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Grille 1 identification.




                                Romania
                           Project COMMONS
Grille 1 identification.


                            LOCALIZATION
   Romania Republic
   Surface: 273.500 km2
   Habi...
INTERREG IVC - COMMONS

Cluj County




                        Romania
                   Project COMMONS
Grille 1 identification.
                           IDENTIFICATION OF
                           EXPERIMENTAL SITE
   Vla...
Grille 1 identification.
                                         IDENTIFICATION OF
                                      ...
Grille 1 identification.
                           IDENTIFICATION OF
                           EXPERIMENTAL SITE
    Th...
Grille 1 identification.
                           IDENTIFICATION OF
                           EXPERIMENTAL SITE




   ...
Grille 1 identification.
                           IDENTIFICATION OF
                           EXPERIMENTAL SITE




   ...
Grille 1 identification.

                                VLADEASA MASSIF
   Although it seems a region
    which is easy...
Grille 1 identification.


                              VLADEASA MASSIF
   The magmatites (dacites, rhyolites
    and gr...
Grille 1 identification.


                           VLADEASA MASSIF




                                         Romania...
Grille 1 identification.


                  Hydrology and hydrogeology
   the hydrographical basin of
    Crisul Repede ...
Grille 1 identification.


                                        BIODIVERSITY
   From the point of view of the
    phyt...
Grille 1 identification.


                           BIODIVERSITY




                                      Romania
     ...
Grille 1 identification.


                           BIODIVERSITY




                                      Romania
     ...
Grille 1 identification.


                           BIODIVERSITY




                                      Romania
     ...
Grille 1 identification.
                           THE STATUS OF
                           NATURAL HABITATS
   We ident...
Grille 1 identification.
                           THE STATUS OF
                           NATURAL HABITATS




        ...
Grille 1 identification.
                           THE STATUS OF
                           NATURAL HABITATS




        ...
Grille 1 identification.


REGULATORY STATUE
   ALTITUDE: 700-1836
    m                            Land situation
   Ar...
Grille 1 identification.


                 REGULATORY STATUE
   Situation of Forest:
   31% state forest
   33% Public...
Grille 1 identification.


                                     HISTORY
   1879 Austrian law for common
    forest
   18...
Grille 1 identification.


                           HYSTORY
   Subsistence
    agriculture
   Exploitation
    and woo...
Grille 1 identification.


                           HYSTORY




                                     Romania
           ...
Grille 1 identification.


                           HYSTORY




                                     Romania
           ...
Grille 1 identification.


                           HYSTORY




                                     Romania
           ...
Grille 1 identification.


                           STAKES AND THREATS
 Vladeasa Massif is
  affected by major
  tecton...
Grille 1 identification.


                           STAKES AND THREATS




                                           Ro...
Grille 1 identification.


                           STAKES AND THREATS




                                           Ro...
Grille 1 identification.


                           STAKES AND THREATS
 Soil and water
  pollution by:
 inappropriate ...
Grille 1 identification.


                           STAKES AND THREATS




                                           Ro...
Grille 1 identification.


                           STAKES AND THREATS




                                           Ro...
Grille 1 identification.


                           STAKES AND THREATS
    Traditional
     activities are
     diminis...
Grille 1 identification.


                           STAKES AND THREATS




                                           Ro...
Grille 1 identification.


                           STAKES AND THREATS




                                           Ro...
Grille 1 identification.


                           STAKES AND THREATS




                                           Ro...
Grille 1 identification.


                           STAKES AND THREATS




                                            R...
Grille 1 identification.


                                        OBJECTIVES
   offering solutions regarding the
    adm...
Grille 1 identification.


                               OBJECTIVES
   development of a
    conceptual analysis of
    n...
Grille 1 identification.


                           OBJECTIVES




                                       Romania
      ...
Grille 1 identification.


                             OBJECTIVES
   the establishment of
    preservation
    possibili...
Grille 1 identification.


                           OBJECTIVES




                                      Romania
       ...
Grille 1 identification.




      Thank You!

