Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION-
REPORTING-PREVENTION
Bureau of Workers’ Comp
PA Training for Health & Safety
(PATHS)
For Safety Co...
● Accidents can occur at any time during an
employee’s work shift.
● Accidents can be prevented through:
•Employee awarene...
You’re Important!
• As a safety committee member,
supervisor or manager your
involvement is key in reducing
the amount of ...
What is an accident?
An uncontrolled or
unplanned release of
energy that causes or
contributes to illness,
injury, death a...
Incident Ratio Model –
Heinrich’s Theory
Serious Injury or Death
Minor Injury
1
29
300
3,000
Most Accident
Investigations
...
Why should workplace
accidents be investigated?
• To prevent reoccurrence
• To determine the cost
associated with an
accid...
Who should
investigate accidents?
• Safety committee members
• Immediate supervisor
• Department manager
• Safety officer
...
Accident Investigation
Suppose an accident occurs in your facility and
you are the one who has to investigate it, what
do ...
The aim of the investigation
Is Not To:
• Exonerate individuals or management
• Satisfy insurance requirements
• Defend a ...
Accident Investigation –
Steps Involved
• First and foremost, provide first
aid/medical care to the injured party.
• Ident...
Accident Investigation –
Steps Involved (cont.)
• Develop a plan for corrective action.
• Implement the corrective action ...
Remember –
Time is of the essence!
As little time as possible should pass between the
moment of the accident and the start...
Accident Causes
What are the causes of an accident? There are two
basic causes of accidents:
• Unsafe Acts, and
• Unsafe C...
Unsafe Acts vs. Unsafe Conditions
80-90 percent of all accidents
are caused by unsafe acts of
people, as opposed to unsafe...
Unsafe Acts vs. Unsafe Conditions
15
Unsafe Acts
Using unsafe equipment
Improper lifting
Horseplay
Influence of drugs or
a...
Unsafe Act or Unsafe Condition?
16
Condition – Exit
access
blocked/obstructed.
Act – Individual set
up scaffolding
unsafel...
Unsafe Act or Unsafe Condition?
17
Act –
Individual
standing on
ladders he set
up unsafely.
PPT-001-02
Unsafe Act or Unsafe Condition?
18
Condition – Open
access hatch (fall
hazard).
PPT-001-02
Accident Causes
Causes of any accident
can be grouped into five
(5) basic categories:
•Task
•Material
•Environment
•Person...
Task
In this category, the actual work
procedure being performed at the time
of the accident is looked at.
•Was a safe wor...
Material
In this area, look for possible causes
resulting from the equipment and
materials used.
• Equipment failure? If s...
Material (cont.)
• Was a less-hazardous alternative substance
available?
• Was the raw material substandard in some
way?
•...
Environment
The physical environment, including
sudden changes to it, are factors that
need to be identified.
• What were ...
Personnel
The physical and mental conditions
of those individuals directly
involved in the accident must be
explored.
• Wa...
Personnel (cont.)
• What was the status of the employee’s
health at the time of the accident?
• Was the employee tired at ...
Management
Management holds the legal
responsibility for safety in the
workplace!
• Were safety rules communicated to
and ...
Management (cont.)
• Were workers trained to do the work being
performed?
• Were hazards previously identified?
• Had proc...
Root Cause?
To prevent
future
occurrences
you need to
determine
the root
cause!
28PPT-001-02
WEED OUT THE CAUSES OF
INJURIES AND ILLNESSES
Inadequate training plan
No accountability policy No inspection policy
No di...
Pictures
• If possible, take a
picture of the accident
scene noting the date,
time and your location
on the back of the
pi...
Accident Witnesses
• Every effort should be made
to interview any witnesses.
• Witnesses can be a very
good source of info...
Eyewitness Accounts
• Witnesses should be interviewed as soon
as possible after the accident.
• Witnesses should be interv...
Interviewing Witnesses
When interviewing a witness do not:
• Attempt to intimidate
• Interrupt
• Prompt
• Ask leading ques...
More on
Interviewing Witnesses
Do:
• Ask open-ended questions
(“yes” or “no” answers).
• Use probing questions to get
more...
Reporting
• Accidents need to be reported
immediately after occurrence!
• To report an employee
accident/injury, use the
a...
Accident-Injury Report
Some important information to remember:
• Ensure there is a detailed description of what
happened t...
Where to Report
• Employees should
report accidents a.s.a.p. as
specified in company
guidelines.
• Follow directions provi...
Accident Prevention
Accidents can be
prevented by
early detection,
reporting and
abating!
38PPT-001-02
Hazard Recognition
Detection/identification of hazards before they
cause injuries is important. To accomplish this,
conduc...
Report Hazards
• Once hazards have been identified, they need to
be reported to the appropriate area (e.g., broken
floor t...
Hazard Abatement
• Hazard abatement = The elimination
or reduction of a safety/health hazard
by complying with applicable ...
Accident Prevention
Here are some ways to prevent accidents:
• Ensure work areas are not cluttered and trash
is removed re...
Accident Prevention (cont.)
• Ensure proper lifting/carrying techniques are
being used.
• Ensure mechanical handling equip...
You are the Key!
• Safety committee members, supervisors and
managers are truly the first line of defense
in accident prev...
You are the Key! (cont.)
• If committee members/managers/supervisors
place safety and accident prevention on the
back burn...
As a Safety Committee Member,
Manager or Supervisor
You need to
walk the talk!
Support safety
all the time,
every time!
Re...
Any Questions
47PPT-001-02
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Accident Investigation-Reporting-Prevention Training by PATHS

