Stephane Boyera Telefonos MóViles Para El Desarrollo Humano

3,860 views

Published on

Stephane Boyera. Teléfonos Móviles para el Desarrollo Humano, para el II Encuentro Internacional TIC para la Cooperación al Desarrollo.

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,860
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
185
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
23
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Stephane Boyera Telefonos MóViles Para El Desarrollo Humano

  1. 1. Mobile and ICTD (1) Página 1 de 17 Mobile Phones in ICT4D Stéphane Boyera http://www.w3.org/2009/01/sb_coop2.0/ 2nd International Meeting on ICT for Development and Cooperation Gijon, Spain, February 12 2009 file://C:Documents and Settingseva.huergoEscritorioMobile and ICTD (4).htm 04/02/2009
  2. 2. Mobile and ICTD (1) Página 2 de 17 Introduction Co-chair of W3C Mobile Web for Social Development Mission: Exploring and Understanding the barriers of using Mobile Technologies in ICT4D Home: http://www.w3.org/2008/MW4D/ Head of Web for Society Program of the Web Foundation Mission: Working toward having all people benefiting the Web Home: http://www.webfoundation.org/ Manager of the EU-FP7 project Digital World Forum Mission: Using ICT and low-cost technologies to leverage economic development in Africa and Latin America Home: http://www.digitalworldforum.eu/ file://C:Documents and Settingseva.huergoEscritorioMobile and ICTD (4).htm 04/02/2009
  3. 3. Mobile and ICTD (1) Página 3 de 17 Outline Introduction Mobile phones: a revolution in communication ICT and ICTD Mobile phones: a potential revolution in ICTD Current State and Challenges Next Steps Mobile phones to save the world and solve all problems ? Conclusion file://C:Documents and Settingseva.huergoEscritorioMobile and ICTD (4).htm 04/02/2009
  4. 4. Mobile and ICTD (1) Página 4 de 17 Mobile Phones: a Revolution (source: ITU World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators (WTI) database.) Mobile Phones are changing people's lives in the Developing World: In the way they work file://C:Documents and Settingseva.huergoEscritorioMobile and ICTD (4).htm 04/02/2009
  5. 5. Mobile and ICTD (1) Página 5 de 17 In the way they communicate In the way they live ... But no evidence that mobile phones has significantly impacted development challenges. Next Step: ICT Revolution ICT has changed the Developed World: in the way people work in the way they meet in the way they move (source: Ken Banks Kiwanja.net) ... Promises of ICTD: changing the Developing World, and having an impact on development challenges by bridging historical divides: Access to health services Access to Education Access to finance Access to Government services Access to Agriculture services ... file://C:Documents and Settingseva.huergoEscritorioMobile and ICTD (4).htm 04/02/2009
  6. 6. Mobile and ICTD (1) Página 6 de 17 file://C:Documents and Settingseva.huergoEscritorioMobile and ICTD (4).htm 04/02/2009
  7. 7. Mobile and ICTD (1) Página 7 de 17 ICTD Challenges Connectivity issue Needs bandwidth Needs devices Information Availability issue Needs of relevant and useful services Information Accessibility issue Needs of affordable, accessible and usable services file://C:Documents and Settingseva.huergoEscritorioMobile and ICTD (4).htm 04/02/2009
  8. 8. Mobile and ICTD (1) Página 8 de 17 ICTD in the past Focus on Connectivity: e.g. telecenter Pilot projects organized by Development agencies without sustainability in mind without easy replicability (high cost solutions) without scalability (running 300000 telecenters ?) as a top-down approach ... Less than satisfactory results ! file://C:Documents and Settingseva.huergoEscritorioMobile and ICTD (4).htm 04/02/2009
  9. 9. Mobile and ICTD (1) Página 9 de 17 Mobile Phones: a potential ICT revolution A potential revolution on the focus: Services vs Connectivity Focusing on people needs A new opportunity for a bottom-up approach file://C:Documents and Settingseva.huergoEscritorioMobile and ICTD (4).htm 04/02/2009
  10. 10. Mobile and ICTD (1) Página 10 de 17 Bottom-up Approach: Empowering People Principle: moving from recipients only to actors and contributors Objectives: Not limiting ICTD to development agencies and rich/big NGOs Opening it to millions of people/ngo/grassroots Rationale Only scalable way to make an impact at the global Society (Photo Source : The Economist ) level Opening ICTD to entrepreneurship and creating a new sector of activity Capturing/using local innovation Putting Governments out of the critical path Putting pressure for more transparent accountable Governance Iqbal Qadir: The power of the mobile phone to end poverty ... file://C:Documents and Settingseva.huergoEscritorioMobile and ICTD (4).htm 04/02/2009
