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Driver Safety and Rules of the Road by WTSD

Driver Safety and Rules of the Road

1 of 70
Driver Safety and Rules
of the Road
Chapter 3
The NJ Seatbelt LAW
Requires:
 all occupants of passenger
vehicles to wear a seat belt.
The NJ Seatbelt LAW
Who is Responsible for this Law….
 Motorist : for all passengers under 18
years of age.
 Passengers 18 years of age and over:
responsible for themselves.
Police may pull over vehicle solely for violation of
seatbelt law.
Motorists with GDL permits or provisional licenses
must use seat belts. Additionally, they must
require all passengers seated anywhere in the
vehicle to use seat belts.
Passive Safety Devices
Provide an appropriate level of
protection for vehicle occupants during
and after a collision
1.Air Bags
2.Seat Belts
3.Structure of Vehicle
Did you Know??
Seatbelts can save a life and improve a
motorists chances of surviving a crash by
60%!!!!
Chances of surviving a collision are three
to four times better if he/she is wearing
both a seatbelt and a shoulder strap
Takes seconds to fasten a seatbelt!
How can seatbelts help?
1. Keep motorists and passengers from being
thrown from the vehicle in a collision.
=less severe injury
 If a vehicle hits something, the vehicle stops, but the
person keeps going at the same speed that the vehicle
was moving. Hitting the dashboard or
windshield at 30 mph is like falling from the
top of a three-story building.

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Driver Safety and Rules of the Road by WTSD

  • 1. Driver Safety and Rules of the Road Chapter 3
  • 2. The NJ Seatbelt LAW Requires:  all occupants of passenger vehicles to wear a seat belt.
  • 3. The NJ Seatbelt LAW Who is Responsible for this Law….  Motorist : for all passengers under 18 years of age.  Passengers 18 years of age and over: responsible for themselves. Police may pull over vehicle solely for violation of seatbelt law. Motorists with GDL permits or provisional licenses must use seat belts. Additionally, they must require all passengers seated anywhere in the vehicle to use seat belts.
  • 4. Passive Safety Devices Provide an appropriate level of protection for vehicle occupants during and after a collision 1.Air Bags 2.Seat Belts 3.Structure of Vehicle
  • 5. Did you Know?? Seatbelts can save a life and improve a motorists chances of surviving a crash by 60%!!!! Chances of surviving a collision are three to four times better if he/she is wearing both a seatbelt and a shoulder strap Takes seconds to fasten a seatbelt!
  • 6. How can seatbelts help? 1. Keep motorists and passengers from being thrown from the vehicle in a collision. =less severe injury  If a vehicle hits something, the vehicle stops, but the person keeps going at the same speed that the vehicle was moving. Hitting the dashboard or windshield at 30 mph is like falling from the top of a three-story building.
  • 7. How can seatbelts help? Cont.. 2. Slow a body down with the vehicle 3. Keep motorist from sliding on seat during sudden stops and turns. 4. Keeps motorist in position so he/she can control vehicle!
  • 8. Car Seats Traffic Accidents are the leading killer of children!
  • 9. Car Seats Types: Many INFANT Car seat :will protect a baby up to 20 pounds and 26 inches Must be placed in the vehicle facing the rear when infant less than 17 pounds.  After 17pounds and can sit up, seat can be adjusted to upright pos. an facing forward.
  • 10. Car Seats TODDLER Convertible car seat: a larger seat that can be used for infant/toddler up to 40 pounds and 40 inches in height.
  • 11. Car Seats Use Back seat * with infant and no back seat?? Move front seat as far back as possible Buckle child in appropriate restraint for weight NEVER place rear-facing infant safety seat in front seat with front passenger-side air bag.