8,569 views

Published on

Accident Investigation-Reporting-Prevention Training

Published in: Business

Accident Investigation-Reporting-Prevention Training by PATHS

  1. 1. ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION- REPORTING-PREVENTION Bureau of Workers’ Comp PA Training for Health & Safety (PATHS) For Safety Committee Members, Supervisors & Managers 1PPT-001-02
  2. 2. ● Accidents can occur at any time during an employee’s work shift. ● Accidents can be prevented through: •Employee awareness •Training •Immediate correction of identified hazards Accident Investigation and Prevention 2PPT-001-02
  3. 3. You’re Important! • As a safety committee member, supervisor or manager your involvement is key in reducing the amount of accidents/injuries. • Your direct involvement in the process of preventing and investigating employee, contractor and visitor accidents can ensure that future incidents are prevented. 3PPT-001-02
  4. 4. What is an accident? An uncontrolled or unplanned release of energy that causes or contributes to illness, injury, death and/or damage to property, equipment or materials. 4PPT-001-02 All accidents have a cause and effect!
  5. 5. Incident Ratio Model – Heinrich’s Theory Serious Injury or Death Minor Injury 1 29 300 3,000 Most Accident Investigations Conducted Few Investigations Conducted Biggest percentage of injury-causing potential! Near-Miss Unsafe Acts, Behaviors or Conditions 5PPT-001-02
  6. 6. Why should workplace accidents be investigated? • To prevent reoccurrence • To determine the cost associated with an accident • To determine compliance with applicable safety regulations • To process workers’ compensation claims 6PPT-001-02
  7. 7. Who should investigate accidents? • Safety committee members • Immediate supervisor • Department manager • Safety officer • Other safety & health professional 7PPT-001-02
  8. 8. Accident Investigation Suppose an accident occurs in your facility and you are the one who has to investigate it, what do you do? • Keep in mind that all accidents should be investigated as soon as possible. • A good, thorough investigation needs to be conducted so that future occurrences can be prevented. 8PPT-001-02
  9. 9. The aim of the investigation Is Not To: • Exonerate individuals or management • Satisfy insurance requirements • Defend a position for legal argument • Assign blame Remember, fact finding – not fault finding 9PPT-001-02
  10. 10. Accident Investigation – Steps Involved • First and foremost, provide first aid/medical care to the injured party. • Identify the cause of the accident. • Report the findings (using the appropriate accident/injury report). 10PPT-001-02
  11. 11. Accident Investigation – Steps Involved (cont.) • Develop a plan for corrective action. • Implement the corrective action plan. • Evaluate the effectiveness of the actions taken. • Make changes for continuous improvement. 11PPT-001-02
  12. 12. Remember – Time is of the essence! As little time as possible should pass between the moment of the accident and the start of the investigation! Starting the investigation a.s.a.p. after the accident occurs enables a supervisor or manager to: • Observe conditions as they were at the time of the accident. • Prevent disturbance of evidence. • Identify witnesses. 12PPT-001-02
  13. 13. Accident Causes What are the causes of an accident? There are two basic causes of accidents: • Unsafe Acts, and • Unsafe Conditions 13PPT-001-02
  14. 14. Unsafe Acts vs. Unsafe Conditions 80-90 percent of all accidents are caused by unsafe acts of people, as opposed to unsafe mechanical or physical conditions. Human failure is the primary cause of accidents! 14PPT-001-02
  15. 15. Unsafe Acts vs. Unsafe Conditions 15 Unsafe Acts Using unsafe equipment Improper lifting Horseplay Influence of drugs or alcohol Operating without authority Left file drawer open Unsafe Conditions Congested area Noise exposure Wet floor Inadequate machine guards Inadequate warning system Defective/damaged tools PPT-001-02
  16. 16. Unsafe Act or Unsafe Condition? 16 Condition – Exit access blocked/obstructed. Act – Individual set up scaffolding unsafely, no PPE, no fall protection. PPT-001-02
  17. 17. Unsafe Act or Unsafe Condition? 17 Act – Individual standing on ladders he set up unsafely. PPT-001-02
