Coniwas annual report 2011


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Coniwas annual report 2011

  1. 1. Coalition of NGOs in Water and Sanitation (CONIWAS) Annual Programme Report 2011
  2. 2. 1.0 IntroductionThe Coalition of NGOs in Water and Sanitation (CONIWAS) is an umbrella Civil Society Organization (CSO) established to contribute to waterresource management and sustainable provision of water and sanitation services and hygiene promotion services in Ghana. It’s dedicated to ensuringpotable water supply and improved sanitation integrated with hygiene promotion is available in right quantity and right time to citizens of the country,especially the poor and marginalized groups in society. Formed in 2003, CONWAS has provided and continues to provide space for WASH sectorNGOs to engage themselves as well as the government and other sector organizations on issues affecting the sector. CONIWAS acts as a mouthpiecefor over 50 member constituents where it derives its strength. The Network provides a forum for CSO coordination and involvement in debates andinformation exchange to influence policy decisions and strategies affecting the WASH sector. It seeks to initiate, develop and maintain collaborativemechanisms among CSOs working in Ghana and Africa by enhancing communication on matters relating to WASH. It updates members onnational and international WASH initiatives, policies and strategies and best practices relevant to the Ghanaian scenario.CONIWAS has the following vision and missions: Water and Sanitation for All for Development through Collective actionThe Mission is: “Working in partnership with sector players to influence policies, remove barriers and promote access to potable water, sanitation and improved hygiene for all especially the poor and vulnerable.”CONIWAS works to achieve the following goals:  Building partnerships with relevant stakeholders in order to increase access to water and sanitation for the poor and vulnerable in urban, peri –urban and rural areas.  Demonstrating and stimulating ways of scaling up through members the delivery of sustainable and equitable water, sanitation and hygiene promotion within the context of national policy environment  Creating strong and effective advocacy platforms towards influencing policy and enabling marginalized populations develop a voice.  Building knowledge and developing capacity of relevant stakeholders in the water and sanitation sector in Ghana.  Establishing mechanisms for ensuring sustainability of CONIWAS as an institution, and its contribution to the sector.The mission will be achieved by:  Deepening existing partnership relations with existing partners whilst at the same time defining and developing new alliances and partnership to achieve the mission. The choice of new partners will be determined by the context (extent of marginalization), type of interventions planned (advocacy vs. service delivery or type of expertise needed)  Demonstrating and stimulating ways of scaling up through members the delivery of sustainable and equitable water, sanitation and hygiene promotion within the context of national policy environment.  Investigating barriers to sustainable and equitable water, sanitation and hygiene promotion service delivery. This will include making evidence-based arguments for the improvement of the decentralized delivery of those services. 2
  3. 3. 2.0 Programs Implemented and OutcomesProgrammes implemented were categorized the main programme domains Governance and Accountability, Research and Advocacy, Partnershipsand Collaboration and Organizational Development.2.1 Governance and Accountability ProgrammeProjects and activities implemented focused on creating space for citizens to demand for improved WASH Services in their communities. Twoprojects delivered under this domain were Citizen’s Demand for Improved Water Services in Obuasi and Kanda Cluster of Schools Projects in Accraa) Citizen’s Demand for Improved Water Services in ObuasiObuasi is one of the single largest mining communities in Ghana. The town has seen greater expansion in settlement without a correspondentexpansion in utility provision, in this case, water. Most of the suburbs, especially the peripheries, and the slums do not have adequate access topotable supply. The services are intermittent and flow is irregular. However, no mechanism was established to collect and collate consumers’complains and address them. A project was initiated in 2010 where people from the slums and other suburbs engaged the Service Provider, AVRL todemand for improved services. The engagement was aimed at promoting community participation in urban water service delivery and creating aplatform for community/service provider engagement for improved water supply services. Issues discussed included water quality, irregular suppliesof water, high billing costs and cost of