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A Technical Cooperation for Small-scale Farmings in Developing Countries

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Presentation from the Informal Consultation on Livestock Issues between the FAO Animal Production and Health Division and interested Non-Governmental Organizations. 1–2 December 2009 Italy, Rome FAO Headquarters.

[ Originally posted on http://www.cop-ppld.net/cop_knowledge_base ]

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A Technical Cooperation for Small-scale Farmings in Developing Countries

  1. 1. A technical cooperation for small-scale farmings in developing countries.Agronomes et Vétérinaires sans frontières 2009
  2. 2. 2 associative fundaments 1. Small-scale farmings are important for society : social, economical and environmental performance (if minimal conditions allow their development). 2. Cooperation to strengthen rural stakeholders and rural organisations capacity.Agronomes et Vétérinaires sans frontières 2009
  3. 3. Cooperationthemes and skills 1. Sustainable management of natural ressources and rural territories : Natural ressources availability (public goods). Adaptation of natural ressources and territories collective management (pastoralism, forest, water management) and their legal recognition. Sustainability of farming and livestock production system, ecologically intensive farming. Economically fair ressources promotion.Agronomes et Vétérinaires sans frontières 2009
  4. 4. Cooperationthemes and skills 2. Strengthening of producers organisations, of local and international markets Strengthen producers organisations in order they well control transformation and commercialisation Secure and lucrative prices availability on local and international markets (quality, certifications, …) Limited dependance risks to large-scale agribusiness industry by a diversification of commercial strategies Limitated feeding risk by productions diversification Farmers skills promotion and products quality improvement Small-scale farming recognition by urban consumers and local markets development that link them directly.Agronomes et Vétérinaires sans frontières 2009
  5. 5. Cooperation themes and skills 3. Livestock and animal health services development Small-scale livestock profitability increase thanks to zootechnical and animal health sustainable services. A strengthened livestock keepers function for the outbreaks watching, linked to private and public vets. 4. Appraisal to build local systems improving e e e e pid miological animal diseases watching and animal e e e e products sanitary quality, safeguarding veterinary public health.Agronomes et Vétérinaires sans frontières 2009
  6. 6. Our cooperationway of working Working in partnership with local stakeholders: FO, NGO, town councils, training centers and universities, public institutions. Implementation of local projects with our partners to promote a rural and sustanaible small-scale farming, inserted in national economies. Stakeholders training and strengthening of their capacity to promote their point of view in public policies.Agronomes et Vétérinaires sans frontières 2009
  7. 7. Advocacy in North Promotion of the duties and roles of small-scale farmings. Protection of the food security and the right to feeding. Protection of the poors’ right to access water and land. Promote fairtrade and demonstrate its impacts on the south poor farmers and on economy. Promotion of policies supporting territories and moutain and pastoralist people development.Agronomes et Vétérinaires sans frontières 2009
  8. 8. 4 major cooperation areas South and Central America, Caraïbes West Africa Indien Océan South-East AsiaAgronomes et Vétérinaires sans frontières 2009
  9. 9. AVSF in 2009in a few numbers … 61 projects in 19 countries A 220 persons staff (27 in France, 40 expatriate workers, more than 150 national professionals) 2008 Budget : 9 millions d’€ A network supported by 600 members et 9.000 contributors More than 80 partnerships in the coutries Technical partnerships in Europe (universities, research centers, local authorities, agricultural organisations, French Agriculture Ministery, …) Confirmed financial partnership with European Commission, French Agency for Development, local authorities, european enterprises and private fondations.Agronomes et Vétérinaires sans frontières 2009
  10. 10. 09-11/2008 Report of livestock activities (FAO/SLPP) FAO-SLPP project activities CAMBODIA, 2009
  11. 11. Project components 1. Chicken Production Strategy 2. Pig Production Strategy 3. Cattle Production Strategy
  12. 12. Chicken Production Strategy1. Chicken health improvement Provision of quarantine cage De-worming with tetramisole Vaccination again ND for two round and FP as practical training Provide medicine for the treatment of disease and contact one vet pharmacy for farmer group Encourage farmers to construct bio- security pen and normal pen Follow up and advise farmer for chicken health (treatment, vaccination….) Organize the collective vaccination campaign again ND Organization of selling of vet medicine at the village level
