Human Rights Framework

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Equal in Rights

Utrecht, 4 June2009[1]

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Human Rights Framework

  1. 1. Rights-Based Development the human rights framework and human rights based development principles 4 June 2009
  2. 2. Anatomy of a right DUTY BEARER fulfills the responsibility to …. RIGHT HOLDER claims the right from…
  3. 3. Definition of human rights Human rights may be defined as: universal legal guarantees that belong to all human beings and that protect individuals and groups from actions and omissions that affect fundamental human dignity. Source: Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
  4. 4. International Bill of Rights Universal Declaration of Human Rights - 1948 Civil and Political Rights Economic, Social and Cultural Rights ICCPR ICESCR International Covenant on Civil and International Covenant on Economic, Political Rights Social and Cultural Rights (1966 since then160 states ratified (1966, since then 157 states ratified it,) it,)
  5. 5. Other treaties ICERD International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (1966, 173 states ratified) CEDAW Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (1979, 186 states ratified) CAT Convention Against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1984, 146 states ratified) CRC Convention of the Rights of the Child (1989, 193 states ratified) ICMW International Convention of the Protection of the Rights of all Migrant Workers and Members of their Families (1990, 41 states ratified) ICRPD International Covenant on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2006, 57 states ratified) ICPED International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (2006, not yet in force)
  6. 6. Principles of human rights 1 Inalienability 2 Universality 3 Indivisibility and Interdependence 4 Accountability 5 Participation 6 Internationally guaranteed 7 Human rights go beyond state sovereignty
  7. 7. Principles in Human Rights Based Development • Participation • Accountability • Non-discrimination and Equality • Empowerment • Link to the human rights framework
  8. 8. Accountability • Accountability requires governments and other duty- bearers to show, explain and justify how it has handled its human rights obligations • Rights holders are entitled to understand how the government has dealt with its human rights obligations • Rights-holders are entitled to effective remedies to redress a failure in respecting, protecting and fulfilling its human rights obligations
  9. 9. The Accountability Process
  10. 10. Accountability mechanisms • Political system • Legal system • Policy channels • Administrative channels • Social channels

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