  • 12. Child Restraint Law Children up to 8 years or a weight of 80 pounds must ride in a federally approved safety or booster seat in rear seat of vehicle. Children under age 8 and over 80 pounds must be in a rear seat and use a seatbelt. Failure to comply = $54 fine and
  • 13. Air Bags Could seriously injury or kill children who are sitting in the front seat. Children 12 and under should always ride in back seat! 1995-NHTSA allowed cutoff switches in pickup trucks, sports cars , and autos with no backseats. 1998 allowed repair shops to install switches in vehicles with appropriate needs.
  • 14. Air Bags 1986-2000 front air bags saved lives of 5,303 front seat riders Inflate at speeds up to 200 mph to protect adults In a front-end collision. An average sized adult who is correctly belted is not likely to come in contact with air bag until fully inflated
  • 15. How do I know if my car has an airbag?? Look at: Steering wheel and dashboard panel “Air Bag” “SRS” Supplemental Restraint System “SIR” Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
  • 16. Car Condition Brakes What color are the BRAKE LIGHTS = RED A motorist should be able to break smoothly and quickly Conventional Disc and drum breaks a motorist should pump them gently after driving through water to test and dry them out If you are driving 20mph it should take a driver 25ft to stop.
  • 17. Anti Lock Break System Motorist should never pump breaks or jerk steering wheel when breaking Test breaks by applying steady pressure Soft surfaces (loose gravel/snow), ABS system may lengthen stopping distance Slippery conditions, motorist should keep safe distance from vehicle in front and maintain a speed consistent with the road conditions.
  • 18. HORN  A horn should not be overused, but a motorist should check it often to make sure it works
  • 19. Tires When should a motorist check the tires? If a motorist feels or hears any unusual thumping while driving, he/she should check the tires. Tire pressure should be checked often, especially when tires are cold.* (have not been used) What can cause a tire blowout? Bumps, cuts or bad tread can cause blowouts.
  • 20. Tires Where can you look to determine the proper tire pressure for your vehicle? What can properly inflated tires do for you? - A motorist should check: - the sidewall of the tires or - the owner’s manual to determine proper tire pressure or should ask for advice at a service station. - Properly inflated tires save money in fuel consumption.
  • 21. SNOW/ICE Snow/Ice-What is the State law requirement? - State law (N.J.S.A 39:4-77.1) requires a motorist to remove snow or ice from a vehicle before driving it. - If snow or ice dislodges from a moving vehicle, it could strike another vehicle or pedestrian, causing injury or property damage.
  • 22. Before getting into a car… Before getting into a car to drive, you need to look behind it and in front of it. Why? - There are blind spots once a motorist is behind the wheel. Children may be there. - There also may be bottles, cans, bicycles or other things that cannot be seen from the motorists seat
  • 23. Starting a Parked Car While starting a parked car you should also keep in mind 1. All windows should be clean and nothing should block a motorist’s vision. 2. The seat must be adjusted so a motorist can reach all pedals and controls easily. (For most motorists, the seat may be adjusted so he/she is sitting an arm’s length from steering wheel). 3. Inside and outside rearview mirrors should be adjusted.
  • 24. Starting a Parked Car… 4. Seat belts and shoulder harnesses should be fastened so that they are firm and comfortable. 5. The vehicle should be in park or neutral gear and the parking brake should be set. 6. Doors should be locked.
  • 25. Posture A motorist should keep good posture while driving. - the seat should be adjusted so that the motorist can reach the foot pedals easily. - The motorist should be comfortable behind the wheel. - He/she should not have to strain to reach the gear shift levers, turn signals or dashboard controls. - A motorist is properly positioned when he/she can see clearly and can glance to the rear.
  • 26. Visual Information? What percentage is all information necessary for safe driving is visual information. 95% A motorist should have an eye checkup every two years. As a motorist ages, visual clarity declines and peripheral vision becomes less distinct. For example, a 60-year-old perceives light about a third as well as a 20-year-old.
  • 28. Blind Spots  What are blind spots? What can help reduce these blind spots? - Blind Spots are areas where a motorist cannot see behind his/her vehicle (on both sides) through the mirror. - A motorist can check this by turning his/her head.