                                Romania
                           Project ...
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Portalegre - presentation ro

  1. 1. Grille 1 identification. Romania Project COMMONS
  2. 2. Grille 1 identification. LOCALIZATION  Romania Republic  Surface: 273.500 km2  Habitants: 23.400.000  Capitale: Bucharest Romania Project COMMONS
  3. 3. INTERREG IVC - COMMONS Cluj County Romania Project COMMONS
  4. 4. Grille 1 identification. IDENTIFICATION OF EXPERIMENTAL SITE  Vladeasa Massif is situated in the sector named Bihor-Vladeasa Mountains, respectively the central compartment of Apuseni Mountains, as mountainous branch which belongs to the Western Carpathians,  situated between the parallels 46º47'59" and 46º37'22" Northern latitude and the meridians 22º51'38" and 22º33'11" Eastern longitude Romania Project COMMONS
  5. 5. Grille 1 identification. IDENTIFICATION OF EXPERIMENTAL SITE Explanation Total Out of which Sacuieu Sancraiu Margau Poieni Surface out of which: 42841,889 12104,5 1275,4 15481,5 13980,5 Agricultural land, 14696,727 3818,7 127,4 4837,8 5912,9 out of which: Land in crop 6766,550 2289,7 5,2 1481,0 2990,1 Pastures 7542,200 1448,6 122,2 3356,7 2618,7 Hay field 384,472 80,330 - - 304,1 Woods out of which: 27722.258 8204,8 1148,0 10643,7 7725,7 Deciduous 5843,929 1390,0 893,4 1148,7 2411,8 Coniferous 14206,026 5852,5 100,0 5635,9 1071,3 Composite woods 4002,382 223,1 29,2 2678,8 1071,3 Vegetation of 3601,062 726,9 125,4 1180,7 1568,4 transition Alpine area 68,859 12,4 - - 56,4 Discontinuous 188,476 61,3 - - 127,2 building areas Lakes 188,601 19,7 - - 168,9 Quarries 45,827 - - - 45,8 Romania Project COMMONS
  6. 6. Grille 1 identification. IDENTIFICATION OF EXPERIMENTAL SITE  The real estate fund of Vladeasa Massif is presented as follows:  Agricultural lands – arable (46%); pastures (51%); hays (3%)  Real estate fund – coniferous trees (52); deciduous trees (21%); mixed (14%); transition (13%) and alpine gap (0%) Romania Project COMMONS
  7. 7. Grille 1 identification. IDENTIFICATION OF EXPERIMENTAL SITE Romania Project COMMONS
  8. 8. Grille 1 identification. IDENTIFICATION OF EXPERIMENTAL SITE Romania Project COMMONS
  9. 9. Grille 1 identification. VLADEASA MASSIF  Although it seems a region which is easy to analyze from the point of view of the landscape, the Vladeasa Massif presents a relatively complex and varied, due to the geographical, geomorphological, hydrological and pedological complexity which occurred in time.  The Vladeasa Massive is made up as a geomorphological unit which is very different from the neighbouring large morphological units Romania Project COMMONS
  10. 10. Grille 1 identification. VLADEASA MASSIF  The magmatites (dacites, rhyolites and granodiorites) from Vladeasa Massif are fitted in the relief through heavy, massive shapes framed by deep valleys  the same reflex in relief have the crystallofillian rocks, which, through their structure, imposed the presence of steep banks of cuesta type and of structural surfaces (or the so-called levelling surfaces)  Jurassic limestones from the Rameti rift valley determined the existence of an endocarstic relief extremely important in the caves from the basin of the Iada valley, some of them being declared as monuments of nature Romania Project COMMONS
  11. 11. Grille 1 identification. VLADEASA MASSIF Romania Project COMMONS
  12. 12. Grille 1 identification. Hydrology and hydrogeology  the hydrographical basin of Crisul Repede and, in a reduced part, to the Somesul Cald basin, situated at the Southern limit of the territory  In the Crisul Repede basin during 1955-2000 a lot of high floods were registered, most often 1-2 high floods per year, having only one maximum peak (monoundical high floods) or with several peaks (poliundical high floods). Romania Project COMMONS
  13. 13. Grille 1 identification. BIODIVERSITY  From the point of view of the phytogeographical region, the Vladeasa Massif territory is classified in the Central-European region, East- Carpathian region, Apuseni Mountains sub-province  The vegetation on altitude is represented through the following units and subunits:  1) the nemoral floor (of deciduous tree forests) with the subfloor of common oak forests, the subfloor of beech forests and the subfloor of mixture forests (beech with resinaceous);  2) the boreal floor (of common spruce and other species of resinaceous)  3) the subalpine and alpine floors which do not include species of trees but on an Romania isolated basis Project COMMONS
  14. 14. Grille 1 identification. BIODIVERSITY Romania Project COMMONS
