Concha y Toro's icon wines presentation for Vinexpo 2011
QUEBRADA SECA 2009THE MCNAB 2006EOLO 2008CARMIN DE PEUMO 2008GRAVAS DEL MAIPO 2008DON MELCHOR 2008
The McNab Quebrada Seca Don Melchor Eolo Gravas del Maipo Carmin de Peumo
983 mts asl Eolo 650 mts asl Don Melchor 420 mts asl Gravas del Maipo183 mts asl 190 mts asl The McNab Quebrada Seca 170 mts asl Carmin de Peumo N S
EOLO: Average T : 14.32 20.46 Minimum T 8.49 DON MELCHOR: Average T : Maximum T Minimum T Thermal Fluctuation: GRAVAS: Average T : QUEBRADA SECA: Maximum : The McNab: Average T : Minimum TAverage T : Maximum 22.6 Thermal Fluctuation: CARMIN DE PEUMO:Maximum T Minimum T Average T : Minimum T Thermal Fluctuation: Maximum TThermal Fluctuation: Minimum T Thermal Fluctuation: N S
QUEBRADA SECAVineyard Setting: Situated on a plain by an ancient dry creek on the North of the current Limari River Appellation : Limari Valley Altitude: 190 meters above sea level Pacific Ocean Tongoy Tamaya Hills Quebrada Seca Limarí River Talinay Hills
INFLUENCES ON QUEBRADA SECAClimate: Semiarid with coastal influences Cloudy mornings, sunny evenings, 18 km northeast of Tongoy freshness and high luminosity by the Talinay and Tamaya hillsSoils: Rich diversity of soils: alluvial and colluvial Pacific Ocean Tongoy 27 kms Tamaya Hills Quebrada Seca Limarí River Talinay Hills
QUEBRADA SECA VINEYARDTotal hectares Chardonnay Masal: 9.9 haVineyard planted in the year 2000Planting density : 3,333 plants/ haDrip irrigationVineyard division: 4 blocks
QUEBRADA SECA, VINEYARD MAPPING/ BLOCK A4 SECTOR 1Hectares: 1.4Clones: Pre-‐phyloxera stockTraining system: Vertical TrellisingSoil: Alluvial soil, formed by clay, loam and sand Mineral soils with significant amounts of calcium carbonate A1 A2 A3 A4
QUEBRADA SECAMinerality of the soil: Presence of calcium carbonates
QUEBRADA SECA 2009 Variety: 100% Chardonnay Harvest : March 18th, 2009 Yield: 6 tons/ ha pH: 3.13 Total acidity: 6.60 g / l Alcohol: 14.5 Aging: 12 months in French oak barrels Barrel cooperage : Fran ois Frères, Damy and Remond Barrel aging: 57% new, 43% one use Cases: 500 (9 lt) First vintage: 2007
THE MCNAB Vineyard Setting: Located in Californias North Coast, on steep hills and rolling valleys in mountainous Mendocino County Appellation: Mendocino County Altitude: 183 meters above sea level Pacific Ocean Franciscan Range RUSSIAN RIVER The McNab
INFLUENCES ON THE MCNAB Climate: Mediterranean -‐ marine rainforest climate / East: Continental climate Soil: AlluvialPacific Ocean 43.5 km (27 miles ) Franciscan Range RUSSIAN RIVER The McNab
THE MCNAB RANCHTotal hectares: 54 haVineyard planted in 1960Planting density: Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon: 2,244 vines/ha Malbec: 2,690 vines/ha Petit Syrah: 1,346 vines/haIrrigation: managed with neutron probes and field evaluationsVineyard division: 8 blocks of the varieties that go into the blend
THE MCNAB RANCH MAPPINGClones: Cabernet Sauvignon clone 7 ( on 5c and 3309C rootsstock) Malbec Cot clone 595 (on 101-‐14MG rootstock) Old Vine Petit Syrah ( durif selection non grafted) Merlot (mostly clone 3 on 5C and 181 roostocks)Training system: Vertical shoot positioningSoil: 1-‐ Recent sedimentary deposits on the valley floor along Mc Nab Creek. (drained Cole Loam, Russian River Loam).2-‐Ancient sedimentary rocks that are uplifted seafloor and now form the surrounding mountains. (Pinole gravelly loam and redvine sandy clay loam).