  13. 13. 2. Improvement of chicken productionTrain villagers on chicken raising (Feeding,breeding, taking care…)Distribute 50 hybrid cock to farmers withtechnique to separate the newly-born chickafter hatchingOrganize the supply of corn branAdvise farmers on feeding innovation usinglocally availability feed resourcesFollow up and advise the farmers onseparating newly –born chick from the henand taking careProvide commercial feed for chicks, drinkerand feed through for farmers who practiceaccording to technical training
  14. 14. 3. Improvement of marketing Facilitate in creation of one chicken farmer group with 18 members and system of share Prepare regulation with marketing man in the group committees Provide materials for farmer groups (scale, office materials…) Install one marketing board Provide 4 transporting cages Contact middleman, restaurant in Kg. Speu and updating the price of chicken on weekly basis Marketing man was invited to participated in the training of marketing Facilitate in providing Input of FAO to group
  15. 15. Pig Strategy 1. Improvement of pig health • De-worm pigs around the villages • Vaccinated against FMD and CSF • Training on pig health (vaccination, de-worming treatment of diseases….). • Treatment of piglets and sows and recommendation on the treatment fattening • Provide regular follow up and advise • Involvement of VAHWs
  16. 16. 2. Improvement of pig production • Train villagers on pig raising (Feeding, breeding, taking care...) • identify all the sows with identity card for implementation of piglet care program: preventive and curative treatment for piglets and sow, feeding , Primex using for sow… • Improvement of system of pig fattening: Improve feeding, using basemix in the feed • Provide 300USD in cash capital for member for credit to increase the production
  17. 17. 3. Improvement of pig marketing • Facilitate in creation of one pig farmer group with 18 members and system of share and marketing man in the group committees • Provide materials for farmer groups (scale, office…) Install one marketing board • Provide 1 catching cages to Contact middlemen and updating the price of pig on weekly basis • Prepare and sign the Agreement withmiddleman • Training marketing man on marketing
  18. 18. Cattle Strategy1. Improvement of cattle health • Recommend villagers to use VAHWs service • De-worm cattle with albendazole • Vaccinate against FMD for two rounds • Involve VAHWs in the activities • Follow up/advise VAHWs on disease treatment • Provide diseases treatment of project cattle• Inform the villager about the price of vaccines• Advise VAHWs where to find the good medicine for the cattle disease treatment• Advise and follow up the diseases treatment of VAHWs
  19. 19. 2. Improvement of cattle production • Train villagers on feeding of cattle • Select 11 farmers for cattle fattening program:Description of data recorded FiguresNumber of cattle 28Weight before fattening 192.96 Kgprogramvisual aspect before fattening 25 % Fat , 3.57 % Medium, 71.42 %program skinnyduration of fattening program 66 daysWeight after fattening program 205.18 Kgvisual aspect at after fattening 71.43 % Fat , 17.85 % Medium, 10.71% skinnyAverage body weigh gain 12.21 Kg/headquantity of STU distributed/day 4.5 Kg/Headprice at selling date 2,300,000 Rielsquantity of premix Premix: 15 grams/head/daydistributed/day DCP: 15 grams/head/day
  20. 20. 3. Improvement of cattle marketing• Facilitate in creation of one cattle farmer group with 11 members• Prepare regulation with marketing man in the group committees• Provide materials for farmer groups (scale, office materials…)• Install one marketing board• Contact middleman in Kg. Speu for selling the cattle and updating the price of cattle• Training on marketing by SLPP marketing unit for marketing man of the groups• Facilitate reproduce the UTRS for next fattening for cattle to be sold
  21. 21. Challenges encounteredDuring the project implementation, challenges encountered included:• Many reported cases of chicken thefts in the village of Reung Peung• Artificial insemination of many sows proved to be unsuccessful• Semen is not available in the target district,• price of live pig is not good at the moment• Shortage of rice straws for some beneficiaries for urea-treated straw• Shortage of good quality of vaccine and veterinary medicines with appropriate price for chicken strategy lead to some outbreak of ND• It seemed difficult to have good middlemen for the animal raiser groups (especially for chicken group).• It is hard to determine categories of pigs agreed upon between middlemen and the pig raiser group.• It is observed that the market price of live pig is not good at the moment.
  22. 22. THANK YOU!!

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