  15. 15. Grille 1 identification. BIODIVERSITY Romania Project COMMONS
  16. 16. Grille 1 identification. BIODIVERSITY Romania Project COMMONS
  17. 17. Grille 1 identification. THE STATUS OF NATURAL HABITATS  We identified 21 protected areas of national importance and a Natural Park  Natural monuments: The Varfurasu Cave,  2002- Natura 2000  11 areas of national importance Romania Project COMMONS
  18. 18. Grille 1 identification. THE STATUS OF NATURAL HABITATS Romania Project COMMONS
  19. 19. Grille 1 identification. THE STATUS OF NATURAL HABITATS Romania Project COMMONS
  20. 20. Grille 1 identification. REGULATORY STATUE  ALTITUDE: 700-1836 m Land situation  Area: 42842 ha  Common runs: 64%  Private owner: 36% 36% Common land Privat e owner 64% Romania Project COMMONS
  21. 21. Grille 1 identification. REGULATORY STATUE  Situation of Forest:  31% state forest  33% Public ownership of territorial administrative units  25% Private forest ownership of legal persons  7% Forests owned by individuals  4% Forests belonging to units of education and worship Romania Project COMMONS
  22. 22. Grille 1 identification. HISTORY  1879 Austrian law for common forest  1881 Forest Code (inspired by France code 1897)which precise that forests can be deforested only after there was made an arrangement, approved by regal decree  1897 Austrian law for composesorate forest  Romanian Forest Code 1910,1962,1996  Restoration of property right – 18 law/1991 and 1 law/2000 Romania Project COMMONS
  23. 23. Grille 1 identification. HYSTORY  Subsistence agriculture  Exploitation and wood processing  Livestock Romania Project COMMONS
  24. 24. Grille 1 identification. HYSTORY Romania Project COMMONS
  25. 25. Grille 1 identification. HYSTORY Romania Project COMMONS
  26. 26. Grille 1 identification. HYSTORY Romania Project COMMONS
  27. 27. Grille 1 identification. STAKES AND THREATS  Vladeasa Massif is affected by major tectonic movements such as earthquakes, weather phenomena  Risks:  erosion  sliding and fall of land  risks caused by floods Romania Project COMMONS
  28. 28. Grille 1 identification. STAKES AND THREATS Romania Project COMMONS
  29. 29. Grille 1 identification. STAKES AND THREATS Romania Project COMMONS
  30. 30. Grille 1 identification. STAKES AND THREATS  Soil and water pollution by:  inappropriate use of agricultural land  illegal deforestation  lack of landfill arranged Romania Project COMMONS
  31. 31. Grille 1 identification. STAKES AND THREATS Romania Project COMMONS
  32. 32. Grille 1 identification. STAKES AND THREATS Romania Project COMMONS
  33. 33. Grille 1 identification. STAKES AND THREATS  Traditional activities are diminished  The people who lives there are aged  Young people migrate to the cities Romania Project COMMONS
  34. 34. Grille 1 identification. STAKES AND THREATS Romania Project COMMONS
  35. 35. Grille 1 identification. STAKES AND THREATS Romania Project COMMONS
  36. 36. Grille 1 identification. STAKES AND THREATS Romania Project COMMONS
  37. 37. Grille 1 identification. STAKES AND THREATS Romania Project COMMONS
  38. 38. Grille 1 identification. OBJECTIVES  offering solutions regarding the administration of natural resources through the correlation of environmental factors with the biological and technological factors, their improvement through the working of soil represents a prioritz in the conditions of practicing a long lasting agriculture and of reconstruction of the agro-sylvical fund;  familiarization with the impact that some improvement measures have on: momentary humidity, water reserve accumulated in the soil, soil permeability for water, soil’s content in chemical elements; Romania Project COMMONS
  39. 39. Grille 1 identification. OBJECTIVES  development of a conceptual analysis of natural factors, but especially of the ecological regimes in which the agro-sylvical pastoral production process is unfolded;  identification and quantification of pedogenetical processes which led to the spatial differentiation of soils from this region Romania Project COMMONS
  40. 40. Grille 1 identification. OBJECTIVES Romania Project COMMONS
  41. 41. Grille 1 identification. OBJECTIVES  the establishment of preservation possibilities of soil resources, as well as the water ones through practising adequate measurements and study on the hay production, wood material and agricultural products;  Measures to decrease pollution Romania Project COMMONS
  42. 42. Grille 1 identification. OBJECTIVES Romania Project COMMONS
  43. 43. Grille 1 identification. Thank You! Romania Project COMMONS

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