species and ecosystems




  Manuel de Landa
species and ecosystems
structure generating processes




species and ecosystems
structure generating processes




       species and ecosystems
[gene pool of species]
structure generating processes




                   species and ecosystems
            [gene pool of species]


historic...
structure generating processes




                   species and ecosystems
            [gene pool of species]

         ...
structure generating processes




                   species and ecosystems
            [gene pool of species]

         ...
structure generating processes




                   species and ecosystems
            [gene pool of species]

         ...
structure generating processes




                   species and ecosystems
            [gene pool of species]

         ...
reproductive isolation
reproductive isolation




external
 causes
reproductive isolation




external
             internal
 causes
              causes
flow of genes   reproductive isolation




               external
                            internal
                cau...
flow of genes   reproductive isolation   barriers




               external
                            internal
        ...
flow of genes   reproductive isolation      barriers




               external
                            internal
     ...
flow of genes   reproductive isolation      barriers




               external
                            internal
     ...
flow of genes


Organisms and genomes may thus be regarded as compartments of the
biosphere
through which genes in general ...
3 abstract machines
3 abstract machines




hierarchies
3 abstract machines




hierarchies


         meshworks
3 abstract machines




hierarchies          searching device
                     /probe head

         meshworks
3 abstract machines




hierarchies          searching device
                     /probe head

         meshworks
}
  ≈ge...
3 abstract machines




hierarchies          searching device
                     /probe head

         meshworks
}
  ≈ge...
3 abstract machines




hierarchies          searching device
                     /probe head

         meshworks
}
  ≈ge...
evolution
evolution   descent with modification
evolution   descent with modification




            any variable replicator
               [no just genetic]
evolution   descent with modification




            any variable replicator + any sorting device
               [no just ...
evolution   descent with modification




            any variable replicator + any sorting device
               [no just ...
evolution   descent with modification




            any variable replicator + any sorting device
               [no just ...
evolution                   descent with modification




                             any variable replicator + any sortin...
life
life




flow of genes
through
replication
life




flow of genes
through               flow of biomass
replication
life




flow of genes
through                      flow of biomass
replication

               individuals
life




flow of genes
through                      flow of biomass
replication

               individuals




members of a...
life




flow of genes
through                      flow of biomass
replication

               individuals




members of a...
//
energy
//
energy   attractors
         [own dynamic stable states]
//
energy   attractors
         [own dynamic stable states]




                        [static]
                        [...
//
energy           attractors
                 [own dynamic stable states]




                            }
         pre...
//
energy           attractors
                 [own dynamic stable states]




                            }
         pre...
//
energy           attractors
                 [own dynamic stable states]




                            }
         pre...
//
energy           attractors
                 [own dynamic stable states]




                            }
         pre...
organic evolution   cultural evolution
[genetic determinism]   [cultural relativism]
organic evolution                    cultural evolution
[genetic determinism]                    [cultural relativism]



...
organic evolution                           cultural evolution
[genetic determinism]                           [cultural r...
organic evolution                                     cultural evolution
[genetic determinism]                            ...
organic evolution                                     cultural evolution
[genetic determinism]                            ...
genetic replicants   cultural replicants
genetic replicants                  cultural replicants




               direct interaction
               [sorting devi...
genetic replicants                                         cultural replicants




               direct interaction   ind...
genetic replicants                                         cultural replicants




               direct interaction   ind...
genetic replicants                                                  cultural replicants




               direct interact...
genetic replicants                                                  cultural replicants




               direct interact...
genetic replicants                                                     cultural replicants




               direct inter...
genetic replicants                                                     cultural replicants




               direct inter...
genetic replicants                                                     cultural replicants




               direct inter...
cultural
evolution




            flow of memes
cultural
evolution

flow of genes large animals

             microorganisms




                              flow of memes
cultural
evolution

flow of genes large animals

                microorganisms




cultural replicators
               one...
cultural
evolution

flow of genes large animals

                microorganisms




cultural replicators         more than ...
flow of
replicators
genes, memes,
    norms,
   routines
flow of
                +   flow of energy
replicators
genes, memes,
                      biomass
    norms,
   routines
An autopoietic machine is a machine organized (defined as a unity) as a
network of processes of production (transformation ...
Manuel de Landa: species and ecosystems
Manuel de Landa: species and ecosystems
Manuel de Landa: species and ecosystems
Manuel de Landa: species and ecosystems
Manuel de Landa: species and ecosystems
Manuel de Landa: species and ecosystems
Manuel de Landa: species and ecosystems
Manuel de Landa: species and ecosystems
Manuel de Landa: species and ecosystems
Manuel de Landa: species and ecosystems
Manuel de Landa: species and ecosystems
Manuel de Landa: species and ecosystems
Manuel de Landa: species and ecosystems
Manuel de Landa: species and ecosystems
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Manuel de Landa: species and ecosystems

