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The European Union values the importance of lessons learned from experiences in disaster risk reduction management systems. Late 2009, at the conclusion of the 2008 – 2009 drought, the EU delegation thus called for a review of the responses to this drought. The purpose of this review was to contribute to improved effectiveness and efficiency of the drought management system in Kenya and strengthen the capacity to intervene with livestock based interventions in an appropriate, effective and timely fashion. This report reviews the response to the drought in six arid and semi arid land districts in Kenya. The report provides a systematic report of 474 livestock based interventions carried out during the 2008-2009 drought in six arid and semi arid districts in Kenya. It reviews the timeliness, effectiveness, the livelihood implications and the appropriateness of these interventions and assesses to what extent local communities had been involved in their development and implementation. It shows that the number of livestock related interventions and the funding associated to this has increased considerably compared to the interventions carried out during the 2000 drought. Some of the interventions were considered ineffective and inappropriate, and the report advises on which livestock related interventions to implement during drought. The report then provides a checklist of advised livestock based interventions in different scenarios and provides guidelines for effective monitoring and evaluation. The report further provides advice on commercial destocking during drought and reviews the need to develop climate change adaptation strategies in relation to the existing National Drought Management System. The findings of these reviews and assessments have been used to develop a number of recommendations aiming to improve the effectiveness of the drought management intervention cycle.
[ Originally posted on http://www.cop-ppld.net/cop_knowledge_base ]