USGS Wildfire Hazards

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USGS Wildfire Hazards

  1. 1. .; ~ I / " .1--I’ l 7 1!’ , ; 1.» l , 5,. V / .7’ "_ _ "A v_ n i -' ‘ . i ‘i= ‘i F n 1'. 5' . r. 1'3 i ,7 1 ‘ «I I 1 i I : -:§__ E mfi re‘ gazards Copyright USGS http: //pubs. usgs. govIfsl2006/
  2. 2. Liooati-one with wildfiriessyivg/ /“ >259 acres from 19802:? ” 2003 Copyright USGS 2 http: //pubs. usgs. govIfsl2006/
  3. 3. uses w,5Jjs I (V, I l » i As an unbiased, multi-disciplinary science organization that focuses on biology, geography, geology, geospatial informatl' and water, we are dedicated to the timely, relevant, and impartial study of the landscape, our natural resources, and the natural hazards that threaten us. Learn more about our goals and priorities for the coming decade in ow Science Strategy. http: //www. usgs. g>v/
  4. 4. USGS - . ..and Google Earth 0 http: l/www. youtube. comlwatch? v=jHBzOxdb- - . ... and Wildfires 0 http: IIwww. youtube. comlwatch? v=wbEEsDuNdu8 0 Much much more on YouTube Copyriylt USGS 4 http: //pubs. usgs. govIfs/2006/
  5. 5. What’s the real th 0 More people living in outskirts of i society 0 Increased threat to life and property - Where in particular? 0 Where native ecosystems meet developments 0 Around Russellville, what does that mean? * Mountainous Terrain - Marina Road, Lake Dardenelle, Mount Nebo State Park (any state park) copyright uses http: //pubs. usgs. govIfs/2006/
  6. 6. Mother Nature 0 Suppressing Fires Bad 0 This can lead to worse fires due- the buildup of vegetation and plant communitites. Copyriyit USGS 6 http: I/pubs. usgs. govIfs/2006/
  7. 7. Secondary Efiectsgg . g , r I. I - Erosion from rain - Mudslides - Introduction of invasive species - Changes in water quality - can kill off aquatic wildlife - run off is toxic to water Copyriylt USGS http: //pubs. usgs. govIfs/2006/
  8. 8. US Geological So I 0 USGS provides tools and information by: — - Identifying wildfire risks - Ways to reduce wildfire hazards 0 Providing real-time firefighting support - Assessing the aftermath of wlldfl res , ,,, ,,, ,,9,, , Uses , http: //pubs. usgs. govII‘s/2006/
  9. 9. USGS Science Pri 0 Conduct research on previous wildfires 1 - Ignition sources - Burn severity pattems 0 Season of burning 0 Fire size Copyriylt USGS 9 http: //pubs. usgs. govIfs/2006/
  10. 10. USGS Science Priqfff 1 I > 0 Study the effects of postfire i runoff and erosion on aquatic — ecosystems and species Copyriylt USGS 1 0 http: //pubs. usgs. govIfs/2006/
  11. 11. 0 Expand the ability to monitor and provide early warnings — using - new technology - sensor webs 0 satellite technology Copyriylt USGS 1 1 http: //pubs. usgs. govIfs/2006/
  12. 12. Why research hist i . fire patterns? 0 Study their size 0 How they started — - How hot they burned 0 What time of year they occurred Copyriyit USGS 1 2 http: //pubs. usgs. govII‘s/2006/
  13. 13. Other kewl resear; l Developing methods to monitor th effectiveness of treatments to reduce fuel buildup The effects of wildfire on wildlife The ecological effects of feuI- reduction measures Postfire rehabilitation treatments Copyriyit USGS http: //pubs. usgs. govIfs/2006/ 13
  14. 14. Who Uses This lnfor 0 Land Managers - Emergency Managers in — resource allocation - The Scientific Community 0 Insurance Companies Copyriylt USGS 14 http: //pubs. usgs. govIfs/2006/
  15. 15. Minimize Risks 0 Use this information to 0 Determine fire risk - - Plan fuel treatments - Develop emergency response plans copyriyut USGS 1 5 http: I/pubs. usgs. govIfs/2006/
  16. 16. 0 To aid land managers in developing plans to minimize wildfire threats 1 before they occur 0 FPI depicts the wildfire potential for 0 Forests 0 Shrublands 0 grasslands Copyriylt USGS 1 6 http: //pubs. usgs. govIfs/2006/
  17. 17. / . I . .: :* * “ ‘- » I ~~~’--‘ 2 » , 1 , I I . I ; , I ! I ‘2 0 FPI maps use satellite-derived information to assess the — impact of vegetation on fire danger - Updated daily to reflect changing weather conditions - Used in daily wildfire decision C ‘QHUSGS 17 http: //pubs. usgs. govIfs/2006/
