Institutional manadates, gaps & barriers mole xxiii confernce

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•Effective performance of Sector Institutions highly
dependent on Government financing among other
factors
•More and more people are migrating to urban areas
thus putting much stress on WASH facilities
•Challenges confronting the urban WASH sub-sector
requires concerted effort
•The presentation focuses more on raising the issues
with few recommendations

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Institutional manadates, gaps & barriers mole xxiii confernce

  1. 1. MOLE XXIII CONFERNCEINSTITUTIONAL MANDATES, GAPS AND Whitbread the company… BARRIERS IN THE URBAN WASH SUB- SECTORA Desk Study Research under the USAID- WSUP/ACF Programme Presented by: Jesse Coffie Danku, WaterAid in Ghana 24th August 2012 1
  2. 2. Presentation outline•Introduction Whitbread the company…•The WSUP/ACF Programme•Research outcomes•Conclusions & Recommendations 2
  3. 3. Introduction•Effective performance of Sector Institutions highlydependent on Government financing among otherfactors Whitbread migrating to urban areas•More and more people are the company…thus putting much stress on WASH facilities•Challenges confronting the urban WASH sub-sectorrequires concerted effort•The presentation focuses more on raising the issueswith few recommendations 3
  4. 4. Introduction-The urban challenge Urban Population in Developing Countries Without Access to Improved Water and Sanitation 1000 Whitbread the company… 800millions 600 water 400 sanitation 200 0 1990 2006 2015 4
  5. 5. Overview of WSUP/ACF Program• Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP)/African Cities for the Future (ACF) is a multi‐country program developed to test effective and innovative partnerships between communities, civil society organizations, local service providers, government and other stakeholders Whitbread the company… in increasing equitable access to improved water and sanitation for the urban poor in six cities of five countries in sub‐Saharan Africa.• To improve the lives of the urban poor in developing countries by strengthening the capacity of local service providers and others to provide sustainable water and sanitation services, promote good hygiene and raise the health and environmental standards of the community.”• The program is designed to unblock key barriers to delivering water and sanitation services to the urban poor and• WSUP Sub-grantees are WaterAid, Care and Building Partnerships for Development (BPD) 5
  6. 6. Objectives of the ACF ProgramCreating an enabling environment for Documenting andpro‐poor water supply and sanitation disseminating learningimprovements through the from implementationestablishment and strengthening of projects through sharing atmulti‐stakeholder institutional local, national, regional andarrangements international levelsDelivering comprehensive demand driven Developing plans andprograms of targeted capacity building budgets for implementationfor all project stakeholders including at scale in each citycommunities, civil society, local privateand public service providers andgovernment regulatory authorities Explicitly addressing womens needs and to engage both men andDemonstrating affordable and women in more equitablesustainable access to water supply participation within theand sanitation services to the urban urban WASH sub-sectorpoor 6
  7. 7. In Whitbread the company… Institutional Mandates, Gaps and Barriers Institutional Mandates, Gaps and Barriers 7
  8. 8. Objective of Study Whitbread the company…In overall terms, the assessmentsought to undertake stakeholderanalysis in the WASH sector and to document list of institutions and their mandates, gaps 8
  9. 9. Specific ObjectivesTo undertake a documentation To identify and analyze gaps in pro-poorof the mandates of key regulation, pro-poor initiatives, pro-poor Whitbread the company…institutions, governmentbodies or designated service policies and strategies as well as equity and inclusion issues within the urbanproviders with some WASH sub-sectorresponsibility for WASHservice delivery in Ghana To identify and analyze barriers in delivering services to the urban poor,To identify and analyze gapsarising out of the institutional To provide policy recommendations formandates improving WASH delivery services for urban poor in Ghana 9
  10. 10. Methodology and Approach Whitbread the company… 10
  11. 11. Target Institutions Ministry of Water Water Directorate (WD) Private Sector Resources, Works & Housing (MWRWH) Environmental Health & Academic/Research Sanitation Directorate Institutions • Ministry of Local (EHSD) Government & Rural Development (MLGRD) • CSO Networks & NGOs Ghana Water Company Limited (GWCL/GUWL) • Ministry of Finance & Economic Planning (MoFEP) • Metropolitan & Municipal Assemblies (MMAs) • Donors • Waste management • Public Utility Regulatory Department (WMD) Commission 11
  12. 12. Whitbread the company…Research Findings 12
