Graduate careers ireland

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Graduate careers ireland

  1. 1. Born green, think green, live green and die green <ul><li>Green Careers, what next for graduates? </li></ul><ul><li>Dave Kilmartin, Marie Gonnelly </li></ul><ul><li>Dublin Institute of Technology </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Green Economy / Green Job </li></ul><ul><li>Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Direct and Indirect opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Going Forward </li></ul><ul><li>Q&A </li></ul>
  3. 3. Values Interests Personality Skills External influences Know what’s out there Take stock Get there Make a choice Know yourself Employment Further Study Year out Entrepreneurship Job Hunt Application process Organise year out Start business Internship/grad prog Reflection on journey to date Occupational profiles Labour market information Information Interview Work experience Job shadowing
  4. 4. ?
  5. 5. What Is the Green Economy?  2009 Transition Dynamics Enterprises, Inc. Used with permission. economic activity that improves the environment in some way encompasses the wide range of goods and services that fall within the scope of environmental and natural-resource use, management and protection
  6. 6. Green Industries and Sectors (c) 2009 Transition Dynamics Enterprises, Inc. Used with permission  2009 Transition Dynamics Enterprises, Inc. Used with permission.
  7. 7. What Are Green Jobs? <ul><li>G reen jobs are those that improve the environment in some way. </li></ul><ul><li>Some will have a DIRECT impact </li></ul><ul><li>Others will have an INDIRECT impact </li></ul> 2009 Transition Dynamics Enterprises, Inc. Used with permission.
  8. 8. Green Jobs Can Be Found In: <ul><li>Start ups </li></ul><ul><li>Private companies </li></ul><ul><li>Large cap companies </li></ul><ul><li>All levels of government </li></ul><ul><li>Non profits </li></ul><ul><li>Educational institutions </li></ul><ul><li>NGO – Non-governmental organizations </li></ul> 2009 Transition Dynamics Enterprises, Inc. Used with permission.
  9. 9. United Nations Environment Program <ul><li>‘ green-collar job is (one) in agricultural, manufacturing, research and development (R&D), administrative, and service activities that contribute(s) substantially to preserving or restoring environmental quality. …………… this includes jobs that help to protect ecosystems and biodiversity; reduce energy, materials, and water consumption through high efficiency strategies; de-carbonize the economy; and minimize or altogether avoid generation of all forms of waste and pollution.&quot; </li></ul>
  10. 10. What is a ‘green’ job? <ul><li>Difficulty with predicting numbers and growth due to definition of ‘green’ career </li></ul><ul><li>Industries </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing </li></ul><ul><li>Finance </li></ul><ul><li>Design & Engineering, Energy Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Governmental </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Non-profits </li></ul><ul><li>Functional Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Installation </li></ul><ul><li>Operations </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Sales </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Finance / Accounting </li></ul><ul><li>Project Management </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Auditing </li></ul>
  11. 11. Green job titles <ul><li>Agricultural Inspector Architect (Environmental /Sustainable Design) Bicycle / Scooter Developers and Technicians Biologist (Conservation) Building Operations Management Business Manager Car Manufacturing (Green) Chemist (Environmental) Climate Risk Analyst Climatologist/Environmental Meteorologist Community Affairs Manager Complementary Health and Medical Care </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Construction (Energy Efficiency - Green Building) CSR Professional Ecologist Economists (Environmental) Educators (Ecological) Emissions Manager Emissions Trader Energy Manager (Renewable) Engineers (Environmental / Pollution Control) Engineers and Developers (Sustainable Energy) Engineer/Biologist (Renewable Fuels/ Bio-Mimicry) Entrepreneur (Green) Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) Technicians </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Fashion Designer (Green) Financial analyst/adviser specializing in socially responsible investing Food Scientist Forester Fund-Raising Director Furniture Builder (Eco-friendly) Green Travel and Hospitality Heating, air conditioning and refrigeration mechanic and installer Hydrologist / Environmental scientist Industrial Designer (Sustainable) Interface Designers Interior Designer (Green) Wind Energy Developers and Construction Professionals </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>IT Specialists (Green Software and Hardware Developers) Landscape Architect (Green) Lawyer (Environmental) Lobbyist Organic Food and Farming Production Specialists Pollution Control Technician Protection Technician Scientist (Environmental) Solar Installation Sustainability Specialists Toxicologist Urban Gardeners Waste Management </li></ul>
  15. 15. Developing the Green Economy in Ireland 2009 <ul><li>Existing strength in environmental good and services sector (waste management , waster treatment, recycling, environmental consultancy) </li></ul><ul><li>6,500 people in direct green employment (Forfás /InterTrade Ireland (2008) </li></ul><ul><li>US bulk of current US green employment is in conservation and pollution mitigation, prediction for jobs in environmentally friendly production, clean energy and energy efficiency to grow </li></ul><ul><li>Ireland has range of sectors developing products, services and processes, and these were identified for export and employment potential </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable energy </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient Energy Use and Management </li></ul><ul><li>Waster Management , Recover and Recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Water and Waste Treatment </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>“ The environmental goods and services industry consists of activities which produce goods and services to measure, prevent, limit, minimise or correct environmental damage to water, air and soil, as well as problems related to waste, noise and eco systems. This includes cleaner technologies, products and services that reduce environmental risk and minimise pollution and resource use.” (OECD/Eurostat agreed definition) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Inevitable change <ul><li>Fossil – renewable sources </li></ul><ul><li>Greater efficiency, conservation and management </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce pollution </li></ul>
