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Tanzania Accountability Pilot learning session icco 15 oktober

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Tanzania Accountability Pilot learning session icco 15 oktober

  1. 1. Tanzania Accountability Pilot Partnership VNG-SNV-EKN Hans Raadschilders EKN-Dar es Salaam 15 October 2009
  2. 2. Context (1) <ul><li>Decentralisation </li></ul><ul><li>EKN activities </li></ul><ul><li>SNV activities </li></ul><ul><li>VNG </li></ul>
  3. 3. Context (2). Decentralisation <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Focus areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relations CG-LG </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CG directives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HR/FD lack of autonomy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Party dominance over local representation </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Context (3) EKN <ul><li>DRDPs </li></ul><ul><li>LGRP </li></ul><ul><li>LGCDG </li></ul><ul><li>CBLGA </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Private Sector </li></ul>
  5. 5. Context (4) EKN 2 <ul><li>SGACA (2) </li></ul><ul><li>TMF </li></ul><ul><li>Deepening Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Policy dialogue </li></ul>
  6. 6. Context (5) SNV <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Water and sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector development </li></ul><ul><li>GfE </li></ul>
  7. 7. Context (6) VNG-International <ul><li>Logo South </li></ul><ul><li>3 LGAs, support in field of financial management </li></ul>
  8. 8. Public Accountability Initiative Tanzania <ul><li>Build on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CBLGA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Request GoT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LGRP experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polical economy analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusions: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Centralistic tendencies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not sufficient political will, ethical leadership to enforce compliance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most organs to ensure public accountability are part of problem. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CSO/NGO co-opted </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Basic ideas <ul><li>Accountability address from all angles. </li></ul><ul><li>Issue based </li></ul><ul><li>Sectoral focus and generic implications </li></ul><ul><li>Partnership VNG-SNV-EKN </li></ul>
  10. 10. Components <ul><li>Embedding accountability in SNV </li></ul><ul><li>Preparing methodologies, products and LCBs </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability in policy dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation Fund </li></ul><ul><li>Learning </li></ul>
  11. 11. Strategy <ul><li>Issue based analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Development of tools/instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive set of activities to address accountability issues </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation by local organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Funding roll out by Innovation Fund </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive learning component </li></ul>
  12. 12. Possible activities <ul><li>Role of political leaders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance capacity to hold executive to account </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase leverage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop tools to visualise distribution and quality of services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance civic awareness on role councillors and MPs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation of PETS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthen role MP in central-local relations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Support to LGAs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2.1 Support in planning and budgeting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improve link between allocations from CG and local budget </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improve link between budget and implementation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance demand for accountability from LGA to CG </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Develop communication system to/from citizends </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Possible activities (2) <ul><li>2.2. Develop tools to visualise distribution and quality of services in order to enhance equity. </li></ul><ul><li>2.3 Addressing the supply-side of accountability, </li></ul><ul><li>2.4 Accountability towards the private sector, for example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis underlying problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify role LGAs can play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study impact local taxes </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Activities (3) <ul><li>3. Support to citizens/CSOs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3.1 Pets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3.2 Multi-stakeholder platforms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3.3 Support to CSO to be active members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3.4 User groups (like water user groups and school committees) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3.5 Capacity building ssupport with respect to accountability processes </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Activities (4) <ul><li>4. Media </li></ul><ul><li>5. Cross cutting </li></ul><ul><li>5.1 women and disadvantaged groups </li></ul><ul><li>5.2 monitoring ethical conduct </li></ul><ul><li>5.3 Implementation of SGACA-like tools </li></ul>
  16. 16. Activities/Results to date <ul><li>SGACA PCA analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Instruments developed </li></ul><ul><li>Sector mapping and data analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Roll out of first tools; planning and management on wash, ISA, Internal Auditors, school committee/village leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Policy dialogue on financial autonomy </li></ul>
  17. 17. Example of mapping tool: Water point mapping results from Mvomero District
  18. 18. Example of issues introduced in the policy dialogue: Workers are inequitably distributed in Education Sector

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