connections. Community Score Card was the main social accountability tool used to facilitate this process. Theresults were series of actions to be taken by the provider to enhance service delivery to the communities. This year’s project was therefore a follow-up to assess the extent to which the action plan was implemented and whether it resulted in improved water provision to the communities. At themeeting were the representatives of the suburbs, Ghana Urban Water Limited (GUWL), and Public Utility Regulatory Commission (PURC). At theend of the meeting, there were indications that the quality of water to households has improved dramatically and this was attributed to regular flushingof the pipelines. In addition, the main pipeline was replaced with a new one which has bigger diameter. This enhanced flow of water and increasedhousehold Citizens/Service Providers Engagement Citizen Making her Point at the Engagement Meeting 3
  4. 4. b. Kanda Cluster of Schools ProjectIt is estimated that about 60% of public schools in Ghana do not have adequatelatrine facilities and 40% lacked access to potable water. Schools which have somelevel of access are challenged by their ability to operate and maintain the physical Some of the Problems Associated with WASH Services in the Schoolinfrastructure. This project, which was limited in scope, was initiated to access  lack of water though the toilets are water closets CleanlinessWASH Governance and Functionality of WASH Services in Public Schools and of the toiletsKanda Cluster of Schools was the target school. There are seven basic schools in  An untidy toilet is a health hazard to us as pupils and makesone compound with 1,700 pupils with 68 pupils/per drop hole. Using Community us feel uncomfortable to use the toilets especially with urineScore Card Processes, Parents (represented by the Parent Teacher Association - and sanitary pads on the floor of the toilet;PTA), pupils represented by 30 children and 6 Teachers were engaged in the final  Inadequate dustbins for waste collectedprocess of the assessment. Based on the assessment and discussion which ensued  Inadequate separate toilet facilities for boys and girls  Toilet seats were brokenduring the interface meeting, there was a general agreement that toilet and water  Not every child/pupil can use the water closetfacilities in the school are not adequate and the quality needs much to be desired.  Poor lightening in the toilets and therefore pupils especiallyThere were several dimensions with respect to quality, quantity, and level of usage. girls feel insecureThis was summarized by one of the representatives of the girls, ‘’Yes, we agree that  Inadequate privacy especially for girls because the toiletsthe facilities are bad. The irregular flow of water in the school toilet, we don’t like could not be closed from inside. “e.g., boys coming in to spyit. We need the facilities to be worked upon.’’ on the girls”  No toiletries are provided for use by the pupils  The does not encourage pupils to use the toilet. .Some of the governance and transparency issue raised was how much of the  Lack of maintenance of the physical infrastructure: e.g.,capitation grant is used by the School authorities for WASH Services provision broken toilet, seats, water pots and cracked walls.including operation and maintenance, what does the school authorities use  Inadequate Handwashing stand with soap and running watercollection from morning devotions and what role does the PTA plays in ensuringServices are adequately provided. Issues for advocacy and policy recommendation included: • Increase in the Capitation Grant because GHC150 is not enough to run a school including the provision good sanitation and hygiene services • Need for user education to be provided to the pupils • Every new school building should have an WASH Facilities as integral part of the infrastructure. • Who has the responsibility of cleaning the school facilities? Is it the children or hired attendants? • There is a need for the headmasters, PTAs and SMCs to start meeting to discuss some of these issues at hand PTA Member Scoring WASH Services Provisions in Schools 4
