Silent running electric-car

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I traded in our trusty Mercedez SUV for a Chevy Volt last August. Since then, our fuel costs have dropped 95% and our CO2 output is 82% less. And we get rock star parking.

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In August 2012, I traded in the Mercedez and leased a 2013 chevy volt.
The smartest vehicle on the road today

Volt is known as a plugin hybrid
Large battery + electric motor.
35 mile range on just the battery
Small gas engine that kicks in only when the battery is depleted.

To calculate the cost/day of fuel to drive our Mercedez ML 430 to work
Based on 20 mile commute each way: 40 miles daily.
40/15 mpg = 2.6 gallons of gas per day
2.6 * $3.95 = $10.17 / day

http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2006/11/how_gasoline_becomes_co2.html

The carbon from the gasoline mixes with oxygen from the air. Gasoline consists mostly of hydrocarbons—chains of carbon encircled by atoms of hydrogen. When the hydrocarbons burn, they break apart and recombine with the air. This reaction produces heat, as well as two chemical byproducts: water and carbon dioxide.


My commute is 14 miles each way, so 28 miles / day.
The Volt’s electric range is 35 miles, so I get by on just electricity
If I need to drive further during the day, I charge up at the grocery store around the corner



Discount of 2.5 cents / KWh given by LADWP
Time of Use Metering is an additional discount, so I only charge up after 8pm at night


http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/15/automobiles/how-green-are-electric-cars-depends-on-where-you-plug-in.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0

http://carma.org/company/detail/70989 (CO2 emissions by power plant locally)

http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy-and-you/how-clean.html (look up your electricity by zip code)

659 lbs CO2 / MWh

.659 lbs CO2 / KWh

400 KWh / month = 263 lbs

If I purchase green power from LADWP or install solar panels on my house, I can drop this to 0 lbs of CO2 / month
Then the question of CO2 is just about the embodied cost of the materials in the car, and their eventual disposal

Global land-air temperature averages
http://www.nasa.gov/pdf/719139main_2012_GISTEMP_summary.pdf

400ppm is higher than it’s been for at least 800,000 years
http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2013/may/14/record-400ppm-co2-carbon-emissions

350ppm is regarded as the safe limit before irreparable harm is done

Energy efficient. Electric vehicles convert about 59–62% of the electrical energy from the grid to power at the wheels—conventional gasoline vehicles only convert about 17–21% of the energy stored in gasoline to power at the wheels.*
http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/evtech.shtml

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  • My wife and I inherited this from her family. I loved it. Great when we lived in Colorado: 4 wheel drive, solidly built, had 180k miles on when we traded it in. It had a good life and served us well.
  • Based on 20 mile commute each way: 40 miles daily.40/15 mpg = 2.6 gallons of gas per day2.6 * $3.95 = $10.17 / day
  • Based on 20 mile commute each way: 40 miles daily.40/15 mpg = 2.6 gallons of gas per day2.6 * $3.95 = $10.17 / day
  • Based on 20 mile commute each way: 40 miles daily.40/15 mpg = 2.6 gallons of gas per day2.6 * $3.95 = $10.17 / dayhttp://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2006/11/how_gasoline_becomes_co2.htmlThe carbon from the gasoline mixes with oxygen from the air. Gasoline consists mostly of hydrocarbons—chains of carbon encircled by atoms of hydrogen. When the hydrocarbons burn, they break apart and recombine with the air. This reaction produces heat, as well as two chemical byproducts: water and carbon dioxide.
  • In August 2012, I traded in the Mercedez and leased a 2013 chevy volt.The smartest vehicle on the road todayVolt is known as a plugin hybridLarge battery + electric motor.35 mile range on just the batterySmall gas engine that kicks in only when the battery is depleted.
  • It comes with a charger that plugs into normal 110v outlets
  • Every outlet looks like a gas station
  • The building manager didn’t like me plugging in at work 
  • My commute is 14 miles each way, so 28 miles / day.The Volt’s electric range is 35 miles, so I get by on just electricityIf I need to drive further during the day, I charge up at the grocery store around the corner
  • Discount of 2.5 cents / KWh given by LADWPTime of Use Metering is an additional discount, so I only charge up after 8pm at night
  • http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/15/automobiles/how-green-are-electric-cars-depends-on-where-you-plug-in.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0http://carma.org/company/detail/70989 (CO2 emissions by power plant locally)http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy-and-you/how-clean.html (look up your electricity by zip code)659 lbs CO2 / MWh.659 lbs CO2 / KWh400 KWh / month = 263 lbsIf I purchase green power from LADWP or install solar panels on my house, I can drop this to 0 lbs of CO2 / monthThen the question of CO2 is just about the embodied cost of the materials in the car, and their eventual disposal
  • Overall plug-in hybrids and electrics are much cleaner
  • In LA we see plenty of this. When we’re stuck in traffic, when we wake up in the morning and look out over the city we see smog, and traffic pollution is a major cause of global warming which is a contributing factor in wildfires, droughts and other extreme weather.
  • http://www.nasa.gov/pdf/719139main_2012_GISTEMP_summary.pdf
  • 400ppm is higher than it’s been for at least 800,000 yearshttp://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2013/may/14/record-400ppm-co2-carbon-emissions
  • 350 is regarded as the safe limit before irreparable harm is done
  • Energy efficient. Electric vehicles convert about 59–62% of the electrical energy from the grid to power at the wheels—conventional gasoline vehicles only convert about 17–21% of the energy stored in gasoline to power at the wheels.*http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/evtech.shtml
  • But it’s not all doom and gloom. We can be sustainable and still have some fun
  • Torque is immediateCompletely silent… you just hear some wind and the tires on the roadMisconception that electrics are slow
  • Ralph’s around the cornerApps that look at your location, tell you the nearest charger, and if it’s in use right now.
  • And whole foods1st floor parking at the Santa Monica Promenade
  • Imagine going on a trip, and coming back to a full tank of gas.
  • And whole foods
  • A $40,000 car ends up costing $32,500
  • Assuming cost of .072 per kWhAnd average miles / kWh of 4.58And 15 MPG at $3.95/gal15/3.95 = 3.79
  • The Department of Energy gave me a 220-volt fast chargerAnd LADWP paid for electricians to install it.In exchange, they get data about my charging habits
  • Last month I spend less than $12 on electricity. And didn’t buy 28 gallons of gas.
  • More and more vehicles are available now, across a wide range of prices. And within 2 years, used cars will be available (when today’s cars come off lease)
  • Most of the energy needed to drive a car is used during accelerationWhen you hit the brakes you covert that momentum in to friction/heat and waste that energyHybrids recover this energy through regenerative brakes. Some of that energy is then used to accelerate the car again
  • I take issue with cars like this. It’s a “lite hybrid” which means it has a small battery and a hybrid badge. But the MPG sucks, and it put out a lot of CO2… about the same as a normal gas car.
  • Fisker, sadly now out of business.Beiber drives a chrome one around LA.
  • I found a special lease, and traded in the ML. My lease price is $167/month. Which is less than what I spent at Renovo each month on lunch
  • 76mile range110MPGe$39,200 – 7500 = $32,200http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/Find.do?action=sbs&id=33024www.ford.com/cars/focus/trim/electricIt’s only 0 g/mile if your electricity is sustainably sourced
  • 76mile rangehttp://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/Find.do?action=sbs&id=33024
  • HOW MANY PEOPLE ARE PLANNING TO BUY A DIFFERNET CAR IN THE NEXT 2 YEARS?
  • Battery technology is changing rapidly. And like laptops, electric cars will innovate quickly which reduces value of older electric cars. Batteries hold less charge with age as well.The smart thing to do is lease, so you can get a new car / new battery every few years.
  • http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/contents.html
  • Silent running electric-car