  18. 18. Renewables <ul><li>Products, systems and services for the generation and collection of energy from renewable sources </li></ul><ul><li>Sources include biomass/ bio fuels, solar, photovoltaic, wind, hydro, tidal and geothermal sources </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities in manufacture of equipment and design, construction, installation, management and operation of renewable energy facilities </li></ul>
  19. 19. Wind <ul><li>124 wind farms on-line and operational, in 23 counties on the island of Ireland (Source IWEA) </li></ul><ul><li>IWEA predict that 16,000 new jobs could be created with the explosion of wind industry investment in the process of delivering on Ireland's 40% electricity from renewable target by 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities – </li></ul><ul><li>electrical and mechanical engineers to oversee the operation of the turbines and the internal electrical systems </li></ul><ul><li>Wind Resource Analyst/Wind Farm technician/ Turbine Manufacturing </li></ul><ul><li>Computational analysts (IT /Maths/Physicists) to assess the projected generation output systems </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative and clerical, PR, community liaison, environmental impact, finance, business </li></ul><ul><li>Use technology-driven companies to provide more efficient and innovative mechanical and software based components for wind turbine design and manufacture ( ICT graduates ) </li></ul><ul><li>Companies installing, maintaining small scale turbines and providing consultancy engineering services for the design, installation and management of wind farms </li></ul>
  20. 20. Marine (Wave and Tidal) <ul><li>Ireland is one of the most favourable locations in the world for wave energy </li></ul><ul><li>Expertise developing in areas of turbine design, wave tank model testing and wave energy modelling </li></ul><ul><li>Marine Institute & Sustainable Energy Ireland study in 2005 calculated that 1,900 jobs could be created by 2020 if Ireland continued to invest in marine energy technology </li></ul><ul><li>Early stages of development </li></ul>
  21. 21. Bioenergy (biofuels and biomass) <ul><li>Energy which is derived from renewable organic material otherwise known as biomass </li></ul><ul><li>Industry is developing rapidly and opportunities exist for companies across the sector </li></ul><ul><li>Companies process raw biomass material (e.g. municipal/commercial waste, agricultural waste, dedicated energy crops, food crops, wood waste, human/animal waste, wastewater sludge, etc.), and convert into a fuel (e.g. wood pellets, refuse derived fuel, biogas, biodiesel and bioethanol) or energy (heat, power) </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities to develop/ supply technologies and equipment used for processing biomass into fuel or energy (e.g. biomass boiler, </li></ul><ul><li>anaerobic digestion systems, gasification units, etc.) </li></ul>
  22. 22. Microrenewables <ul><li>Domestic scale devices which generate energy from renewable sources e.g. </li></ul><ul><li>Roof-mounted wind turbines </li></ul><ul><li>Roof mounted solar technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Ground Source Heat Pumps </li></ul><ul><li>Biofuels </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic biomass burners Solar Water, PV, Micro-wind, Heat Pumps, Fuel cells, Electrolysers, Grid Tie, Inverter Systems, Energy Storage ,Energy control systems </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for graduates with Design and installation experience, planning, project management and construction, and in particular sales and marketing </li></ul>
  23. 23. Solar <ul><li>Passive Solar </li></ul><ul><li>Active Solar Heating </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Systems </li></ul><ul><li>PV, Solar Thermal, Solar Heating, Solar Cooking, Solar Thermal Electricity, Hybrid solar lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for solar systems/solar panel/test /mechanical design engineers </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical/Manufacturing/Electrical /Mechatronics/ engineering and life sciences graduates </li></ul><ul><li>Sales, Finance, Marketing and PR </li></ul>
  24. 24. Efficient energy use and management <ul><li>Energy loss from buildings is one of the largest contributors to overall energy wastage </li></ul><ul><li>Eco-construction involves using technologies within the fabric of new and existing buildings to minimise energy loss and maximise energy efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Retrofitting buildings for energy efficiency forecast investment levels to 2020 in retrofitting buildings to comply with Building Energy Rating (BER) standards in Ireland could be worth up to €25 billion (SEI) </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Management/Efficiency Services rising energy costs and full roll-out of the BER/EPC system are expected to make this sector an area of potential high growth. Indigenous Energy Service Companies </li></ul>
  25. 25. Policy/Legislation <ul><li>Environmental Legislation creation and development, including treaties, regulations, directives, decisions, recommendations and opinions and plans and policies. </li></ul><ul><li>International, European and National Law </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Regulators </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Law, Criminal Law, Public Law and litigation </li></ul><ul><li>Statutory Bodies </li></ul>