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  6. 6. 2.2 Research and AdvocacyThis programme domain focused on engaging Sector stakeholders and the Media on pertinent issues affecting the Sector. The projects implementedwere Mole XXII Conference, Media Engagement on the Performance on Aqua Vitans Rand Limited (AVRL) within the context of Management Contract for operating and managing urban water supply and 2011 Budget Analysis a) Mole XXII Conference Mole Conference offers the biggest Multi-Stakeholder annual platforms in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) sector in Ghana. The Platform, named after the venue of the maiden edition, Mole in the Northern Region of Ghana, is organized by the Coalition of NGOs in Water and Sanitation (CONIWAS) and brings together sector practitioners from NGOs, Government, Private Operators, Networks, CBOs, CSOs, etc. to dialogue, learn and share knowledge/information on specific themes that affect the sector. This year’s conference was on the theme “Towards Decentralized WASH Services Delivery: Challenges and Lessons.” The four days meeting had one hundred fifty eight participants representing government, NGOs, development partners, traditional leaders and the private sector. This took place from 9th-13th August 2011. The conference scope covered Governance, Accountability and Aid Effectiveness in the WASH sector; Dealing with long term financing for small town systems; Oil and Gas and its implications in the WASH sector; Scaling up Sanitation and Hygiene- The CLTS factor; and, Innovation/New Initiative in the WASH Sector. The conference came outwith many recommendations including a seventeen point communiqué. See communiqué at 6
  7. 7. b) Policy Dialogues – Human Rights to WASH ServicesOn July 28, 2010, the UN General Assembly adopted a historic The Scope of the Right to Water and SanitationResolution 64/292 resolution (General Assembly ) recognizing access toclean water and sanitation as a human right by a vote of 122 in favor, The Right to Water and Sanitation as stated in Human Rightsnone against, and 41 abstentions. Ghana voted in favor. On September Council Resolution 15/9 covers the following:30, 2010, the U.N. Human Rights Council affirmed the existence of thehuman rights to safe drinking water and sanitation under international 1. Sufficient water: Water supply for each person that is sufficientlaw, in what is called the Human Rights Council declaration and continuous for personal and domestic uses, which normallyResolution15/9, leading to the Human Rights Council resolution include drinking, personal sanitation, washing of clothes, food preparation, personal and household hygiene.A/HCR/15/L.14. These two legal instruments combined to make the 2. .Clean water: Safe water that, in particular, is free fromhuman right to water and sanitation legally-binding. The right to water hazardous substances that could endanger human health, andentitles everyone to sufficient, safe, acceptable, physically accessible and whose colour, odour and taste are acceptable to users.affordable water for personal and domestic uses. The Right to sanitation 3. Accessible water and sanitation: Water and water andentitles everyone to an improved and safe, decent and affordable source sanitation services and facilities that are accessible within, orof sanitation. The Councils resolution helps those denied the right to in the immediate vicinity, of each household, educationalwater and sanitation to hold governments to account. institution and workplace, and which are in a secure location and address the needs of different groups, inTwo major platforms, one for WASH Sector Journalist and the other particular threats to the physical security of women collectingWASH Sector stakeholders to sensitize them on the Human Rights to water.WASH issues as well as to build support to reinforce a Memorandum 4. Affordable water and sanitation: Both the direct and indirectwhich had been sent to the Ghana Constitutional Review Committee for costs of securing water and sanitation should not reduce anythe inclusion of Rights to WASH to the on-going constitutional review. persons capacity to acquire other essential goods and services, including food, housing, health services and education.The Platforms discussed and agreed on the role of the various sectorstakeholders in ensuring that the Rights to WASH is achieved. c) Sector Monitoring and Media Engagement – Performance AVRLCONIWAS strategy has been to engage the vibrant media sector as part of its platforms to make information available to the general public and tohelp them make informed decision. CONIWAS’ through this process shared its position on the future direction of urban water supply in Ghana, andparticularly, the fate of the Management Contract between Ghana Water Company Limited (GWCL) and Aqua Vitens Rand Limited (VRL) as thecontract rolled to an end in June 2011. AVRL under a management contract signed in 2006 had a responsibility of ensuring efficient and effectivedelivery of water supply to the urban citizenry. CONIWAS called for a non-renewal of the contract on grounds of non-performance in relation toagreed performance indicators and targets.CONIWAS also of the view that the new company, Ghana Urban Water Limited which was put in place to perform the functions of AVRL underthe management contract was not necessary because the staff and management were part of the Ghana Water Company Limited. The GUWL was tooperate as a “Special Purpose Vehicle” for one year by which time the government would have put in place a long-term institutional arrangement foreffective delivery of urban water. 7
