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SNAGOV                ISBN – 978-973-0-13815-3The Reed House:                            GPS: 44°42’26.50’ N            so...
Index   3                                            Collection 04  P04         Message to the reader                     ...
4   Introduction                                      and therefore with an          in the woods and in the              ...
Introduction    5(if someone would really       religious, cultural, historical,   changed or added (and inawaken their cu...
6   What are Snagov Museum Collections?    What are Snagov Museum           can guess or – if requested –   save a part of...
What are Snagov Museum Collections?              7                               CHRONOLOGY of the                       M...
8   What are Snagov Museum Collections?    to the history / specific of    Snagov Area    2) a new attraction point    (to...
Istorie și Cultură în Zona Snagov        9                                                                      of many ev...
10   Istorie și Cultură în Zona Snagov     and political force) to the ex-     es and the combinations of       understand...
Istorie și Cultură în Zona Snagov       11f) there are not marked            But (usually) the leaders           religious...
12   Collection 01 “Local archaeology / Numismatics / Maps”                                                               ...
Collection 01 “Local archaeology / Numismatics / Maps”       13                                                           ...
14   Collection 02: “ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area”                                      persons doing in t...
Collection 02: “ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area”                15                                           ...
16   Collection 02: “ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area”                                      The collection pre...
Collection 02: “ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area”               17form of A4 drawings (about        threads of...
18   Collection 03: “Good and “bad“ celebrities”                                     tion to them). I wonder         lost ...
Collection 03: “Good and “bad“ celebrities”        19                               a national, regional, Eu-      celebri...
20   Collection 03: “Good and “bad“ celebrities”           Celebrities “belonging” to Snagov area          07/Good and “ba...
Collection 03: “Good and “bad“ celebrities”   21collections             07/Good and “bad“ celebrities
22   Collection 03: “Good and “bad“ celebrities”            Local celebrities     some of the celebrities             Sene...
Collection 03: “Good and “bad“ celebrities”   23Caranfil, Dem Dobrescu,        teachers: Anatolie Paniş,     Hilde Lauer, ...
24   Collection 04: “Monasteries and Churches” - in Snagov Area                                                           ...
Collection 04: “Monasteries and Churches” - in Snagov Area          25                                                    ...
26   Collection 05: “VLAD BASARAB ŢEPEŞ / DRACULA – HISTORY and LEGEND”                                      reconsidered ...
Collection 05: “VLAD BASARAB ŢEPEŞ / DRACULA – HISTORY and LEGEND”                          27                            ...
28   Collection 05: “VLAD BASARAB ŢEPEŞ / DRACULA – HISTORY and LEGEND”     family, and respectively the     that roamed t...
Collection 06: “Eco-Tourism of Snagov Area”        29                               expectations,         Snagov          ...
30   Collection 06: “Eco-Tourism of Snagov Area”                                      from Snagov area (covering       for...
Collection 06: “Eco-Tourism of Snagov Area”        31                                                             per week...
32   Collection 06: “Eco-Tourism of Snagov Area”                                      international interest.             ...
Collection 07: “Water Sports”     33                                   the activity is resumed by            for about 40 ...
34   Collection 07: “Water Sports”                                         (Mihail Kogălniceanu) =               Sundays, ...
Collection 07: “Water Sports”       35So that Snagov Foundation,         2) Collection of books,               Snagovaccor...
36   * Other Collections *                                      over 40 species of wild fauna    used in the last century)...
Museum collections Snagov
Museum collections Snagov
Museum collections Snagov
Museum collections Snagov
Museum collections Snagov
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Museum collections Snagov

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Museum collections Snagov

  1. 1. SNAGOV ISBN – 978-973-0-13815-3The Reed House: GPS: 44°42’26.50’ N some weekends is open (onȘoseaua Snagov nr. 78, 26°10’26.40’ E the occasion of other events)Snagov Sat, comuna Snagov, Collections’ visiting – will be communicated bycod postal 077165, 1) Only by previous appoint- requestJudeț Ilfov, România ment 4) Fee for visiting: 3-10 lei/Tel/Fax: 021 323 9905,   2) For organized groups pers. – established accordingMobil: +4(0)720 SNAGOV (min. 8 people) – a day to the group size, type of pre- +4(0)720 762468 would be established by mu- sentations (audio or multi-office@fundatiasnagov.ro tual agreement media, with/without guide),www.fundatiasnagov.ro 3) For individuals only in duration and period of time.
  2. 2. Index 3 Collection 04 P04 Message to the reader P24 “Monasteries and Churches – in Snagov Area” Collection 05 “VLAD BASARAB P06 What are Snagov P26 ŢEPEŞ / DRACULA – HISTORY and Museum Collections? LEGEND” P09 HISTORY and CULTURE P29 Collection 06 “Eco-Tourism of Snagov area” in Snagov area P12 Collection 01 “Local archaeology / P33 Collection 07 Numismatics / Maps” “Water Sports” Collection 02 Other collections in P14 “ETHNOGRAPHY – local traditions – P36 development, partially exposed, at which you Snagov Area” are invited to contribute Collection 03 P18 “Good and “bad” celebrities” P39 Other attractions in Snagov areacollections 01/index
  3. 3. 4 Introduction and therefore with an in the woods and in the imperative obligation of communities on one side strict protection). or the other of the lake. In From the former large the past 40 years, I have Sarmatica and the former (already) witnessed 2-3 impenetrable Forest major changes that have of Wallachia, this lake locally diluted (and lost) remained their very many of the traditions and centre (the largest in the cultural and natural riches Romanian Plain) and the of the area. There were last pieces of the Forest of changes with good and bad Vlăsia (which still contains parts. This approach tries many old trees). to do something (at least Message to the reader Snagov Area (silently) wit- comprehends, preserves Probably (you, the reader) nessed many impact events, and provides a transfer to are a local (older or newer) with a regional, national future generations) and I or a tourist – willing to and even international have devoted a considerable know something new (or relevance. Here, politicians piece of my time in the more) about Snagov Area. and leaders met, advised, recent years to understand, This area includes the entire negotiated, threatened, search, collect, organize, and Snagov Lake (≈16km) and condemned and even (currently) present objects the surrounding forests killed themselves over the and information about the (>1400ha – parts of the centuries. history and heritage of this former Forest of Vlăsia). area. This area (administratively) I, Constantin Turmac I am includes the villages Snagov, a native born in 1965, so I I see new generations Gruiu, Ciolpani. This is the spent my whole childhood that cannot learn / area with a great cultural on the bank of the lake, understand “what it was” heritage (monasteries, chur- ches, monuments, customs, traditions and crafts, an inspiring and creative place for a series of artists) and a natural heritage (a biodiversity with at least four habitats, with a total of over 2,700 species of fauna and flora, of which over 120 are protected and 43 are even on the red list – that means they are internationally considered endangered 02/message to the reader collections