    1. 1. 2Owning an electric is:Clean cheap fun
    2. 2. 31999 Mercedez ML43015 MPG | 592 g/mile CO2
    3. 3. 41999 Mercedez ML43015 MPG | 592 g/mile CO275 gallons / month
    4. 4. 51999 Mercedez ML43015 MPG | 592 g/mile CO2$300/ month in gas
    5. 5. 61999 Mercedez ML43015 MPG | 592 g/mile CO21,400 lbs of CO2 / mo
    6. 6. 7Plug-in hybrid: Chevy VoltVincent
    7. 7. 8Plug-in hybrid: Chevy VoltPlugs in to normal outlets
    8. 8. 9gas station
    9. 9. 10
    10. 10. 110 gallons / monthPlug-in hybrid: Chevy Volt
    11. 11. 12$15 / month electricityPlug-in hybrid: Chevy Volt5% the cost of the SUV
    12. 12. 13263 lbs of CO2 / monthPlug-in hybrid: Chevy Volt82% less pollution than the
    13. 13. 14Clean
    14. 14. 15
    15. 15. 16Global Temperatures on therise
    16. 16. 17
    17. 17. 18350(safe limit)
    18. 18. 19Electric motors are more efficient than gasengines.Electrics are cleanerNo tailpipe emissions when electricRegenerative brakes
    19. 19. 20Fun
    20. 20. 210-60 : 3.7 seconds
    21. 21. 22Rock-star parking
    22. 22. 23Free charging at LACMA
    23. 23. 24Free charging at LAX
    24. 24. 25HOV Lanes
    25. 25. 26Cheap-ish
    26. 26. 27$7500 federal credit
    27. 27. 28Distance on $1 of fuel0 20 40 60 80ML 430VoltMiles63 miles3.8 miles
    28. 28. 29
    29. 29. 30
    30. 30. 31Range of vehicles
    31. 31. 32
    32. 32. 33hybrid: Lexus RX429mpg | 309 g/mile CO2 | $46,000
    33. 33. 34hybrid: Prius c50mpg | 179 g/mile CO2 | $19,000
    34. 34. 35Plug-in hybrid: Fisker54mpg | 169 g/mile CO2 | $103,000
    35. 35. 36Plug-in hybrid: Chevy Volt98mpg | 81 g/mile CO2 | $31,645
    36. 36. 37Electric: Ford Focus76 mile range | 0 g/mile CO2 | $32,200
    37. 37. 38Electric: Nissan Leaf100 mile range | 0 g/mile CO2 | $21,300
    38. 38. 39Electric: Tesla S300 mile range | 0 g/mile CO2 | $63,000
    39. 39. 40Lifetime average:241 mpg!
    40. 40. 41Recommendation:Lease, don’t buy
    41. 41. 42Owning an electric is:Clean cheap fun
    42. 42. Learn morefueleconomy.gov350.orgIPCC Report 2007

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