  8. 8. d) Sector Monitoring and Media Engagement - WAHS Sector Budget AnalysisAs a follow up to government on its commitment to the SWA, CONIWAS conducted an assessment which concluded that government was indeedmeeting about 45% of its commitments to the SWA. The assessment further indicated that the WASH Sector budget constituted about 3% of thetotal budget for 2011 fiscal year and donors are contribution a little over 90% to the WASH Sector budget. CONIWAS called to government to putinto action, its commitments. (Reference to Public agenda, 28th April, 2011 and 12 May 2011, also on a follow-up to the above call, CONIWAS has submitted a memorandum to the Ministry of Finance to advocate for an increase in WASHallocation in the 2012 budget. CONIWAS together with Sector stakeholders has initiated a process of undertaking a comprehensive assessment ofthe SWA Compact to determine the extent to which the Government and Development Partners are meeting the Commitment in the Compact. Theresult is also expected to help the country develop its proposal and commitment toward the 2012 HLM in April. CONIWAS Executives/Members at Media Engagement on Urban Water Supply e) World Water Day (White Balloon Day)CONIWAS used the occasion of World Water to draw attention of the government and WASH Sector stakeholders about the WASH situations inpublic Basic Schools in the Country. The event was celebrated in two locations – Agona Nkwanta, near Takoradi and Teshie Cluster of Schools.CONIWAS in collaboration with GLONEHDO organized a White Balloon Day to mark World Water Day for selected schools from Teshie-White Balloons filled with air were distributed to the kids. The size of each balloon signifies the minimum quantum of water required by each pupilto ensure effective hygiene delivery in the schools. About three thousand kids participated in this programme. 8
  9. 9. 2.3. Partnerships and CollaborationPartnering sector agencies, development partners, international organisations, platforms and networks has been one of the programme strategies anddomain for CONIWAS. During the period under review CONIWAS enhanced its partnership and collaboration with state institutions as theEnvironmental Health and Sanitation Directorate/Ministries of Local Government and Rural Development (EHSD/MLGRD), WaterDirectorate/Ministry of Water Resource Works and Housing (WD/MWRWH), the Community Water and Sanitation Agency (CWSA) and theWater Resources Commission (WRC). CONIWAS participated in a number of activities implemented by these institutions. CONIWAS isrepresented by its members on the Boards of WRC and CWSA and on the National Environmental Sanitation Policy Council (NESPoC)CONIWAS has good working relations with WASH Sector Development Partners (DPs) and International NGOs and has participated in theirprogrammes and projects. The DPs have provided both financial and technical support to projects implemented by CONIWAS. DANIDA,UNICEF, European Union and CIDA have been a long standing partner of CONIWAS, providing support for both operations and administrationsand projects like Mole Conference. CONIWAS also partners International NGOs like WaterAid in Ghana, Relief International, World Vision,KASA/CARE Ghana, International Budget Partnership (IBP), SEND Ghana, to mention just a few. CONIWAS work at the national level on theWater and Sanitation Sector Working Group, National Technical Working Group on Sanitation and Hand Washing among others.At the international level CONIWAS is still a member of ANEW and participates in ANEW programmes and meetings. CONIWAS also partnersFresh Water Network, End Water Poverty, Center for Housing Rights and Eviction (COHRE).As part of its advocacy agenda CONIWAS seeks to influence and learn from platforms. During the period under review CONIWAS worked withNatural Resource and Environment Governance (NREG), Oil and Gas Platform, Mining, Fisheries and Aid Effectiveness Platforms.2.4 Direct WASH Services DeliveryThis programme domain involves collection and coordination of reports from CONIWAS members with respect to making WASH servicesavailable to people, especially the poor and marginalised. This mainly considers number of facilities constructed including CLTS, hygiene promotionsessions conducted and the number reached with the service provision. In table 1 below are reports from some CONIWAS Members Oboomma Rural Action Program (ORAP)Location District of operation Water facilities People Is WATSAN CLTS communities entered Number constructed reached formed triggered Source of fundingKwahu South 600 Yes Water AidBeta 1367Gamma 522 STRONG TOWER FOUNDATION-HOELocation District of operation Water facilities People reached Sanitation facilities Number of people constructed constructed reached 9