  4. 4. Introduction 5(if someone would really religious, cultural, historical, changed or added (and inawaken their curiosity) as sports, political centre the next reviewed editionif I could see generations (at different times) so we will mention you in a listthat “go” without telling that by exposing a set of of contributors). You couldsomeone what, when, how collections related to Sna- help us with new relevantmuch was good in their life; gov area- on topics of information / picturesOr what they wanted to be archaeology, ethnography, / materials (or even tokept; Or what they believed cultural and historical fa- recommend other personsin and what they were proud mous people, Vlad Tepeş that can help us in ourof; What Snagov was like (the Impaler), eco-tourism, approach).– in “their days”; Where water sports – we are tryingthey had fun and how;What were their favouriteplaces; What names theyhad; What unusual eventsthey had; What celebritiesthey saw in the area; Whatthey knew about them; Inwhich tragedies, sufferingsand joys – they took part;How it (actually) was incommunism; And so on.As a local, I know very wellthe people, the customs,the traditions, the beliefs,the bad habits, the values(as they became). And to bring a picture (presented Help repositioning andthis approach of Snagov chronologically), more upgrading Snagov area –Foundation addresses more complete and clear - on the taking into considerationthe next generations than impact, significance and the heritage significancethe contemporaries (who relevance of Snagov area for (insufficiently known) andseem too troubled by the the culture and the history the role it played duringviolence of the changes in of the region and even for the time in the history andthe last 20 years - to give that of the whole country. culture of the region and ofsufficient attention to such Romania.issues). How can YOU help? This booklet is a first versionDoes Snagov have anything and the collections (the(really) “special”? mobile heritage) – need toI have found (after quite a be enriched. Therefore welot of research) that Snagov invite you to visit us andarea was a very important tell us what needs to becollections 02/message to the reader
  5. 5. 6 What are Snagov Museum Collections? What are Snagov Museum can guess or – if requested – save a part of the (oral) Collections? listen to). culture, traditions, customs, A part of the Museum of Because the existence of a objects etc. – belonging to local history in Snagov “story” for each A4 page is the local people (before Area a request of qualification at globalisation). the international exhibitions What do these collections (contests) (OPEN class in Among the objectives, Sna- contain? FIP). And a part of the gov Museum (along with its There are collections (grou- collections exhibited take collections) – provides: ped on themes) of images part in such contests. 1) a “place” of “deposit” (old cards, postcards, photos, Snagov Foundation (Com- + “exhibition” (for those stamps, maps) together with mission D) has registered interested) – for different books and articles (related since 2009 at the Ministry of information, objects, trad- to Snagov Area, events, per- Culture (section Heritage – itions, customs – all of sons – in connection with Decision no.3229/ Heritage/ them, dimensions related these places), enriched with 26.01.2010 - Direction different objects (many with of Museums, Collections specific histories) – that try and Visual Arts, National to render something from Committee of Museums the history of this area. and Collections) a set of These « objects » collections thematic collections specific are grouped (regularly) to Snagov Area, forming chronologically in A4 papers “The Museum of local that have a title (theme) and history in Snagov Area” a relevant “story” (that you trying to render and 03/A part of the Museum of local history in Snagov Area collections
  6. 6. What are Snagov Museum Collections? 7 CHRONOLOGY of the Museum Collections of Snagov Foundation Legend: Ci = Collections of international relevance [Vlad Basarab Țepeș/Dracula, Water sports, Biodiversity] Cn = Collections of national relevance [Vlad Basarab Țepeș/Dracula, Water sports, Biodiversity] Cr = Collections of regional relevance [Eco-tourism, ethnography, [Personalities, Archaeology]]collections 03/A part of the Museum of local history in Snagov Area
  7. 7. 8 What are Snagov Museum Collections? to the history / specific of Snagov Area 2) a new attraction point (tourist destination) - at Snagov Foundation - relevant to Snagov Area, Muntenia and even Romania (at least through two collections – unique at international level) 3) a place where you can experience some traditional activities related to: fishing, pottery, basketry, textiles 4) a place where you can see species of fauna and flora specific to the area (a pond and a set of pipes and tanks) 5) a place where it is exemplified (presents) ideas–solutions– environmental technologies both simple and modern (future) – in the hope that visitors will experience a change after having seen and after taking part in such experiences. 03/A part of the Museum of local history in Snagov Area collections
  8. 8. Istorie și Cultură în Zona Snagov 9 of many events, to the de- velopment of a minimum of the infrastructure (the island Vlad Tepes had walls, bridges, various groups of buildings), to the creation of religious or administra- tive or operational centres throughout the centuries. As far as the cultural heritageThe reconstitution of old forests) had continuity is concerned, we might con-history and cultural with the flourishing times sider at least two categories:implications of Snagov area about 4000 years ago and a) one developed by the localremains a challenge some 2000 years ago, when residents (who were most ofThat is because there is so there was in “Coada Lintii” the time troubled, abused,little known and even fewer even a group of furnaces exploited by the “impor-things have been presented for working the metals and tant persons” that neededto the public about Snagov. so the area was integrated manpower, support, variousThe cycles of increase and at least in some wider eco- services provided locally).decline of Snagov were due nomic circuits. And if the 30 The heritage still observableto the special wealth (espe- archaeological sites around through customs, particular-cially natural - with excel- the Lake Snagov cannot tell ities of the traditional crafts,lent strategic and military us much about the life, the in the clothing and lan-configurations) of the area, achievements and the hopes guage elements, or even incoupled with the many dif- of the first arrived people in the behaviour elements etc.ferent uses conferred to this the area and nor about the b) the one developed by theplace by the different lead- Getae, a new cycle (can be people coming to the area,ers: a secret place of ref- seen) that has started since as leaders, builders, variousuge, a place of housing the the Slavs who came to the personalities (good and bad)families, a place of political area in 600 A.D. (and from - and that led to both mate-detention of the main op- them came the name of Sna- rial accomplishments andponents, a cultural and re- gov). various cultural, religious,ligious centre, an adminis- administrative achieve-trative centre, a destination The extremely rich natural ments - both locally and es-with excellent infrastructure heritage (the former mid- pecially at a larger scale (atfor the tourist leisure organ- dle of the Forests of Vlasia, the regional, national andised for tens of thousands of with the largest lake in the even international level).people - or lately – a relaxing Romanian Plain, with the The community and the lo-destination in the villas (for largest biodiversity - ex- cal culture have (usually)nomenclatures). cept for the Danube Delta) been the most underrated byThe archaeology suggests lead meantime to attract those coming in the area (al-that the area (though located the celebrities in each pe- ways with the larger militarydeep in the middle of the riod, to the accumulationcolecții 04/Ce legături sau contribuţii la istoria și/sau cultura...
