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Advancing Children's Learning in a Digital Age

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Michael Levine, Founding Director of the Joan Ganz Cooney Center, delivered the opening keynote at the Young Learners Conference in Sydney, Australia. He discussed the Cooney Center's work, highlighting the results of a large national survey published in the report Learning at Home: Families' Educational Media Use in America.

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Advancing Children's Learning in a Digital Age

  1. 1. Advancing)Childrens’)Learning)in)a)Digital)Age! Young!Learners! Sydney,!Australia! Michael!Levine! The!Joan!Ganz!Cooney!Center!@!Sesame!Workshop! April!1,!2014!
  2. 2. Sesame!Street:!In!Australia!since!1970! SOURCE: (for ratings and brand data) 1) Oztam/Mediametrie Ratings. 2) Sesame Street Australia Brand Evaluation – May 2012. Internal sources. Nearly!every!Australian!child! watches!the!show!regularly:!!1.3M!liNle!viewers!in!a!! country!with!1.9M!kids!under!6! 54%!of!parents!watch!with!their!children!! 76%!of!parents!grew!up!watching!Sesame!Street! ! Now!starSng!Season!44,!featuring!the!first!video!by!an!Australian! arSst,!Jessica!Mauboy! ! !
  3. 3. YPulse blog: New York Times: WorldScreen:
  4. 4. Mission! All!children!will!have!an!opportunity!to!benefit!from!the! interacSve!tools,!products!and!models!that!advance!the!learning! they!need!to!succeed.! ! ! Our)key)commitments) •  Children!during!“years!of!promise”! •  Literacy!and!STEM!development! •  Underserved!populaSons! •  Learning!ecologies!across!formal!and! informal!environments! 6!
  5. 5. Technology!Timeline! Nintendo’s))first)Wii) Apple’s)first)iPhone) Google’s)first)Android) 275K)Smart)Boards) Apple’s)first)iPad) MicrosoG’s)first)Kinect) Google’s)Glasses) 2006 !!!!!!!2007!!!!!!!!!!!!!2008 !!!!!!!!!!!!2009 !!!!!!!!!!!2010 !!!!!!!!!!!2011 !!!!!!!!2012! 7!
  6. 6. Goals! •  Advance!understanding!on!the!potenSal!that!various!forms! of!interacSve!media!have!for!supporSng!learning! •  Improve!the!ability!of!producers!and!creators!to!develop! successful!learning!products!and!models! •  Influence!the!efforts!of!pracSSoners,!funders!and!policy! makers!to!provide!effecSve!learning!opportuniSes! 8!
  7. 7. Purpose! •  Research)Hub:!!Assess!exisSng!knowledge,!idenSfy!gaps!and!explore! relevant!quesSons!through!publicly!disseminated!research.! •  TranslaLon:!!Contribute!to!clear!applicaSons!for!researchers,!producers,! educators!and!policy!makers!by!translaSng!findings!into!pracScal! informaSon.! •  Synthesis:!!Provide!analysis!to!clarify!which!types!of!products!and! models!could!best!improve!learning!for!the!greatest!number!of!children.! •  Dialogue:!!Facilitate!conversaSon!around!new!ways!of!thinking!by! convening!diverse!groups!of!thought!leaders!and!pracSSoners.!! 9!
  8. 8. Families,!technology,!&!learning:!!New)fronLers) 10! Michael!H.!Levine!
  9. 9. Ecological!perspecSves!on!development! 11!
  10. 10. Ecological!perspecSves!on!development! Bronfenbrenner!(1979);!Takeuchi!(2011)! Government! Agencies! Digital!! Media!! Market!! Local!! School! System! Church,! Library,!Aheri school!Spaces! School,! Teachers,! Peers! Digital!! Media!Spaces! The! Neighborhood! Dominant!! Beliefs! Cultural!! Values! Mass! Media! Parents’!Work! Home,! Parents,! Siblings! Altudes!&!Ideologies!! NaSonal!&!State! Policy! 12!
  11. 11. Quality Time, Redefined April&29,&2011, An!evolving!ecology! 13!
