Carbon Footprint in Hospitality

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What is carbon footprint? What is carbon offset? How can Hospitality organizations calculate its carbon footprint?

Hoteliers representing more than 15,000 properties have agreed to adopt a standardized system for measuring carbon footprints that were set a year ago by two global tourism organizations looking to boost environmental awareness within the tourism industry.

Marriott International, Starwood Hotels & Resorts, Hilton Worldwide and InterContinental Hotels Group (IHG) are among the more than 20 companies that will use the Hotel Carbon Measurement Initiative established in mid-2012 by the London-based International Tourism Partnership and the World Travel & Tourism Council (WTTC).

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Carbon Footprint in Hospitality

  1. 1. Carbon Footprint
  2. 2. WHAT IS CARBON FOOTPRINT? The total amounts of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions produced to directly and indirectly support human activities, usually expressed in equivalent tons of carbon dioxide (CO2). It is expressed as carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e). It accounts for all six Kyoto emissions: • Carbon dioxide (CO2) • Methane (CH4) • Nitrous Oxide (N2O) • Hydro fluorocarbons (HFCs) • Per fluorocarbons (PFCs) • Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) Carbon Footprint
  3. 3. Flying from San Francisco to Boston, for example, would generate some 1,300 kilograms of greenhouse gases per passenger each way, while driving would account for only 930 kilograms per vehicle. Methane emission from ruminant livestock (meat and dairy products) is currently estimated to be around 100 million tonnes of methane each year and, after rice agriculture, represents the biggest man-made methane source. For many of us, a common response to this statistic is, “Oh, I never fly, and I don’t own a medium-sized car, I don’t eat meat every day …” http://www.nature.org/greenliving/carboncalc ulator/index.htm# Carbon Footprint
  4. 4. Production of raw materials Distribution of raw materials Distribution of products and retail Consumption Re- use/recycling/ disposal The organization Organizational footprint Product footprint Carbon Footprint
  5. 5. ORGANIZATIONAL CARBON FOOTPRINT QUANTIFYING GHG EMISIONS UNDERSTAND HOW YOUR ORGANIZATION CONTRIBUTES TO GLOBAL EMISSION WHAT OPPORTUNITIES YOU HAVE TO REDUCE YOUR EMISSIONS DEVELOP CARBON PLAN 1 2 3 Carbon Footprint
  6. 6. THE GREEN HOUSE PROTOCOL STANDARD Carbon Footprint
  7. 7. WHY CALCULATE YOUR ORGANIZATIONAL CARBON FOOTPRINT? MANAGE YOUR GHG EMISSIONS AND MAKE REDUCTIONS OVER THE TIME REPORT EMISSIONS AS A PART OF YOUR CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONIBILITY , MARKETING OR DEMANDING CUSTOMERS Carbon Footprint
  8. 8. HOW TO CALCULATE AN ORGANIZATIONAL CARBON FOOTPRINT 1 •Decide on the method to be followed 2 •Define organizational and operational boundaries 3 •Collect the data 4 •Apply emissions factors 5 •Verify the results (optional) 6 •Verify that you have taken action to reduce your emissions (optional) GHG protocol Scopes? kWh, fuel.. CO2e Third party Third party Carbon Footprint
  9. 9. WHY COMMUNICATING YOUR ORGANIZATIONAL CARBON FOOTPRINT? REPORTING YOUR CARBON FOOTPRINT (AND INDEPENDENTLY CERTIFIED) REST OF STAKEHOL DERS CUSTOMERS EMPLOYEES 1. Make sure the data is presented transparently (six previous steps) 2. Communicating internally can help to engage employees in the process of carbon reduction 3. Communicating externally –in your CSR report for example- demonstrates that you are concerned with the impact your business is having on the environment Carbon Footprint
