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Blue brain

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CONCEPT OF HOW COMPUTING CAN HELP IN BRAIN MAPPING AND CREATION OF ARTIFICIAL BRAINS

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Blue brain

  1. 1. A SEMINAR REPORT ON BLUE BRAIN
  2. 2. PRESENTED BY : AUROBINDO NAYAK B.TECH. -7th SEM REGD :- 0701288307 BRANCH :- COMP.Sc & ENGG.
  3. 3. CONTENTS:- <ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT IS BLUE BRAIN </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT IS VIRTUAL BRAIN </li></ul><ul><li>FUNCTION OF NATURAL BRAIN </li></ul><ul><li>BRAIN SIMULATION </li></ul><ul><li>CURRENT RESEARCH WORK </li></ul><ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><li>DISADVANTAGE </li></ul><ul><li>HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE REQUIREMENT </li></ul><ul><li>CONCLUSION </li></ul>
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Human brain, the most valuable creation of </li></ul><ul><li>God. The man is called intelligent because of the brain. But we loss the knowledge of a brain when the body is destroyed after the death . </li></ul><ul><li>“ BLUE BRAIN”- The name of the world’s first virtual brain. That means a machine that </li></ul><ul><li>can function as human brain. </li></ul><ul><li>Is it really possible to create a human brain? </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is BLUE BRAIN <ul><li>“ YES&quot;, The IBM is now developing a virtual brain known as the BLUE BRAIN. </li></ul><ul><li>It would be the worlds first virtual brain. </li></ul><ul><li>Within 30 years, we will be able to scan ourselves into the computers. </li></ul>
  6. 6. WHAT IS VIRTUAL BRAIN? <ul><li>A machine that can function as brain . </li></ul><ul><li>It can take decision. </li></ul><ul><li>It can think. </li></ul><ul><li>It can response. </li></ul><ul><li>It can keep things in memory. </li></ul>
  7. 7. WHY WE NEED VIRTUAL BRAIN <ul><li>To upload contents of the natural brain into it . </li></ul><ul><li>To keep the intelligence , knowledge and skill of any person for ever . </li></ul><ul><li>To remember things without any effort . </li></ul>
  8. 8. FUNCTIONING OF BRAIN <ul><li>Sensory Input :- </li></ul><ul><li>Receiving input such as sound ,image, etc </li></ul><ul><li>through sensory cell . </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation. </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation of the received input by the brain by defining states of neurons in the brain. </li></ul><ul><li>Motor Output. </li></ul><ul><li>Receiving of electric responses from the brain to </li></ul><ul><li>perform any action . </li></ul>
  9. 9. BRAIN SIMULATION:- NATURAL BRAIN VS SIMULATED BRAIN <ul><li>INPUT </li></ul><ul><li>Through the natural neurons </li></ul><ul><li>INPUT </li></ul><ul><li>Through the silicon chip or artificial neurons </li></ul><ul><li>INTERPRETATION </li></ul><ul><li>By a set of bits in the set of register </li></ul><ul><li>INTERPRETATION </li></ul><ul><li>By different states of the neurons in the brain </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>OUTPUT </li></ul><ul><li>Through the natural neurons. </li></ul><ul><li>OUTPUT </li></ul><ul><li>Through the silicon chip . </li></ul><ul><li>PROCESSING </li></ul><ul><li>Through arithmetic and logical calculations </li></ul><ul><li>PROCESSING </li></ul><ul><li>Through arithmetic and logical calculation and artificial intelligence </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>MEMORY </li></ul><ul><li>Through permanent states of neurons </li></ul><ul><li>MEMORY </li></ul><ul><li>Through Secondary memory </li></ul><ul><li>Now there is no question how the virtual brain will work. But the question is how the human brain will </li></ul><ul><li>be up loaded into it. This is also possible due to the first growing technology. </li></ul>
  12. 12. UPLOADING HUMAN BRAIN <ul><li>The uploading is possible by the use of small robots known as the nanobots. </li></ul><ul><li>These robots are small enough to travel through out our circulatory system. </li></ul><ul><li>Traveling into the spine and brain, they will be able to monitor the activity and structure of our central nervous system. </li></ul><ul><li>They will be able to provide an interface with computer that is as close as our mind can be while we still reside in our biological form . </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Nanobots could also carefully scan the structure of our brain, providing a complete readout of the connection. </li></ul><ul><li>This information, when entered into a computer, could then continue to function as us. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus the data stored in the entire brain will be uploaded into the computer. </li></ul>
  14. 14. RESEARCH WORK <ul><li>IBM developing the “Blue brain” </li></ul><ul><li>IBM, in partnership with scientists at Switzerland’s Ecole Polytechnique Federale De Lausanne’s(EPFL) Brain and Mind Institute will begin simulating the brain’s biological systems . </li></ul>. NEWS: The EPFL Blue Gene was the 8th fastest supercomputer in the world
  15. 15. ADVANTAGES 1. Remembering things without any effort. 2. Making decision without the presence of a person. 3. Using intelligence of a person after the death . 4. Understanding the activities of animals . 5. Allowing the deaf to hear via direct nerve stimulation. DISADVANTAGES 1. We become dependent upon the computer. . 2. Others may use technical knowledge against us. 3 Another fear is found today with respect to human cloning.
  16. 16. HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE REQUIRMENT <ul><li>A Super computer </li></ul><ul><li>Memory with a very large storing capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Processor with a very high processing power. </li></ul><ul><li>A very wide network. </li></ul><ul><li>A program to convert the electric impulses from the brain to input signal, which is to be received by the computer and vice versa. </li></ul><ul><li>Very powerful Nanobots to act as the interface between the natural brain and the computer. </li></ul>
  17. 17. CONCLUSION:- <ul><li>We will be able to transfer ourselves into computers at some point. </li></ul><ul><li>It will bring both benefits and harm to human society . </li></ul>
  18. 18. REFERENCES <ul><li>[1] http://www.wikipedia.com </li></ul><ul><li>[2] http://www.bluebrain.com </li></ul><ul><li>[3] http://www.bbrws.com </li></ul>
  19. 19. QUESTIONS
  20. 20. THANK YOU

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