  18. 18. Unsafe Act or Unsafe Condition? 18 Condition – Open access hatch (fall hazard). PPT-001-02
  19. 19. Accident Causes Causes of any accident can be grouped into five (5) basic categories: •Task •Material •Environment •Personnel •Management 19PPT-001-02
  20. 20. Task In this category, the actual work procedure being performed at the time of the accident is looked at. •Was a safe work procedure used? •Did conditions change to make the normal procedure unsafe? •Were the appropriate tools and materials available and used? •Were safety devices (example: machine guards) in place and working properly? 20PPT-001-02
  21. 21. Material In this area, look for possible causes resulting from the equipment and materials used. • Equipment failure? If so, what caused the failure? • Was the machinery poorly designed? • Were hazardous substances involved? If yes, were they clearly identified and properly labeled? 21PPT-001-02
  22. 22. Material (cont.) • Was a less-hazardous alternative substance available? • Was the raw material substandard in some way? • Was PPE used? If yes, was it appropriate for the task being performed and was it in “serviceable condition?” 22PPT-001-02
  23. 23. Environment The physical environment, including sudden changes to it, are factors that need to be identified. • What were the conditions in the work area (example: cold, hot, damp, etc.)? • Was poor housekeeping a problem? • Was noise a problem? • Was there adequate light? • Were toxic or hazardous gases, dusts or fumes present? 23PPT-001-02
  24. 24. Personnel The physical and mental conditions of those individuals directly involved in the accident must be explored. • Was the employee experienced in the work he/she was doing? • Was the employee adequately trained for the task being completed? • Can the employee physically perform the work? 24PPT-001-02
  25. 25. Personnel (cont.) • What was the status of the employee’s health at the time of the accident? • Was the employee tired at the time of the accident? • Was the employee under work or personal stress at the time of the accident? 25PPT-001-02
  26. 26. Management Management holds the legal responsibility for safety in the workplace! • Were safety rules communicated to and understood by all employees? • Were written procedures available? • Were the procedures/rules being enforced? • Was there adequate supervision? 26PPT-001-02
  27. 27. Management (cont.) • Were workers trained to do the work being performed? • Were hazards previously identified? • Had procedures been developed to overcome the hazards identified? • Were unsafe conditions corrected? • Was regular maintenance of equipment done? • Were safety inspections completed? 27PPT-001-02
  28. 28. Root Cause? To prevent future occurrences you need to determine the root cause! 28PPT-001-02
  29. 29. WEED OUT THE CAUSES OF INJURIES AND ILLNESSES Inadequate training plan No accountability policy No inspection policy No discipline procedures Outdated proceduresNo orientation process Inadequate training Fail to enforceLack of time Conditions Behaviors Surface Causes of the Accident Root Causes of the Accident Direct causes of injury/illness If you eliminate the root cause of an accident, you will eliminate those accidents in the future! 29PPT-001-02
  30. 30. Pictures • If possible, take a picture of the accident scene noting the date, time and your location on the back of the picture. • Pictures can be very helpful if further investigation is necessary or a dispute occurs. 30PPT-001-02
  31. 31. Accident Witnesses • Every effort should be made to interview any witnesses. • Witnesses can be a very good source of information regarding the cause of an accident and the conditions associated with it. 31PPT-001-02
  32. 32. Eyewitness Accounts • Witnesses should be interviewed as soon as possible after the accident. • Witnesses should be interviewed alone, rather than in a group. • Have witnesses document their statements and ask them to date and sign. 32PPT-001-02
  33. 33. Interviewing Witnesses When interviewing a witness do not: • Attempt to intimidate • Interrupt • Prompt • Ask leading questions • Show your emotions • Make lengthy notes while the witness is talking 33PPT-001-02
