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  1. 1. Grave’s disease By: Dusty Grave’s opthamopathy=>
  2. 2. Causes: <ul><li>It is an autoimmune disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Autoimmune diseases are caused by a jumpy immune system (it attacks itself). </li></ul><ul><li>Other than that, no one knows the cause </li></ul>But it might be heredity.
  3. 3. The correct way: <ul><li>Stimulating </li></ul><ul><li>hormones tell </li></ul><ul><li>the thyroid to get </li></ul><ul><li>to work </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually </li></ul><ul><li>more hormones </li></ul><ul><li>tell it to shut off. </li></ul><ul><li>(EX: The thyroid is </li></ul><ul><li>given the signal to </li></ul><ul><li>release chemicals that </li></ul><ul><li>will increase metabolism, </li></ul><ul><li>then stops when the </li></ul><ul><li>Negative feedback is given. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What goes wrong: The thyroid is attacked by the immune system (yea, those guys that are supposed to help us. Thanks, guys) The thyroid then makes more thyroxine. This causes increased metabolism, changes in mood and appearance, and a hate for the immune system. One cheap cut out later…
  5. 5. Symptoms: They are grave. <ul><li>Symptoms of Grave’s disease include: </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Irritability </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty sleeping </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>A rapid or irregular heartbeat </li></ul><ul><li>A light tremor of your hands or fingers </li></ul><ul><li>Increased perspiration </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitivity to heat </li></ul><ul><li>Weight loss, despite eating a normal amount of food. </li></ul><ul><li>Hair that breaks like an old man’s hip. (Brittle hair) </li></ul><ul><li>Enlargement of the thyroid gland (goiter) </li></ul><ul><li>Change in menstrual cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent -ekhem- bowel movements </li></ul><ul><li>Bulging eyes </li></ul><ul><li>It is not fatal. </li></ul>A visual aid for anxiety =>
  6. 6. Risk factors: slightly less grave, but still grave… <ul><li>A family history of the disease </li></ul><ul><li>Sex — Women are seven times more likely to develop Graves' disease than men. </li></ul><ul><li>Age — Graves' disease usually develops after age 20. </li></ul><ul><li>Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking (stops you from absorbing medicine) </li></ul><ul><li>Graves’ Disease affects approximately 2 to 3% of the population (‘bout 10 million people). The figure may be higher because some may have bulging eyes, but are not diagnosed with thyroid problems. </li></ul> <=
  7. 7. Diagnostics <ul><li>Physical exam, blood tests and…radioactive iodine…interesting. Are all tests a doctor will give you to check for Grave’s disease. </li></ul>It was a little different in the old days… Blood. => ^ ll Radioactive barrel
  8. 8. Treatment <ul><li>Beta blockers, anti-thyroid medication, and…more radioactive iodine, are all forms of treatment for Grave’s disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Some believe that a vitamin deficiency could lead to Grave’s disease, so taking vitamins could possibly decrease the risk. </li></ul>
  9. 9. BIBLIOGRAPHY <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>