  13. 13. Institutional Gaps and Barriers to Pro-poor WASH Access in Urban Areas GAP BARRIERSMWRWH Ineffective inter-institutional •Limited clear legal and regulatory framework coordination, harmonization •Inadequate allocation of resources for urban WASH service provision and collaboration as well as •Lack of funds to replace obsolete equipment to keep pace with increasing urban monitoring and evaluation of water demand urban water service provision •Emergence of more slum areas which are not recognized by government to feature in development plans Ineffective inter-institutional • Inadequate allocation of resources for sanitation services, both at national coordination, harmonization and district level and collaboration as well as • Lack of formally constituted sanitation sub-sector in the governmentalMLGRD monitoring and evaluation of system of sector development planning urban water service provision • Lack of adequate professional manpower • Inadequate sector-wide standards for service provision • Non-enforcement • Lack of final treatment and disposal facilities • Unsustainable financing services with increasing burden on public resources Inadequate Government •Low priority given to WASHMoFEP funding for urban WASH sub-sector 13
  14. 14. Institutional Gaps and Barriers to Pro-poor WASH Access in Urban Areas GAP BARRIERS  PURC Inability to deal with Inability to deal with consumer complaints consumer complaints  Limited presence at the Regional Level  Limited presence at the Regional Level  Inadequate funding for  Inadequate data on challenges of urban poor areasDONOR pro-poor urban WASH  Illegality associated with some urban poor settlements initiatives  Lack of comprehensive operational framework to guide sustained financing and implementation of urban WASH services  No approved sector strategic plan  Limited clear legal and regulatory framework  Weak coordination and  Inadequate allocation of resources for urban service provisionMWRWH harmonization of sector activities  Lack of funds to replace obsolete equipment to keep pace with  No finalized framework for sector- increasing urban water demand wide monitoring  Emergence of more slum areas which are not recognized by government to feature in development plans  Weak coordination and harmonization of sector  Inadequate staffing levels at the national activities level  EHSD No finalized framework for sector-wide monitoring Inadequate funding and logistical support  Slow pace to fully operationalise Metropolitan/Municipal from parent ministry for activities Environmental Sanitation Strategic Action Plans (MESSAPs) in all MMDAs  Poor regulation and enforcement of legislation 14
  15. 15. Institutional Gaps and Barriers to Pro-poor WASH Access in Urban Areas GAP BARRIERS  WASH is not prioritized in Medium  Water delivery in urban areas is not a core mandate of MMAs MMAs Term Development Plans (MTDPs)  Inadequate human and financial resources  Inability to generate and store data  Inadequate capacity of available staff in specialized areas as well as track WASH coverage  Indistinctly defined boundaries of urban areas, especially MMA to help in planning capitals, by MLGRD. This has led to ambiguity in institutional  Lack of comprehensive framework mandate for GWCL/GUWL and CWSA on WASH service provision on provision of WASH services in in small towns (peripheral communities) around MMA capital pro-poor slums in urban centres towns/cities.  Inability to enforce regulations on  Lack of financial and human resources sanitation activities  Low priority given to sanitation delivery in plans WMD  Ineffective coordination of service  Land tenure arrangement mitigating against solid waste disposal providers sites  Weak planning • Lack of final treatment and disposal facilities • Unsustainable financing services with increasing burden on public resources  Over concentration of training of  Lack of financial and human resources RESEARCH human resource on water to the Low priority given to sanitation delivery in plans INST detriment of sanitation  Inability to disseminate research findings on urban WASH service levels 15
  16. 16. Institutional Gaps and Barriers to Pro-poor WASH Access in Urban Areas BARRIERS GAP  High costs of services  Lack of a robust monitoring framework for private sector actors SECTORPRIVATE  Low quality service provision Regulatory frameworks not fully enforced  Limited technical competencies to deal with complex urban water supply systems  Some interventions delivered are  Lack of a harmonized service delivery approachNETWORKS unsustainable  Inadequate knowledge on appropriate pro-poor urban WASH CSOs/  Inadequate pro-poor initiatives service delivery models 16
  17. 17. ConclusionsThis assessment has identified the following as keygaps/barriers in pro-poor regulation and initiatives: Whitbreadplans/strategies•Inadequate financing of Institutional the company…•Ineffective inter-institutional coordination, harmonization and collaboration aswell as monitoring and evaluation of urban water service provision•Limited consultations with stakeholders and beneficiaries on WASH issuesand regulations•Absence of platforms for engagement between service providers and citizenson WASH issues•Emergence of more slum areas which are not recognized by government tofeature in development plans•Lack of comprehensive plans to service poor people living at the periphery ofurban areas 17
  18. 18. Recommendations•The government of Ghana through the Ministry of Finance and EconomicPlanning, MWRWH and MLGRD need to accelerate the provision of WASH Whitbread the company…through sustainable financing mechanisms•The need for policy documents to recognize low-income populations andfactor in pro-poor programming•Regulatory frameworks need strengthening•More involvement of end users in WASH programming•Comprehensive mapping required to clearly establish geographicalcoverage of mandated institutions•Increased capacity of relevant institutions for coordination and monitoring•Increased documentation and knowledge management•Advocacy for pro-poor considerations at all levels of interventions 18
  19. 19. Thank you!Thank you! 19

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