Comparative and superlatives

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Comparative and superlatives

  1. 1. COMPERATIVES & SUPERLATIVES
  2. 2. COMPERATIVES COMPERATIVES COMPERATIVES
  3. 3. WHY DO WE USE COMPERATIVES? <ul><li>WE USE COMPERATIVES </li></ul><ul><li>TO COMPARE TWO OR MORE OBJECTS OR PEOPLE </li></ul>JOE: AGE: 25 1.85 cm 80 kg MIKE: AGE: 28 1.80 cm 65 kg TONY: AGE: 35 1.75 cm 100 kg <ul><li>Mike is older than Joe. </li></ul><ul><li>Tony is heavier than Mike. </li></ul><ul><li>Joe is taller than Tony. </li></ul>4. Joe is younger than Mike 5. Mike is lighter than Tony. 6. Tony is shorter than Joe.
  4. 4. FORMATION OF COMPERATIVES <ul><li>ADJECTIVES WITH ONE SYLLABLE ARE NORMALLY FORMED BY ADDING “-er” TO THE ADJECTIVE. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE: LONG – LONG ER SHORT – SHORT ER </li></ul><ul><li>A.1. IN ONE SYLLABLE WORDS ENDING WITH ONE CONSONANT, THE FINAL CONSONANT IS DOUBLED. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE: BIG – BIG G ER WET – WET T ER </li></ul><ul><li>A.2. WORDS ENDING IN CONSONANT “-y”, “-y” CHANGE TO “-i” </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE: DRY - DR I ER ANGRY – ANGR I ER </li></ul>
  5. 5. EXERCISES ON COMPERATIVES high fast busy sad young wise cute big clean short tall smart soft wet large
  6. 6. FORMATION OF COMPERATIVES <ul><li>B. ADJECTIVES WITH TWO OR MORE SYLLABLES ARE NORMALLY FORMED WITH MORE. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE: MODERN – MORE MODERN </li></ul><ul><li> INTERESTING – MORE INTERESTING </li></ul><ul><li> BRILLIANT – MORE BRILLIANT </li></ul><ul><li>C. IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES : </li></ul><ul><li>GOOD - BETTER </li></ul><ul><li>BAD - WORSE </li></ul>SUMMER WINTER
  7. 7. EXERCISES ON COMPERATIVES difficult important careful handsome generous boring useful intelligent exciting fabuluous wonderful far bad old good
  8. 8. SUPERLATIVES SUPERLATIVES SUPERLATIVES
  9. 9. WHY DO WE USE SUPERLATIVES? <ul><li>WE USE SUPERLATIVES </li></ul><ul><li>TO SHOW THE MAXIMUM AND THE MINIMUM DEGREES OF THE OBJECTS OR THE PEOPLE. </li></ul>MAX: AGE: 5 DRAGON: AGE: 3 CHUCKY: AGE: 2 <ul><li>Max is the oldest. </li></ul><ul><li>Dragon is the strongest. </li></ul><ul><li>Chucky is the youngest. </li></ul>4. Dragon is the biggest. 5. Chucky is the funniest. 6. Max is the fattest.
  10. 10. FORMATION OF SUPERLATIVES <ul><li>ADJECTIVES WITH ONE SYLLABLE ARE NORMALLY FORMED BY ADDING “-est” TO THE ADJECTIVE. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE: FAST – THE FAST EST COLD – THE COLD EST </li></ul><ul><li>A.1. IN ONE SYLLABLE WORDS ENDING WITH ONE CONSONANT, THE FINAL CONSONANT IS DOUBLED. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE: FAT – THE FAT T EST THIN – THE THIN N EST </li></ul><ul><li>A.2. WORDS ENDING IN CONSONANT “-y”, “-y” CHANGE TO “-i” </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE: EASY – THE EAS I EST FUNNY – THE FUNN I EST </li></ul>
  11. 11. EXERCISES ON SUPERLATIVES high fast busy sad young wise cute big clean short tall smart soft wet large
  12. 12. FORMATION OF SUPERLATIVES <ul><li>B. ADJECTIVES WITH TWO OR MORE SYLLABLES ARE NORMALLY FORMED WITH THE MOST. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE: EXPENSIVE – THE MOST EXPENSIVE </li></ul><ul><li> BEAUTIFUL – THE MOST BEAUTIFUL </li></ul><ul><li> PATIENT – THE MOST PATIENT </li></ul><ul><li>C. IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES : </li></ul><ul><li>GOOD - BETTER - THE BEST </li></ul><ul><li>BAD - WORSE - THE WORST </li></ul>
  13. 13. EXERCISES ON SUPERLATIVES difficult important careful handsome generous boring useful intelligen t exciting fabuluous wonderful far bad old good
  14. 14. EXERCISES EXERCISES EXERCISES
  15. 15. EXERCISES ON COMPERATIVES & SUPERLATIVES 1. Joe is ________ than Ed. (short) 2. Al is the ________ . (short) 3. Ed is the ________ . (thin) 4. Joe is ________ than Al. (thin) 5. Al has the ________ clothes. (colourful) 6. Al is ________ than Joe. (heavy) 7. Ed is the ________ . (light) 8. Joe is ________ than Ed. (happy) 9. Ed is the ________ . (mysterious) 10.Joe is ________ than Ed. (energetic)

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