ul><ul><li>Milestone is a leader in placement of these pavements </li></ul>
  22. 23. 4 million tons per year of aggregate travel on Steel Slag SMA Quarry Entrance
  23. 24. Steel Slag SMA on I-70
  24. 25. Steel Slag SMA on I-70
  25. 26. Steel Slag SMA Friction Friction Stopping distance on wet pavements is directly related to Friction Number 8 year old pavements
  26. 27. Superpave 4.75 mm Mix
  27. 28. Superpave 4.75 mm Mix <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thin mixtures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proven performer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Natural Sand usually acceptable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High Skid Resistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very Smooth </li></ul></ul>
  28. 29. Steel Slag Superpave 4.75mm Indianapolis Raceway Park
  29. 30. IRP April 2001
  30. 31. Indianapolis Raceway Park
  31. 32. Indianapolis Raceway Park Nationals 325+ MPH
  32. 33. The use of Porous Asphalt reduces tire spray and hydroplaning improving visibility and skid resistance. Milestone built the first porous road in Indiana Asphalt Pavements are Skid Resistant
  33. 34. Asphalt Pavements VS Provide visibility of pavement markings
  34. 35. Asphalt Pavements Are ECONOMICAL
  35. 36. A review of Ohio’s Interstate compared asphalt and pcc pavements ranging in age from 25 to 34 years old. The asphalt pavements were lower in initial costs with an ever widening gap throughout the life of the pavement. An important note is the asphalt pavements have provided 25 to 34 years of service without the need for reconstruction or rehabilitation. Only routine maintenance of the wearing course. Asphalt Pavements are Durable
  36. 37. Ohio Compares HMA and PCC
  37. 38. “ Clearly, the majority of the AC overlays included in the LTPP database have served for 15 years or more before the load related and non-load-related distresses became sufficient to require rehabilitation.” Asphalt Pavements are Durable
  38. 39. Florida Reported Initial Annual Maintenance HMA $544,981 $132 PCC $765,729 $261 Asphalt Pavements are Durable
  39. 40. Vermont’s Rt. 7 27 years without an overlay Asphalt Pavements are Durable
  40. 41. States have more HMA contractors than pcc contractors thus money spent on HMA pavements are more likely to remain in the local economy. Asphalt Pavements and Local Economy
  41. 42. Asphalt Pavements Can Be Constructed Quickly And Efficiently
  42. 43. 115,000 tons in 15 days 11,000 tons in 24 hours Newark Airport Constructed Quickly and Efficiently
  43. 44. User Delay <ul><li>As traffic reaches road capacity any disruption creates huge delays on roads </li></ul><ul><li>The US is starting to calculate user delay fees into road projects to speed construction of any rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>Night Paving has become popular to minimize peak traffic during daytime use </li></ul><ul><li>Mill and Fill has proven on a Life Cycle basis to minimize user delays </li></ul>
  44. 45. ASPHALT VS . CONCRETE Constructed Quickly and Efficiently
  45. 46. Constructed Quickly and Efficiently
  46. 47. Asphalt Can Reduce User Delay by 80% 12 - 1 1.3 12 - 13 5.5 1 - 2 0.9 13 - 14 5.5 2 - 3 0.8 14 - 15 6.1 3 - 4 0.8 15 - 16 7.3 4 - 5 1.1 16 - 17 7.8 5 - 6 2.1 17 - 18 7.2 6 - 7 4.7 18 - 19 5.4 7 - 8 6.4 19 - 20 4.3 8 - 9 5.6 20 - 21 3.7 9 - 10 5.1 21 - 22 3.2 10 - 11 5.2 22 - 23 2.6 11 - 12 5.4 23 - 24 2.0 Pa DOT Hourly Distribution 22.5% Off-peak paving ( Urban Interstate )
  47. 48. Ability to Mill and Pave in Off-Peak Hours Milestone is a leader in Mill and Fill Projects Can Reduce User Delay by 80%
  48. 49. Warranties <ul><li>Milestone is a leader in warranted pavements. Milestone built the first INDOT 5 year warranted pavement in 1996 on I-70 east of Greenfield, Indiana </li></ul><ul><li>Milestone is also warranting other public and private work. If you are interested ask about the warranties option. </li></ul>
  49. 50. Shhhhh! Asphalt Pavements are Quiet
  50. 51. NCHRP 268 Conclusions: “In general, when dense-graded asphalt and PCC pavements are compared, the dense-graded is quieter by 2 to 3 dB(A)” A 3dB(A) reduction corresponds to: - doubling the distance (line source) - reducing the traffic volume by 50% - reducing the traffic speed by 25%
  51. 52. “ Where traffic noise is just loud enough to justify building noise barriers to protect adjoining homes and businesses, the substitution of a Porous Asphalt wearing course can reduce the noise to an acceptable level. The cost is about 1/8 of a noise barrier on one side of the highway, or 1/16 on both sides of the highway . Not only does this technique save tax dollars , but the road is environmentally and aesthetically superior .” Roads & Bridges – Jan. 1989
  52. 53. Porous Asphalt <ul><li>Milestone is building projects additional projects with Porous Asphalt to reduce tire noise. These pavements are proven to be 3-5 decibels lower in studies. </li></ul>
  53. 54. Asphalt Pavements Are Environmentally Friendly
  54. 55. California has been specifying asphalt liners for water containment facilities since the 1950s After 18 months in the asphalt-lined pond the salmon are released. In Oregon they have “had good results rearing quality fish in the asphalt-lined ponds” Environmentally Friendly
  55. 56. Milestone Pond Construction
  56. 57. Milestone Pond Liner
  57. 58. Asphalt Pavements Are 100% Recyclable