  12. 12. An!evolving!ecology:!!Stressed)families) 14! In!the!US,!43%!of! children!under!age!6!live! in!lowiincome!families!! Steve!Schapiro/American!RadioWorks!
  13. 13. An!evolving!ecology:!!Stressed)families) 15!
  14. 14. Lori!Takeuchi! An!evolving!ecology:!)MulLple)seOngs)
  15. 15. An!evolving!ecology:!)MulLple)seOngs)
  16. 16. An!evolving!ecology:!!Media)overload)
  17. 17. An!evolving!ecology:!!Media)overload! Kaiser!Family!FoundaSon!Research!
  18. 18. An!evolving!ecology:!!Media)overload! Kaiser!Family!FoundaSon!Research!
  19. 19. An!evolving!ecology:!!Media)overload! 21!
  20. 20. New!fronSers!in!learning! 22! •  ConnecLvity:!!Social!learning! •  Mobility:!!AnySmeianySme!learning! •  Authoring)tools:!!ParScipaSon!
  21. 21. 23!
  22. 22. Learning(at(home:(Families’(educational(media(use(in(America((2014)( 58%( 35%( 24%( 2%( Sesame(Street( Dora(the(Explorer( Mickey(Mouse(Clubhouse( SpongeBob(SquarePants( Among!parents!of!2i10!yeariolds,!percent!who!say!each!is!"very"!educaSonal:! Parents' opinions of educational media
  23. 23. Learning(at(home:(Families’(educational(media(use(in(America((2014)( Daily( 34%( Weekly( 46%( Less(than(weekly/ not(at(all( 20%( Among!2i10!yeariolds,!percent!who!use!educaSonal!media:! Many!children!are!using!educaSonal!media!
  24. 24. Learning(at(home:(Families’(educational(media(use(in(America((2014)( 37%( 37%( 28%( 25%( 21%( 19%( 15%( 57%( Cognitive(skills( Reading/vocabulary( Math( Social(skills( Health(habits( Science( Arts(and(culture( One(or(more(subject( SUBJECTS)CHILDREN)HAVE)LEARNED)"A)LOT")ABOUT)FROM)EDUCATIONAL)MEDIA) Among!2i10!yeariolds!who!are!weekly!users!of!educaSonal!media,!percent!whose!parents!say!they!have! learned!"a!lot"!from!any!plaqorm!about:! Parents!believe!their!children!are!learning!from! educaSonal!media!
  25. 25. Learning(at(home:(Families’(educational(media(use(in(America((2014)( 37%( 37%( 28%( 25%( 21%( 19%( 15%( 57%( Cognitive(skills( Reading/vocabulary( Math( Social(skills( Health(habits( Science( Arts(and(culture( One(or(more(subject( SUBJECTS)CHILDREN)HAVE)LEARNED)"A)LOT")ABOUT)FROM)EDUCATIONAL)MEDIA) Among!2i10!yeariolds!who!are!weekly!users!of!educaSonal!media,!percent!whose!parents!say!they!have! learned!"a!lot"!from!any!plaqorm!about:! Parents!believe!their!children!are!learning!from! educaSonal!media!
  26. 26. Learning(at(home:(Families’(educational(media(use(in(America((2014)( 38%( 34%( 26%( 18%( 17%( 54%( Talk(about(something(they(saw(in( educational(media( Engage(in(imaginative(play(based(on( educational(media( Ask(questions(about(content(in( educational(media( Ask(to(do(an(activity(inspired(by( educational(meda( Teach(their(parents(something(they(didn't( before( Any(of(the(above( ACTIONS)TAKEN)DUE)TO)EDUCATIONAL)MEDIA)USE) Among!2i10!yeariolds!who!are!weekly!users!of!educaSonal!media,!percent!who!"ohen":! Many!children!extend!learning!off!screen!