  9. 9. 10 Istorie și Cultură în Zona Snagov and political force) to the ex- es and the combinations of understand, experience, in a tent that the surviving locals various ornamental flow- pleasant way. have learned to hide their ers in the local courtyards) true thoughts and feelings e) it was not aware (yet) the Some of the elements of the and to “bow their heads “ relevance of some writers cultural heritage created by in a convincing way. So that (Anatolie Panis, Constan- the newcomers (often with even up to these days, the tin Georgescu) or local ath- a considerable part of labour locals call the newcomers letes (Vasile Nicoara, Sanda and local material resources): “strangers” and they require Toma) or even local celebri- a) religious / historical many years and evidence of ties (who were valued com- monuments (the monas- friendship until they accept munity leaders, or between teries Snagov, Caldarusani, them and until they share the fishermen in Snagov Vil- Ţiganeşti), some of the stories, beliefs lage, either on the occasion b) the places in the area are and customs with them. of popular uprisings -from not marked, in which there Gruiu etc.) were at least 6 armed strug- Some of the elements of gles historically relevant, cultural heritage representa- A set of elements which c) for very few person- tive for the local people are: flourished in the corves of alities “related” to Snagov a) toponyms connected the community and in the area, there are places (or into a rich mixture of sto- economic relations based on commemorative plaques). ries, events, legends, beliefs cooperation and shared re- Yes, for: Vlad Tepes, Virgil - correlated with various sources such as the pastures Madgearu, Zelea Codreanu, landmarks like the roadside and there is remembered by Imre Nagy but not (yet) for crosses, the fountains creek some old people (over 70 Lucretiu Patrascanu, Dem watershed years) – that were destroyed Dobrescu, and at least other b) their own churches (when by communism and espe- about 12 figures and other they were allowed by the cially by the massive disre- important events) monasteries and when they gard according to the peas- d) for the professional water had the economic power ants (compared with the sports (where they won doz- needed) and the historical workers) and to those who ens of Olympic medals and monuments (of Romanian have at present (compared to Romania has been present and foreign heroes who died those who do not have). So for decades in the world- in various wars) that, in the absence of their wide top) just recently there c) crafts both specific (fish- manifestations the existing has been done a monument ing, pottery, woven of twigs) evidence is ignored in the for Aurel Vernescu and the and rural traditional (tex- form of objects (by the bridg- first thematic collection by tiles, animal breeding, etc). es), old photos and docu- Snagov Foundation About which Antipa and ments with more details etc. e) there are not mentioned Sadoveanu mentioned that * For the four most repre- dozens of meetings and include words and even ob- sentative local crafts, Sna- events for cycling competi- jects / unique techniques gov Foundation created the tions (circuits), of époque d) combinations of decora- endowment, the conditions car owners, of those who tions and colours (the thread and the first events – allow- had motorcycles, of the on the fretworks of the hous- ing those who wish to see, postmen, of the Scouts, etc. 04/Ce legături sau contribuţii la istoria și/sau cultura... colecții
  10. 10. Istorie și Cultură în Zona Snagov 11f) there are not marked But (usually) the leaders religious figures, writers,the international meetings from different periods, pre- governors and officials, etc.),organised in Snagov and ferred to omit / ignore / 8 relevant and outstandingwhere there were made very reduce the role and the vis- murders / executions, 14 at-important decisions (eco- ibility of Snagov area (in his- traction points, over 30 im-nomically and socially) tory and even culture). That portant books / publicationsg) there are not adequately is because in their time, they about Snagov, more than 30mentioned many saddest had interests and activities relevant historical, cultural,episodes such as the deten- in the area, which should not religious, military events.tion of Jozef Beck, various be (too) public from various All these can (already) beassassinations, etc. reasons: a strategic hidden seen (as first presentation) place, a place of political de- as collections (representedSnagov area was vigorously tention, a relaxing place (in chronologically). And thispromoted in some short violation of law, moral and first exposure representsperiods (and even with re- social norms – by them or only the beginning of themarkable results) and in by their family members – structuring of the multitudeothers it was protected, hid- for whom they did not want of (other) surprising infor-den, minimised as far as the witnesses / public visibility). mation about Snagov area.role was concerned, as im-portance, as associated ce- If during the interwar pe- The fact is that by 2009 Sna-lebrities. For details / list of riod Snagov had themed gov area (the area with for-historical periods (+ details routes, maps, publica- ests and lake between theabout the circumstances and tions dedicated - after monasteries Caldarusani,the motivations related) we the communists’ arrival and Snagov and Tiganesti) hadwould like you to ask the especially after 1989, the si- no cultural or touristic rep-guide for details (there is lence was relocated in the resentation (e.g. museumwritten material) and / or to area. / collections / thematicsponsor the publication of groups) despite the wealthmore detailed works of local So far Snagov Foundation of objectives, attractions,history, including a detailed has identified more than 100 events and historical, cul-chapter. celebrities (rulers, historians, tural, religious and even po- litical references. And what was begun required many additions (in relation to the wealth and the potential represented).colecții 04/Ce legături sau contribuţii la istoria și/sau cultura...