  10. 10. HO RuralKPANDO RuralHOHOE RuralNORTH TOGNU RuralAKATSI RuralKETU Rural2.4 Organisation DevelopmentThis programme domains capture information on organisation capacity development including activities aimed strengthening and sustaining theSecretariat and Membership, training for member organisation, management of the secretariat, coordination of membership programmes andactivities a) Training - Harmonizing Tools for Community Engagement in Budget Analysis and Public Expenditure TrackingTo ensure that CONIWAS continues to work towards achieving its objectives, and effectively monitor the sector, CONIWAS organized training forits members. The focus of the training was to harmonize tools used for citizen’s engagements so as to improve on these exercises. b) Training - Budget Analysis and Public Expenditure TrackingAs part of an effort to decentralize budget analysis and public expenditure tracking to members at Regional and District levels, a training programmewas implemented by selected members who were working public sector budgets at the district level. Members received training budget analysis andpublic expenditure tracking. The training was implemented in conjunction with SEND Ghana and was supported by the World Bank c) Exchange ProgrammeA staff at the Secretariat went on an Exchange Programme with NETWAS, an equivalent of CONIWAS in Uganda. This programme was under theauspices of IRC of Netherlands and it is aimed at training African Young Professional in WASH-related issues. A Staff of NETWAS is also with theSecretariat. The programme which is for 10 months is expected to end in August 2012. d) Strategic Planning ProcessCONIWAS in 2011 started the process of reviewing its Strategic Plan. This end result is expected in first quarter of 2012. The Strategic Plan willprovide a frame of reference for CONIWAS’ programmes and projects e) Secretariat ManagementThe Secretariat has not seen significant change in its activities and programmes. However, it witnessed increased in workload with the absence of theProgramme Officer who was an Exchange Programme in Uganda. The Secretariat occasionally received staff support from member organisation staff3.0 Programme and Operation Financing 10
  11. 11. Two major financing arrangements were required by the Secretariat – financing operations and administration of the Secretariat and Programmes ofCONIWAS. a) Operations and Administration FinancingThis was mainly required to manage and run day-to-day operations and administration of the Secretariat and to service members. It included staffcosts, vehicle running and maintenance, utilities, including communication and rent. Financing these expenses was expected to come from Members’contribution/dues. In the past substantial support came from DANIDA but this came to end in 2010, when DANIDA ended its investments andsupport to WASH Sector in Ghana, including support to CONIWAS. The last of quarter of the year presented very challenging times as theSecretariat found it difficult to meet is administrative and operation costs. This was compounded by the fact that some of the financiers of the MoleXXII Conference could meet their commitments. CONIWAS was therefore compelled to make up the differences from its own coffers. Anotherchallenge is that Membership dues/contributions about 20% of the Secretariat Expenses and therefore inadequate. b) Programme/Project FinancingProgramme/Project financing relates specifically direct funding of projects and these, during 2011 came from donors. Consequently, all projectsimplemented in the year under review had some level of Funding. Most of the Advocacy, Media Engagement, Governance and TransparencyProjects were funded under the GTF programme with WaterAid in Ghana. WaterAid in Ghana and European Union supported the review of theStrategic Plan. CIDA, DANIDA, WaterAid in Ghana, UNICEF, GWCL/CWSA/WD, Polytank, and many others supported the implementation ofthe Mole XXII Conference. Training programmes were supported by International Budget Partnership and the World Bank.Whilst project funding helped CONIWAS to implement its programmes and projects, it was limited in terms of support to the Secretariat. With theexception of WaterAid in Ghana who supported about a staff cost and about 10% of the administrative costs, none of the funders supported therunning of the Secretariat.4.0 Financial Reporting (Audit Report)5.0 ChallengesTwo major challenges confronted the Coalition during the period under review. As stated above, financing operations and administration presented aserious challenge to the Secretariat and affected its performance and responses to the needs of members and other Sector Stakeholders. This resultedin limited interactions with Secretariat including the Zonal Coordinators with the Membership. The Secretariat was unable to collect, collate andcoordinate the activities of the Members at all levels and this was also as a results of funding limitations. 11