  27. 27. Learning(at(home:(Families’(educational(media(use(in(America((2014)( 2[4(year(olds( 5[7(year(olds( 8[10(year(olds( SCREEN)MEDIA)TIME)GOES)UP)AS)CHILDREN)GET)OLDER) Average!Sme!spent!with!screen!media!per!day,!by!age:! ! (Hours:minutes)! There!is!a!large!dropioff!in!educaSonal!use!aher! age!4! 1:37( 2:08( 2:36(
  28. 28. Learning(at(home:(Families’(educational(media(use(in(America((2014)( 2[4(year(olds( 5[7(year(olds( 8[10(year(olds( BUT)THE)PROPORTION)THAT)IS)EDUCATIONAL)GOES)DOWN) ProporSon!of!screen!Sme!that!is!educaSonal,!by!age:! ! (Hours:minutes)! There!is!a!large!dropioff!in!educaSonal!use!aher! age!4! 1:37( 2:08( 2:36( 78%(of( screen(time( 39%(of( screen(time( 27%(of( screen(time( 1:16( 0:50( 0:42(
  29. 29. Learning(at(home:(Families’(educational(media(use(in(America((2014)( TV( Mobile( Computers( Video(games( CHILDREN)USE)MUCH)LESS)MOBILE)EDUCATIONAL)CONTENT)THAN)EDUCATIONAL)TV) Among!2i10!yeariolds,!average!Sme!spent!per!day!with!educaSonal!content!on:! ! (Hours:minutes)! Mobile!lags!behind!in!developing!educaSonal! content! 0:42( 0:05( 0:05( 0:03(
  30. 30. Learning(at(home:(Families’(educational(media(use(in(America((2014)( 52%( 36%( 36%( 18%( TV( Mobile( Computers( Video(games( A)SMALLER)PROPORTION)OF)MOBILE)THAN)TV)CONTENT)USED)BY)CHILDREN)IS)EDUCATIONAL) Among!2i10!yeariolds,!proporSon!of!total!media!use!that!is!educaSonal,!by!plaqorm:! Mobile!lags!behind!in!delivering!educaSonal! content!
  31. 31. Learning(at(home:(Families’(educational(media(use(in(America((2014)( 52%( 47%( 41%( 39%( TV( Computers( Video(games( Mobile( PLATFORMS)CHILDREN)HAVE)LEARNED)"A)LOT")FROM) Among!2i10!yeariolds!who!are!weekly!users!of!educaSonal!content!on!each!plaqorm,!percent!whose!parents! say!they!have!learned!"a!lot"!about!one!or!more!subjects!from:! Mobile!lags!behind!in!delivering!educaSonal! content!
  32. 32. Learning(at(home:(Families’(educational(media(use(in(America((2014)( 50%( 40%( 35%( 20%( 20%( 20%( Coming(across(it(while(browsing( Suggestions(from(teachers( Suggestions(from(friends(and(family( Child(comes(across(them(while(browsing( Child(hears(about(from(friends( Reviews(or(recommendations(online(or(in( press( MOST)PARENTS)AREN'T)ACTIVELY)SEARCHING)FOR)EDUCATIONAL)MEDIA) Among!parents!of!2i10!yeariolds,!percent!who!say!they!find!educaSonal!media!for!their!children!by:! How!parents!find!educaSonal!media!!
  33. 33. Learning(at(home:(Families’(educational(media(use(in(America((2014)( Print( E[readers( TOTAL!TIME!SPENT!READING! Among!2i10!yeariolds,!average!Sme!spent!reading!per!day:! ! (Hours:minutes)! Electronic!and!print!reading! 0:29( 0:05(
  34. 34. Learning(at(home:(Families’(educational(media(use(in(America((2014)( Have(but(( don't(use( 32%( Have(and(use( 31%( Don't(have( 38%( ACCESS!TO!EiREADING!PLATFORMS! Among!2i10!yeariolds,!percent!who!have!a!tablet!or!eireader!at!home:! Electronic!and!print!reading!
  35. 35. Learning(at(home:(Families’(educational(media(use(in(America((2014)( 45%( 30%( 29%( 27%( Parent(prefers(experience(of(print(books( Child(is(too(young(for(e[reader( Don't(want(child(spending(more(time(with( screens( Print(books(are(better(for(child's(reading( skills( WHY!SOME!PARENTS!DON'T!LET!THEIR!CHILD!USE!EiBOOKS! Among!parents!of!2i10!yeariolds!who!have!access!to!eibooks!but!don't!use!them,!percent!who!say!the!reason! is!because:! Electronic!and!print!reading!
