==== ====Listen and find out more about rap and hiphop music athttp://www.BestOfRap.com/==== ====Rap is very popular today. It seems that just about every car I drive past is playing rap music. Butwhat is rap, and how did it start.A lot of people think hip-hop is the same thing as rap. Hip hop is the urban youth culture that wasdeveloped by black Americans and Latinos in the Bronx (New York) in the seventies and eighties.Dee-jaying (disc jockeying), emceeing (speaking with/over a record, which is what evolved intorapping), graffiti (where artists would leave their personal sign on walls and subways), and breakdancing (fast energetic dancing) were all included in hip hop at its beginnings and contributed toits development and growth. Rap music was derived from hip-hop. According to the rap artistKRS-One, hip-hop is "something one lives or experiences" and rap is "something one does orperforms"Hip-hop was an expression of the anger felt by black Americans. It called for social relevance,originality, and an effort to challenge the artistic culture of mainstream American society.According to scholar Cornell West, it was an effort to cope with the frustrations and conditions ofurban life in the ghetto, and a celebration of the black poor working class and underclass. Itopenly acknowledged and confronted the coldheartedness, criminal cruelty, and hopelessness ofthe ghetto. Rap developed as an expression of this impoverished experience that black peoplehad.The "founding father" of hip-hop was DJ Kool Herc (Clive Campbell) who introduced into Americaa style of DJing that had evolved in Jamaica. He built a sound system that emphasized the basselements of dance music, he practiced "dubbing" or extending the sections of a song that hisaudience preferred dancing to, and he spoke with/over the music on a microphone "toasting"(encouraging) members of the audience to dance. These "toasts" were long narrative poemscomposed in rhymed couplets, and often made use of exaggerated language, metaphors,expletives, and boasting, which are elements that we often see in rap today. Kool Hercs stylecreated a strong sense of shared identity between the performer and the audience.Rap is a music form that is still new and constantly expanding and evolving. It is sometimes rock-based, sometimes funk, and sometimes very close to the original "street" sound. There are evensome female rappers. Rap lyrics are about problems such as poverty, crime, violence, racism,poor living conditions, drugs, alcoholism, corruption, and prostitution that rap musicians have seenin the ghetto. The rhythm or beat is one of the biggest attractions of rap music, and it issometimes difficult to understand the words. People complain that rap music is sexist and againstwomen; and that it glamorizes violence, criminality, and materialism. There is another way to lookat it though. Cheryl L. Keyes sees it as a display of cultural values, an educational tool, and apolitical forum, as well as a vehicle for self expression and social control within the hip-hopcommunity.
It is interesting that, according to David Samuels in his article titled "The Rap on Rap: the BlackMusic that Isnt Either" in "The New Republic", even though rap is proportionally more popularamong blacks, its main audience is white people living in the suburbs. He also says that themore that rappers were packaged as violent black criminals that the bigger the audience of whitepeople became. Maybe that is due to the appeal of things that are considered taboo by onessocial group. Maybe there is some deep down rebellion about the way these white people seetheir society which rap music speaks to. When you have a group of people who make music thatis, for whatever reason, clearly more attractive to all American youth; and when that group ofpeople has a history of poverty and discrimination, you have a recipe for an effective way toprotest and hopefully change society for the better.Tracy Crowe is interested in different types of music and their origins.For great ways to make music, or to listen to it, visit [http://www.i-found-it-here.com]Article Source:http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Tracy_Crowe==== ====Listen and find out more about rap and hiphop music athttp://www.BestOfRap.com/==== ====