  11. 11. 12 Collection 01 “Local archaeology / Numismatics / Maps” exhibited are from three main periods: - up to year 200 our era (including therefore the parts from the Neolithic, Bronze and Iron eras - when there were major shops in the area) - during the fifteenth century (the period of Vlad Ţepeş) - some parts from the war of independence (1877) and from the two world wars We hope that next to these objects to be added others Local archaeology / So there is a wide range Numismatics / Maps also (from other institutions) of “traces” (about 30 Background: and especially to obtain (as archaeological sites). With this issue we try donations) some parts and Several archaeological to present and to better those owned by the locals pieces presented in understand the period since (from “Maidan”, “Dealu showcases, are borrowed it is known that the area Morii” and “Coada Linţii “). was inhabited by humans (2200 BC - present). The first inhabited part was the island area. It seems that a very long time, people lived in groups that kept moving (regularly) from one place to another, usually chosen on the higher water banks (e.g. “Coada Linţii”) This collection is visual, from the National Institute kinaesthetic, so very of Archaeology “Vasile convincing (and creates Pârvan “. We have purchased a balance - to the many or received the others. But images of other collections). we (still) have too few pieces DESCRIPTION of the to understand enough about collection: the locals’ ancestors. 1) archaeological pieces The archaeological pieces exhibited in glass cases 05/Local archaeology / Numismatics / Maps collections
  12. 12. Collection 01 “Local archaeology / Numismatics / Maps” 13 relevant – can help for a better transposition during the periods taken into account. The coins can be used (visually) as an “axis” of time, as a continuity, etc. This collection presents: a) a description of the place names (old names) for different places and parts in Snagov Area b) references to the collection of Ethnography and Celebrities(different objects / tools of – Greek and Roman,thousands of years) similar to the ones found This collection includes:2) old maps (copies) –we present a suite in achronological order, inwhich it is marked theSnagov Lake with a red dotto understand and followthe evolution of political andadministrative memberships- the consequences andimplications.3) pieces of numismatics(exposed only during majorevents; we have found that on the island) from the 1) a collection of booksseeing some coins (copies main historical moments of history, archaeology, brochures and articles in the domain 2) several grouped coins (replica) (in certain periods, that correspond to certain locally important moments)collections 05/Local archaeology / Numismatics / Maps
  13. 13. 14 Collection 02: “ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area” persons doing in these where we have the name areas, what occupations / Snagov (“sneg” meaning crafts did they have, how “snowflake” ). The Slavs were they organized, how being peaceful people, did they evolve, what did tolerant, with preference they specialize in, what for agriculture - were able happened to them, what to work and then even to have they become? integrate into the existing ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area Background: By the theme “Ethnography and local traditions” we intend to reconstruct (and preserve) the specific archaic life (peasant) in Snagov area and in time to achieve even a “living museum”. The sources of information are limited, so that the approach is difficult (but even though) – it is much more interesting. Within this area, you can ask yourself some simple questions: 1) why did the transition from the stage of massive oak forest (impenetrable) – to current state occur? 2) what were the first Compared to the relative communities, contributing known habits of the Getae substantially to population living here 2000 years ago, growth and to promote their significant changes have values and habits. Therefore, occurred with the arrival of in Snagov area, we find the Slavs (in 600 AD) - from many names, place names, 06/ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area collections
  14. 14. Collection 02: “ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area” 15 growth - all were influenced by these powerful external pressures and by the too little time for introspection, maturity and own choices. The intangible heritage formed - is found in the collections, crafts, objects of the Snagov Foundation. DESCRIPTION of the collection: 1) Panels with imagescustoms, mentalities - with communist period (1944- (postcards, stamps, oldobvious Slave roots (Snagov, 1989) it followed a setback maps, photos, clippingsDobre, Dobroşeşti, Nedelea, due to the loss of aims and from publications and soBugean, Gheorghe, etc). core values.The analysis of thelanguage, the words and theutterances reveal interestingdifferences even betweenthe neighbouring villages,which was noticed byGrigore Antipa and MihailSadoveanu (who noticedthe use of different wordsand unique fishing toolsby the local people - as ifthey were isolated fromthe rest of the country forat least several centuries). There were long periods on). Information, imagesThe whole ethnographic when there were strong and objects related to ports,setting went through external pressures (the houses, objects, traditionsseveral distinct periods: Phanariot period, the (in an area with a lake, reeds,cohabitation (600-1600) Communism period) and fishing and forest) - whichand homogenisation relatively few periods (1848-(1600-1800), then creation 1944) in which they couldof a new identity (1848- crystallize (more and better)1907). In the interwar a local, regional and nationalperiod, Romania seemed identity. The fact is that theto strengthen its identity values, activities / crafts,and specific, but during the economic, social, culturalcollections 06/ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area
  15. 15. 16 Collection 02: “ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area” The collection presents: a) local traditions and customs b) traditional occupations/ crafts: fishing, agriculture (cereal and livestock), pottery, beekeeping, reed The collection includes: and wood exploitation 1) Primarily, a short story /a (basketry) chronological presentation c) aspects/images from the of the transformation of village life the former Forests of Vlăsia d) details about the evo- in the current villages (a presents a set of features lution in time of the po- very visual evolution of with the lake (fishing) and forest (hunting) and crafts (pottery , weaving, knitting, etc.) and a series of local traditions. 2) A collection of ethnographic items (pots, tools, etc.) - exhibited per themes, in a very visual form 3) For trades: fishing, pottery, basketry and textiles (including the loom) there is a set of ready tools pulation, of the lands, of the the restriction of Forests of and materials, so that we relationships at work, social- Vlăsia – the growth of plain can organize experimental economical infrastructure. Vlasia - and the growth and workshops for groups. diversification of human communities in Snagov area (in the narrow sense - made of three communes: Snagov, Gruiu, Ciolpani, and in an extended sense - consisting of seven communes - by including Grădiştea, Vlăsia Mill, Baloteşti, Periş - forming the northern part of Ilfov). 2) The visual support in the form of panels made in the 06/ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area collections