  11. 11. Mobile and ICTD (1) Página 11 de 17 Challenges of Empowering People Availability of software and tools free and open source easy to use Availability of expertise Present: Capacity building in mobile ICT for ngos, entrepreneurs, IT sector,... Future: Curriculum and degree at universities Awareness (Photo Source: Der Spiegel file://C:Documents and Settingseva.huergoEscritorioMobile and ICTD (4).htm 04/02/2009
  12. 12. Mobile and ICTD (1) Página 12 de 17 Challenges of Information Accessibility Current focus on Information Availability SMS success stories Lots of issues on the current approaches to benefit all people: Accessibility of services and content by people with low reading skills Availability of services and content in local languages Information Illiteracy: searching, finding, using content and services file://C:Documents and Settingseva.huergoEscritorioMobile and ICTD (4).htm 04/02/2009
  13. 13. Mobile and ICTD (1) Página 13 de 17 Next Generation of technologies Today: SMS relative easy setup, availability of tools, free reception, available on all phones issues: discoverability, cost of running a service, text-only approach, interoperability between operators Next Generation: Mobile Web free service development and deployment, more powerful interface potentially able to bridge existing barriers, discoveability, low required expertise, access to enormous knowledge,... issues: availability on phones, costs of data access, still some technological gaps Voice natural way of communication, easy to use for people with low reading skills, available on all phones issues: requires high expertise, expensive infrastructure, usability issue, technological gaps (i18n) file://C:Documents and Settingseva.huergoEscritorioMobile and ICTD (4).htm 04/02/2009
  14. 14. Mobile and ICTD (1) Página 14 de 17 Next Steps Building, Coordinating and driving a diverse community Development agencies and international organization NGOs, grassroots, people with field experience Academics (ICTD, Sociology,...) Mobile industry Understanding needs, issues, challenges in the field exploratory field researches pilots using new technologies Identifying and bridging technological gaps to lower access barriers understanding and solving illiteracy, usability, internationalization issues identify other issues Working towards solving the empowerment challenges: lowering development and deployment barriers identifying tools gap and developing them develop mobile ict capacities for present and future, and build on existing success (e.g. EPROM) raise awareness on existing technologies, the way to use them, their domain of applications,... file://C:Documents and Settingseva.huergoEscritorioMobile and ICTD (4).htm 04/02/2009
  15. 15. Mobile and ICTD (1) Página 15 de 17 Mobile phones to rule them all ? Mobile phones: a way to reach the mass Mobile phones: available in the field But Mobile phones: a very constrained device Mobile networks: very expensive Other approaches are meaningful Low-cost laptops will be key elements for a greater exploitation of ICT potential Low-cost wireless broadband infrastructure will be critical for first class information society citizen file://C:Documents and Settingseva.huergoEscritorioMobile and ICTD (4).htm 04/02/2009
  16. 16. Mobile and ICTD (1) Página 16 de 17 Conclusion Mobile technologies have the potential to meet the ICTD hopes Mobile Technologies have the potential to make significant impact on Development challenges and MDGs This potential has been largely demonstrated with deployed services But for this potential to be realized A concerted effort of all communities is required The focus have to shift and concentrate on bridging technological gaps to meet the needs and profile of targeted people empowering people file://C:Documents and Settingseva.huergoEscritorioMobile and ICTD (4).htm 04/02/2009
  17. 17. Mobile and ICTD (1) Página 17 de 17 References Contact: Stephane Boyera (boyera@w3.org) W3C Mobile Web for Social Development Home Page: http://www.w3.org/2008/MW4D/ wiki and online resources: http://www.w3.org/2008/MW4D/wiki/ draft roadmap: http://www.w3.org/2008/MW4D/wiki/roadmap Next Event: W3C Workshop on the Role of Mobile Technologies in fostering Social and Economic Development April 1-2 2009, Maputo Mozambique http://www.w3.org/2008/10/MW4D_WS/ Web Foundation: http://www.webfoundation.org/ Digital World Forum: http://www.digitalworldforum.eu/ Next Event: Workshop on Low-Cost Broadband and Infrastructure May 4-5 2009, Kampala, Uganda http://www.digitalworldforum.eu/workshops/20-future/66-workshop-on-broadband-access-a-infrastructure-call-for-paper file://C:Documents and Settingseva.huergoEscritorioMobile and ICTD (4).htm 04/02/2009

×