1,374 views

Published on

0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,374
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
199
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

  • historical outcome:accumulation of genetic materials by selection pressures
    consolidation: reproductive isolation
  • historical outcome:accumulation of genetic materials by selection pressures
    consolidation: reproductive isolation
  • historical outcome:accumulation of genetic materials by selection pressures
    consolidation: reproductive isolation
  • historical outcome:accumulation of genetic materials by selection pressures
    consolidation: reproductive isolation
  • historical outcome:accumulation of genetic materials by selection pressures
    consolidation: reproductive isolation
  • historical outcome:accumulation of genetic materials by selection pressures
    consolidation: reproductive isolation
  • historical outcome:accumulation of genetic materials by selection pressures
    consolidation: reproductive isolation





























































  • Manuel de Landa: species and ecosystems

    1. 1. species and ecosystems Manuel de Landa
    2. 2. species and ecosystems
    3. 3. structure generating processes species and ecosystems
    4. 4. structure generating processes species and ecosystems [gene pool of species]
    5. 5. structure generating processes species and ecosystems [gene pool of species] historical outcome of a sorting process
    6. 6. structure generating processes species and ecosystems [gene pool of species] accumulation of historical outcome of a sorting process genetic materials by selection pressures
    7. 7. structure generating processes species and ecosystems [gene pool of species] accumulation of historical outcome of a sorting process genetic materials by selection pressures consolidation
    8. 8. structure generating processes species and ecosystems [gene pool of species] accumulation of historical outcome of a sorting process genetic materials by selection pressures consolidation reproductive isolation
    9. 9. structure generating processes species and ecosystems [gene pool of species] accumulation of historical outcome of a sorting process genetic materials by selection pressures consolidation reproductive isolation
    10. 10. reproductive isolation
    11. 11. reproductive isolation external causes
    12. 12. reproductive isolation external internal causes causes
    13. 13. flow of genes reproductive isolation external internal causes causes
    14. 14. flow of genes reproductive isolation barriers external internal causes causes
    15. 15. flow of genes reproductive isolation barriers external internal causes causes encapsulated in packets
    16. 16. flow of genes reproductive isolation barriers external internal causes causes encapsulated in packets stratified system
    17. 17. flow of genes Organisms and genomes may thus be regarded as compartments of the biosphere through which genes in general circulate at various rates and in which individual genes and operons may be incorporated if of sufficient advantage. KWJeon & JFDanielli, 1971
    18. 18. 3 abstract machines
    19. 19. 3 abstract machines hierarchies
    20. 20. 3 abstract machines hierarchies meshworks
    21. 21. 3 abstract machines hierarchies searching device /probe head meshworks
    22. 22. 3 abstract machines hierarchies searching device /probe head meshworks } ≈geological world
    23. 23. 3 abstract machines hierarchies searching device /probe head meshworks } ≈geological world ≉ biological species
    24. 24. 3 abstract machines hierarchies searching device /probe head meshworks } ≈geological world ≉ biological species
    25. 25. evolution
    26. 26. evolution descent with modification
    27. 27. evolution descent with modification any variable replicator [no just genetic]
    28. 28. evolution descent with modification any variable replicator + any sorting device [no just genetic] [no just ecological selection pressures]
    29. 29. evolution descent with modification any variable replicator + any sorting device [no just genetic] [no just ecological selection pressures]
    30. 30. evolution descent with modification any variable replicator + any sorting device [no just genetic] [no just ecological selection pressures] } ≈searching device / probe head explores a space of possible forms
    31. 31. evolution descent with modification any variable replicator + any sorting device [no just genetic] [no just ecological selection pressures] } ≈searching device / probe head explores a space of possible forms characteristic of life forms / but doesn’t constitute an essence of life [language]
    32. 32. life
    33. 33. life flow of genes through replication
    34. 34. life flow of genes through flow of biomass replication
    35. 35. life flow of genes through flow of biomass replication individuals
    36. 36. life flow of genes through flow of biomass replication individuals members of a species
    37. 37. life flow of genes through flow of biomass replication individuals members of a members of a species reproductive community /particular ecosystem // participating in the exchange of energy
    38. 38. // energy
    39. 39. // energy attractors [own dynamic stable states]