  18. 18. FPI WFAS developers have been working on a process to use seven day forecasts from the National Weather Service to estimate future fire danger. These fi danger forecasts are being produced at 6:00 A Mountain Time each day for the current day and the next six days. Images of the forecast Energy Release Component for Fuel Model 6 are currently being provided and future enhancements will offer more indices, components and fuel moistures as well as more comprehensive analysis tools. http: Ilwww. wfas. netlcomponentloption, com_frontpageIltemid,1I 18
  19. 19. GeoMAC 0 Monitors the risk of actively burning wildfires — - Internet based mapping tool 0 Provides a national view of current wildfire situations to 0 Fire Managers 0 The Public copyriylt USGS 1 9 http: //pubs. usgs. govIfs/2006/
  20. 20. - g V I-*‘<: ~: GeoMAC . y II. /fl, . <3 0 Provides the most current wildfire information avaiIabIe! — 0 How important is real time data in decision making for emergency managers? Copyriylt USGS 20 http: //pubs. usgs. govIfs/2006/
  21. 21. geowmfl The Geospatial l‘. 'lulti-Agency Coordination Group or Geolfl! -". C, is an internet-based mapping application originally designed for fire managers to access online maps of current fire locations and perimeters in the conterminous 48 States and Alaska. Using a standard web browser, fire personnel can view this information to pinpoint the affected areas. With -the growing concern of western wildland fires in the summer of .2000, this application has also become available to the public. We hope that you find this important information both timely and helpful. 21
  22. 22. LAN on RE 1 Iv’ 0 LANDFIRE is a multipartner wildfires, ecosystem, and fuel— mapping projects. 0 LANDFIRE data support for 0 Fuels treatments - Incident response - Postfire recovery actions - Effective monitorin Copyriyit USG 22 http: //pubs. usgs. govIfs/2006/
  23. 23. LAN DFIRE - LANDFIRE, also known as the Landscape {Fire and Resource Management Planning Tools Project, is a five-year, multi-partner project producing - consistent and comprehensive maps and data describing vegetation, wildland fuel, and fire regimes across the United States. It is a shared project between the wildland fire management programs of the U. S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service and U. S. Department of the Interior. The project has four components: the LANDFIRE Prototype, LANDFIRE Rapid Assessment, LANDFIRE National, and Training/ Technology Transfer. http: lIwww. Iandflre. govI 23
  24. 24. FPI, GeoMAC, LA 0 How much information needed? For What? — 0 Does using multiple systems create confusion? - Any integration between the three? 0 Information Overload? Copyriynt USGS 24 http: //pubs. usgs. gov/ ts/2006/
  25. 25. After the fire is go? 0 Post fire disaster is devastating 0 Erosion - 0 Landslides - Debris flows - altered water quality c. .., .a, ,.. . uses 25 http: I/pubs. usgs. govIfs/2006/
  26. 26. Erosion 0 The risk of floods and debris flows increases due to the — exposure of bare ground and the loss of vegetation. copyriyut USGS 26 http: I/pubs. usgs. govIfs/2006/
  27. 27. USGS Rapid Deploy - - Data-Collection Net 0 Provide critical information for postfire flood and debris flow — warning 0 Provide critical information on the response of the eroded, burned areas Copyriyit USGS 27 http: //pubs. usgs. gov/ fs/2006/
  28. 28. What does this do j 1 ‘ - This information helps emergency management — officials with - Emergency response - Postfire mitigation 0 Rehabilitation planning Copyriylt USGS 28 http: //pubs. usgs. govIfs/2006/
  29. 29. uses Wildfire Sciq5;; ;"} This is an integral part of the Federal Government mission t— protect life, property and natural resources during all phases of a fire BEFORE DURING AFTER Copyriyit USGS 29 http: //pubs. usgs. govIfs/2006/
  30. 30. Field Exercise dueb ~ A X in lieu of class Tfitt ’' W; I ' . - You can do by yourself or with one other person — but no more. — - Follow the exact steps found on http: IIwww. itm-info. comI| otoIimagosl‘fonn. pdf - Explain what the number means - Recommend redirection actions to be taken to minimize fire risks. - Write-up 1 page report, Single spaced, font 12, Times New Roman due in class Tuesday Oct. 28. 30
  31. 31. Steps to follow for” Assessment! ‘ Here is the link where the — instructions can be located! http: //www. itm-irio. com/ Iote/ images/ form. pdf 31

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