  26. 26. Environmental Consultancy and Services <ul><li>Environmental Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Management Systems (EMS) </li></ul><ul><li>Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental auditing </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental risk management </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) </li></ul><ul><li>Eco-footprint/carbon-footprint </li></ul><ul><li>Eco-labelling/carbon labelling </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Decision Making </li></ul><ul><li>(Public and Private Sector Industries) </li></ul>
  27. 27. Waste (management and disposal) <ul><li>Direct biodegradable waste from landfill, in order to meet the first Landfill Directive target due in July 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>Using the Economic and Social Research Institute's (ESRI) Sustainable Development Model for Ireland (ISus) to forecast national environmental emissions and resource use up to 2030, it is estimated that the total volume of municipal waste is likely to increase quite substantially within the coming decade, necessitating future investment in waste management infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Municipal waste </li></ul><ul><li>Packaging waste </li></ul><ul><li>Municipal waste infrastructure </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Anaerobic Digestion (AD) A number of companies now offer full turnkey solutions for the anaerobic digestion of wastewater sludge </li></ul><ul><li>Stumbling block is financial return , but analyses can ignore the environmental benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Developments in alternative AD technologies that generate energy from waste via pyrolysis or produce a secondary energy carrier, potential growth area </li></ul><ul><li>Combined Heat and Power CHP systems are used to produce electricity and heat simultaneously from a single fuel source </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities in designing, building and installing combined heat and power (CHP) systems, and also design biomass boilers and district heating systems </li></ul>
  29. 29. Water and Wastewater Treatment <ul><li>Water Services Investment Programme (WSIP) and National Development Plan (NDP) in Ireland, continued funding </li></ul><ul><li>Growth experienced by indigenous companies as result of investments made by the public sector in water services </li></ul><ul><li>Value estimated at €622m in 2004 by Ernst and Young </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>Advanced water solutions advanced technologies, such as membrane systems and ultraviolet(UV) treatments, increase demand predicted </li></ul><ul><li>Leak control, monitoring and supply networks conserve water and prevent groundwater pollution. Opportunities in replacing leaking and failing water supply and wastewater collection networks </li></ul><ul><li>Replacing and upgrading existing supply/collection networks is one of the key growth areas within the water industry </li></ul><ul><li>Niches for manufacturers of robust piping products ; services and technologies for the monitoring and detection of leakages along networks. </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Design-Build-Operate (DBO) of water/wastewater treatment plants </li></ul><ul><li>Processing wastewater sludge advanced technologies and services </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated greywater recycling and rainwater harvesting systems Opportunities for systems which can process, capture and store greater quantities of water for reuse </li></ul><ul><li>Water analysis developing accurate equipment , monitoring contaminants </li></ul><ul><li>Prefabricated wastewater treatment systems opportunities in efficient cost-effective system which requires a smaller operating area, produces a higher quality effluent and needs less maintenance (cleaning, emptying) </li></ul><ul><li>Odour control opportunities for providing odour abatement and control solutions </li></ul>
  32. 32. Waste Management, Recovery and Recycling <ul><li>Waste-to-energy - will be an important part of Ireland’s waste sector. </li></ul><ul><li>Waste collection - more efficient collection and transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Waste transfer and disposal - Design-Build-Operate (DBO) of landfills growth area </li></ul><ul><li>Trading - strong market demand for recovered materials such as plastics, metal and organics </li></ul><ul><li>Processing - recycle recovered material into a raw product. opportunities for companies working in the area of recycling different types of plastics </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling of organic waste - efficient systems for composting/ancillary services </li></ul><ul><li>Waste processing equipment compactors, shredders, balers and Crushers, new innovative technologies for processing more specific types of waste. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Food <ul><li>‘ By 2030, the planet will need to produce 50% more food, with less land, water and energy while also reducing greenhouse emissions’ United Nations 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Changes to the Common Agricultural Policy, WTO agreements and climate change - Challenges for Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacture of food and drink products is Ireland's most important indigenous industry with an output approaching €20 billion </li></ul><ul><li>New product developers / food technologists developing green products using sustainable, seasonal, organic ingredients </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers/ Food producers as suppliers </li></ul><ul><li>Development of alternate food sources, e.g. GM, synthetic </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>Food product and labeling and PR </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced carbon footprint and over farming using only seasonal produce with </li></ul><ul><li>  less 'air-miles' </li></ul><ul><li>Quality Control / Assurance Officers in food manufacturing and processing </li></ul><ul><li>Green restaurants with chefs offering green dishes and recipes </li></ul><ul><li>Nutritional / Dietary advisers  </li></ul><ul><li>Educators / Trainers / Academics - delivering info and skills training on 'green' cooking </li></ul><ul><li>  Food promotion / PR / marketing -  www.goodfoodireland.ie   </li></ul><ul><li>Food journalism / media delivering on green topics </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>Food and drink consultant / adviser / expert  </li></ul><ul><li>Postgrad research </li></ul><ul><li>Sales Rep/Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Food/Eco tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Waste management for food sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Event management food festivals, events, farmers markets </li></ul><ul><li>Food safety officer - ensuring the quality of food produce and associated info (labelling etc.). Food Safety Authority of Ireland  (FSAI);Safe Food: Food Safety Authority of Ireland; Organic Trust </li></ul><ul><li>  Bakery / Pastry using organic ingredients.  </li></ul><ul><li>Kitchen Gardens - encouraging home grown produce </li></ul>
  36. 36. Services <ul><li>Marketing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Green Products Marketing/Sales Manager/Market Researcher </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research & Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Green Products enterprise/innovation/development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Senior Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability Officers/Consultants </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Financial Jobs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade Renewable Energy, & Carbon Credit Trading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Venture Capitalists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyze financial impacts of sustainability issues on bottom line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyze climate change risks for insurance industry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Operations Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability Coordinator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green Processes Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Every job can be green job if you consider sustainability in decision making </li></ul>
  37. 37. Other Services <ul><li>Green Design and Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Green Food and Drink </li></ul><ul><li>Green ‘Globetrotting’ </li></ul><ul><li>Green Tourism – eco tourism officers, eco consultant , nature reserve specialist, sustainable tourism marketing officer, ecotour leader, adventure tourism researcher, environmental tourism consultant </li></ul><ul><li>(source – ecoclub.com May 2010) </li></ul>
  38. 38. Direct/Indirect
  39. 39. Green Industries and Sectors (c) 2009 Transition Dynamics Enterprises, Inc. Used with permission  2009 Transition Dynamics Enterprises, Inc. Used with permission.
  40. 40. Direct <ul><li>Natural Environment - environmental and life sciences, natural resource management , air, water, land, forests, fish and wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>Power Infrastructure / Smart Grid – </li></ul><ul><li>Power Generation, Transmission , Distribution , Consumption Mgmt </li></ul><ul><li>ICT – hardware, data, networks, software </li></ul><ul><li>Built Environment – green design /construction /retrofitting residential , industrial, commercial , public . Green transportation (rail/air/road), overhaul of infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing Cycle – ‘cradle to grave’ , reassessing manufacturing processes, recycling materials, no waste </li></ul>
  41. 41. Indirect <ul><ul><li>Law/ Policy/Regulation /Certification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Banking, Financial Services and Insurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Relations/Media/IT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education / Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retail / Hospitality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sales / Marketing / Consultancy Services </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. Irish Green Jobs? <ul><li>Potential to create up to 80,000 jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Develop an innovation-based green enterprise sector </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental goods and services market $2.8 billion in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Green procurement; renewable energy and providing energy efficiency; green enterprise zones; green R&D, waste management and water and waste water treatment. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Training and Upskilling <ul><li>New skills requirements will demand new dedicated specialisms </li></ul><ul><li>Need for Computing, Electronics, Environmental, Electrical and Mechanical engineering disciplines </li></ul><ul><li>Continue collaboration between industry and academic institutions in relation to course design and content </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate placement should be encouraged </li></ul><ul><li>R & D potential of HEI’s should be recognised to design, develop and commercialise environmental goods and services </li></ul>
  44. 44. Values Interests Personality Skills Know what’s out there Take stock Get there Make a choice Know yourself Employment Further Study Year out Entrepreneurship Job Hunt Application process Organise year out Start business Internship/grad prog Reflection on journey to date Occupational profiles Labour market information Information Interview Work experience Job shadowing
  45. 45. “ A survey of successful job hunters revealed that the most successful job seekers spent time talking to people in various businesses and organisations before they began actively seeking job interviews” Richard Bolles: “What Colour is your Parachute?”
  46. 46. Will you? (Attitude & Motivations) Values and Interests Personality Skills Will you fit? (into the company culture and objectives) Can you? (Skills & Abilities)
  47. 47.
  48. 48. Create your own journey
  49. 49. “ To be employed is to be at risk, to be employable is to be secure” Peter Hawkins

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