  • 30. Adjusting Mirror  The outside mirror should be adjusted so that the motorist can see the tip of the driver-side front door handle in the lower right of the mirror. This will allow the motorist to see part of the lanes of traffic to the left and rear of the vehicle.
  • 34. What should a motorist due after starting the engine  What should a motorist due after starting the engine? 1. a motorist should make sure his/her path is clear by turning and looking back. (A motorist should not depend on rearview mirrors) 2. A motorist must also be sure to check for pedestrians and less conspicuous vehicles, such as bicycles and mopeds. 3. A motorist should give the proper signal and drive with caution.
  • 36. Steering  A motorist’s grip on the steering wheel is important. The steering wheel can be thought of as the face of a clock.  For normal driving, a motorist should grip the steering wheel by the outside rim at the 9 and 3 o’clock positions, keeping his/ her thumb along the face of the wheel.  Gripping the steering wheel as described diminishes the risk of hand, wrist or arm injury if the air bag is deployed.
  • 37. Steering Cont. A motorist should never turn the wheel while gripping it from the inside of the rim, hand facing inward. The steering wheel should be held firmly but not too tight, as steady as possible as the vehicle’s speed increases. Both hands should be kept on the wheel at all times, except when shifting gears or giving hand signals.
  • 38. Lane Positioning  When driving where should you keep the vehicle in the lane when in a one-way roadway  Center of Lane
  • 39. Lane Positioning Your car traveling on a two-lane road: keep to the right with oncoming traffic in the outer lane.
  • 40. Hand Over Hand Steering What does hand-over-hand steering permit? Hand-over-hand steering permits a motorist to make steering adjustments ranging from very minor up to a half turn of the wheel, while keeping both hands on the wheel.
  • 41. Hand Over Hand Steering  Hand-over-hand steering is particularly well-suited for the following: Hand-over-hand steering is particularly well- suited for: - precision maneuvers - steering through curves - intersection entry and exit, - skid recovery.
  • 42. Speed Control A motorist should start slowly, gradually increasing speed until safely within the legal speed limit and flow of traffic.
  • 43. Speed Control   What does pressing the break pedal lightly do? This gives other motorists and pedestrians a chance to react accordingly   
  • 44. Speed Control  How can you check you speed? To check speed, a motorist should glance at the speedometer. With practice, a motorist will be able to judge the correct gas- pedal pressure for any speed.
  • 45. Stopping Distance Your stopping distance depends on: - Motorist reaction time - Weather and road conditions - Vehicle weight - Brake conditions - Condition and type of tires - Roadway conditions - Speed ******* MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR
  • 46. The faster the Vehicle is moving the longer is will take to stop!
  • 47. When trying to visualize a distance it is useful to remember that the length of an average car is approximately 15ft, therefore, 75ft would be about 5 car lengths away.
  • 48. Proper Braking  Name the two types of braking systems. 1. Conventional Disc and Drum 2. ABS: anti-lock brake system What foot should a motorist use for both the gas pedal and break pedal with an automatic transmission? RIGHT FOOT
  • 49. Driving Signals  When should you use a driving signal? A motorist should always give a proper signal when turning, changing lanes, stopping or slowing down. Most vehicles have turn signals and a motorist should always use them. You should always turn on turn signals at least 100ft before turning.
  • 50. Hand Signals  Hand signals are standard in all states and are:  Stop or Slow =     Right Turn =     Left Turn =
  • 51. Horn  A horn is a warning signal.  Who is allowed to use sirens, whistles, or bells? Only emergency vehicles
  • 52. Driving in Reverse Before driving in reverse, a motorist must be sure that the path is clear. When driving in reverse, turning the steering wheel to the right moves the back of the car to the right;  turning the steering wheel to the left moves the back of the car to the left. Not turning the wheel while in reverse, the vehicle will move straight back.
  • 53. Driving in reverse To drive in reverse, a motorist’s head and body should be turned to the right until he/she can see clearly through the back window of the vehicle without the use of mirrors.
