Bloodborne Pathogen Training by Oakland Community College


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  • OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens standard, 29 CFR 1910.1030, does not apply to construction, agriculture or maritime.
    The term “reasonably anticipated” contact means potential contact as well as actual contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials.
  • The scope of the Bloodborne Pathogens standard is not limited to employees in these jobs. The hazard of exposure to infectious materials affects employees in many types of industries and is not restricted to the health care industry.
  • It is estimated that 600,000 to 800,000 needlestick injuries occur each year in the United States.
    “Contaminated sharps” means any contaminated object that can penetrate the skin including, but not limited to, needles, scalpels, broken glass, broken capillary tubes, and exposed ends of dental wires.
  • 1910.1030(c)(1)(i)
    The exposure control plan is the key provision of the standard because it requires the employer to identify individuals who will receive the training, protective equipment, vaccination and other protections of the standard.
    For more information, see OSHA Instruction CPL 2-2.44E, Enforcement Procedures for the Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens Standard, Appendix D, Model Exposure Control Plan.
  • 1910.1030(c)(1)(i)
    Employees who must be consulted are those non-managerial employees responsible for direct patient care who are potentially exposed to injuries from contaminated sharps.
  • Bloodborne Pathogen Training by Oakland Community College

    1. 1. Why are we here?  OSHA Blood Borne Pathogen Standard    Anyone whose job requires exposure to Blood Borne Pathogens is required to complete training Employees who are trained in CPR and first aid The more you know, the better you will perform in real situations!
    2. 2. Who is covered by the standard?   All employees who could be “reasonably anticipated”, as the result of performing their job duties, to face contact with blood and other potentially infectious materials “Good Samaritan” acts such as assisting a co-worker with a nosebleed would not be considered occupational exposure
    3. 3. Some Departments/Personnel that are at Risk:            Nursing Education Dental Education Custodial Services Laundry Workers Biology Laboratory Faculty and Staff Law Enforcement Personnel Firefighters Childcare Paramedics and Emergency Medical Technicians Anyone providing first-response medical care Anyone treating medical wastes (i.e., autoclaving waste bags)
    4. 4. How does exposure occur?    Most common: needlesticks Cuts from other contaminated sharps (scalpels, broken glass, etc.) Contact of mucous membranes (for example; the eyes, nose, mouth) or broken (cut or abraded) skin with contaminated blood
    5. 5. Exposure Control Plan   Identifies jobs and tasks where occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious material occurs Describes how the employer will:       Use engineering and work practice controls Ensure use of Personal Protective Equipment Provide training Provide medical surveillance Provide Hepatitis B (HBV) vaccinations Use signs and labels
    6. 6. Exposure Control Plan   Written plan required Plan must be reviewed at least annually to reflect changes in:      Tasks, procedures, or assignments which affect exposure Technology that will eliminate or reduce exposure Annual review must document employer’s consideration and implementation of safer medical devices Must solicit input from potentially exposed employees in the identification, evaluation, and selection of engineering and work practice controls Plan must be accessible to employees
    7. 7. What is a Blood Borne Pathogen? Microorganisms that are carried in the blood that can cause disease in humans
    8. 8. Common Blood Borne Pathogens       Hepatitis B (HBV) Hepatitis C (HCV) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Malaria Brucellosis Syphilis
    9. 9. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)     HIV is the virus that leads to AIDS HIV depletes the immune system HIV does not survive well outside the body No threat on contracting HIV through casual contact
    10. 10. Hepatitis B (HBV)   1—1.25 million Americans are chronically infected Symptoms include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea, vomiting     May lead to chronic liver disease, liver cancer, and death Vaccination available since 1982 HBV can survive for at least one week in dried blood Symptoms can occur 19 months after exposure
    11. 11. Hepatitis C (HCV)    Hepatitis C is the most common chronic bloodborne infection in the United States Symptoms include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea, vomiting May lead to chronic liver disease and death
    12. 12. Potentially Infectious Bodily Fluids      Blood Saliva Vomit Urine Semen or Vaginal Secretions    Skin Tissue, Cell Cultures Any other bodily fluid Chewing Tobacco Juice
    13. 13. Transmission Potential     Contact with another person’s blood or bodily fluid that may contain blood Mucous membranes: eyes, mouth, nose Non-intact skin Contaminated sharps/needles
    14. 14. Your Exposure Potential       Accidental Release Post-Accident Cleanup Administering First-Aid Handling of Returned Product Janitorial or Maintenance Work Handling of any Waste Products
    15. 15. Universal Precautions     Use of proper PPE Treat all blood and bodily fluids as if they are contaminated Proper cleanup and decontamination Disposal of all contaminated material in the proper manner
    16. 16. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)   Anything that is used to protect a person from exposure Latex or Nitrile gloves, goggles, CPR mouth barriers, aprons, respirators, among other things
    17. 17. PPE Rules to Remember     Always check PPE for defects or tears before using If PPE becomes torn or defective remove and get new Remove PPE before leaving a contaminated area Do not reuse disposable equipment
    18. 18. Decontamination      When cleaning up surfaces use dilute bleach solutions or other suitable commercial disinfectant Do an initial wipe up Spray and allow it to stand for ten minutes, then wipe up Dispose of all wipes in biohazard containers PPE should be removed and disposed of in biohazard containers
    19. 19. Hand Washing    Wash hands immediately after removing PPE Use a soft antibacterial soap A hand sanitizer can be used, but wash with soap and water as soon as possible afterward
    20. 20. Regulated Medical Waste     Liquid or semi-liquid blood or other potentially infectious material (OPIM) Contaminated items that would release blood or OPIM when compressed Contaminated sharps Pathological and microbiological waste containing blood or OPIM
    21. 21. Signs and Labels  Labels must include the universal biohazard symbol, and the term “Biohazard” must be attached to:    Containers of regulated biohazard waste Refrigerators or freezers containing blood or OPIM Containers used to store, transport, or ship blood or OPIM
    22. 22. Exposure Incident     A specific incident of contact with potentially infectious bodily fluid If there are no infiltrations of mucous membranes or open skin surfaces, it is not considered an occupational exposure Report all accidents involving blood or bodily fluids Post-exposure medical evaluations are offered
    23. 23. Post-Exposure Evaluation      Confidential medical evaluation Document route of exposure Identify source individual Test source individuals blood (with individual’s consent) Provide results to exposed employee
    24. 24. Hepatitis B Vaccination     Strongly endorsed by medical communities Offered to all potentially exposed employees Provided at no cost to employees Declination form
    25. 25. Recordkeeping Medical records include:  Hepatitis B vaccination status  Post-exposure evaluation and follow-up results Training records include:  Training dates  Contents of the training  Signature of trainer and trainee
    26. 26. In Conclusion: Blood Borne pathogen rules are in place for your health and safety. Failure to follow them is a risk that does not need to be taken.