The State of Food and Agriculture 2009

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Presentation from the Livestock Inter-Agency Donor Group (IADG) Meeting 2010. 4-5 May 2010 Italy, Rome IFAD Headquarters.



The event involved approximately 45 representatives from the international partner agencies to discuss critical needs for livestock development and research issues for the coming decade.

[ Originally posted on http://www.cop-ppld.net/cop_knowledge_base ]

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The State of Food and Agriculture 2009

  1. 1. THE STATE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE 2009Livestock in the balance Livestock Week” Simon Mack 4th May 2010 “
  2. 2. Importance of livestock• Large, growing, dynamic sector• Public goods at risk – Livelihoods and food security – Natural resources and the environment – Animal diseases and human health• Needs better policies, institutions and regulations• Conflicts and trade-offs
  3. 3. Consumption is growing rapidly in developing countries ... 500 Eggs 400 Index number:1961=100 Meat 200 300 Milk 100 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Roots and tubers Cereals Meat Milk EggsPer caput consumption of major food items in developing countries – kg per caput per year (index numbers 1961=100)
  4. 4. Meat production is growing, with 120 striking regional differences ... 100 East and 80 Southeast Asia Million tonnes 60 Latin America and the Caribbean 40 20 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Near East and North Africa South Asia Sub-Saharan AfricaSource: The State of Food and Agriculture 2009.
  5. 5. ... but South Asia dominates growth in milk production 150 South Asia 100 Million tonnes 50 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 East and Southeast Asia Latin America and Caribbean Near East and North Africa South Asia Sub-Saharan AfricaSource: The State of Food and Agriculture 2009.
  6. 6. Livelihoods and food security• Livelihoods – 1 billion people keep livestock – 60 percent of rural households – livestock have multiple functions• Food supply – 15 percent of dietary energy – 25 percent of protein supply
  7. 7. Food Security: what can we do?• Support smallholders with policy and institutional reform, capacity building, technological innovation and investment• Recognize and protect the safety- net role played by livestock• Ease the transition out of the sector
  8. 8. Natural resources and the environment• 30 percent of all land• 80 percent of agric. land• 8 percent of global freshwater resources• 18 percent of GHG emissions
  9. 9. Environment: what can we do?• Correct market distortions and policy failures – regulatory frameworks – payment for environmental services – other market-based mechanisms and institutions – taxes and fees• Technology to increase resource use efficiency• Certification schemes, product labeling
  10. 10. ANIMAL DISEASESEconomic risks Human health-productivity -pandemic disease-markets -endemic disease-livelihoods -food borne illness Human well-being
  11. 11. Animal and human health: what can we do?• Manage the location of livestock• Early warning systems• Engage the poor• Multi-disciplinary integration of approaches (eg. One Health)
  12. 12. Balancing objectives• Livelihoods• Food security• Environment and natural resources• Human health
  13. 13. Balancing objectives Human health Food Environmentsecurity Livelihoods Low development Slow industrialization Rapid industrialization Post-industrial
  14. 14. Balancing objectives Human health Food Environmentsecurity Livelihoods Low development Slow industrialization Rapid industrialization Post-industrial
  15. 15. Balancing objectives Human health Food Environmentsecurity Livelihoods Low development Slow industrialization Rapid industrialization Post-industrial
  16. 16. Balancing objectives Human health Food Environmentsecurity Livelihoods Low development Slow industrialization Rapid industrialization Post-industrial
  17. 17. Balancing objectives Human health Food Environmentsecurity Livelihoods Low development Slow industrialization Rapid industrialization Post-industrial
  18. 18. Why the impasse?• Pace of change• Political battlefield: conflicts and trade-offs• Dichotomous nature of the livestock sector
  19. 19. The State of Food and Agriculture Livestock in the balance FAOs major annual flagship publication.Available in English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic and Chinese www.fao.org/publications/sofa

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