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Teaching : concept, relation with learning


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Teaching : concept, relation with learning

  1. 1. welcome<br />
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION<br />Teaching is an important part of the process of education. <br />Its special function is to impart knowledge, develop understanding and skill. <br />
  4. 4. DEFINITIONS OF TEACHING<br />The supreme art of teaching is to awaken joy in<br /> creative expression and knowledge<br /> ALBERT EINSTEIN<br />T<br />Teaching is the stimulation, guidance, direction and <br />encouragement of learning<br /> BURTON<br />
  5. 5. Psychologists and educators are explained it from<br /> different angles some explanations are as follows:<br /><ul><li>Teaching is communication between two or more </li></ul>persons, who influence each other by ideas and learn<br /> something in the process of interaction.<br /><ul><li>Teaching is to fill in the mind of the learner by</li></ul> information and knowledge of facts for future use.<br /><ul><li>Teaching is a process in which learner, teacher,</li></ul> curriculum and other variables are organized in<br /> a systematic way to attain some pre- determined goal.<br /><ul><li>Teaching is to cause motivation to learn.</li></li></ul><li>NATURE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF TEACHING<br /> It includes the provision of desirable information<br />Causes to learn<br />A good teaching is not merely to impart informations to the students, but it is also to arouse the will of self learning in them.<br />Needs efficient planning<br />The pupils cannot be taught everything all the time. <br />Various stages are meant forachieving the different <br />aspects of knowledge. So there <br />must be some useful planning of teaching <br />The human knowledge is going on increasing since the rise of civilization. He has learnt all this by trial and error, insight and imitation. We should provide desired information to the students in a well organized manner.<br />
  6. 6. Sympathetic<br />The successful teaching essentially requires <br />emotional stability and security.<br />Cooperative<br />Providesopportunity for activity<br />Teaching does not mean forceful imposition of knowledge in the pupil’s brain.Good teaching is based on the cooperation of both the teacher and the pupil.<br />
  7. 7. Organization of learning<br />unification of all the components of teaching<br />Democratic<br />education which prepares the pupil for life by life <br />the real education- <br />
  8. 8. FUNCTIONS OF TEACHING<br /><ul><li>Creating learning situations
  9. 9. Motivating the child to learn
  10. 10. Arranging for conditions which assist in the growth of the childs mind
  11. 11. and body
  12. 12. Utilize the initiative and play urges of the children to facilitate learning
  13. 13. Turning the children with the nobility of thoughts, feelings and actions
  14. 14. Giving information and explaining it
  15. 15. Diagnosing learning problems
  16. 16. Making curricular material
  17. 17. Evaluating recording and reporting</li></li></ul><li>PRINCIPLES OF TEACHING<br /><ul><li>Principle of using previous knowledge
  18. 18. Principle of providing for individual difference
  19. 19. Principle of readiness
  20. 20. Principle of meaningfulness
  21. 21. Principle defining specific objectives of the lesson
  22. 22. Principle of proceeding from simple to complex
  23. 23. Principle of proceeding from concrete to abstract
  24. 24. Principle of proceeding from general to specific
  25. 25. Principle of proceeding from known to unknown</li></li></ul><li>LEARNING: concept<br />Learning is the lifelong process of transforming information <br />and experienceinto knowledge, skills, behaviors, and <br /> attitudes.<br />LEARNING –DEFINITION<br />Learning is the process by which behavior <br />is originated or changes through practice and <br />training”<br />Woodworth, R.S<br />Learning is the modification in behavior to meet <br />environmental requirements”<br />Gates<br />
  26. 26. Learning is organizing experience<br />Learning is active<br />Learning is both individual and social<br /> Learning is the product of the environment<br />MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF LEARNING<br /> Learning is growth<br /> Learning is adjustment<br />
  27. 27. Learning according to the psychologists and <br />educators:<br />† Modification of behavior<br /> †Practice for behavior<br /> †New ways of doing things<br /> †Attainment of a goal<br />†Changes in the individual through changes <br />in the environment<br />
  28. 28. Sensitization<br /> Associate learning<br />Classical conditioning<br />Operant conditioning<br />Imprinting<br />Observational learning<br />Play <br />Associative learning<br />TYPES OF LEARNING<br /> Simple non-associative learning<br />Habituation<br />
  29. 29. Formal learning<br />Informal learning <br />Nonformal learning<br />Dialogic learning<br />Enculturation <br />Multimedia learning<br />Rote learning<br />
  30. 30. VARIOUS FACETS OF LEARNING PROCESS<br />Who is to learn- child<br />From whom to learn- teacher, environment<br />Why to learn- aims of teaching<br />What to learn- acquisition of knowledge, skills etc.<br />How to learn- methodology<br />When to learn- motivation<br />Where to learn- classroom ,play field<br />
  31. 31. The Learning and Teaching System <br />"Teaching" as an activity does not exist: or at least it is meaningless to think about it in isolation. <br />There is always an interaction between the Teacher, the Learner and the Subject being taught.<br />