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5 Dan Berman USDA Perspectiva Agricola entre Estados Unidos y México

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5 Dan Berman USDA Perspectiva Agricola entre Estados Unidos y México

  1. 1. U.S. – Mexico Agriculture Overview Ag. Minister Counselor Dan Berman Thursday, February 23, 2012
  2. 2. U.S. – Mexico Agriculture OverviewMexican Agriculture Production 19% 17% Agriculture Labor as a Share of 15% Total Labor 13% Ag., Food, Beverage and Tobacco Industry Share of 11% Total GDP 9% 7% Ag. Share of Total GDP 5% 3% 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
  3. 3. U.S. – Mexico Agriculture OverviewMexican Agriculture Production• 2010 Major Crops by Value (Billion Pesos): Corn (66), Cattle(59), Poultry (56), Sugar Cane (31), Swine (29), Forage (16), Sorghum(16), Tomato (15), Avocado (14), Peppers (13), Beans (10).• Key Challenges: • Water/Climate Change • Viability of Traditional Production • Weak Institutions • Security
  4. 4. U.S. – Mexico Agriculture OverviewUSDA MissionFAS• Trade Policy• Economic Analysis• Agricultural Promotion and Trade Facilitation • 2 ATOs • 41 USDA Trade Association/Cooperators• Cooperative Programs and Capacity BuildingAPHIS• 200+ APHIS employees throughout Mexico• Facilitate Trade and Support Ag. Production in Mexico and the United States
  5. 5. U.S. – Mexico Agriculture OverviewAgricultural Trade Offices• OBJECTIVE: – Promotion and Development of U.S. Market for Agricultural (Food and Fiber), Livestock, Fisheries and Forestry in Mexico Services American Exporters Mexican Importers Info on Importers/Distributors Training & Info Seminars and Mexican Brokers Credit Programs Facilitate Customs Clearance Quality Samples Program Mexican Trade Show Presence Info on U.S. Trade Shows
  6. 6. U.S. – Mexico Agriculture OverviewAPHIS - International Services• Facilitate Bilateral Agricultural Trade• Remove Sanitary and Phytosanitary Trade Barriers • Safeguard U.S. and Mexican Animals, Plants and Ecosystems• Ensure Effective and Efficient Management of U.S. andMexico Collaborative Programs• Support Training Programs for Enhancing TechnicalCollaboration on Important Issues
  7. 7. U.S. – Mexico Agriculture OverviewUSDA Footprint (19 Offices for APHIS, ARS, FAS)
  8. 8. U.S. – Mexico Agriculture OverviewBilateral Trade in U.S. $Billions 20 U.S. Exports 15 U.S. Imports 10 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Top 6 Items in U.S. $Billions for 2011United States Exports United States Imports• Corn ($2.7) • Tomatoes ($1.8)• Soybeans ($1.7) • Beer ($1.7)• Wheat ($1.0) • Sugar ($0.9)• Cotton ($0.8) • Avocados ($0.8)• Boneless Beef ($0.7) • Peppers ($0.6)• Milk Powder ($0.6) • Live Cattle ($0.6)
  9. 9. Mexico’s Agronomic Situation Mexico’s Agronomic Situation 25000 CORN 12000 25000 CORN 12000 21,869 10,500 21,869 10,500 20000 10000 20000 10000 18,400 1000’s Tons 18,4001000’s Tons 15000 8000 15000 8,021 8000 8,021 10000 6000 10000 6000 5000 4000 5000 2008-2010 2011-2012 4000 2008-2010 2011-2012 Production 21869 18400 Production 21869 18400 Imports 8021 10500 Imports 8021 10500
  10. 10. Mexico’s Agronomic Situation Mexico’s Agronomic Situation 25000 CORN 12000 WHEAT 4300 3,949 21,869 10,500 4,100 3880 20000 4000 10000 18,400 1000’s Tons 3,700 3660 37001000’s Tons 15000 8000 8,021 3,333 3400 3440 10000 3100 6000 3220 2800 5000 4000 3000 2008-2010 2011-2012 2500 Production 2008-2010 2011-2012 21869 18400 Production Imports 3949 8021 3700 10500 Imports 3333 4100
  11. 11. Mexico’s Agronomic Situation Mexico’s Agronomic Situation 25000 CORN 12000 400 RICE (Milled ) 21,869 850 10,500 350 20000 725 10000 700 300 18,400 1000’s Tons1000’s Tons 617 250 15000 550 8000 8,021237 200 400 157 10000 150 6000 250 100 5000 4000 50 2008-2010 2011-2012 100 2008-2010 2011-2012 Production 21869 18400 Production 237 157 Imports 8021 10500 Imports 617 725
  12. 12. Mexico’s Agronomic Situation DRY BEANS 400 1250 1,055 350 1050 300 8501000’s Tons 250 250 650 600 200 450 150 127 250 100 50 50 2008-2010 2011-2012 Production 1055 600 Imports 127 250
  13. 13. U.S. – Mexico Agriculture Overview Current Priority IssuesUnited States Mexico• Expanded Market Access • Market Access• Elimination of SPS/TBT • Food Safety Barriers• Food SafetyLong-Term Goal: Build on the NAFTAMetric: Further Integration as Evidenced by IncreasedTrade Flows in Both Directions

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