  • 54. Driving in Reverse Hand positioning while driving in reverse  The motorist’s right hand and arm should be placed over the back of the front passenger seat; the left hand should grasp the top of the steering wheel. ** This is the position a motorist should be in to reverse in a straight line, with sight seeing correction made as needed
  • 55. Reversing If a motorist must turn the wheel while driving in reverse other than in a straight line (parallel parking), where must both hands be?  two hands must be on the wheel to steer, while a motorist’s head and body is turned to look out the rear window
  • 56. Do Not….. What can cause you to fail the road test? Palming the wheel with one hand while turning in reverse is dangerous and can result in failing the road test.
  • 57. Reversing  The front of the vehicle will always swing in the opposite direction of a turn.
  • 58. NJ ROAD TEST  On the NJ road test you will have to back up the vehicle how many feet? 100ft
  • 59. Hill Parking When parking downhill, turn your steering wheel towards the curb. Your wheels will rotate clockwise and your car would roll into/over the curb if it became loose. This is preferred over letting the car roll into traffic When parking uphill, with a curb, turn the steering wheel away from the curb. Your wheel will rotate counterclockwise, and the back of your front tires should hit the curb. This creates a "lock." When uphill without a curb, turn the steering wheel like the downhill situation- towards the curb. Your car would then curve backwards into the side of the street as opposed to into traffic
  • 63. Angle Parking  Most common type of parking used in parking lots of shopping centers, and sometimes at storefront curbs is angle parking.  
  • 64. Parallel Parking  The most common type of parking on city streets is parallel parking. 
  • 65. Parallel Parking Steps… Find a parking space that is large enough to fit the vehicle.  Signal for a stop and signal to the right to alert motorists that the vehicle will back up to the right. Pull up alongside (parallel) about two to four feet from the vehicle in front. •  Turn and check to see that the way is clear behind the vehicle before backing up.  • Turn his/her body to look out the rear window of the vehicle.
  • 66. Begin backing up slowly for about two feet and turn the steering wheel all the way to the right. • When the front of the vehicle has cleared the rear bumper of the vehicle in front, stop and check the angle. • Make sure the right back wheel has not hit the curb. • Turn the steering wheel all the way to the left while beginning to back up slowly. • Make sure the vehicle can clear its back bumper. • When the vehicle is in line, stop. Be sure not to hit the vehicle in back.  • Turn the vehicle’s wheels straight, and drive to the center of the parking space. The vehicle’s tires should be no more than six inches from the curb!!!!! Important!!
  • 67. Turning Tips Decide well in advance where he/she wants to turn. Last-minute turns can be unsafe. State law requires a motorist to get in the proper lane and signal at least 100 feet before making any turn. The faster the traffic is moving, the sooner a motorist should plan his/her turn.  If you miss a turn,a motorist should never back up. It is better to take the next turn than to risk a collision.
  • 68. Before turning, a motorist should always:  • Use the mirrors to look behind and to both sides for other vehicles (or people) to see if it is safe to turn  • Check for less visible vehicles, such as motorcycles, bicycles and mopeds • Signal first (use turn signals or hand signals) and then move into the proper lane. • Slow down before reaching an intersection • Keep a steady speed and follow pavement markings  • Always stay in the same lane until the turn is finished • Make sure turn signal is turned off after the turn is completed
  • 70. 3 Point Turn When turning a vehicle around, a motorist should start from the right edge of the road.  Choose a safe spot with good visibility in both directions. If there is no other traffic, the motorist should signal left and move forward slowly while turning the steering wheel to the left. The vehicle should be stopped several inches from the left curb or street edge.  The motorist should then signal right and back slowly while turning the steering wheel to the right, stopping several inches from the right curb or street edge. The motorist should next move the vehicle forward, signaling left, while turning the steering wheel to the left. Finally, the motorist should straighten the vehicle’s wheels as it faces in the direction he/she wants to go. This is a complete 3-Point (or K) Turn. A new motorist will be required to make this turn during MVC’s road test.