American vs british english

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American vs british english

  1. 1. BRITISH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH
  2. 2. Historical Background <ul><li>divided into : </li></ul><ul><li>colonial (1607-1776) </li></ul><ul><li>national (1776-1898) </li></ul><ul><li>international (1898-present) periods </li></ul><ul><li>COLONIAL </li></ul><ul><li>British colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Introduced English </li></ul><ul><li>“ When people do not talk with one another, they begin to talk differently.” </li></ul><ul><li>Settlers , &quot; Amerindians &quot; </li></ul><ul><li>NATIONAL </li></ul><ul><li>American Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>political independence followed by cultural independence </li></ul><ul><li>new nation needed a sense of linguistic identity </li></ul><ul><li>1 st American dictionary written by Noah Webster (1828 ) “ An American Dictionary of the English Language ” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Main differences <ul><li>Pronunciation </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Spelling </li></ul><ul><li>Punctuation - Mr.,Mrs.(AmE) X Mr,Mrs (BrE) </li></ul><ul><li>Dates and Numbers –e.g. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>25 / 12 / 2009 ( BrE) X 12 / 25 /2009 (AmE) </li></ul></ul>&quot;We have really everything in common with America nowadays, except, of course, the language&quot; O. Wilde
  4. 4. Pronunciation <ul><li>Differences in accent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For many loanwords from French where AmE has final-syllable stress, BrE stresses an earlier syllable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>café </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>detail </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ballet </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cliché </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AmE first-syllable , BrE last-syllable : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>address A2 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>m(o)ustache A2 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cigarette A2 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>limousine B2 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>magazine B2 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Differences in the pronunciation of individual words </li></ul><ul><ul><li>bouquet / 'b u :keɪ / -   / b oʊ΄ keɪ, bu ΄ keɪ / </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>garage   / ΄ gærɪdʒ / - / gə ΄ rɑ(d)ʒ / </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vase / ΄ vɑ: z/ - / ΄ veɪ s / </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tomato /t ə ΄ m ɑ :t əʊ / - /t ə ΄ m eɪ t əʊ / </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>y oghurt / ΄ j ɒ g ə t/ - / ΄ j oʊ gr ə t/ comp o st , sh o ne </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dynasty / ΄ d ɪ n ə sti/ - / ΄ d aɪ n ə sti/ pr i vacy , v i tamin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>body / ΄ b ɒ dy / - / ΄ b ʌ di / f r o m , wh a t , w a s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>zebra / ΄ z e br ə / - / ΄ z i :br ə / l ei sure , inh e rent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e volution / i :v ə ΄ l u :ʃn/ - / e v ə ΄ l u :ʃn/ hyg ie nic , l e ver </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Grammar <ul><li>Irregular verbs </li></ul><ul><li>Get – got – got (UK) – irregular forms </li></ul><ul><li>Get – got –gotten (USA) – not irregulat forms (more typical) </li></ul><ul><li>Burn - Burnt OR burned </li></ul><ul><li>Dream, - dreamt OR dreamed </li></ul><ul><li>Lean - leant OR leaned </li></ul><ul><li>Learn - learnt OR learned </li></ul><ul><li>Smell - smelt OR smelled </li></ul><ul><li>Spell- spelt OR spelled </li></ul><ul><li>Spill - spilt OR spilled </li></ul><ul><li>Spoil -spoilt OR spoiled </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Prepositions </li></ul>American English - on the weekend British English - at the weekend American English - on a team British English - in a team American English - please write me soon British English - please write to me soon
  7. 7. <ul><li>Present perfect / past simple </li></ul><ul><li>I've lost my key. Can you help me look for it? (UK) </li></ul><ul><li>I lost my key. Can you help me look for it? (USA) </li></ul><ul><li>Already / Just / Yet </li></ul><ul><li>I just had lunch / I've just had lunch </li></ul><ul><li>I've already seen that film / I already saw that film. </li></ul><ul><li>Have your finished your homework yet? / Did you finish your homework yet? </li></ul><ul><li>Possesion – Do you have / have you got? </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Collective nouns </li></ul><ul><li>Shall - in AmE they do not use it </li></ul>BrE singular (formal agreement) v.f. e.g. a committee was appointed... plural (notional agreement)v.f. e.g. the committee were unable to agree... . AmE collective nouns are usually singular
  9. 9. Vocabulary and Spelling <ul><li>Words with different spelling </li></ul><ul><li>-or / our </li></ul><ul><li>-Doubled in Am. English </li></ul><ul><li>-ogue / og </li></ul><ul><li>-ce / -se </li></ul><ul><li>-ise / ize , yse /yze </li></ul><ul><li>-re / er </li></ul><ul><li>-Dropped e </li></ul><ul><li>- Simplification of ae ( æ ) and oe ( œ ) </li></ul>U.K. U.S.A. colour color fulfil fulfill catalogue catalog licence license memorise memorize centre center judgement judgment encyclopaedia encyclopedia
  10. 10. <ul><li>Words with different meaning </li></ul><ul><li>eg. </li></ul><ul><li>Mean: (American English - angry, bad humored, British English - not generous, tight fisted) </li></ul><ul><li>Rubber: (American English - condom, </li></ul><ul><li>British English - tool used to erase pencil markings) </li></ul>

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