  10. 10. It is a certificate REDUCING CARBON FOOTPRINTS BY PURCHASING ‘CARBON OFFSETS’ Many Carbon emissions for the hospitality industry simply cannot be avoided. Guests must fly, drive or take the train to the hotel. Guest staying in hotels.. I.e. purchase renewable electricity, donate to reforestation projects… WHAT IS CARBON OFFSET?
  11. 11. HOTEL CARBON MEASURE INITIATIVE 1.0 METHODOLOGY Carbon Footprint
  12. 12. Carbon Footprint
  13. 13. APPROACHES TO MEASURE CARBON EMISSIONS WITHIN HOTELS VARIED WIDELY CONFUSIONS AMONG CUSTOMERS, PARTICULARLY CORPORATE CLIENTS OPPORTUNITY TO UNITE TOWARDS A COMMON METHODOLOGY FOLLOWING THE GHG PROTOCOL STANDARDS OPPORTUNITY TO MOVING FORWARD AND MAXIMIZING THE TAKE UP OF THE METHODOLOGY BY A BROADER RANGE OF HOTELS PROBLEMS OPPORTUNITIES Carbon Footprint
  14. 14. BOUNDARIES GHG emissions result from a variety of activities within the hotel itself such as heating, cooling, lighting, catering, and laundry operations, IT and the use of electronic equipment Restaurants Meeting spaces Shops Casinos Golf Courses Spas Garden Space Fitness Centres ‘Back of the House’ Rooms and hotel indoor Laundry (also outsource) Scopes 1 + 2 Private Space (apartments) Scope 3 Carbon Footprint
  15. 15. DATA REQUIREMENTS THE MAIN PIECES OF DATA NECESSARY FOR A HOTEL TO CALCULATE THE CARBON FOOTPRINT FOR A GUEST ROOM AND MEETING SPACE ARE AS FOLLOWS: Total number of: (1) guest rooms+ corridors (2) meeting facility space (sqft or sqm) Total number of: (1) Occupied rooms (2) Total energy consumption (reporting year) Carbon Footprint
  16. 16. DATA REQUIREMENTS ENERGY CONSUMPTION MAY COME FROM THE FOLLOWING SOURCES: • Fuels consumed on-site such as natural gas, oil and other fuels • Purchased electricity • Mobile fuels burned (from vehicles and landscaping equipment) • Purchased steam and chilled water • District heating or municipal power Note: If the hotel purchases ‘green’ electricity (i.e. electricity at a ‘green’ tariff), it can disclose this information, but it cannot deduct the amount of green electricity used from its total energy consumption. Onsite renewable energy (e.g. from solar or wind) reduce the amount of energy that a hotel needs to purchase and therefore reduces its energy consumption and carbon emissions Carbon Footprint
  17. 17. DATA REQUIREMENTS Outsourced laundry Take information from laundry supplier. For example, if your supplier’s total electricity consumption for the year is 100,000 kWh and you represent 10% of their business (by volume or revenue), your share electricity consumption is 10,000 kWh Carbon Footprint
  18. 18. DATA REQUIEREMENTS Mobile fuels Transportation vehicles (cars, shuttle buses), landscaping equipment etc. Only need to calculate if the hotel operates transportation vehicles Carbon Footprint
  19. 19. DATA REQUIREMENTS Refurbishments The methodology calculates GHG emissions during "normal operations". Conducting extensive refurbishments during the reporting year may falsify the results that will be used in the disclosure period once the refurbishments are completed. Routine refurbishments do not have to be disclosed or accounted for. However, hotels undertaking major refurbishments should disclose this information. Carbon Footprint
  20. 20. DATA REQUIREMENTS Carbon Offsets The methodology measures the GHG efficiency at which a hotel provides guest rooms and meeting space to its customers. If the hotel purchases carbon offsets, it can disclose this information, but it cannot deduct the amount of emissions that is offset from its total GHG emissions Carbon Footprint
  21. 21. MELIA Hotels -6.3% compared with 2011 figures carbon footprint 240,654 tonnes of CO2 emitted NH Hotels’ carbon footprint is 153,865 tonnes of CO2. A total of 55% comes from energy consumption and 45% from fuel consumption Marriott 355,000 CO2 tonnes emitted Carbon Footprint

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