  58. 59. Asphalt Pavements are 100% Recyclable AND the Surprise Leader in Recycled Materials Recycling Rates Asphalt pavement 80% Aluminum cans 60% Newsprint 56% Plastic bottles 37% Glass bottles 31% Magazines 23% 100% Recyclable
  59. 60. <ul><li>Recycling is unique to asphalt pavements. </li></ul><ul><li>Results in an economic savings </li></ul><ul><li>Conserves natural resources: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- energy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- aggregate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- asphalt cement </li></ul></ul></ul>100% Recyclable
  60. 61. Reclaimed Asphalt Pavements (RAP) <ul><li>Milestone Contractors was a pioneer in reclaiming asphalt pavements in 1978 </li></ul><ul><li>The process involves milling off the old asphalt layer </li></ul><ul><li>Processing the RAP into useable size </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling through the hot mix plant </li></ul><ul><li>Currently Milestone recycles 400,000 tons/year </li></ul>
  61. 62. RAP from Milling Operations
  62. 63. Milestone RAP Processing
  63. 64. RAP Processing
  64. 65. RAP Processing
  65. 66. Milestone RAP Storage
  66. 67. Milestone Hot Mix Plant with Recycling
  67. 68. or Recycle (HMA) or Landfill (PCC)
  68. 69. Versatile Asphalt Pavements Are
  69. 70. Ability to Rubblize worn out pcc pavements and rehabilitate quickly and efficiently with hot mix asphalt. Asphalt Pavements are Versatile
  70. 71. Rubblization Technology <ul><li>Milestone investigated a number of rehabilitation technologies for concrete pavements which include… </li></ul><ul><li>Remove and replace </li></ul><ul><li>Joint repair </li></ul><ul><li>Crack and Seat </li></ul><ul><li>Rubblization </li></ul>
  71. 72. Rubblization
  72. 73. Rubblization
  73. 74. Rubblization
  74. 75. Rubblization Technology <ul><li>Rubblization Technology has been determined to be the best rehabilitation technology for worn out concrete from a life cycle cost analysis for many concrete pavements </li></ul>
  75. 76. Rubblization <ul><li>Studies have found that rubblized concrete is structurally higher than granular base due to the keyed structure of the concrete </li></ul><ul><li>The rubblized concrete is primed with asphalt emulsion </li></ul><ul><li>Then overlayed with HMA </li></ul>
  76. 77. S trategic H ighway R esearch P rogram <ul><li>5 Years, $150 million </li></ul><ul><li>asphalt ($50 million) </li></ul><ul><li>cement and concrete </li></ul><ul><li>long term pavement performance </li></ul><ul><li>pavement effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>bridge protection </li></ul><ul><li>snow and ice control </li></ul>Asphalt Pavements are State-of-the-Art
  77. 78. SHRP Asphalt Binder Spec <ul><li>Grading System Based on Climate </li></ul>PG 64-22 Performance Grade Average 7-day max pavement design temp Min pavement design temp Superpave 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 1 4 20 41 +60 +80 % YEAR Superpave Tonnage - % of U.S.
  78. 79. Superpave <ul><li>Milestone has a state of the art Superpave research and mix design laboratory </li></ul>
  79. 80. Milestone Approach to Roads <ul><li>Additionally Milestone has invested strongly in R&D in looking at the road as a complete system to understand how all the pieces worked together to produce a successful long lasting pavement </li></ul>
  80. 81. No structural rutting No roadbase cracking Replaceable surface High Performance Asphalt Surface Asphalt Roadbase Sub-base Subgrade Pavement Design Our Technology
  81. 82. Designing for your climate using Modified Asphalts <ul><li>Gives conventional asphalt better hot weather stiffness </li></ul><ul><li>Without hurting asphalts low temperature stiffness </li></ul>
  82. 83. Our Technology for Roads <ul><li>High Temperature Rutting Prediction </li></ul><ul><li>Cold Weather Cracking Prediction </li></ul>
  83. 84. Our Technology for Roads <ul><li>Mix Design </li></ul>Combining Asphalt and Aggregate into an optimum blend
  84. 85. Subgrade <ul><li>Subgrade needs to be considered in all projects </li></ul><ul><li>Building roads in Florida ( Sand ) vs Georgia ( Red Clay ) are very different </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lime treatment works with some clays not all </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cement treatment almost always works but has had significant problems due to too much cement causing cracking in upper layers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Granular bases are used often in some areas </li></ul></ul>
  85. 86. Perform <ul><li>Milestone has tested asphalt pavements under the most difficult conditions such as at the entrance to the busiest truck stop in Indiana </li></ul>
  86. 87. FLYING J TRUCK STOP 1100 trucks per day THOMPSON ROAD Milestone Repair
  87. 88. THOMPSON ROAD AND FLYING J TRUCK STOP As it looks today, age 3 years
  88. 89. Asphalt Pavements Are State-of-the-Art
  89. 90. Asphalt Pavements Allow for stage construction
  90. 91. Are not affected by de-icing materials Asphalt Pavements
  91. 92. Easy to Maintain at a High Level of Serviceability Asphalt Pavements Are
  92. 93. Convenient when making utility cut repairs Asphalt Pavements Are
  93. 94. Architect Friendly Historical areas, cross-walks, driveways, etc. have the option to choose a variety of brick patterns in varying colors Asphalt Pavements Are
  94. 95. BEAUTIFUL ! Asphalt Pavements Are
  95. 96. No wonder 94 times out of 100 “ The Smart Choice is Hot Mix Asphalt” Thank You!