  34. 34. More on Interviewing Witnesses Do: • Ask open-ended questions (“yes” or “no” answers). • Use probing questions to get more information. • Repeat witness’s answer back to them. • Have the witness write their statement and then sign, date, time (you also sign, date, time). 34PPT-001-02
  35. 35. Reporting • Accidents need to be reported immediately after occurrence! • To report an employee accident/injury, use the appropriate accident/injury report form. • Make sure the form is completely filled out with all applicable information. 35PPT-001-02
  36. 36. Accident-Injury Report Some important information to remember: • Ensure there is a detailed description of what happened to cause the accident. • Make sure there are appropriate/detailed comments as to what action(s) will be taken to prevent future accidents. 36PPT-001-02
  37. 37. Where to Report • Employees should report accidents a.s.a.p. as specified in company guidelines. • Follow directions provided in employee handbook or from your HR department as to where completed report forms should go. 37PPT-001-02
  38. 38. Accident Prevention Accidents can be prevented by early detection, reporting and abating! 38PPT-001-02
  39. 39. Hazard Recognition Detection/identification of hazards before they cause injuries is important. To accomplish this, conduct periodic “walk around” inspections looking for items such as: • Slip, trip and fall hazards (e.g., wires across a walk way) • Broken/damaged equipment (e.g., stool with a broken leg) • Exposed electrical wiring (e.g., frayed electrical cord) • Machinery with missing guards (e.g., cutting machine with missing blade guard.) • Damaged PPE (e.g., gloves with rips/tears) 39PPT-001-02
  40. 40. Report Hazards • Once hazards have been identified, they need to be reported to the appropriate area (e.g., broken floor tile that could cause a trip and fall should be reported to building maintenance for repair). • Safety officer, safety committee or maintenance department should keep a log of items reported and follow up to ensure hazards reported have been corrected. 40PPT-001-02
  41. 41. Hazard Abatement • Hazard abatement = The elimination or reduction of a safety/health hazard by complying with applicable safety and health standards or taking equivalent protective measures. • Take the steps necessary to abate hazards; this will provide a safer environment for employees, contractors and visitors alike. 41PPT-001-02
  42. 42. Accident Prevention Here are some ways to prevent accidents: • Ensure work areas are not cluttered and trash is removed regularly. • Provide necessary training/retraining for all employees. • Ensure that necessary controls are in place [engineering (e.g., machine guarding), administrative (e.g., labels/signs), PPE (e.g., safety goggles)]. • Have spills cleaned up immediately. 42PPT-001-02
  43. 43. Accident Prevention (cont.) • Ensure proper lifting/carrying techniques are being used. • Ensure mechanical handling equipment, or MHE, is being used properly. • Ensure walking/working surfaces are free of slip, trip and fall hazards. • Enforce safety rules, policies and procedures. • Ensure safety inspections are being conducted regularly. 43PPT-001-02
  44. 44. You are the Key! • Safety committee members, supervisors and managers are truly the first line of defense in accident prevention! • Committee members, supervisors and managers must realize that their actions and attitudes regarding injury/accident prevention and safety in general have a very big impact on how “safety conscious” employees are. 44PPT-001-02
  45. 45. You are the Key! (cont.) • If committee members/managers/supervisors place safety and accident prevention on the back burner, tolerate unsafe acts or conditions, conduct poor accident investigations and/or only “talk safety” employees are likely to disregard safety and suffer on-the-job injuries or illnesses. • As a safety committee member, supervisor or manager you can contribute to making your company a safe, injury-free place to work or visit! 45PPT-001-02
  46. 46. As a Safety Committee Member, Manager or Supervisor You need to walk the talk! Support safety all the time, every time! Remember, employees are watching! 46PPT-001-02
  47. 47. Any Questions 47PPT-001-02

×