  16. 16. Collection 02: “ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area” 17form of A4 drawings (about threads of silk, tethers, nets regular fairs32 - so at least 70 pieces: / gill nets, basket and pots, 3) basketry: (made ofpostcards, stamps, photos - host, anchor, fish landing, reeds, rushes, husk (maizerelevant explaining texts) etc.) / preserving fish leaves), willow twigs)3) a set of minimum 30 demonstrations andpieces (objects) – from the exercises for a twiner:everyday life of peasants / raw material recognitionof the local people: different / harvest - training -ceramics (associated to storage - preservation /pottery in Piscu area and manufacturing differentLipia), different tools and products in a rather broadinstruments (for specificlocal activities: fishing, car- (smoked, salted, in glaciers)pentry, agriculture, textiles), / reading the signs on thesome traditional fabrics, pondsome wood furniture pieces. 2) pottery: demonstrations and exercises for a goodCrafts that can be tested potter: comparing and(for groups, with a prior choosing the clays /appointment): preparation - kneading1) fishing: demonstrations the clay and storing it /and exercises for a good manufacturing variousfisherman: various nodes products – at the potter’sof different materials / wheel / making differentmaking a boat and fishing figures (e.g. whistle) andtools (lines, fishing hitches other toys - for children but classification (over 20for clams and crabs, hooks, also for entertainment and different types of pieces) 4) textiles: demonstrations and exercises for a good weaver: raw material recognition / knowledge of harvesting operations, storage, preservation, pre- paration of raw material / preparation - setting the tools used (loom, schemer, etc.)collections 06/ETHNOGRAPHY - local traditions - Snagov Area
  17. 17. 18 Collection 03: “Good and “bad“ celebrities” tion to them). I wonder lost in the lake and mysteri- what would have changed. ous legends. The division into good or The fact is that many people “bad” – is at your choice, with money and / or power, to be done in front of the desired and had (usually for collection (as a game), by a relatively short period of putting a note in a box with time) - one property at Sna- the number of the panel gov. And depending on the and of the drawing - and time and on the moral / val- we periodically make sum- ues of those times (or pres- maries of the votes found. ent) - these celebrities were Good and “bad“ celebrities So far, we have identified considered good or bad. The theme “Good and Bad over 100 celebrities of whom It is believed that at Sna- CELEBRITIES” presents among them: nationally rel- gov there are negative a chronological perspec- evant (90), internationally charges and dimensions: tive on human presence (20) and locally (12). Thus, no family / ruler could in Snagov area and a few Snagov area has always been own so far (at the edge of details about the most im- the lake) a property for portant people, “bound” more than 25 years (without to Snagov area. “Link” de- the emergence of various fined in various ways: to troubles / major problems) love Snagov / to live / to - reason for some legends / visit constantly/ to suffer local explanations (perhaps / to die / to contribute /to related to the curses start- write – to compose /to build ing from the prince Radu / to demolish – to destroy. the Handsome). And there The celebrities remembered are many violent episodes: are listed chronologically many bloody battles took (usually on one A4 page) place in the area, many ex- and if it was the case - with targeted (and even inhab- ecutions took place on the specific parts (that is with ited) by country and region island Vlad Ţepeş, a whole the most representative im- leaders (political, military, convoy drowned at a cross- ages). administrative, etc.) so ing and recently Virgil The fact is that the person- there are various associated Madgearu has been shot in alities in the communities events, which are known are those that emphasise only locally or in forms or change directions and quite different from those trends, those that have con- already “told “. These range tributions that empower from murders, executions, the others - and it may be “forced” detention / domi- interesting to imagine the cile / residence - to humor- consequences of their ab- ous and unlikely events like sence (or taking different crocodiles and anacondas decisions by - or in rela- 07/Good and “bad“ celebrities collections
  18. 18. Collection 03: “Good and “bad“ celebrities” 19 a national, regional, Eu- celebrities on the criterion ropean and even world of “profession” / “compe- level – related to Snagov. tence”: writer, director, politician, leader, famous DESCRIPTION of the athlete, celebrity, historical collection: figure, criminal character etc. 1) Panels with images (post- c) if it was the case – the cards, stamps, old maps, concrete / direct contribu- photos, clippings from pub- tion (positive or negative) lications etc.) + short ex- to Snagov area [there are planatory texts, presented chronologically, with the main local, national, in- ternational, good or “bad” celebrities - which were inthe park Snagov, Imre Nagy connection to Snagov areaand Josepf Beck as well 2) Each celebrity is as-as Pătrăşcanu - had been signed at least to a draw-house arrested in Snagov, ing A4 - in which therethere drown annually in the are presented imageslake between 2 and 5 people. (cards, postcards, stamps,But there are also positive scanned photos and socharges and dimensions: on), quotes, interpretationsA number of writers and and possible conclusions.other artists - created / 3) some objects of several several celebrities, includingcomposed - even at Sna- local and national celebri- locally – for whom I madegov. Most of the Romanian ties (e.g. Sadoveanu’s um- details of their contribu-rowing world champions brella, etc.) tions]formed and trained them- The collection still includes:selves at Snagov. A lot of The collection presents: a) a collection of books, bro-celebrities (heads a) primarily a vi- chures, publications - con-of the state, politi- sual “timeline” taining works, articles, ref-cal leaders, heads of organized into A4 erences to these celebritiesservices and even drawings [at least b) some documentationsnotorious terror- 5 boards, that is at (more detailed) aboutists - came to Snagov minimum 5x16 =and made decisions 80 A4 drawings,with their peers, es- that is over 150 ofpecially during 1933 pieces included]to 2008) even with b) only in multi-an international impact. media version (available onThus, there is a long series request) may be presentedof important moments at a regrouping - presentingcollections 07/Good and “bad“ celebrities
  19. 19. 20 Collection 03: “Good and “bad“ celebrities” Celebrities “belonging” to Snagov area 07/Good and “bad“ celebrities collections
  20. 20. Collection 03: “Good and “bad“ celebrities” 21collections 07/Good and “bad“ celebrities
  21. 21. 22 Collection 03: “Good and “bad“ celebrities” Local celebrities some of the celebrities Seneslau (voivodeship), Mitita Filipescu, Nicolae c) a game: the visitors fill in a Basarab, Vladislav, Mircea Bălcescu, C.D. Aricescu, form with several celebrities cel Bătrân, Vlad Dracul, Alexandru Ioan Cuza, Al- (top 3 pleasant, 3 negative, Vladislav II, Vlad Ţepeş, exandru Odobescu, Mir- 3 who had negative contri- Radu cel Frumos, Basarab cea Malaieru, Nicolae Gri- bution upon Snagov area, 3 cel Tânăr, Vlad Călugărul, gorescu, Grigore Antipa, who had positive contribu- Neagoe Basarab, Mircea Regina Maria, Fisherman tion and so on). Ciobanu, D-na Ghica, Pe- Niculae Vasile, Mihail tru cel Tânăr, Mihai Viteazu Sadoveanu, Ioan Alexan- List of celebrities included and Stanca (wife), Postel- dru Brătescu-Voineşti, in the collection (with nicul Cantacuzino, Matei Panait Istrati, Constantin various “connections” with Basarab, Constantin Brân- Băicoianu, George Enescu, Snagov area): coveanu, Antim Ivireanul, Prince Nicolae, Nicolae 07/Good and “bad“ celebrities collections
