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Defensive Driving by HGS

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Defensive Driving

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Defensive Driving by HGS

  1. 1. Defensive Driving Larry Harshbarger Heritage Group Safety
  2. 2. What is the most dangerous thingWhat is the most dangerous thing most of us have in common?most of us have in common? Driving with the “general public”Driving with the “general public”
  3. 3. Defensive Driving Is:
  4. 4. Making effective, ________ & ________ driving choices
  5. 5. Creating a safe & ________ free personal driving space inside & around your vehicle
  6. 6. Driving to your destination without a ________, a ________ or compromising other driver’s safety
  7. 7. Understanding the risks of ________ driving conditions
  8. 8. Defensive Driving is driving to save ________, ________, and ________ in spite of conditions around you & the actions of others
  9. 9. Cost of a Crash Time ________ Hourly Wage ________ Total ________ Additional ________ Total Cost ________
  10. 10. Cost of a Crash Time 8 hours Hourly Wage $15 Total $120 Additional $2200 Total Cost $2320
  11. 11. Collision Prevention 1. R ________ the hazard 2. U ________ the defense 3. A ________ C ________ , in time
  12. 12. Recognize the Hazard • Scan ahead, around & behind • Look in mirrors every 3 - 5 seconds • Use “What if” strategy
  13. 13. Understand the Defense • Know what to do to avoid • Know the consequences of your choices • Know basic defenses: 1. Effective scanning patterns 2. Slow down 3. Use safe following distance
  14. 14. Understand the Defense • Alert & paying attention • Many know correct evasive maneuvers, but aren't focusing & lose time • Many act in time, but act incorrectly
  15. 15. Who is affected By A traffic Crash?
  16. 16. Rules & Regulations 1. In Indiana, you must have these items in your car to be driving legally: a. Valid driver’s license b. Proof of insurance c. Vehicle registration d. Vehicle emissions certificate
  17. 17. Rules & Regulations 2. In Indiana, you May be stopped by police for not wearing a safety belt a. True b. False
  18. 18. Rules & Regulations 3. If your car has an air bag, you should move your seat back, but you don’t have to wear a seat belt a. True b. False
  19. 19. Rules & Regulations 4. In Indiana, child safety seats are mandatory for children under 5 years of age or under 40 pounds a. True b. False
  20. 20. Rules & Regulations 5. Zero-tolerance laws apply to: a. Underage drinking & Driving b. Excessive traffic violations c. Impaired drivers aged 21 & over d. Safety belt laws
  21. 21. Rules & Regulations 6. In Indiana, by holding a valid driver’s license,you have agreed to an alcohol test if the officer believes you are operating under the influence a. True b. False
  22. 22. Rules & Regulations 7. In Indiana, the illegal blood/breath alcohol limit is: a. .02 b. .04 c. .08 d. .10
  23. 23. Triple Whammy 1. Vehicle Crash 2. Human Crash 3. Internal Crash
  24. 24. Crash Buster • Seat Belts distributes forces • Everyone buckled up • Chest 10” away from chest • Seat back as far as possible
  25. 25. Drugs & Driving 1. People who don’t drink & drive are not affected by those who do a. True b. False
  26. 26. Drugs & Driving 2. As long as a drinker keeps their blood-alcohol level below the legal limit, their driving abilities won’t be impaired a. True b. False
  27. 27. Drugs & Driving 3. Coffee is a remedy for “sobering up” a. True b. False
  28. 28. Drugs & Driving 4. Marijuana & other drugs do not have noticeable effects on driving skills after the high has worn off a. True b. False
  29. 29. Drugs & Driving 5. Lite beer has less alcohol than regular beer a. True b. False
  30. 30. Drugs & Driving 6. On Weekends between 10 pm – 2 am, 1of 5 drivers impaired a. True b. False
  31. 31. Drugs & Driving 7. Coordination is first physical ability to be impaired by alcohol a. True b. False
  32. 32. Drugs & Driving 8. If someone is not visibly impaired, they are probably not too drunk to drive a. True b. False
  33. 33. Drugs & Driving 9. Over-the-counter drugs do not affect driving ability as seriously as prescription drugs a. True b. False
  34. 34. Drugs & Driving 10. Alcohol is the most commonly used intoxicating drug a. True b. False
  35. 35. Safe Following Distance • At 50 MPH, moving 75 FPS • 3 second rule • Higher speed = higher stopping distance
  36. 36. Adverse Conditions Light Hazards _______________ Defenses _______________
  37. 37. Adverse Conditions Weather Hazards _______________ Defenses _______________
  38. 38. Adverse Conditions Road Hazards _______________ Defenses _______________
  39. 39. Adverse Conditions Traffic Hazards _______________ Defenses _______________
  40. 40. Adverse Conditions Vehicle Hazards _______________ Defenses _______________
  41. 41. Adverse Conditions Driver Hazards _______________ Defenses _______________
  42. 42. The Sinister Six 1. Speeding 2. Right of way 3. Improper turns 4. Tailgating 5. Passing (overtaking) 6. Driving left of center
  43. 43. 1. Speeding “Why is it that everyone driving faster than us is a maniac, & everyone driving slower than us is an idiot?” George Carlin
  44. 44. Speed Kills • 1/3 of all fatalities • Every 10 mph, death risk doubled
  45. 45. 2. Right of Way • 30% of drivers say they ran a red light in past week • 26% rolled through stop sign
  46. 46. How Not to Get Hit • Look left, right, ahead &left • Don’t let up on brake – driver behind sees brake lights off & accelerate • Go when safe • If 2nd car, wait 2 seconds
  47. 47. Rule of thirds 1. Accelerate 2. Maintain speed 3. Cover brake & prepare to stop
  48. 48. 3. Turning •Stop so you can see tires touching pavement •Signal •Appropriate lane •Wheels straight •Turn in appropriate lane
  49. 49. Avoiding Head-On Crash 1. Read the road ahead 2. Drive to the right 3. Reduce speed 4. Ride off the road
  50. 50. 4. Tailgating 30 mph 66 46 = 112 66 = 13346
  51. 51. 4. Tailgating 55 mph 120 164 = 284 = 395120 275
  52. 52. 5-6. Passing & Left Of Center 3 Types of crashes 1. Sideswipe 2. Run off road 3. Head-on
  53. 53. Do I really need to pass? If passing requires you to increase your speed, reconsider the need to pass 5-6.Passing & Left Of Center
  54. 54. • Use safe following distance • Check blind spot • Use turn signal • Check traffic ahead & behind 5-6.Passing & Left Of Center
  55. 55. Avoiding Head-On Crash 1. Read the road ahead 2. Drive to the right 3. Reduce speed 4. Ride off the road 5-6.Passing & Left Of Center
  56. 56. Aggressive Driving • Driving in selfish, bold, push manner • Without regard for rights & safety of others
  57. 57. Aggressive Driving • Lane Blocking • Tailgating • Signal use • Horn use • Headlight use • Merging • Blocking traffic
  58. 58. Road Rage • Using vehicle as a weapon • Physical assault of a driver or vehicle • Criminal offense
  59. 59. Reduce Stress • Allow enough travel time • Alternative routes • If late, call ahead • Don’t drive when angry, upset or tired • Make yourself comfortable • Give benefit of doubt • Personalize other drivers
  60. 60. Confronted • Stay Calm & Relaxed • Get away from situation • Avoid eye contact • Do not challenge • Ignore comments & gestures • Report aggressive driving
  61. 61. Most common type of driver in an accident…Most common type of driver in an accident… The distracted driver…The distracted driver…

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