THE MCNAB VINEYARD SOIL STRATIFICATION Pinole series Cole loam This very deep, somewhat poorly drained soil is on river terraces. It formed in alluvium derived from mixed rock sources. Redvine Series Deep, well drained soils formed in old alluvial material weathered from sedimentary rock. Redvine soils are on dissected terraces and have slopes of 2 to 30 %. The Pinole series consists of very deep, well drained soils that formed in alluvium derived from mixed rock sources.
THE MCNABBIODINAMICALLY FARMED Pest and disease management. -‐ Managed through a diversity of plants and animals -‐ Non-‐productive areas planted. -‐ Formal landscape. Manage the property as a whole. Monitor nutrient loss and create a self reliant system. Biodynamic Preparations.
THE MCNAB 2006 Variety: 43 % Merlot, 40 % Cabernet Sauvignon, 9% Malbec , 8% Petit Syrah Harvest : October 20 24, 2006 Yield: 7.68 tons per hectare Cabernet Sauvignon: 7.9 tons/ha Malbec: 8.9 tons/ha Old Vine Petit Syrah: 9.1 tons/ha Merlot: 6.9 tons/ha pH: 3.55 Total Acidity: 5.9 g/l Alcohol: 13.9% Aging: 23 months in French oak barrels Barrel cooperage: Vicard, Taransaud, Alain Fouguet, Seguin Moreau Barrel Aging: 80% new, 20% 2nd. use Cases: 770 (9 Lt. cases) First vintage : 2002
EOLO VINEYARDVineyard Setting: Location: 10 m (32 feet) above the north bank of the Mendoza River Appellation: Lujan de Cuyo, Mendoza Altitude: 983 m (3225 feet) above sea level Andes Mountains Mendoza River Eolo
INFLUENCES ON EOLOClimate: Temperated by its proximity to the Mendoza River.Higher altitude provides protection from harmful winds.Soil: Alluvial. The terrain was formed by ancient riverbeds. Poor in nutrients, loamy sand texture with gravels appearing at depths of 90 cm. Andes Mountains Mendoza River Eolo
INFLUENCES ON EOLO The Zonda Wind Originates in the Pacific Ocean. Discharges its moisture on the Chilean side and passes to Argentine as a dry wind. Andes MountainsPacific Ocean Chile Argentina Eolo
EOLO VINEYARDTotal hectares: 20 haVineyard planted in 1912Planting Density: 5,550 Plants/ haIrrigation : Old techniques of dykes and ditches that flood with water from the upper Mendoza River. Vineyard Division: 4 Blocks
EOLO VINEYARD MAPPINGHectares: 4 haMasal selectionTraining system: Double GuyotSoil: Loamy sand with horizontal bands of clay loam. Gravels, varying in diameter from 2 to 30 cm, appear at 90 cm.
EOLO 2008 Variety: 93% Malbec, 5% Cabernet Sauvignon, 2% Petit Verdot Harvest: April 15th -‐ 25th, 2008. Yield: 3.9 tons/ha pH: 3.61 Total Acidity: 6.52 g/l Alcohol: 15.5% Aging: 18 months in medium plus toast French oak barrels Barrel cooperage: Seguin Moreau, Sylvain, Demptos Barrel Aging: 70% new and 30% 1 use Cases: 516 (9 Lt. Cases) First vintage: 2005
PEUMO Vineyard Setting: Peumo vineyard sits along the Cachapoal River s terraced hillside, within the Coastal range. Appellation : Peumo, Cachapoal Valley Altitude: 170 meters above sea level Rapel Basin Carmin de Peumo Cachapoal River
INFLUENCES ON PEUMO Climate: Sub Humid Mediterranean Naturally protected by the Coastal Mountain Range Influenced by the Cachapoal River and Rapel Reservoir and the Pacific Ocean Warm days and cold nights Days of sunshine 130 average (bud break harvest) Microclimate no frosts Sunlight per day : 14 hours (7:30 a.m -‐ 8:30 p.m. Nov. to March) Soil: River bench associated soils, deep alluvial clay loams. Peumo vineyard is geomorphologically made by several alluvial (Cachapoal river)and colluvial (Peumo mountains) movements.Rapel Basin Carmin de Peumo Cachapoal River