    40. 40. // energy attractors [own dynamic stable states] [static] [cyclical] [chaotic] [autopoietic* self-created and autonomous]
    41. 41. // energy attractors [own dynamic stable states] } pre- [static] configurations of [cyclical] space explored [chaotic] by the probe [autopoietic* self-created and autonomous] head
    42. 42. // energy attractors [own dynamic stable states] } pre- [static] configurations of [cyclical] space explored [chaotic] by the probe [autopoietic* self-created and autonomous] head adaptative landscapes
    43. 43. // energy attractors [own dynamic stable states] } pre- [static] configurations of [cyclical] space explored [chaotic] by the probe [autopoietic* self-created and autonomous] head interacting adaptative species landscapes in a ecosystem
    44. 44. // energy attractors [own dynamic stable states] } pre- [static] configurations of [cyclical] space explored [chaotic] by the probe [autopoietic* self-created and autonomous] head interacting adaptative species landscapes in a ecosystem conditions/ hierarchies change in time
    45. 45. organic evolution cultural evolution [genetic determinism] [cultural relativism]
    46. 46. organic evolution cultural evolution [genetic determinism] [cultural relativism] } interactionist approach
    47. 47. organic evolution cultural evolution [genetic determinism] [cultural relativism] } interactionist approach /organic and cultural change involve replicators /new structures arise by retention of variants
    48. 48. organic evolution cultural evolution [genetic determinism] [cultural relativism] } interactionist approach /organic and cultural change involve replicators /new structures arise by retention of variants organic and cultural constraints are contingent historical products
    49. 49. organic evolution cultural evolution [genetic determinism] [cultural relativism] } interactionist approach /organic and cultural change involve replicators /new structures arise by retention of variants organic and cultural constraints are contingent historical products [different time- scale]
    50. 50. genetic replicants cultural replicants
    51. 51. genetic replicants cultural replicants direct interaction [sorting device]
    52. 52. genetic replicants cultural replicants direct interaction indirect interaction [sorting device]
    53. 53. genetic replicants cultural replicants direct interaction indirect interaction [sorting device] genetic constraints guiding accumulation of cultural replicators
    54. 54. genetic replicants cultural replicants direct interaction indirect interaction [sorting device] genetic constraints cultural materials guiding influence accumulation of accumulation of cultural replicators genes
    55. 55. genetic replicants cultural replicants direct interaction indirect interaction [sorting device] genetic constraints cultural materials guiding influence cultural materials accumulation of accumulation of accumulated cultural replicators genes > institutional values > selection pressures for cultural accumulation > self-selecting
    56. 56. genetic replicants cultural replicants direct interaction indirect interaction [sorting device] genetic constraints cultural materials guiding influence cultural materials accumulation of accumulation of accumulated cultural replicators genes > institutional values > selection pressures for cultural accumulation > self-selecting enhancemen t
    57. 57. genetic replicants cultural replicants direct interaction indirect interaction [sorting device] genetic constraints cultural materials guiding influence cultural materials accumulation of accumulation of accumulated cultural replicators genes > institutional values > selection pressures for cultural accumulation > self-selecting enhancemen t opposition
    58. 58. genetic replicants cultural replicants direct interaction indirect interaction [sorting device] genetic constraints cultural materials guiding influence cultural materials accumulation of accumulation of accumulated cultural replicators genes > institutional values > selection pressures for cultural accumulation > self-selecting enhancemen neutrality t opposition
    59. 59. cultural evolution flow of memes
    60. 60. cultural evolution flow of genes large animals microorganisms flow of memes
    61. 61. cultural evolution flow of genes large animals microorganisms cultural replicators one-to-one flow of memes one-to-many
    62. 62. cultural evolution flow of genes large animals microorganisms cultural replicators more than one searching device: one-to-one imitation flow of memes enforced repetition one-to-many bodies> organic sustratum of cultural replicators
    63. 63. flow of replicators genes, memes, norms, routines
    64. 64. flow of + flow of energy replicators genes, memes, biomass norms, routines
    65. 65. An autopoietic machine is a machine organized (defined as a unity) as a network of processes of production (transformation and destruction) of components which: (i) through their interactions and transformations continuously regenerate and realize the network of processes (relations) that produced them; and (ii) constitute it (the machine) as a concrete unity in space in which they (the components) exist by specifying the topological domain of its realization as such a network. h. maturana - f. varela

    ×