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Lesson 3 the supper in corinth

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Third lesson of a series on the Lord's Supper.

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Lesson 3 the supper in corinth

  1. 1. The Lord’s TableLesson 3: The Supper in Corinth December 12, 2012 University Church of Christ Abilene, TX
  2. 2. Review‣ Worship in the Old Testament was built around a structure of “holy meals”‣ The Lord’s Supper is related to the table of the sacrifice, not the altar‣ The Lord’s Supper was established in the context of the Passover, a meal celebrating God’s redemption‣ At the Lord’s Table, Jesus is present as host and participant with us
  3. 3. 1 Corinthians 10:14-22• Paul connects the Lord’s Table with sacrifice meals ‣ Those who participate in the Lord’s Table participate in Him ‣ Those who eat and drink together are united
  4. 4. 1 Corinthians 10:14-22• Emphasis on communion ‣ There is a real connection between Christ and those who participate ๏ We share in His body and in His blood ๏ We become one with Him (which requires fidelity)
  5. 5. 1 Corinthians 10:14-22• Emphasis on communion ‣ There is a real connection between all participants ๏ We “partake” ๏ Because we share in the same meal, we truly become one body• The Bible never tells us to take the Lord’s Supper with sadness, but with thanksgiving
  6. 6. 1 Corinthians 11:17-34• Most extensive discussion of Lord’s Supper in New Testament• Not intended as theological treatise!• This is the treatment of a specific problem
  7. 7. 1 Corinthians 11:17-34• Most extensive discussion of Lord’s Supper in New Testament• Not intended as theological treatise!• This is the treatment of a specific problem
  8. 8. Since so many of the Scripture textsabout worship are aimed at correctionrather than instruction, we are leftwith teaching that does not alwaysdirectly and explicitly answer our ownparticular questions. Richard E. Oster, Jr.
  9. 9. End “So then, wait for each other.” Start“It is not the Lord’s Super you eat for each of you goes ahead without waiting”
  10. 10. Paul’s Words“In the following, I have no praise…”
  11. 11. Paul’s Words“When you come together, there are divisions among you”
  12. 12. Paul’s Words “It is not the Lord’s Super you eat foreach of you goes ahead without waiting”
  13. 13. Graeco-Roman meals‣ Hierarchical arrangement‣ Characterized by arguments and cliques‣ Wine valued in quality and quantity
  14. 14. Paul’s Words“I received from the Lordwhat I passed on to you”
  15. 15. Paul’s Words“As often as you eat the bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes”
  16. 16. Paul’s Words “Whoever eats or drinks in an unworthy manner will be guilty of sinningagainst the body and blood of the Lord”
  17. 17. Paul’s Words “If anyone eats and drinkswithout discerning the body,he eats and drinks judgment”
  18. 18. Paul’s Words“If we discerned ourselves, we would not be judged”
  19. 19. “29For anyone who eats and drinkswithout recognizing the body ofthe Lord eats and drinks judgmenton himself. 30That is why manyamong you are weak and sick, anda number of you have fallenasleep. 31But if we judgedourselves, we would not comeunder judgment. ”
  20. 20. “29For anyone who eats and drinkswithout diakri÷nw the body ofthe Lord eats and drinks judgmenton himself. 30That is why manyamong you are weak and sick, anda number of you have fallenasleep. 31But if we judgedourselves, we would not comeunder judgment. ”
  21. 21. “29For anyone who eats and drinkswithout diakri÷nw the body ofthe Lord eats and drinks judgmenton himself. 30That is why manyamong you are weak and sick, anda number of you have fallenasleep. 31But if we judgedourselves, we would not comeunder judgment. ”
  22. 22. “29For anyone who eats and drinkswithout diakri÷nw the body ofthe Lord eats and drinks judgmenton himself. 30That is why manyamong you are weak and sick, anda number of you have fallenasleep. 31But if we diakri÷nwourselves, we would not comeunder judgment. ”
  23. 23. “29 For he who eats and drinks inan unworthy manner eats anddrinks judgment to himself, if hedoesn’t discern the Lord’s body.30 For this cause many among youare weak and sickly, and not a fewsleep. 31For if we discernedourselves, we wouldn’t be judged. World English Bible
  24. 24. 29 - If we don’t diakri÷nw theLord’s body => judgment31 - If we do diakri÷nwourselves => not judgedthe Lord’s body (29) =ourselves (31)
  25. 25. Paul’s Words“So then, when you come together to eat, wait for each other. If any is hungry, let him eat at home”
  26. 26. Communion‣ The body takes the Lord’s Supper as a body.‣ We must recognize that body to take the Lord’s Supper correctly.‣ It is not an individual act! It is the most corporate thing that we do.‣ Paul did not eliminate the meal; he eliminated the division during the meal.
  27. 27. Summary• Participating in the Lord’s Table is a time of connecting with our Lord and with one another• The Bible never tells us to take the Lord’s Supper with sadness, but with thanksgiving• Taking the Lord’s Supper is not an individual act. It is the most corporate thing that we do

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