  22. 22. Collection 03: “Good and “bad“ celebrities” 23Caranfil, Dem Dobrescu, teachers: Anatolie Paniş, Hilde Lauer, Simion Is-King Carol II, Prince– king Constantin Georgescu, Ion mailciuc, Dumitru Alexe,Mihai, Nicolae Iorga, Iuliu Dumitriu-Snagov, Dumit- Ion Dospinescu, Gheo-Maniu, Brunea Fox, Zelea ru Vintilă, Alexandru Neagu rghe + Toma Simionov,Codreanu, Virgil Madgea- Artists: Geo Bogza, Con- Macarenco-Ciobanu-Ticu-ru, (a series of interwar stantin Codrescu), Vlad Popa, Ion Bârlădeanu, Ivanmagnates owing around 30 Muşatescu, Margareta Pâs- Patzaichin, Vasile Diba,villas in Snagov), Mareşalul laru, Florin Piersic, Irina Sanda Toma, ElisabetaIon Antonescu, Josef Beck, Petrescu, Sergiu Nicolaes- Lipa, Rodica Arba, ElenaManfred von Killinger, cu, Ştefan Iordache, Vio- (Horvat) Florea, AngelaLucreţiu Pătrăşcanu (l14), leta Andrei, Fanuş Neagu, Alupei, Constanţa Burcică,(Russian military and po- Dan Piţa, Dinu Tănase, Ion Georgeta Damian, Vioricalitical nomenclature), (Imre Băieşu, Ana Szeles, Angela Susanu, Georgeta Andru-Nagy + his colleagues), (the Similea, Nicolae Corjos, nache, Bjorn Rune Borg,nomenclature of Gheorghiu Ovidiu Iuliu Molodovan, Nadia Comăneci.Dej + his guests: Iosip Broz Sebastian Papaiani, MichaelTito, etc.), (the nomencla- Jacksonture of Nicolae Ceauşescu Sportsmen: Aurel Vernes-+ Nicolae Doicaru + cu, Măcean Tiberiu, SînceacIon Mihai Pacepa + Anton, Radu Nicolae, Pon-their guests: Carlos, Yas- gratz Ştefan, Leon Rot-ser Arafat, Gaddafi, etc.) man, Mihai Ţurcaş, AtanaseWriters, historians, local Sciontic, Simion Cuciuc,collections 07/Good and “bad“ celebrities
  23. 23. 24 Collection 04: “Monasteries and Churches” - in Snagov Area other and gathered together important wealth from which an important part was sent to Athos annually. Thus only when (on one side) the local communities have grown enough (in terms of population and sense of self / identity) and (on the other side) the coercive power (Phanariot - feudal) Monasteries and Churches and cultural continuity of the monasteries lowered - in Snagov Area (values). enough, starting from The theme “MONASTERIES Chronological appearance 1850, it was possible the and CHURCHES” (1408- of the three monasteries appearance of churches in up to present) presents (Snagov - 1408), Căldăru- the villages around the lake. (briefly) representative ima- şani - 1638), Tigăneşti - Currently, in the three ges and short events related 1805) can be analyzed in communes: Snagov, Gruiu to the main three places of conjunction with the de- and Ciolpani (a combined worship in Snagov Area: forestations of the Forests population of about 18,000 1) Vlad Ţepeş Monastery of Vlăsia, the emergence inhabitants) there are about (or Snagov) situated on the of new trading roads, the 10 churches, quite different island in the middle of the mills on the river Ialomiţa from each other and with lake (could be visited also and then the change of their own story. by boat) their importance, the It can be very interesting development of nearby to follow (e.g. in the case communities, the various of the monastery Snagov), princes preferences for one how it has evolved over time or the other, the changes as both main and auxiliary in tax systems applied by the monasteries to the surrounding communities 2) Căldăruşani Monastery (and the number of slaves - (of monks) Gypsy - used). 3) Ţigăneşti Monastery (of nuns) Each monastery has These places represent both its history and material achievements of interdependence with the administrative and econo- others (as alternatively there mic power concentrations was favoured one over the (in different periods) and others, different estates therefore evidence of a unit were moved from one to the 08/Monasteries and Churches - in Snagov Area collections
  24. 24. Collection 04: “Monasteries and Churches” - in Snagov Area 25 churches in the area. The collection presents: a) details about the evolution in time of religious places (and of the change in organisation - administration, of the role and activities / services provided by the community and by the others)buildings (including the DESCRIPTION of theprotective walls, the bridge collection:and the tunnel - from 1) Panels with images (post-the island to the shore). cards, stamps, old maps,At least for the locals, the photos, clippings fromChurch is an institution and publications and so on).an important place. For the Information and imagestrue peasants (who left for related to the secular andthe pool or in the woods, religious history of thesemaking a cross first and then religious places (which b) some atypical / unusuala prayer / a request with a also had an administrative, stories - locally collectedpromise), the Monasteries military, political, cultural (and some which wereand the Churches in the role and there were even unfound in any otherarea represented the base a place of detention and written form so far!)– the community centre. executions) The collection includes:Hence, from the perspective 2) For each monastery, a) a set of cards/brochuresof becoming local, the there is a panel (16 A4 /guides made at different drawings) - as visually and times chronologically as possible, *) [Optional] The visitor with references to a few is invited to “fill in” some moments/happenings/ “missing” steps/information celebrities/ objects / the most /events (as some boards will important in their existence. even have a question or a The visitor is encouraged suggestive image, indirectlyunderstanding of the local to note the information related to the subject)monasteries and churches provided in this place, todevelopment is related to reflect and prepare betterthe adjustment of customs, before visiting the actualto the ethnographic locations concerned. Therediversity, to the great shocks is a separate presentationand social dramas. (panel with 16 drawings A4) and of the most relevantcollections 08/Monasteries and Churches - in Snagov Area
  25. 25. 26 Collection 05: “VLAD BASARAB ŢEPEŞ / DRACULA – HISTORY and LEGEND” reconsidered nationally. The fact is that at an international level, the propagation / increase rate of the brand Dracula (and the reposition as the leader of all the bad characters) accelerated (especially since the advent “VLAD BASARAB ŢEPEŞ of film Dracula 1931 - / DRACULA – HISTORY Bela Lugosi). Internally, and LEGEND” since 1906 (the National The reigns of Vlad Ţepeş Exhibition Jubilee), due to were in the years 1488, were held international the new nationalist current 1456-1462, 1476. In the congresses in which it was - Prince Vlad Ţepeş has (re) years after his death, it concluded that the brand gained additional symbolic continued to be published Dracula remains Romania’s meanings of justice (by the new printing system role to take, invest and (associated with Tudor - Guttenberg) defamatory develop projects related to Vladimirescu etc). leaflets (e.g. Dracula Waide). these topics. It is surprising that In less than 200 years, his Romania has never memory has faded at both The collection belongs run any internationally European and national level. to the OPEN class (that program / measure as But with the advent of the includes postcards, stamps, taking / repositioning / novel “Dracula” by Bram coins, papers, manuscripts, fructification of the doublet Stoker (1897), it appeared pictures and so on - all Vlad Ţepeş Basarab (the internationally the fictional related to the subject real prince) <-> Dracula Dracula, associated to Vlad pursued) and contains (the fictional character with Basarab the Impaler, which 5 panels that means 80 negative valence), although begins (as an induced effect) A4 drawings (so about internationally there to be rediscovered and 200 pieces). The related researches conducted inclu- ded: old maps, original documents, treaties of history, images and pictures, different records etc. The collection exemplifies at least 15 new aspects (relative to the reference bibliography, consisting of over 20 reference books - on these topics). Each drawing illustrates 09/“VLAD BASARAB ŢEPEŞ / DRACULA – HISTORY and LEGEND” collections