  36. 36. The!digital!learning!landscape:!!The)Wild)West) 38!US!NaSonal!Archives,!111iSCi83746!
  37. 37. The!digital!learning!landscape:!!The)Wild)West! 39!US!NaSonal!Archives,!48iRSTi7Bi97!
  38. 38. The!digital!learning!landscape:!!The)Wild)West! 40! Of!882!US!parents!who!own!ei book!devices,!328!(37%)!don’t!let! their!kids!use!them.! ! Of!these!parents,!a!quarter!aren’t! impressed!with!the!selecSon!of!ei books!out!there.!
  39. 39. The!digital!learning!landscape:!!The)Wild)West) 41!
  40. 40. The!digital!learning!landscape:!!The)Wild)West) 42!
  41. 41. The!digital!learning!landscape:!!The)Wild)West! 43!
  42. 42. The!digital!learning!landscape:!!The)Wild)West! 44! Lewis!&!Clark!
  43. 43. Parents!and!teachers:!!Key)gatekeepers! 45!
  44. 44. 46! Over!80%!of!top!selling!paid! apps!in!the!EducaSon! Category!target!children;!of! those,!72%!target!preschool! aged!children!(JGCC,!2012)! ! 0! 100000! 200000! 300000! 400000! 500000! 600000! 700000! July! 2008! July! 2009! June! 2010! June! 2011! June! 2012! Apps)in)iTunes)Store) Source:!148apps.biz;!About.com! The!digital!learning!landscape:!!The)Wild)West!
  45. 45. 47! Key!finding:!!Most!of!the! popular!apps!target!very! basic!literacy!skills! 0%! 20%! 40%! 60%! 80%! 100%! iTunes!Paid! Android!Paid! iTunes!Free! Android!Free! The!digital!learning!landscape:!!The)Wild)West!
  46. 46. The!digital!learning!landscape:!!Learning)together! 48!
  47. 47. The!digital!learning!landscape:!!The)Wild)West! 49! Lewis!&!Clark!Elmo!&!Cookie!
  48. 48. The!digital!learning!landscape:!!The)Wild)West! 50!
  49. 49. CharSng!new!territory:!!5)steps) 1.!Unite!educators!and!parents!in!common!purpose! 51!
  50. 50. CharSng!new!territory:!!5)steps! 2.!Create!public!engagement!campaigns!that!drive! criScal!assessment!of!technology’s!disSnct!role!in! literacy!development!and!lifelong!learning.! 52!
  51. 51. CharSng!new!territory:!!5)steps! 3.!Engage!families!and!communiSes.!Create!a!place!in! every!community!where!children,!families!and! educators!can!experiment!with!media!together.! 53!
  52. 52. CharSng!new!territory:!!5)steps! 4.!Empower!educators!to!master!digital!media!and! mentor!peers!through!a!digital!teachers!corps.! 54!
  53. 53. CharSng!new!territory:!!5)steps! 5.!Support!research!and!development!on!how! technology!content!and!contexts!are!influencing! learning,!with!priority!on!evolving!family!ecologies!and! intergeneraSonal!contact.! 55!
  54. 54. CharSng!new!territory:!!5)steps! 1.!Unite!parents!and!educators!in!common!purpose.! 2.!Create!public!engagement!campaigns!that!drive!criScal! assessment!of!technology’s!role!in!lifelong!learning.! 3.!Create!a!place!in!every!community!where!children,! families!and!educators!can!experiment!with!media!together.! 4.!Empower!educators!to!master!digital!media!and!mentor! peers!through!a!digital!teachers!corps.! 5.!Support!research!and!development!on!how!technology! content!and!contexts!are!influencing!learning.! 56!
  55. 55. CharSng!new!territory:!!5)steps) 57! US!NaSonal!Archives,!111iSCi87369!
  56. 56. Thank!you! 59! www.joanganzcooneycenter.org! facebook.com/cooneycenter! twiNer.com/cooneycenter! !

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