PEUMO VINEYARDTotal hectares Block 32: 8.5 haVineyard planted: in 1983 (planted with non grafted Carmenère)Planting density: 2,700 plants/ haDrip IrrigationVineyard Division Block 32: 4 sectors
Block 32, Sector 1Hectares: 2.2 ha (planted with non grafted Carmenère).Clones: Pre phyloxera stock.Training system: Vertical shoot positioned 3 100 1 4 134 2 1 2 52 32
CARMIN DE PEUMO 2008 Variety: Carmenère 90%, Cabernet Sauvignon 7.5% , Cabernet Franc 2.5% Harvest: April 12th 24th, 2008 Yield: 4 tons/ha pH: 3.56 Total Acidity: 5.51 g/l Alcohol: 14.7% Aging: 18 months in medium toast French oak barrels Barrel cooperage: Demptos, Seguin Moreau, fine grain, medium toast Age of barrel: 100% new Cases: 1,500 (9 Lt. Cases) Vintages: 2003, 2005, 2007, 2008
QUINTA DE MAIPOVineyard Setting: Located on the southern bank of the Maipo River at the foot of the Andes Mountains Appellation: Buin, Maipo Valley Altitude: 420 meters above sea level Andes Mountains Maipo River Gravas del Maipo
INFLUENCES ON QUINTA DE MAIPOClimate: Semiarid Mediterranean With Andean influence, protected by the nearby hills.Soil: Alluvial rocky soils The Maipo River has carried stony material from the mountains, leaving terrace soils of Andean origin that contain volcanic rocks, ash and sedimentary deposits. Andes Mountains Maipo River Gravas del Maipo
QUINTA DE MAIPOTotal hectares Blocks 38, 39: 11.91 ha. Vineyard planted in 1967; Grafted with Syrah in2002 Planting density : 2,666 Plants/ ha Drip Irrigation. Vineyard Division Blocks 38 and 39: Subdivided by plant vigor
SUB DIVISION BY VIGORHectares: 11.91 haMasal selectionTraining system: Vertical shoot positioned syrah its round, complex and elegant tannins.
GRAVAS DEL MAIPO 2008Variety: 91% Syrah, 9% Cabernet SauvignonHarvest : April 19th, 2008Yield: 4,9 tons/hapH: 3.49Total acidity: 5.82 g/lAlcohol: 15.2%Aging: 17 months in French oak barrelsBarrel cooperage : Berger, Demptos, Seguin Moreau y TaransaudBarrel Aging: 70% new, 30% second useCases: 1,000 (9 Lt. Cases)First Vintage: 2007
PUENTE ALTOVineyard Setting: Located on the North bank of the Maipo River, at the foot of the Andes Mountains. Appellation : Puente Alto, Maipo Valley Altitude: 650 meters above sea level Andes Mountains Maipo River Don Melchor
INFLUENCES ON PUENTE ALTOClimate: Semiarid Mediterranean Influence from the Andes Mountains Refreshing mountain breezes, chanelled down the Maipo canyon, cool the vineyard producing sharp temperature differencesSoil: Alluvial stony soil that comprises material carried from the Andes by the Maipo River Nutrient poor and weakly absorbent soil. Andes Mountains Maipo River Don Melchor
PUENTE ALTOTotal hectares: 114 ha (107 Cabernet Sauvignon, 7 Cabernet Franc)Age of vineyard: Over twenty five year old vines Planting density : 2,000-‐6,900 plants/ha Drip IrrigationVineyard Division: 7 Blocks
PUENTE ALTO VINEYARD MAPPINGClones: Pre-‐phylloxera stockTraining system: Vertical shoot positioned 1 CABERNET SAUVIGNONSoil: Stony, alluvial, deep yet poor in nutrients, meaning that the roots delve deep in search of water, which also provides the plants better drought resistance 2 CABERNET SAUVIGNON fruits and chocolate 3 CABERNET SAUVIGNON 4 CABERNET SAUVIGNON 1 5 CABERNET SAUVIGNON Jammy and spicy 2 6 CABERNET SAUVIGNON -‐ a complex wine 4 6 preserves 7 3 5 7 CABERNET FRANC