  26. 26. Collection 05: “VLAD BASARAB ŢEPEŞ / DRACULA – HISTORY and LEGEND” 27 gone around the world and got about 20 gold, wermail, silver medals – arriving in countries like USA, Japan, Korea, Argentina, Brazil, Belgium, Denmark , Poland, Bulgaria, Hungary, Spain, Turkey, etc.) Through this collection it is demonstrated that Vlada story, a fact, a situation, possible the difference Ţepeş was a bloody rulera conclusion. There are a between the historical because he was pressurednumber of unique pieces character Vlad Dracula the by the circumstances:(a few hundred years old). Impaler (Ţepeş) and Count a) subordinations / alliances alternating (voluntary andThe main objectives asso-ciated to the collection are:1. to present as true,visually, unique andpleasing - but based onresearch, documents, mail,documents from manydifferent sources andcountries - and the aspectsof the life and activity ofthe ruler, considered byhistorians ‘cruel but fair’.2. to define as precisely Dracula in the novel of enforced) in the form of the same name written by vassalage between Budapest Irishman Abraham Bram and Istanbul along with Stoker paying tribute to Istanbul 3. further development / (due to the changes in the increasing of the collection balance of power – on the - by including new themes background of Crusades / topics suites and Ottoman attempts 4. to continue the parti- to conquest Europe) cipation in exhibitions and b) internal struggles bet- international events (up ween the coalitions of the to date the collection has boyars who were supporting (alternatively) the Daneşticollections 09/“VLAD BASARAB ŢEPEŞ / DRACULA – HISTORY and LEGEND”
  27. 27. 28 Collection 05: “VLAD BASARAB ŢEPEŞ / DRACULA – HISTORY and LEGEND” family, and respectively the that roamed the area in the the 550 years anniversary Draculeşti family. last hundred years documentary of Bucharest c) the period’s customs Dracula topic is very (also by Vlad the Impaler). (characterized by cruel, appreciated especially in Previously, awards in bloody, public punishments) England and in the USA Washington - U.S. and other d) stopping the long series where it is already part of 5 countries. The collection of betrayals of the boyars (in the local culture and there is regarded as the most the last 58 years, an average are also world congresses representative collection in reign was about 2 years) held. the country, on Vlad Ţepeş e) the desire of the ruler to In these groups, however, Basarab theme. insure the independence it seems to be little interest of Hungary and Wallachia in the reality (origin) of the (Wallachia + southern subject and even greater Transylvania), the insurance concern for the impact and and the administrative the potential of the subject conditions’ compliance to certain audiences, eager (customs, taxes, roads and for strong emotions. strict commercial circuits, rules etc.) to generate the PALMARES: income, to gather and the Silver won in the last three local community years at the exposures in f) fair relationships between the EU (2012 in Maribor - people (with confidence and Slovenia, 2011 at Balaton predictability) – taking into - Hungary, 2010 at Plovidiv account the archaic values - Bulgaria), in 2009 Vermail collapse in the community exhibition from Bucharest under the pressure of History Museum - Şutu, as numerous barbarian hordes representative collection for 09/“VLAD BASARAB ŢEPEŞ / DRACULA – HISTORY and LEGEND” collections
  28. 28. Collection 06: “Eco-Tourism of Snagov Area” 29 expectations, Snagov became a resort / an isolated community, with thousands of villas built chaotically, a sort of “luxury bedroom”. Through the collection presented, you are invited to find what there (still) adapted to the archaic rural exists as infrastructure and life cycles (sustainable), at to think of what could (still) the current status “modern”Eco-Tourism of Snagov Area do - for the good of all. but with massive forgettingIn the interwar period of the traditions and roots,in Snagov area there was But really, when and how with the loss of the pasturescreated an eco-leisure did it begin the moving shared, with the sale of allcapacity of 20,000 seats the land around the lake to other persons (who had taken the reeds away and concreted the banks and thus the ecosystems were broken) so that the length of the lake of about 16km, on both sides until they left about 10 trips to the lake for locals and those unequipped?... Maybe nice, safe unsustainable and mostly jobless (perspective).in the Park and Snagov from some ancient villages, I have learned throughBeach, to which during perfectly organized and researches that between1948-1982 it was addedthe infrastructure with acapacity of about 15,000seats, so that in 1990 thereshould have be reopenedthe resort (closed in 1982by Ceauşescu) and the localcommunity to benefit fromjobs, consistent income,money from fees for localdevelopment projects etc.In place of these justifiedcollections 10/Eco-Tourism of Snagov Area
  29. 29. 30 Collection 06: “Eco-Tourism of Snagov Area” from Snagov area (covering former Forests of Vlăsia) a period of about 90 years in and an important wetland, about 40 pieces: especially due to a lake with a length postcards, photos, old of about 16 km. documents). Primarily, Special climatic conditions: there is a short story / the average temperature is 1906 and 1908 it was sold chronological presentation with 6-8 degrees Celsius for the first time some land of the transformation of lower than in Bucharest, with the aim of building Snagov area in a “virgin” while the oxygen and villas, sale brokered by the part in the years 1908, in humidity level is higher than local resident, a member of the area under the 40 villas in Bucharest and Ploieşti. the family Lăiţa, which over (in 1940), then with less The biodiversity has a total the next 20 years became famous and specialized in the sale of about 20 lots, all on the lake side. And yet, could one find other details? What were the main stages, changes, contexts, gains / losses, impact on the local community? What has happened over time with those who came / bought / frequented the protocol villas in Snagov? than 200 villas (1989) and of over 2,700 species of flora Why could no family over 700 riparian villas at and fauna, of which about possess the properties next present. Snagov is a spa area, 120 protected species listed to the rivers for more than a natural reservation (which by the European Union. Of 25 years, without major includes two protected which about 42 are on the disasters? Are there (and areas, several forests of the Red List. what kind of) any strong curses in the area? (like that of Radu the Handsome etc.). Could it have an effect? What other resorts – does Snagov area resemble to (even as potential)? The collection of postcards, pictures and books about / 10/Eco-Tourism of Snagov Area collections
  30. 30. Collection 06: “Eco-Tourism of Snagov Area” 31 per weekend (in the 1930s). Only after the strengthening of the unions in Romania (after 1958) and the construction of an additional number of houses, the tourist and recreational infrastructure (e.g. the railway complex - Astoria) returned to a new peak of visitors during the weekend, of about 7,000-11,000 . In the 80s, Ceauşescu drastically reduced the access to the area and there were even demolished several tourist destinations. From 1950 until now, the main visible activity and there were inaugurated worthwhile was held in theEven since 1933, in Snagov Snagov Beach and Park sports facilities of rowing, (it can be viewed even the official opening to which attended King Charles II, Prince Michael, Nicolae Iorga, Iuliu Maniu, Dem Dobrescu and so on). This resort has been added to the major attractions: Snagov Monastery (Vlad the Impaler) and Snagov Palace (built by Prince Nicholas). Thus, lately, Bucharest and Ploieşti inhabitants have got to come more than 20,000collections 10/Eco-Tourism of Snagov Area
