Rolling meadows ccwd general presentation


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  • Title slide: Coon Creek Watershed District –Anoka County, MN. Presentation about who we are and what we do and how community can help.
  • Rolling meadows ccwd general presentation

    1. 1. Coon Creek Watershed District Tim Kelly District Administrator
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>What’s a Watershed </li></ul><ul><li>What’s a Watershed District </li></ul><ul><li>Ditches, Drainage & Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Property Rights & Easements </li></ul><ul><li>Outlots </li></ul><ul><li>Role & Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul>
    3. 3. What’s a Watershed? <ul><li>A Drainage Area </li></ul><ul><li>A Catchment </li></ul>
    4. 4. Come in All Sizes
    5. 5. All Shapes
    6. 6. They Overlap (& underlap) Political Boundaries Anoka County
    7. 7. They are Defined by Water
    8. 9. What is a Watershed District? <ul><li>Special Purpose Unit of Government </li></ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul><ul><li>General Purpose government </li></ul>
    9. 10. General Purpose Cities Counties
    10. 11. Special Purpose
    11. 12. Watershed Districts <ul><li>Governed by a Board of Managers (N=5) </li></ul><ul><li>Statutory Authorities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special Assessments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation </li></ul></ul>
    12. 13. Watershed Districts <ul><li>Statutory Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drainage Law – 1897 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watershed District Act - 1955 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metropolitan Surface Water Management Act - 1982 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wetland Conservation Act – 1991 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) MS4 Designation- 2004 </li></ul></ul>
    13. 14. A Little Background on Coon Creek A Little History on The watershed The ditch system
    14. 16. Mission Statement <ul><li>To manage groundwater and surface water systems to: </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent property damage </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain hydrologic balance </li></ul><ul><li>Protect water quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>the safety and enjoyment of citizens, and </li></ul><ul><li>the preservation and enhancement of wildlife. </li></ul><ul><li>1990 </li></ul>
    15. 17. Ground and Surface Water
    16. 18. Prevent Property Damage <ul><li>Direct Prevention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operations & Maintenance of the Drainage system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indirect Prevention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning & Forecasting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information and Education </li></ul></ul>
    17. 19. Hydrologic Balance <ul><li>P = ET + R +  SMS +  GMS +  DS + GWF </li></ul>
    18. 20. Protect Water Quality <ul><li>Water Quality BMP </li></ul><ul><li>Principal Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Filtration : The capture of solid pollutants </li></ul><ul><li>Infiltration : A technique to discharge stormwater runoff to ground </li></ul><ul><li>Settling : Deposition of solids in a water column, </li></ul><ul><li>Biological Uptake : Vegetative and microbial uptake of nutrients. </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature Control: reduce the heating effects </li></ul><ul><li>Water Quantity </li></ul><ul><li>(Speed & Volume) BMP </li></ul><ul><li>Principal Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Volume Control : limit the net volume increase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(#1 method: reduce impervious areas) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rate & Velocity Control : SW Detention to slow it down to pre- development rates </li></ul><ul><li>Evapotranspiration : loosing water through vegetation (surface & transpiration) </li></ul>
    19. 21. Safety and Enjoyment
    20. 22. Wildlife Preservation and Enhancement
    21. 23. Services & Uses <ul><li>Direct </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drainage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irrigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flood control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wetland conservation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Groundwater recharge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stormwater standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Erosion and sediment control </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indirect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drinking water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fisheries habitat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial use and cooling </li></ul></ul>
    22. 24. District Programs <ul><li>Regulation and Issue Management </li></ul><ul><li>Operations and Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Planning, Programming, and Budgeting </li></ul><ul><li>Information & Education </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring, and Data Collection </li></ul>
    23. 25. Quick Questions Clarifications
    24. 26. Ditches, Drainage & Maintenance
    25. 27. Ditch & Drainage System <ul><li>13 Drainage Systems in the Watershed </li></ul><ul><li>Constructed: 1889 to 1918 </li></ul>
    26. 28. Ditch 58 <ul><li>Constructed 1917 </li></ul><ul><li>Transferred to Coon Creek WD in 1960 </li></ul><ul><li>Last repair under drainage law in 1985 </li></ul><ul><li>Last maintenance action 2010 </li></ul>
    27. 29. Purpose of a Ditch <ul><li>To Convey Water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture – Remove water from the root zone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Municipal – Prevent flooding, remove water from roads and prevent property damage </li></ul></ul>
    28. 30. Roles & Goals of Ditches <ul><li>Agricultural Drainage </li></ul><ul><li>Stormwater </li></ul><ul><li>Collector System </li></ul><ul><li>Trunk System </li></ul>
