Presentatie accountability pilot bolivia learning session icco 15okt


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Presentatie accountability pilot bolivia learning session icco 15okt

  1. 1. Case study Bolivia 15 October 2009 Anke van Dam
  2. 2. <ul><li>The Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, SNV and VNG started the pilot in 6 African countries </li></ul><ul><li>Bolivia was added afterwards </li></ul><ul><li>SNV and the Netherlands Embassy in La Paz started an investigation to identify counterparts </li></ul><ul><li>The topic is not new, regulations to promote transparency, social control and accountability already existed </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>2005 Evo Morales elected with 54% as first indigenous president </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction to a political crisis: social exclusion; few work opportunities and low incomes; crisis of traditional political parties; corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Approval through referenda of 4 (out of 9) autonomous departments </li></ul><ul><li>Approval of a new Constitution in January 2009: social inclusion; recognition of indigenous rights and protagonism; different autonomies (including social control) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>In the context of autonomic processes and decentralization </li></ul><ul><li>In autonomies: promote social participation; inclusion; strengthening Public Administration (different levels) </li></ul><ul><li>50-65% of public investment is at decentralized levels </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on impact of public investment on living conditions and practices of social control </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1994 Popular Participation law existed Watchdog Committees </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The civil society organizations will control the public administration at all levels and the public, mixed and private institutions that administrate public funds </li></ul><ul><li>It will also control the quality of the public services </li></ul><ul><li>The civil society will organize themselves to define the structure and composition of the participation and social control </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulate the transparent use of information and resources in all levels and institutions of the public administration </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Accountability as a twofolded process: transparency in the beginning and accountability (rendición de cuentas) at the end of the process </li></ul><ul><li>Process in which access to information on goals, results and impact of public interventions is provided to the beneficiaries and there is strong participation of actors and sectors concerned in the beginning and the end of the process </li></ul><ul><li>Work with the local governments and through this with civil society </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Establish agreements with the central (Ministry of Autonomies) and local governments </li></ul><ul><li>Characterization of the beneficiaries </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of the appropriate communication means to inform the beneficiaries </li></ul><ul><li>Make the results explicit </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Transparentation’ of the intermediate results </li></ul><ul><li>Final evaluation of results (rendición de cuentas) </li></ul><ul><li>Systematization of the experiences </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>7 public investment projects at the level of departments </li></ul><ul><li>In Santa Cruz and Cochabamba there exists accountability in the public investment policy </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Autonomies implements a transparency policy </li></ul><ul><li>Social dialogue at the different levels between government and civil society </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Political process: elections (national and local) </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability: change of authorities (include accountability in the programs; information sharing with beneficiaries) </li></ul><ul><li>Role of civil society (stimulate empowerment, establish different types of communication, knowledge building) </li></ul><ul><li>Isolated actions not embedded in the institutions (integrate the activities in institutional capacity building process) </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Institutionalize the accountability process in both government (central and local) and civil society </li></ul><ul><li>Define and implement the appropriate communication instruments taking into account the different publics, the indigenous groups and different languages </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze the character of the different autonomies and the role accountability should play </li></ul>