  31. 31. 32 Collection 06: “Eco-Tourism of Snagov Area” international interest. D E S C R I P T I O N of the collection: 1) Panels with images (postcards, stamps, old maps, photos, clippings from publications and so on). Information, images and objects related to the destination / the brand / Snagov resort which brought Romania grouped chronologically the most medals at the per key locations. Olympics and at the World 2) An overview of all eco- Championships. In the tourist attractions that have 1990 – 2006 period there ever existed in Snagov area. 3) A collection of books, a historical perspective brochures, articles - b) sequences of images grouped per locations (postcards and old photos) / areas in a very visual of the main locations / tourist way (with quite different destinations in Snagov presentation modes) area - how they evolved 4) Old movies related to / devolved over the time Snagov area eco-tourism c) postcards, photos, (viewed on request by envelopes, stamps, various groups – with a prior references and statistics appointment) about the potential and the were privatized most villas degree of using the resources The collection presents: so that at present it is again / attractions of the area. a) the main tourist possible to explore the area, d) details about the attractions and leisure with many resources and involution / the decay of offers in Snagov area, from attractions - of national and Snagov tourist destination, related to reconfirmations of the potential that it has. 10/Eco-Tourism of Snagov Area collections
  32. 32. Collection 07: “Water Sports” 33 the activity is resumed by for about 40 years) taking organizing annual National place on Lake Snagov on an Championship, Arad - annual basis. In a restricted 1945, Galaţi - 1946, Orşova version, the national annual - 1947, Constanţa - 1948 championships on the Lake and since 1949 it has been Snagov have the role of established at Snagov. intermediate verification of From the years 1950 – 1960, our athletes before the major on the banks of Lake Snagov, competitions: European andWater Sports - History and the sports facilities of the World Championships (andnational and international sporting clubs Dinamo and the Olympic Games).perspective (Snagov Steaua were established,Kingdoms) which were Romanian real The great OlympicHistory of rowing in nurseries of water sports, champions (over 200Romania started in 1864 kayak- canoe, rowing.when a group of young In only a few years (duestudents from Timisoara, to the outstanding resultsreturned from their studies achieved), Regatta (Inter-abroad, established, for their national) Snagov hasown pleasure, the company become a traditional compe-of little boats “Regatta” tition (continued thenwhere they were practicingrecreational rowing.On 25-June-1933, withthe official opening ofSnagov Park and Beachthere occurs in Snagov theformal establishment ofthe first national centre forrowing. Officials: Charles II,future King Mihai, NicolaeIorga, Iuliu Maniu etc.During the Second WorldWar the rowing activitystops. After the war in 1945,collections 11/ Water Sports - History and national and international perspective (Snagov Kingdoms)
  33. 33. 34 Collection 07: “Water Sports” (Mihail Kogălniceanu) = Sundays, in the second half Junior Olympic Center of June, for all schools in 5) Yacht Club Snagov - the vicinity of water and Established in the interwar with the help of cultural and period (and abolished by sporting associations that the communists) adhered to this initiative.” medals) of Romanian The daily program consists rowing were training on of: trips, swimming and the surface of Snagov canoeing competitions. waters. Water sports have Special lessons, cultural held the top spot as the number of Olympic medals in Romania between 1954 and 2010. Thus, they represent a visibility vector / international / national promotion vector and even a country brand. The oldest known film to date, with images from the Snagov, is dated June 25, 1933, when the water meetings, public conferences festivals were organized with problems related to at Snagov Beach and was our waters. There are pages made the inauguration of a of newspapers, exhibitions, rowing station (of the legion projections and books sales of scouts). The decree issued from the literature of the Water sports facilities – on then: “It is established a water domains. - Minister the Lake Snagov: water day in one of the D. GUSTI 1) The Old Facility- The National Sports Complex NICOLAE NAVASART 2) The New Facility – The National Sports Complex SNAGOV 3) Dynamo Facility- The sports facility Ghermaneşti- Snagov 4) High school – High school Snagov - LMK 11/ Water Sports - History and national and international perspective (Snagov Kingdoms) collections
  34. 34. Collection 07: “Water Sports” 35So that Snagov Foundation, 2) Collection of books, Snagovaccording to the decree brochures, articles - in a d) a set of pieces of philatelyforgotten (found) made very visual form – of a great value (some(and has) the only exhibition 3a) a chronology of Lake with signatures of the majorand presentations (as visual Snagov competitions (espe- champions)collection) related to this cially of the Kingdomssport in Romania. Snagov, including the inter- The collection also includes national ones!) (shown only during specialDESCRIPTION of the 3b) some statistics and events):collection: presentations (comparison) 1) several medals and flags1) five panels with images of the evolution of water - for competitions and(postcards, stamps, old sports awards in Romania Premiers mademaps, photos, clippings 2) some specific objects offrom publications etc.), over The collection presents: this sport60 A4 drawings, over 100 a) the main sports: canoeing, 3) several short filmspieces submitted. kayaking, rowing (at least 5Information, images and A4 drawings)objects related to water b) the main athletes (whosports on the Lake Snagov. have obtained outstandingGrouped chronologically results)(decades - Olympics) and c) the main sports facilities /optionally (further) per locations where the athletessports, sports facilities, etc. are training on the Lakecollections 11/ Water Sports - History and national and international perspective (Snagov Kingdoms)
  35. 35. 36 * Other Collections * over 40 species of wild fauna used in the last century) – and flora (that give the Lake presented in the form of Snagov a pretty good shape). A4 drawings (the panels are The maintenance system exhibited on the walls) includes two TROUGHS f) various materials and with 8 sections where there media, awareness, education can be seen closely different means species (depending on the g) a collection of images Collection: season – on the life cycles of and posts made by children “Biodiversity in the complex various species of fauna and (“Thus Yes / So do not!” Snagov Reservation” flora) and several ongoing h) samples of flora (like an The whole area is actually a experiments HERBARIUM) - currently natural park (in the interior b) some AQUARIUMS with being completed (because gardens of the inhabitants species extracted from the the approach will take come a lot of creatures that POND (facilitating various several years) the others may sometimes observations, experiments, i) samples of fauna (like see only in the zoos). maintenance - development an INSECTARIUM) - The existing biodiversity currently being completed includes over 2,700 species (because the approach will of flora and fauna in take several years) different habitats (4 are dominant), with over 120 Compared to the PASSIVE protected species and 43 information provided by species on the red list. the means listed previously, If the complex Snagov Snagov Foundation pro- Reservation was established vides a set of activities in 1952 (with over 1400 (even small laboratory hectares - and that was not works, with handouts and abolished), in 2000 there associated tools) made at were defined two other works) the headquarters’ POND neighbouring protected c) a set of INFO BOARDS (with the available species) areas: “Snagov Lake” and (with all the fish in the Lake and in conjunction with “Snagov Forest” (which Snagov, crayfish, clams, visiting tours – information actually must be unified, snails, special plants) in the habitats of Snagov because they have common d) over 10 multimedia area. habitats). presentations related to the Collection: main habitats and species “Communism in Snagov” Snagov Foundation presents existing in the area The Ceauşescu family (at the headquarters or to) e) a collection of pieces lived about 23 years, about visitors: (postcards, sayings, stamps, seven months per year a) a POND with three tanks public information and in Snagov (where they (28,000 litters of water) with education and conservation did “the commute” to 12/Other Collections collections

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