    29. 31. Requirements <ul><li>Prevent flooding – upstream and downstream </li></ul><ul><li>Keep Creek system – fishable & swimmable </li></ul><ul><li>Protect Mississippi River, St. Paul & Minneapolis Water intakes </li></ul>
    30. 32. Maintenance <ul><ul><li>Routine – Comprehensive Inspections & Survey (Next 2013) (20% of system annually) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-Routine/Issues – Beaver, Obstruction, Tree Removal, Compliance, Illicit Discharge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repair – Bank Stabilization, Channel Restoration </li></ul></ul>
    31. 33. Quick Questions Clarifications
    32. 34. Property & Easements
    33. 35. Bundle of Rights Associated with Property <ul><li>Sell </li></ul><ul><li>Mortgage </li></ul><ul><li>Bequeath </li></ul><ul><li>Lease </li></ul><ul><li>Use and Occupy </li></ul><ul><li>Use existing improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Construct new improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Consistent With Local Rules : </li></ul><ul><li>Grade, fill or excavate </li></ul><ul><li>Install permanent roads or widen existing ones </li></ul><ul><li>Excavate new lakes </li></ul><ul><li>Subdivide/develop </li></ul><ul><li>Farm </li></ul>
    34. 36. Easements <ul><li>A right of use over the real property of another . </li></ul><ul><li>Usually for a special purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Historically was limited to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rights-of-way </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rights over flowing waters. </li></ul></ul>
    35. 37. Easements <ul><li>May be public or private. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A private easement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>limited to a specific individual </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usually access </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A public easement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>granted to the public </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eg. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>public streets and highways </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>right to navigate a river </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    36. 38. Nature of Easements <ul><li>Restrictive </li></ul><ul><li>Prescriptive </li></ul>
    37. 39. Nature of Easements <ul><li>Restrictive Easement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Placed on land by </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>owner </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partially restricts its use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Types of structures which may be built </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What may be done with the ground itself </li></ul></ul></ul>
    38. 40. Nature of Easements <ul><li>Prescriptive Easement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comes about through use, tradition or designation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>May not be expressly created or recorded </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Does not convey the title to the property in question, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Typically pertains to a particular purpose </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Often requires less strict requirements of proof </li></ul></ul></ul>
    39. 41. Public Ditch Easements <ul><li>Prescriptive in Nature : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easements “In Fact” established when ditch constructed. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rights Reserved: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Ditch & Spoil Bank </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to ditch for: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inspection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance & Repair (Heavy equipment & deposition of spoil) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improvement – Assuming due process </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Size & Shape : Dimensionless (It’s a problem) </li></ul>
    40. 42. Quick Questions Clarifications
    41. 43. Outlots
    42. 44. Outlots <ul><li>Left over parcels of land </li></ul><ul><li>Typically they may not fit into a particular lot or may contain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wetland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some other unique environmental feature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storm water pond </li></ul></ul>
    43. 45. Outlots <ul><li>Conveyed to the City when the subdivision is approved </li></ul><ul><li>Typical City goals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preserve undeveloped land for environmental reasons. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to a storm water pond, trail or park land. </li></ul></ul>
    44. 46. Outlots: The Problem <ul><li>How to maintain them? </li></ul><ul><li>Dilemma: Lots usually in the center of the development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many properties share a common property line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many opinions to consider when deciding the maintenance standard to use. </li></ul></ul>
    45. 47. Typical Outlot Management Strategies <ul><li>Use a minimum maintenance standard to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Save money, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage more natural environment in the City </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow adjacent property owners to maintain/mow up to the property line (No mowing on the outlot) </li></ul></ul>
    46. 48. Roles & Goals
    47. 49. Roles & Goals * Flood, water quality, wetlands * Ditch * Ditch, Ditch easement, ESC, water quality, wetland, Illicit discharge * Coon Creek WD <ul><li>* Street Stormsewer </li></ul><ul><li>Oulot </li></ul>* Home, street, storm water, Floodplain, Illicit discharge * City of Ham Lake ? * Rolling Meadows HOA Research Maintain Regulate Planning Organ
    48. 51. Questions?