Conflict Transformation Maria Lucia Zapata


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ICCO & Kerk in Actie has organised a meeting on conflict transformation the 8th of april. Maria Lucia Zapata was our guest speaker. She presented the theoretical background en her practical experience on conflict transformation.

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Conflict Transformation Maria Lucia Zapata

  1. 1. A Journey Towards Conflict Transformation<br />Maria Lucia Zapata-CanceladoApril 08/2010<br />
  2. 2. AGENDA<br />Elements of conflict transformation <br />Conflict resolution and conflict transformation<br />Some questions…<br />Does C-T really works?<br />What is the impact of C-T?<br />What challenges do C-T practitioners face? <br />
  3. 3. Resolution - Transformation<br />
  4. 4. Conflict transformation does not deny the importance of CR, but it highlight its gaps and try to find an answer to them.<br />As peacebuilders conflict transformation also demands us to:<br />Be strategic and to work with different and dissimilar actors; <br />To think both in the short term, <br />To embrace change as our personal mantra. <br />
  5. 5. Examples of conflict transformation <br />The Philippines<br /> Island of Mindanao<br />(Catholic Relief Services)<br />Mindanao Peacebuilding Institute<br />Grassroots peacebuilding learning<br />Inter-religious dialogue<br />Colombia<br />Citizen’s Commission for Reconciliation of the Caribbean Region (Churches, NGOs, Universities)<br />Building peace through community transformation Alliance between Catholic and Evangelical churches<br />
  6. 6. THE PHILIPPINESContext of the Conflict<br />The Philippines <br />Main Isands: Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao<br />Mindanao: <br />2nd largest island. <br />16 million people: Lumad, Muslims and Christians<br />Natural resources: oil and gas, fertile lands for agriculture production <br />Underdeveloped. Lowest literacy rate and life expectancy<br />The conflict<br />Spanish conquest 16TH century: Domination of Lumads and Muslims<br />American domination<br />Tactics<br />Conversion, military aggression, manipulation legal and court systems, and acculturation through educational system. <br />Dispossession of customary lands in favor of plantation companies and Christian settlers from Luzon and Visayas. <br />Goal: To have complete access to land, natural resources and the labor force. <br />Mindanao<br />
  7. 7. …..In summary <br />In summary, the conflict in Mindanao is primarily about, but not limited to, land and resources. Nevertheless, one cannot deny that religion and culture have shaped the dynamics and manifestations of an ongoing struggle over power, identity and self-determination.<br />Religion and culture is a source of conflict and also a source for peace<br />
  8. 8. The Mindanao Peacebuilding Institute<br />MPI is a three week intensive training in grassroots peacebuilding<br />Education – praxis – reflection<br />Cutting edge theories and practices in peacebuilding<br />An opportunity for networking with colleagues from different parts of the Philippines and the world.<br />
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  10. 10. MPI serves as an epicenter that channels, enhances and nurtures peacebuilding activities in Mindanao, fostering change at different levels of society<br />General Ferrer<br />ACEID<br />Jenita Eko<br />
  11. 11. MPI<br />
  12. 12. MPI IS NOT ONLY A TRAINING PROGRAM<br />MPI Contributions<br />It is a setting for supporting the peace process in an informal and safe place.<br />Lumads, Muslim and Christians share side of the story<br />Heal past wounds<br />Lumads and Muslims are empowered to share their peacebuilding experiences and learn from others <br />Youth is introduced to the field of peacebuilding<br />Seedbed for new grassroots trainers who will replicate concepts and tools in their own language and contexts. <br />Potential to document traditional experiences in conflict transformation<br />MPI has been instrumental in empowering communities to take an active role in the peace process: October 2006 crisis<br />
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  14. 14. Main characteristics<br />It is a journey inside the conflict (actors, structure, culture)<br />Appeals to human creativity<br />The objective is to transcend the conflict<br />Dialogue is the main approach to peace<br />CT empowers people<br />Reconciliation is implicit within transformation<br />
  15. 15. Thank you ….<br />
  16. 16. Conflict Transformation<br />“Conflict transformation is to envision and respond to the ebb and flow of social conflict as life-giving opportunities for creating constructive change processes that reduce violence, increase justice in direct interaction and social structures, and respond to real-life problems in human relationships.”<br />